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Cementing Efficiency of Fly-ash in Mortar Matrix According to Binder-Water Ratio and Fly-ash Replacement Ratio

  • Cho, Hong-Bum;Jee, Nam-Yong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.194-202
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    • 2012
  • This paper predicts the cementing efficiency of fly-ash(FA) based on mortar test considering binder-water ratio and FA replacement ratio as experimental variables. The cementing efficiency prediction model proposed by statistical analysis enables us to estimate the value according to the binder-water ratio and FA replacement ratio of matrix. When FA replacement ratio is the same, the lower the binder-water ratio, the higher the estimated cementing efficiency. There are significant differences in the values according to binder-water ratio at FA replacement ratios of 15% or less, but there are almost no differences when FA replacement ratio is more than 15%. As the binder-water ratio increases, the variations in the values according to FA replacement ratio are great at FA replacement ratios of 15% or less. As the FA replacement ratios increase, the values increase for FA replacement ratios of 15% or less, but decrease for more than 15%. The values range from -0.71 to 1.24 at binder-water ratio of 1.67-2.86 and FA replacement ratio of 0-70%. The RMSE of the 28-day compressive strength predicted by modified water-cement ratio is 2.2 MPa. The values can be trusted, as there is good agreement between predicted strength and experimental strength.

A Fundamental Study on Properties of Mortar Following the Stainless Steel Slag of Fineness (스테인레스 스틸 슬래그의 분말도에 따른 모르터의 물성에 관한 기초적 연구)

  • 이희두;임남기
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2002
  • The following results are achieved from a mortar flow test depending on stainless steel slag fineness, replacement ratio, and a research on material age compressive strength, strength activity index. 1. Flow is proportional to the stainless steel slag fineness within the limits of 4000~8000$\textrm{cm}^2$/g, but in the case of fineness 20000$\textrm{cm}^2$/g flow decreases at all conditions except the case of replacement ratio 10%. 2. As stainless steel slag replacement ratio increases, Mortar of flow somewhat decreases. 3. As stainless steel slag blends, compressive strength decreases, but in proportion to the increase of age, compressive strength increases. 4. As stainless steel slag replacement ratio, compressive strength decreases. 5. In the case of stainless steel slag fineness 6000$\textrm{cm}^2$/g and 20.000$\textrm{cm}^2$/g, compressive strength of revelation ratio has the maximum value when it's replacement ratio is 10%.

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The Strength Properties of Concrete according to Curing Method (양생방법에 따른 콘크리트의 강도특성)

  • Jung, Yong-Wook;Lee, Seung-Han;Yun, Yong-Ho;Son, Sang-Hun;Kim, Jeong-Tai
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.545-548
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    • 2006
  • This study has been carried out to examine the properties of concrete according to replacement ratio and curing method of fly ash, in order to increase utilization of it. As the result of experiments, the 7 days of early age strength presented around 20MPa, up to 20% of replacement ratio, which is almost the same strength as non-replacement. However, when the replacement ratio was 30%, the strength was decreased to 16MPa, as 20% reduction compared to the non-replacement condition. In 365 days of long term aging, the strength was 5% higher, up to 20% of the replacement ratio, due to the pozzolanic reaction of fly ash. When the replacement ratio was 30%, it presented similar strength development as the non-replacement condition. Steam curing and autoclave curing increased the short age strength, regardless of the replacement ratio of fly ash; however, they don't have an effect on increasing the 365 days of long term strength. Water curing showed high strength development after 28 days, 51.81MPa, which is around 30% higher than air curing, 38.9MPa, steam curing, 38.6MPa, and autoclave curing, 39MPa. Therefore, water curing was examined as one of the very effective curing methods for developing long term strength of concrete.

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Properties of the Concrete using the Waste Foundry Sand Powder by Cement Replacement (폐주물사 미분말을 시멘트 대체재료로 사용한 콘크리트의 특성)

  • Woo Jong-Kwon;Ban Joo-Hwan;Ryu Hyun-Gi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.57-61
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    • 2006
  • Waste foundry sand of industrial waste which is happening by vast quantity according to fast development of industry has much the occurrence amount and processing method is depended on reclamation, and is using by fine aggregate for construction by recycling method among others. In this research Waste foundry sand powder into cement replace fare use possibility availability judge wish to Slump and air content decreased the replacement ratio increases by concrete special quality that do not harden according to experiment result, and unit capacity mass and bleeding increased the replacement ratio increases. Hardening concrete intensity special quality displayed strength improvement to replacement ratio 20%, and tendency that watertightness increases most in replacement ratio loft in watertight property appear. Considering the strength and watertight properties, the adequate usage of waste foundry sand powder is the 10% of replacement ratio.

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Effect of Replacement Ratio of Sand Compaction Pile of Fine-Grained Soils With Reclamed Land (준설매립지반의 세립토가 SCP공법의 치환율에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jong-Kook;Yoon, Won-Sub;Chae, Young-Soo;Choi, In-Gul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.1192-1201
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    • 2009
  • The ground work with of the research is constructed by a SCP method to improve clay ground in the sedimentary layer and sand ground in the reclamation layer at the same time as a reclaimed soft ground by reclaiming deep depth. Improved fine-grained soils in the sand ground decrease the ground improvement effect and have an influence on replacement ratio of SCP method. Fine-Grained soils which advances in sand ground reduces a from improvement effect, Makes affect in replacement ratio of SCP method. In this study, consideration about replacement ratio of sand ground, Tried to observe affects in replacement ratio of fine-grained soils SCP method of dredging reclamation ground. The result, replacement ratio which follows in the Japan Geotechnical Society experience-chart(1988) recording where fine-grained soils content will increase feebly, was visible the aspect which increases progressively, replacement ratio in compliance with Gibbs and Holts(1973) methods according to fine-grained soils increase is visible the tendency which decreases gradually with the enemy. Specially, according to case fine-grained content of Mizuno(1987) methods increases, replacement ratio suddenly was showing the trend which rises from of 50% and according to fine-grained soils increase was overestimated.

