• Title, Summary, Keyword: replacing sucrose

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Effects of Replacing Sucrose with Various Sugar Alcohols on Quality Properties of Semi-dried Jerky

  • Jang, Sung-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Wook;Hwang, Ko-Eun;Song, Dong-Heon;Kim, Yong-Jae;Ham, Youn-Kyung;Lim, Yun-Bin;Jeong, Tae-Jun;Kim, Si-Young;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.622-629
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of replacing sucrose with sugar alcohols (sorbitol, glycerol and xylitol) on the quality properties of semi-dried jerky. Total 7 treatments of jerkies were prepared as follows: control with sucrose, and treatments with 2.5 and 5.0% of sucrose replaced by each sugar alcohol, respectively. Drying yield, pH, water activity, moisture content, shear force, myofibrillar fragmentation index (MFI), 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) value, sugar content, and sensory evaluation were evaluated. Xylitol slightly decreased the pH when compared to the other sugar alcohols (p>0.05). The water activity of the semi-dried jerky was significantly reduced by treatment with glycerol and xylitol (p<0.05). The moisture content of semi-dried jerky containing various sugar alcohols was significantly higher than that of the control (p<0.05), while replacing sucrose with glycerol yielded the highest moisture content. The shear force of semi-dried jerky containing sugar alcohols was not significantly different for the sorbitol and glycerol treatments, but that replacing sucrose with 5.0% xylitol demonstrated the lowest shear force (p<0.05). The TBARS values of semi-dried jerkies with sugar alcohols were lower than the control (p<0.05). The sugar content of the semi-dried jerkies containing sorbitol and glycerol were lower than the control and xylitol treatment (p<0.05). In comparison with the control, the 5.0% xylitol treatment was found to be significantly different in the sensory evaluation (p<0.05). In conclusion, semi-dried jerky made by replacement with sugar alcohols improved the quality characteristics, while xylitol has applicability in manufacturing meat products.

Effects of Oligosaccharides on Physical, Sensory and Textural Characteristics of Sponge Cake (올리고당을 사용한 스폰지 케이크의 물리적, 관능적 및 텍스쳐 특성)

  • 이경애;이윤진;이선영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.547-553
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    • 1999
  • Effects of oligosaccharides substituted for sucrose on the sponge cake quality were investigated. Fructooligosaccharide and isomaltooligosaccharide were used as oligosaccharides. Oligosaccharides decreased batter specific gravity, and increased cake specific volume and expansion ratio, showing that oligosaccharides had higher foaming ability and foam stability than sucrose. Oligosaccharides darkened the crust and crumb color of cakes. Addition of oligosaccharides made cakes darker, softer, more moist and more acceptable as perceived by panels. The acceptability was significantly correlated with crust and crumb color, softness, moistness and flavor(p<0.01). The textural characteristics including hardness, chewiness and gumminess of cakes were decreased by replacing sucrose with oligosaccharides. The hardness, gumminess and chewiness among sensory characteristics were negatively correlated with acceptability(p<0.05). Therefore, oligosaccharides should be a good alternative for sucrose in cake making because the sponge cake quality was greatly improved by partial repacement of sucrose with oligosaccharides.

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Oligosaccharide-Supplemented Soy Ice Cream for Diabetic Patients : Quality Characteristics and Effects on Blood Sugar and Lipids in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (당뇨환자를 위한 올리고당 첨가 콩 아이스크림 : 품질특성과 당뇨 흰쥐에서의 혈당 및 지질 개선에 미치는 효과)

