• Title/Summary/Keyword: regional types

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Change Pattern of Residential Areas in Seoul: Based on Detached Houses Case Studies between 2000 and 2010

  • Jang, Ji Hyuk;Kwon, Young Sang
    • Architectural research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2017
  • In South Korea, problems such as low fertility, aging population, and income polarization have recently become more serious. In this time of social change, it is necessary to examine the current changes occurring to residences in order to improve the stability and health of residential areas. The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes of residential areas that occurred between 2000 and 2010 based on detached houses, which are the foundation of residential areas in Seoul. Changes in residential areas can be observed by examining changes in the type of housing and the characteristics of the residents. Since the type of housing and the characteristics of the residents change in the same area, it is necessary to study them together, not as individual elements. Census data is suitable for this purpose, because it can show the changes that have occurred to the housing type and the residents' characteristics within the neighborhood unit. Among the census output areas identified as residential areas based on detached houses, six sites were selected as the case study area based on the rate of change of detached houses. From the result of the case study using the census data, the study area was categorized into three regional types: (i) an urban development and redevelopment area; (ii) an area with a concentration or increasing number of detached houses; (iii) an area with an increasing number of multi-family houses based on detached houses.

Channel of Collection and Regional Characteristics of Recyclable Domestic Wastes (재활용 생활계 폐기물의 수거경로와 지역적 특성)

  • 한주성
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.88-101
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    • 2004
  • This paper aims to examin the channel of waste collection, as well as to clarify the relationship between collection types and regional characteristics. According to the analysis results, a kind of used paper and old metal are mainly collected in regions which have a large population size, high population increasing rates, high population composition rates of secondary industry and high degree of self-supporting in public finance. On the other hand, in regions which have a small population size, low population increasing rates or a decrease in population, and high population composition rates of primary industry and rates of agricultural household, there are high collection rates for others recyclable wastes, a kind of scrap iron, used paper, and used bottle. These results show that the collection types of recyclable domestic wastes are different depend on industry developed degree in region.

The Calculation of Geographic Practice Cost Index and the Feasibility of Using It in Korean Payment System (진료비용 지역보정지수의 산출 및 국내 적용의 타당성)

  • Kim, Hansang;Chung, Seol Hee
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.130-137
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    • 2019
  • The fee-for-service system is used as the main payment system for health care providers in Korea. It has been argued that it can't reflect differences in the medical practice costs across regions because the fee schedule is calculated based on the average cost. So, some researchers and providers have disputed that there is need for adopting geographic practice cost index (GPCI) used in the United States for the Medicare program for the elderly to the fee-for-service payment system. This study performed to identify whether the difference in the practice costs among regions exists or not and to examine the feasibility of applying GPCI to Korea payment system. For this purpose, we calculated modified-GPCI and examined considerations to introduce GPCI in Korea. First we identified available data to calculate GPCI. Second, we made applicable GPCI equations to Korea payment system and computed it based on four types of regions (metropolitan, urban, suburban, and rural). We also categorize the regions based on the availability of the medical resources and the capability of utilizing them. As a result, we found that there wasn't any significant difference in the GPCI by regional types in general, but the indices of rural areas (0.91-0.98) was relatively low compared to the indices of other regions (0.96-1.07). Considering the need to use GPCI floor, the pros and cons of using GPCI, and the concern of the regional imbalance of resources, the introduction of GPCI needs to be carefully considered.

Critical Analysis of Unmet Healthcare Needs Index for Addressing Regional Healthcare Inequality (지역 의료불평등 해소를 위한 미충족 의료지표 활용의 비판적 분석)

