• Title, Summary, Keyword: renal carcinoma

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An Intrarenal Adrenocortical Carcinoma Arising in an Adrenal Rest

  • Lee, Ji Hee;Choi, Young Deuk;Cho, Nam Hoon
    • Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.416-419
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    • 2018
  • We describe a case of a 61-year-old Korean man who was diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma that was discovered on abdominopelvic computed tomography obtained after the patient complained of back pain. A radical nephrectomy was performed, and the surgical specimen showed a relatively well-circumscribed and yellowish lobulated hard mass. Microscopically, the tumor showed sheets and nests of hypercellular pleomorphic cells with thick fibrous septation, frequent mitoses, and areas of adrenal cortical-like tissue. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the tumor cells were positive for inhibin-${\alpha}$, vimentin, synaptophysin, and melan A. It also revealed that the tumor cells were negative for pan-cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, paired box 8, ${\alpha}$-methylacyl-coenzyme A racemase, CD10, cytokeratin 7, carbonic anhydrase 9, c-Kit, renal cell carcinoma, transcription factor E3, human melanoma black 45, desmin, smooth muscle actin, S-100, chromogranin A, CD34, anaplastic lymphoma kinase, and integrase interactor 1. Based on these histopathological and immunohistochemical findings, we diagnosed the tumor as intrarenal adrenocortical carcinoma arising in an adrenal rest. Several cases of intrarenal adrenocortical carcinoma have been reported, although they are very rare. Due to its poor prognosis and common recurrence or metastasis, clinicians and pathologists must be aware of this entity.

Brain Metastasis of Renal Cell Carcinoma in Von Hippel-Lindau Disease - Case Report - (본 히펠 린다우병에서 발생한 신장암의 뇌전이 - 증례보고 -)

  • Yang, Seung Min;Park, Sang Woo;Suk, Jong Sik;Park, Jong Hyuk;Kwon, Jeong Taik;Min, Byung Kook
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.30 no.8
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    • pp.1019-1022
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    • 2001
  • Although brain metastasis of renal cell carcinoma is a major cause of death in Von Hippel-Lindau disease(VHL), it is not easy to distinguish local recurrence of hemangioblastoma from distant metastasis. In addition, hemangioblastoma has several characteristics suitable for recipient of "tumor-to-tumor metastasis". Authors report a case of Von Hippel-Lindau disease that had metastases of renal cell carcinomas.

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Seeding Metastasis of Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma after Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy

  • Lee, Kanghun;Choi, Moon Hyung
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2017
  • Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an uncommon subtype of RCC having a better prognosis than clear cell RCC. Although there are several reports of seeding metastasis of RCC after biopsy, seeding metastasis of chromophobe RCC after surgical resection has seldom been reported. Here, we describe a case of multiple seeding metastases in the abdomen and pelvis 78 months after robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, without prior history of biopsy for chromophobe RCC in the right kidney. As magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pelvic mass showed a similar appearance to the primary renal mass and displayed separate margins with the rectum and prostate gland, we were able to make a diagnosis before pathologic confirmation.

Levels of Serum Trace Elements in Renal Cell Carcinoma Cases

  • Pirincci, Necip;Gecit, Ilhan;Gunes, Mustafa;Kaba, Mehmet;Tanik, Serhat;Yuksel, Mehmet Bilgehan;Arslan, Harun;Demir, Halit
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.499-502
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    • 2013
  • Trace elements which are essential components of biological structures may also be toxic when present at levels above the amounts required for biological function. In our study, trace element levels were measured with furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry in 33 newly diagnosed renal cell carcinoma cases (preoperative) and 32 healthy controls. When compared with the control group, it was found that the levels of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) were higher and the levels of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) were lower in the patient group. These changes may be important in the formation of renal cell carcinoma, a question which should be explored with postoperative comparative studies.