  • Her Bo-Young;Sung Hye-Young;Choi Young-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.8
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    • pp.663-671
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate not only quality characteristics such as overrun, meltdown and sensory evaluation of oligosaccharide-supplemented soy ice cream but also physiological effects of ice cream with soy and/or oligosaccharide on blood sugar and lipid profile in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Powder of parched soybean was added at $7.6\%$ replacing skimmed milk and cream, soybean oil at $7.6\%$ replacing milk oil in cream, and fructooli-gosaccharide at $9.5\%$ replacing sucrose on weight basis. Five kinds of ice cream were prepared: MMS (skimmed milk, milk oil, sucrose), MMO (skimmed milk, milk oil, oligosaccharide), SSS (soybean, soybean oil, sucrose), SSO (soybean, soybean oil, oligosaccharide), and BSO (black soybean, soybean oil, oligosaccharide). Overrun and meltdown of soy ice cream were significantly lower than those of milk ice cream. Scores of sensory evaluation especially in mouth feel and melting feel in mouth were lower in soy ice cream. Freeze-dried ice cream was supplemented to AIN93-based diets at $30\%$(w/w). Sprague-Dawley male rats with diabetes induced by injecting streptozotocin were fed experimental diets for 4 weeks. Plasma glucose level was significantly lowered in SSO group compared with MMS group. Plasma insulin levels of MMO and SSO groups were not significantly different from that of normal group, while those of MMS and SSO group were significantly lower than normal group. Plasma cholesterol was decreased in groups fed ice cream supplemented either soybean or fructooligosaccharide compared to MMS group. HDL-cholesterol level was elevated and triglyceride was decreased significantly in MMO group compared to MMS group. LDL-cholesterol levels of SSS and BSO groups and liver triglyceride level of SSO group were significantly lower compared to MMS group. In conclusion, oligosaccharide-supplemented soy ice cream lowered blood sugar, and ice cream supplemented with soybean and/or oligosaccharide improved lipid profile in diabetic rats.

Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Added with Various Sugar Alcohols (당알코올 첨가 유과의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Mi Hye;Oh, Myung Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to investigate the use of sugar alcohols (sorbitol, erythritol, and xylitol) as alternative sweeteners for replacing sucrose in Yukwa (traditional Korean oil-puffed rice snack). The moisture contents of Bandegi (dried Yukwa dough) and Yukwa containing sugar alcohols were higher than that of control (containing only sucrose). The microstructures of control and Bandegi containing sugar alcohols showed uniformly and finely distributed air holes. Expansion ratio and oil absorption of Yukwa containing sorbitol and 30% erythritol were higher than those of control. Appearance and cross section of control and Yukwa containing sorbitol, 30% erythritol, and 30% xylitol showed a good shape. The lightness (L) of control was significantly lower than Yukwa containing sugar alcohols, whereas redness (a) and yellowness (b) were higher than those in Yukwa containing sugar alcohols. Hardness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was significantly lower than that of control, and that of Yukwa containing sorbitol was the lowest. Peak number of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was significantly lower than that of control, and that of Yukwa containing 60% erythritol and 60% xylitol was the lowest among all samples. In the sensory evaluation, color of control was deepest, whereas that of Yukwa containing 60% xylitol was lightest. Volume and air hole uniformity of Yukwa containing 60% erythritol and 60% xylitol were inferior than those of other samples. Sweetness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control, whereas oily flavor was stronger. Hardness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control, and Yukwa containing xylitol showed the lowest hardness among the samples. Crispness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control. There were no significant differences in overall acceptability between control and Yukwa containing 30% sorbitol and 30% erythritol. Overall, sorbitol and erythritol were appropriate as a 30% replacement for sucrose when preparing Yukwa.

Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cakes with Various Sugar Alcohols (당알코올 첨가 스폰지 케이크의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Jin-Kyung;Oh, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.615-624
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the use of sugar alcohols as alternative sweeteners for replacing sucrose in sponge cake. The sponge cakes were prepared with only sucrose or a 50% replacement of sucrose with various sugar alcohols (erythritol, sorbitol, and xylitol). The specific gravity of cake batter containing only sucrose was significantly higher and the viscosity was significantly lower than those containing sugar alcohol (p<0.001). Among sugar alcohols, xylitol was the most similar to sucrose. The thermal characteristics, as assessed by differential scanning calorimetry, showed that sucrose delayed gelatinization of cake batter more than sugar alcohol, as the onset temperature and the peak temperature of cake batter containing only sucrose were higher than those containing sugar alcohol. The moisture content of cake containing sorbitol was the highest and that containing only sucrose was the lowest among cakes. The specific volume of cakes containing only sucrose and xylitol were higher and the baking loss rate of those were lower than other sugar alcohols. The volume and symmetry index of cake containing only sucrose were the highest among cakes (p<0.001), and xylitol was similar to sucrose for the above indices. The redness (a) and yellowness (b) values of crust containing only sucrose were significantly higher than those containing sugar alcohols (p<0.001). The a and b values of crumb containing erythritol were the lowest among cakes, showing a pale yellowish color. The microstructure, as assessed by scanning electron microscopy, showed that the cake containing only sucrose had more uniformly and finely distributed pores and a smoother cross section than that containing sugar alcohols. Cake containing xylitol was similar to cake containing only sucrose. Hardness, chewiness, and gumminess of cake containing only sucrose were higher than those containing sugar alcohols, whereas the adhesiveness of cakes containing sugar alcohols were higher than those containing only sucrose (p<0.01). Among sugar alcohols, xylitol was the most similar to sucrose in textural properties. In a sensory quality test, the tenderness and moistness of cakes containing sorbitol and erythritol were higher than those containing only sucrose and xylitol. The overall acceptance of cakes containing xylitol and only sucrose were higher than those containing sorbitol and erythritol (p<0.001). Thus, xylitol is more appropriate as a 50% replacement for sucrose than erythritol and sorbitol when preparing sponge cake.

Effects of dipping syrups prepared with oligosaccharides on the physical and sensory characteristics of Yackwa (올리고당을 사용한 집청액이 약과의 물리적, 관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이경애;이윤진;최윤정
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.399-404
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    • 2001
  • The effects of dipping syrups prepared with oligosaccharides on Yackwa were examined. The dipping syrups were prepared by replacing sucrose with 50% isomaltooligosaccharide or fructooligosaccharide, and the physical and sensory characteristics of Yackwa dipped in above syrups were evaluated. Addition of oligosaccharides to dipping syrups increased the reducing sugar contents, dehydration rate and absorption rate of Yackwa. The exterior color of Yackwa dipped in oligosaccharides-containing syrup was darker, more reddish and yellowish than control. Use of oligosaccharides in dipping syrup increased the darkness, gloss, moistness and sweetness, and decreased the roasted taste of Yackwa as perceived by panels. Yackwa dipped in the syrups replacing sucrose with 50% oligosaccharides showed better acceptability than control. The acceptability was positively correlated with the gloss and cohesiveness. Above results suggested that oligosaccharides are good alternatives for sucrose in making dipping syrup for Yackwa.

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Characteristics of Sugar Cookies with Replacement of Sucrose with Sugar Alcohols (I) Organoleptic Characteristics of Sugar Alcohol Cookies (당알콜을 이용한 Sugar Cookie의 제조 (I) 당알콜 쿠키의 관능적 특징)

  • Shin, In-Young;Kim, Hyuk-Il;Kim, Chang-Soon;Whang, Key
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.850-857
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate replacing possibility of sucrose by sugar alcohols and to establish the optimum formula for the development of sugar cookies. The characteristics of sugar cookies prepared with xylitol, maltitol, lactitol, isomalt substituted for 35, 50, 75, 100% of sucrose were examined through physical measurement and sensory evaluation. The spread ratio of cookies containing sugar alcohols except xylitol was superior to that of control cookies(sucrose 100%) and the use of lactitol increased the spread ratio of cookies. The specific gravity of cookies containing sugar alcohols except xylitol was lower than that of control cookies. Therefore spread ratio was in inverse proportion to specific gravity. As the proportion of sugar alcohols increased in cookie formula, surface color of cookies was getting lighter than that of control cookies. Especially cookies containing xylitol, maltitol was getting lighter as the levels of replacement increased. Overall quality of cookies with sugar alcohols containing sensory analysis was superior to that of control cookies.

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Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of Aronia Jam Replacing Sucrose with Different Sugar Substances (설탕 대체 당류를 첨가하여 제조한 아로니아잼의 품질특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Hwang, Eun-Sun;Tai, Nhuan Do
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.888-896
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    • 2014
  • The effects of sugar substances (oligosaccharide, xylitol and erythritol) as alternative ingredients to sucrose on the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of aronia jam were evaluated. The different types of sweeteners did not influence the pH, total acidity and sugar contents of the jam. The sucrose-containing jam showed the highest spreadness, while the oligosaccharide and erythritol-containing jams showed lower spreadness. In the chromaticity determination, the sucrose-containing jam showed the lowest L, a and b values compared with the other sweetener groups. There were no significant differences in the total polyphenols, flavonoids and anthocyanin contents in the jams. The antioxidant activity indicated by the DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities was over 70%. Sensory evaluation indicated the xylitol-containing jam to have the best preference in taste, flavor and overall acceptance. These results suggested that xylitol may be a good sugar substance in aronia jam.

