• Title/Summary/Keyword: regional types

Search Result 22, Processing Time 0.153 seconds

Analysis of Change Transitions in Regional Types in Emergency Department Patient Flows of in Jeonlado (2014-2018) (전라지역 응급실 환자의 유출입 분석 및 지역유형 변화 추이)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyeon;Lee, Sung-Min;Kim, Seongjung;Oh, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.10 no.12
    • /
    • pp.126-131
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study analyzed the inflow and outflow patterns of emergency department patients, to identify changes in regional types in cities, counties, and districts in Jeonlado, Korea. Data of areas in Jeonlado for 2014 to 2018 were extracted from the National Emergency Department Information System. The extracted data includes the patients' and emergency medical institution addresses, which were used to calculate the relevance index (RI) and commitment index (CI). The calculated indices were classified into regional types by applying cluster analysis. A non-parametric method, Kruskal-Wallis test, was employed to examine the differences between years for RI and CI by regional types. The results of cluster analysis using the relevance and commitment indices revealed three regional types. Regions in cluster 1 were classified as outflow type, in cluster 2 as inflow type, and in cluster 3 as self-sufficient. RI and CI were calculated for each cluster or regional type. There were no significant differences between years in cluster 2 (inflow type) and cluster 3 (self-sufficient type). In cluster 1 (outflow type), there were no significant differences in CI between the years; however, there were significant differences in RI between 2014 and 2017, and 2014 and 2018. It is difficult to see that the emergency medical environment has improved due to the increased concentration of emergency medical care.

Regional disparities in the associations of cardiometabolic risk factors and healthy dietary factors in Korean adults

  • Ha, Kyungho;Song, YoonJu;Kim, Hye-Kyeong
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.519-531
    • /
    • 2020
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Regional disparities in dietary factors might be related to regional disparities in cardiometabolic health. Therefore, this study investigated the associations of cardiometabolic risk factors and dietary factors with regional types in Korean adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Based on data from the 2007-2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the study included 39,781 adults aged ≥ 19 years who completed the dietary survey and a health examination. Healthy and unhealthy dietary factors (fat, sodium, fruit, and vegetable intakes) were evaluated using 1-day 24-h dietary recall method, as well as the use of nutrition labels with a questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the participants, 48.7%, 36.0%, and 15.2% lived in metropolitan, urban, and rural areas, respectively. Adults living in urban and rural had higher odds ratios (ORs) for obesity (OR for urban, 1.07; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-1.14; OR for rural, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.05-1.24) than adults living in metropolitan areas; these associations were significantly observed in middle-aged adults. Compared to metropolitan residents, rural residents had lower ORs for hypertension in middle-aged (OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.76-0.96) and metabolic syndrome in older adults (OR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.67-0.91). Regarding urban residents, a lower OR for diabetes in middle-aged adults (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.74-0.97) and a higher OR for hypertension in older adults (OR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.02-1.39) were observed. Overall rural residents had higher ORs of excessive carbohydrate, low fruit, and high salted-vegetable intakes than metropolitan residents. Low fruit intake was positively associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, and hypertension, after adjustment for regional type and other confounders in total participants. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that cardiometabolic risk and unhealthy dietary factors differ among regional types and age groups within Korea. Nutritional policy and interventions should consider regional types for prevention and management of cardiometabolic risk factors.

An Analysis of Regional Types of Rural Areas (농촌지역의 유형화와 특성 분석)

  • Yim, Seok-Hoi
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.211-232
    • /
    • 2005
  • Recently, Korean agriculture and rural areas face a huge crisis due to the change in the market environment of agricultural products under WTO and FTA. Thus, rural policy needs to break from the agriculture-centered sectoral perspective and to develop the various potentials in rural areas. The transformation of rural policy is also required from the aspect of increasing regional differentiation in rural areas. In this context, the paper aims to classify the regional types of rural areas and analyse their features in geographical location, population, farming, public finance and so an. The result of analysis shows that rural areas can be classified into 5, 9 or 15 regional types by stages. This implies that there is significant regional differentiation ill rural areas. However, there is regional polarization as much as differentiation in rural areas. In this point, rural policy should catch up regional polarization as well as diversity in rural areas.

  • PDF

Analysis Methodology of Industrial Integration by Spatial Unit: Based on Root Industry (공간단위별 산업집적 분석 방법 연구: 뿌리산업을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seong-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.20 no.6
    • /
    • pp.256-266
    • /
    • 2020
  • Spatial distribution analysis of industrial locations plays a very important role in the establishment of relevant spatial policies and plans. The first thing to consider in this analysis is what analysis indicators and spatial units are used, because the interpretation of the analysis results may vary depending on the analysis indicators and the spatial units. Therefore, this study first examines various industrial integration indicators considering spatial autocorrelation and suggests the classification of regional types of industrial aggregation through the combination of related indicators. And then, this paper aims to empirically analyze the root industry by presenting a methodology for analyzing industrial integration by various spatial units such as individual locations, grids, and administrative districts. The results of the empirical analysis show that the grid in the spatial unit can be analyzed in more detail than the administrative unit. In addition, it is expected to overcome the limitations such as differences in interpretation that may occur due to the setting of spatial units. In the classification of regional types, the south-eastern region of Ulsan, Busan, and Changwon, and the western region of the SMA of Incheon, Hwaseong, and Ansan were analyzed as the industrial cluster type.