MicroRNA-122 Promotes Proliferation, Invasion and Migration of Renal Cell Carcinoma Cells Through the PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway

  • Lian, Ji-Hu;Wang, Wei-Hua;Wang, Jia-Qiang;Zhang, Yu-Hong;Li, Yi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5017-5021
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    • 2013
  • Objective: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a small class of non-coding, single-stranded RNAs with a critical role in genesis and maintenance of renal cancer mainly through binding to 3'-untranslated regions (3'UTR) of target mRNAs, which causes a block of translation and/or mRNA degradation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential effects of miR-122 in human renal cell carcinomas. Methods: The expression level of miR-122 was quantified by qRT-PCR. MTT, colony formation, invasion and migration assays were used to explore the potential functions of miR-122 in human renal cell carcinoma cells. Results: Cellular growth, invasion and migration in two A498 and 786-O cells were significantly increased after miR-122 transfection. Further experiments demonstrated that overexpression of miR-122 resulted in the increase of phospho-Akt (Ser473) and phospho-mTOR (Ser2448), then activation of mTOR targets, p70S6K and 4E-BP1. Conclusions: The up-regulation of miR-122 may play an important role in the progress of renal cancer through activating PI3K/Akt signal pathway and could be a potential molecular target for anti-cancer therapeutics.

Diabetes Mellitus as a Risk Factor for High Grade Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Otunctemur, Alper;Ozbek, Emin;Sahin, Suleyman;Dursun, Murat;Besiroglu, Huseyin;Koklu, Ismail;Erkoc, Mustafa;Danis, Eyyup;Bozkurt, Muammer;Gurbuz, Ahmet
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.3993-3996
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    • 2014
  • Background: Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by impaired fasting blood glucose that leads to disturbances in various organs. In this study, we evaluated relationships between tumor size and grade in a population of diabetic and non-diabetic patients with renal cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Between 2007-2013, in our clinic radical nephrectomy performed to 310 patients for renal tumors and pathology reported renal cell carcinoma cases were enrolled in the study. Patients with and without a history of diabetes regarding fasting glucose and HgA1c levels were evaluated during surgery for tumor size and Fuhrman grade. Results: Diabetes was found in 95 patients. The mean age of the patients with and without diabetes mellitus was 64.3 (40-79) and 58.4 (31-87) years, respectively. In the diabetes group 51% of patients had a tumor size over 7 cm and 54% a tumor grade over Fuhrman 3. The respective figures in the non-diabetes group were 35% and 30% (p<0.05 in both cases). Conclusions: Renal cancer appears more aggressive in patients with diabetes. In this study lifestyle and risk factors with diabetes regulation were observed to be important for renal cancer patients. Multicenter studies are needed in larger series for more accurate results.

Renal Cell Carcinoma is More Aggressive in Turkish Patients with the Metabolic Syndrome

  • Ozbek, Emin;Otunctemur, Alper;Sahin, Suleyman;Dursun, Murat;Besiroglu, Huseyin;Koklu, Ismail;Polat, Emre Can;Erkoc, Mustafa;Danis, Eyyup;Bozkurt, Muammer
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.7351-7354
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    • 2013
  • Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a multifactorial disease characterized by impaired glucose tolerance/diabetes, obesity, high triglyceride levels, low HDL levels, and hypertension. In this study we evaluate the relationship between tumor size and grade, and presence of the metabolic syndrome in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Between 2007-2013, radical nephrectomy was performed for 310 patients with renal tumors in our clinic and those with pathology reported renal cell carcinoma were enrolled and divided into two groups, with and without metabolic syndrome diagnosed on the basis of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria. The relationship between tumor size and grade of the two groups (Fuhrman nuclear degree) was evaluated statistically. Results: The metabolic syndrome was found in 70 patients, with a mean age of 65.5 (40-87), as compared to 58.8 (31-84) years in the non-metabolic syndrome group. Tumor size over 7 cm was found in 54% and 33%, respectively, and tumor grade over Fuhrman 3 in 56% and 32% of patients. Patients with metabolic syndrome had significantly higher tumor size and grade (p<0.05). In the presence of hypertension, diabetes and high triglyceride levels, significant assocations were again observed (p<0.05). Tumor size and degree also increased with increasing body mass index but this was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Conclusions: Renal cancer is more aggressive in patients with metabolic syndrome. Lifestyle and risk factors were revealed to be significant influences in renal cancer patients.