Effect of Different Rumen-degradable Carbohydrates on Rumen Fermentation, Nitrogen Metabolism and Lactation Performance of Holstein Dairy Cows

  • Khezri, A.;Rezayazdi, K.;Mesgaran, M. Danesh;Moradi-Sharbabk, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.651-658
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    • 2009
  • Four multiparous lactating Holstein cows fitted with rumen cannulae were fed diets varying in the amount and source of rumen-degradable carbohydrates (starch vs. sucrose) to examine their effects on rumen fermentation, nitrogen metabolism and lactation performance. A $4{\times}4$ Latin square with four diets and four periods of 28 days each was employed. Corn starch and sucrose were added to diets and corn starch was replaced with sucrose at 0 (0 S), 2.5 (2.5 S), 5.0 (5.0 S) 7.5% (7.5 S) of diet dry matter in a total mixed ration (TMR) containing 60% concentrate and 40% forage (DM basis). Replacing corn starch with sucrose did not affect (p>0.05) ruminal pH which averaged 6.41, but the ruminal pH for 7.5 S decreased more rapidly at 2 h after morning feeding compared with other treatments. Sucrose reduced ($p{\leq}0.05$) ruminal $NH_3-N$ concentration (13.90 vs. 17.09 mg/dl) but did not affect peptide-N concentration. There was no dietary effect on total volatile fatty acids (110.53 mmol/L) or the acetate to propionate ratio (2.72). No differences (p>0.05) in molar proportion of most of the individual VFA were found among diets, except for the molar proportion of butyrate that was increased ($p{\leq}0.05$) with the inclusion of sucrose. Total branched chain volatile fatty acids tended to increase ($p{\geq}0.051$) for the control treatment (0 S) compared with the 7.5 S treatment. Dry matter intake, body weight changes and digestibility of DM, OM, CP, NDF and ADF were not affected by treatments. Sucrose inclusion in the total mixed ration did not affect milk yield, but increased milk fat and total solid percentage ($p{\leq}0.05$). Sucrose tended ($p{\geq}0.063$) to increase milk protein percentage (3.28 vs. 3.05) and reduced ($p{\leq}0.05$) milk urea nitrogen concentration (12.75 vs. 15.48 mg/dl), suggesting a more efficient utilization of the rapidly available nitrogen components in the diet and hence improving nitrogen metabolism in the rumen.

The Effects of Oligosaccharides on the Quality Characteristics of Rice Flour Sponge Cakes (올리고당이 쌀스폰지케이크의 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ju, Jung-Eun;Byon, Kwang-Eui;Lee, Kyong-Ae
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.530-536
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    • 2007
  • In this study, rice flour sponge cakes were prepared by replacing 50% of the sucrose with oligosaccharides. Isomaltooligosaccharide and fructooligosaccharide were used as the oligosaccharides. The effects of oligosaccharides on the physical, textural and sensory properties of the cakes were then examined. The oligosaccharides increased batter viscosity and decreased batter specific gravity and baking loss. The moisture content, specific loaf volume and loaf volume index of the cake increased by replacing 50% of the sucrose with oligosaccharides. Internal and exterior color determinations showed that the 'L' value of the sponge cake with oligosaccharides was lower than that of the control, indicating a darker crust and crumb with the oligosaccharide substitution. Decreases in textual hardness, chewiness, and brittleness occurred with the oligosaccharides. Sensory panels perceived that the oilgosaccharide darkened the crust of the rice flour sponge cake and the panelists rated the cakes with the oilgosaccharide substitutions as sweeter, softer and more moist. The rice flour sponge cakes with isomaltooligosaccharides had a significantly higher acceptability then the others.