  • Park, Yukyung;Kim, Jin-Hwan;Kim, Sun;Kim, Chang-yup;Han, Joo-sung;Kim, Saerom
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2020
  • Background: Unmet healthcare needs have many advantages for measuring inequalities in healthcare use. However, the existing indicator is difficult to capture the reality of unmet healthcare needs sufficiently and is not quite appropriate in comparing regional inequality. The purpose of this study is to critically analyze the utilization of the unmet healthcare need indicator for regional healthcare inequalities research. Methods: We used the level of healthcare accessibility and healthcare need to categorize the regions that are known to cause differences in healthcare utilization between regions and verified how existing unmet healthcare need indicator is distributed at the regional level. Results: Four types of regions were classified according to the high and low levels of healthcare needs and accessibility. The hypothesis about the regional type expected to have the highest unmet healthcare need was not proved. The hypothesis about the lowest expected regional type was proved, but the difference in the average rate of unmet healthcare needs among regional types was not significant. The standard deviation of the rate of unmet healthcare needs among regions within the same type was also higher than the overall regional variation, which also disproved the whole frame of hypothesis. Conclusion: Failure to prove the hypothesis means the gap between the supposed meaning of the indicator and the reality. In order to understand the current state of healthcare utilization of people in various regions of Korea and to resolve inequality, fundamental research on the in-depth structure and mechanisms of healthcare utilization is needed.

Status of Local Disaster Prevention by Regional Types - Focusing on Gangwon-do - (지역유형별 지역방재력에 관한 실태분석 - 강원도를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Nam;Kwon, Gun-Ju;Back, Min-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.33-46
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    • 2010
  • The 14 cities and guns within Gangwon-do were divided into three regions (urban-rural-integrated type, urban type, and ruralcoastal type), and local voluntary disaster prevention organizations in those regions were surveyed as sample groups. As a result, the urban-rural-integrated type and the urban type were found to be lower than the rural-coastal type in all domains including recognition of disaster crisis, evacuation guidance, preparation of voluntary evacuation, maintenance of disaster prevention system, surveillance & guard, and information delivery. In particular, three types had higher information delivery but considerably lower preparation of voluntary evacuation. As for information delivery, foundations for rapid delivery of disaster information due to establishment and extension of systems for forecasting and warning of local governments were prepared, but as for preparation of voluntary evacuation, it is needed not only to perform consistent training and promotion for preparation for disasters for residents to accurately understand status of disasters but to take measures to secure safe places for evacuation beforehand.

Spatial Diffusion Process of Private Passenger Cars in Korea (우리나라 자가용 승용차의 공간적 확산과정)

  • 李種起;韓柱成
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.52-65
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    • 2001
  • Between 1985 and 1997 the diffusion of private passenger cars first occurred in major cities such as Seoul, Busan, Daegu and the satellite cities of the capital city that enjoyed high incomes and advanced service industries and then it gradually expanded to industrial and major provincial cities while posting a downturn in the major cities. Factor contrbuting to this phenomenon most significantly was the rate of employment in the financial insurance, real estate, and business service sectors in 1985 and 1990. The most ingluential factor in 1997 was the rate of employment in agriculture, hunting, forestry, and fishery. When measured against 1991 as a yardstick, the spatiotemporal ditribution rate of private passenger cars was highly between 1985 and 1990 in Seoul's satellite cities and major regional cities, showing a large inter-regional gap in terms of diffusion rate. The period from 1991 to 1997 showed a high rate of diffusion in cities within the capital region as well as in major regional cities, but inter-regional diffusion rate became similar. Key factors responsible for regional types of the diffusion were {1}the rate of employment in the service industrier and income in the major citier, and (2)the geogtaphic distamce between counties and Seoul plus the size of population in the county regions.

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The Study for Classifying Snowfall Area Types with Consideration of Snowfall Characteristics and Times (강설특성과 강설시간을 고려한 강설지역의 유형 구분에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Geunyoung
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The objective of this research is to classify snowfall area types with consideration of past regional snowfall characteristics and times for the effective local snow removal response systems of 229 local government districts. Method: This research first collected snowfall data of South Korea meteorological stations, and classified regional types using successive snowfall time. This research finally produced GIS maps using regional type information of snowfalls by applying GIS analysis methods. Result: This research provides five types of snowfall regions including 'frequent heavy snowfall regions', 'frequent light snowfall regions', 'rare heavy snowfall regions', 'average snowfall regions', and 'rare light snowfall regions' based on analysis results. Conclusion: Results of this research can be used as basic information for regional demand estimations of snow removal equipments, materials, vehicles, and personnel for the efficient snow removal response systems.