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of the Renal Angiomyolipoma (신 맥관근지방종의 세침흡인 세포학적 소견)

  • Lee, Yong-Hee;Min, Dong-Won;Jeong, Hyeon-Joo;Lee, Kwang-Gil
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 1994
  • We describe a case of fine needle aspiration cytology of renal angiomyolipoma which was not associated with the clinical complex of tuberous sclerosis and was incidentally found. It was a solitary lesion and the clinical impression before needle aspiration was renal ceil carcinoma. The aspirated specimen showed mature fat cells, clusters of renal tubular epithelial cells and sheets of pleomorphic smooth muscle cells with fibrillary cytoplasm. The nuclei of smooth muscle celis varied in size and shape. Since the treatment of renal angiomyolipoma differs from that of renal ceil carcinoma, the preoperative cytological diagnosis is of great value.

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No Association Between the GSTM1 Null Genotype and Risk of Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Meta-analysis

  • Liu, Rui;Wang, Xiao-Hua;Liu, Li;Zhou, Qiang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.3109-3112
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    • 2012
  • Background: Many studies have focused on possible associations between the glutathione S-transferase M 1 (GSTM1) null genotype and risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but the impact remains unclear owing to obvious inconsistencies among the findings. The present study aimed to quantify the strength of any association in a meta-analysis. Methods: We searched the PubMed, Embase and CBM databases for studies concerning the association between the GSTM1 null genotype and risk of RCC. We estimated the summary odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) to assess the association. Results: The meta-analysis showed the GSTM1 null genotype was not associated with risk of RCC overall (OR = 1.04, 95% CI 0.92-1.18, P = 0.501). For Caucasians, the GSTM1 null genotype was also not associated with risk of RCC (OR=1.02, 95% CI 0.90-1.16, P = 0.761). The cumulative meta-analyses showed a trend of no obvious association between GSTM1 null genotype and risk of RCC as information accumulated. Sensitivity analyses by omitting those studies also did not materially alter the overall combined ORs. No evidence of publication bias was observed. Conclusion: Meta-analyses of available data show that the GSTM1 null genotype is not significantly associated with risk of renal cell carcinoma.

Efficacy and Toxicity of Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients in Egypt

  • Edesa, Wael Abdelgawad;Abdelmalek, Raafat Ragaey
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.1971-1976
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    • 2015
  • Background: To evaluate our results in terms of response, survival and toxicity profile of sunitinib among Egyptian patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Between January 2010 and December 2013, 44 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received sunitinib at an oncology center of Cairo university hospitals were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. Results: The median age of the patients was 53 years, 22 (50%) having localized disease at presentation, while the remaining half of the patients presented with metastasis. At a median follow up of 19 months, 9 (21%) patients achieved partial remission, while disease was reported stable in 20 cases (45%) and progressive in 7 (16%), 4 (9%) being lost to follow up, and 4 (9%) had discontinued therapy due to toxicity. The median overall survival was 23 months (95%CI 15.2 - 30.9), while progression free survival was 12 months (95%CI 11.6 - 12.3). The most commonly reported non hematological grade 3 adverse events included mucositis (15.9%), hand-foot syndrome (13.6%), and fatigue (9%), while the predominant grade 3 or 4 laboratory abnormalities were neutropenia (6.8%), followed by anemia in 4.5% of patients. Conclusions: Our efficacy data were comparable to the published literature in terms of progression free survival and overall survival, while toxicity profile is different from Asian and western countries. However, sunitinib adverse events were manageable and tolerable in most of our Egyptian patients.