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Effect of Grain Size and Replacement Ratio on the Plastic Properties of Precipitated Calcium Carbonate Using Limestone as Raw Material

  • Baek, Chul Seoung;Cho, Kye Hong;Ahn, Ji-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2014
  • Precipitated calcium carbonate(PCC) inorganic fillers for plastic offera higher replacement ratio with improved mechanical properties than any other inorganic fillers. Due to its secure economic feasibility, its fields of application areexpanding. For optimized PCC grain size and polymer replacement ratio, it is good to maintain at least $0.035{\mu}m$ grains and keep double the grain size of distance between particles, depending on the molecular weight and volume replacement rate of the polymer. PCC has unique characteristics, ie, with smaller grain size, dispersibility decreases, and if grain size is not homogenous, polymer cracking occurs. The maximum replacement ratio of PCC is approximately 30%, but in the range of 10 - 15% it produces the highest mechanical strength. When mixed with a biodegradable plastic like starch, it also improves initial environmental degradability.

A Study on Drying Shrinkage of the High-Strength Concrete using the Garnet (가네트를 활용한 고강도 콘크리트의 건조수축 특성 연구)

  • Jang Ju-Young;Yoon Yo-Hyun;Park Jung-Min;Kim Wha-Jung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.676-679
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we considered the characteristic of drying shrinkage from age of high strength concrete with garnet minute powder to be industry by-product. The factors of experiment are unit water content$(160kg/m^3)$, water-binder ratio(30, $35\%$), fine aggregate ratio(40, 42, $44\%$), admixture replacement ratio(0, 10, $20\%$), admixture type(garnet minute powder, fly ash, blast-furnace slag). We make a comparative study of shrinkage about concrete with a passage of age(1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 91 days). As a result of experiment, we reach a conclusion as follow. In the same mix condition, as unit water content and fine aggregate ratio go up, the drying shrinkage ratio increase. In the drying shrinkage ratio according to admixture replacement ratio, it goes up when admixture replacement Ratio increase in case of fly ash and blast-furnace slag. But, drying shrinkage ratio decrease when admixture replacement ratio increase in case of garnet minute powder.

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Estimating Retirement Consumption Needs Using Target Replacement Rate (목표 소득대체율을 통한 은퇴소비의 추정)

  • 여윤경
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.83-97
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    • 2002
  • This study estimates the consumption needs of preretired households through target replacement ratio approach. Based on the Life Cycle Model, this study used the household expenditure function to derive the target replacement ratio appropriate for each household. The target replacement ratio is estimated using the 1996 National Survey of family Income and Expenditure by National Statistical Office. The estimated target replacement ratio was 82.4% for married couple households, and 85.1% for single households. Total retirement consumption needs during entire retirement period was 161,620,000 won for married couple households, and 50,532,039 won for single households.

A Numerical Analysis for the Influential Factors on the Stress Concentration Ratio (모래다짐말뚝지반의 응력분담비에 영향을 미치는 인자에 대한 해석적 연구)

  • Choi, Hyo-Won;Shin, Hyun-Young;Yoo, Han-Kyu;Kim, Soo-Sam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.966-973
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    • 2005
  • The stress concentration ratio in accordance with area replacement ratios were considered as core elements of design. However, the stress concentration ratio will be vary depends on progress of consolidation in clay ground. And, since it is not sure to know the affecting factors accurately, the value is decided based on field experiences. To use SCP method more effective and correspond to soil improvement, the decision on proper area replacement ratio through the exact stress concentration ratio is very important. Accordingly, a numerical analysis on influence of various factors that needed to make rational designing guide for decision of proper area replacement ratio to stress concentration ratio was executed in this study.

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Properties of the high strength and self-compacting concrete according to the replacement ratio of fly ash (플라이애쉬의 치환율에 따른 고강도 자기충전 콘크리트의 특성)

  • Kwon, Yeong-Ho;Lee, Hyun-Ho;Lee, Hwa-Jin;Ha, Jae-Dam
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.85-88
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    • 2006
  • This study describes the optimum mix proportion of the high strength and self-compacting concrete placed in main structures of LNG above tank. This concrete requires high strength level about $60{\sim}80MPa$, low hydration heat, balance between workability and consistency without vibrating in the actual work. For this purpose, low heat portland cement and fly ash are selected and design factors including water-binder ratio, replacement ratio of fly ash are tested. As experimental results, low heat portland cement shows lower the confined water ratio than another cement type and the optimum replacement ratio of fly ash in order to improve properties of the binder-paste shows 10% by cement weight considering test results of the confined water ratio$({\beta}p)$. Also, flowability of the high strength and self-compacting concrete by using fly ash about $10{\sim}20%$ is improved. The replacement ratio of fly ash 10% and water-binder ratio $25{\sim}27%$ are suitable to the design strength 80MPa and cost, In case of the design strength 60MPa, the replacement ratio of fly ash and water-binder ratio show 20% and $25{\sim}30%$ separately. Based on the results of this study, the optimum mix proportions of the high strength and self-compacting concrete will be applied to the construction of LNG above tank as a new type.

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