Profitability Analysis Based on Cropping System of the Land Use Changes in Paddy Field (논 타작물 재배 작부체계별 수익성 분석)

  • Yu, Chan-Ju;Um, Ji-Bum;Ko, Hyeon-Seok;Park, Sang-Youn
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.216-222
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    • 2020
  • A comparative analysis of farm incomes was performed from the new composition system of crops, such as feed crops, including soybeans, Italian ryegrass, soybean-potatoes, and soybean-barley planted in rice fields. Through this analysis, the suggested implications were derived, and the technological solutions were determined. The profitability of the composition of soybean-Italian ryegrass showed that the soybeans yield was 325kg/10a, and the sale price was ₩3,962/kg, leading to a gross revenue of ₩1,288,000/10a. The yield of Italian ryegrass was 1,584kg/10a with a sale price of ₩125/kg, showing a gross revenue of ₩198,000/10a. The net income of soybeans was ₩284,000/10a, which means a net income rate of 22.1%, whereas the net income of Italian ryegrass was -₩30,000/10a. The composition of soybeans-potatoes and soybeans-barley showed a gross revenue of ₩930,000/10a and ₩375,000/10a, respectively. The crop composition types have been developed for the Income Type, Production Type of Forage, Improvement Type of Food Self-Sufficiency, and Corresponding Type to Climate Change. On the other hand, regional types have not been developed sufficiently. In addition, various selections of alternative crops and the establishment of crop composition congruent to the specific regions should be developed systematically in terms of the production technology. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the technological establishment of the crop composition through continuous related studies with the mid-to-long term objectives of land utilization and grain self-sufficiency rates.

A Comparative Study on the Accident Characteristics of the Elderly According to the Urban-Rural Complex Area and Regional Types (도농복합지역과 지역유형에 따른 노인교통사고 특성 비교연구)

  • Kim, Kyung-Bum;Hwang, Kyung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.224-236
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the characteristics of traffic accidents among elderly drivers according to area type in Gyeonggido(urban areas, urban-rural complex areas, and rural areas). Traffic accidents caused by unsafe driving are common in all three types of areas. In urban areas and urban-rural complex areas, traffic accidents were more frequent due to traffic violations and intersection accidents, while rural areas were more affected by central lines. Urban areas and urban-rural complex areas require simpler signal exposures, such as a simple straight line, left turn, or straight line and left turn signal rather than complex signal operations, such as overlaps in a signal operation. Improvement of non-signal intersections and unprotected traffic signal processing is also needed. In order to prevent the intrusion of the central line in rural areas, the center line guard rail should be prevented from penetrating the center line, and the influence of the vehicle headlamp should be reduced in the opposite direction. It is necessary to improve the visibility by using fluorescent letters to enlarge the font size of traffic signs and road signs, particularly to increase visibility at night and prevent traffic accidents at sunset. Minimal, simplified should be provided rather than complex phrases and information.

Synoptic Climatic Patterns for Winter Extreme Low Temperature Events in the Republic of Korea (우리나라 겨울철 극한저온현상 발생 시 종관 기후 패턴)

  • Choi, Gwangyong;Kim, Junsu
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2015
  • The present study aims to characterize the synoptic climatic patterns of winter extreme low temperature events occurred in different regions of Korea based on daily temperature data observed at 61 weather stations under the supervision of the Korea Meteorological Administation and NCEP/NCAR reanalysis I data for the recent 40 years (1973~2012) period. Analyses of daily maximum and minimum temperatures below 10th percentile thresholds show that high frequencies of winter extreme low temperature events appear across the entire regions of Korea or in either the western or eastern half region divided by major mountain ridges at the 2~7 dayintervals particularly in the first half of the winter period (before mid-January). Composite analyses of surface synoptic climatic data including sea level pressure and wind vector reveal that 13 regional types of winter extreme low temperature events in Korea are closely associated with the relative location and intensity of both the Siberian high pressure and the Aleutian low pressure systems as well as major mountain ridges. Investigations of mid-troposphere (500 hPa) synoptic climatic charts demonstrate that the blocking-like upper troposphere low pressure system advecting the cold air from the Arctic toward the Korean Peninsula may provide favorable synoptic conditions for the outbreaks of winter extreme low temperature events in Korea. These results indicate that the monitoring of synoptic scale climatic systems in East Asia including the Siberian high pressure system, the Aleutian low pressure system and upper level blocking system is critical to the improvement of the predictability of winter extreme low temperature events in Korea.

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