Classification of Regional Types for Pinus densiflora stands Using Height-DBH Growth in Korea (우리나라 소나무림의 수고-흉고직경 생장에 따른 지역형 분류)

  • Park, Joon Hyung;Jung, Su Young;Lee, Kwang Soo;Kim, Chang Hwan;Park, Yong Bae;Yoo, Byung Oh
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.105 no.3
    • /
    • pp.336-341
    • /
    • 2016
  • The object of this study was to classify the local types in relation to regional differences using Height-DBH growth of Pinus densiflora in Korea. The regional types were clustered according to Getis-Ord's $G_i$ among Local indicators of spatial association (LISA) by characteristics of spatial distribution which were calculated the residual of sample plots by fitting Height-DBH growth model using Weibull growth equation. Accordingly, Pinus densiflora were classified 3 groups, It indicated that annual precipitation had one of the biggest impacts among the considered site and climate factors. This results can become the standard for regional management of Pinus densiflora forests.

Receipt Area and Regional Types of Delivery in Agricultural Products Physical Distribution Center : A Case Study on Agricultural Products Physical Distribution Center of Cheongju Agricultural Co-operation (농산물 물류센터의 입하지와 배송의 지역유형 - 농협 청주 농산물 물류센터를 사례로 -)

  • 김선희;한주성
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
    • /
    • v.38 no.1
    • /
    • pp.104-126
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study found that was done to find the commercial and physical distribution system of the agricultural physical distribution center of the agricultural co-operation and considers the receipt region of agricultural, livestock and marine products of the agricultural physical distribution center established for the efficiency and integration of physical distribution by season. And this study clarified the relationship between regional characteristics and regional types of distribution in accordance with the sales of each product. According to the research, the agricultural physical distribution center of Cheongju agricultural co-operation receives agricultural, livestock and marine products from all over the country as the core region in Chungcheongbuk-do and deliveries mainly to some regions in Chungcheongbuk-do, Chungcheongnam-do and Daejeon city. That's e agricultural, livestock and marine products that the agricultural physical distribution center of the agricultural co-operation deals with the required freshness. Therefore, the physical distribution center forms the regional physical distribution system to mainly receive products from the regions where are relatively near the center and to delivery to the nearby region. This delivery of agricultural, livestock and marine product significantly influences the sales strategy as well as the economic principles of demand and supply.

Classifying Types of Local Governments for Urban Policies in the Metropolitan Era (대도시권 시대의 도시정책을 위한 기초지자체 유형 구분)

  • Kim, Geunyoung
    • Journal of Urban Science
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.21-30
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to present a plan to distinguish 229 local governments nationwide by taking into account various characteristics such as population, employment, housing, and industry of the region for customized urban policies in the era of metropolitan areas. The National Statistical Portal (KOSIS) collected and standardized data related to population, housing, industry, and finance by region from 2000 to 2015 for the classification of regional types necessary for customized urban policies, and this was used to classify them into regional types that considered population, employment, housing and industry. The summary of the analysis results is as follows. First, as a result of the regional type classification, 10 key employment sites (4.4%), 5 employment centers (2.2%), 38 residential centers (16.6%), 20 growth areas (8.7%), 26 industrial cities (11.4%), 35 low-fertile farming and fishing villages (15.3%) and 95 stagnant areas (41.5%). Second, the Seoul metropolitan area is the most diverse type of metropolitan area in the country, with most of its core employment sites inside Seoul, residential centers inside and outside Seoul, and growth areas in the southeastern part of the country (Busan, Ulsan, and Gyeongsangnam-do) are mixed with industrial and growth areas centered around Busan, Ulsan and surrounding areas, while the rest of the local governments are found to be low-fertile farming villages or stagnant areas. Daegu (Daegu, Gyeongbuk) is an industrial city in Daegu, and the rest of the local governments are either low-density farming and fishing villages or stagnant areas. The Honam region (Gwangju and Jeolla) was found to be a low-mill farming and fishing village or stagnant area except for Gwangju, while the Chungcheong region (Daejeon, Sejong, and Chungcheong) was seen as a growth area with areas adjacent to Daejeon, Sejong, and the Seoul metropolitan area, and some industrial cities were included. Finally, the Gangwon area was mostly classified as low-density farming and fishing villages and stagnant areas.

A Study on the Improvement Method of Settlement Environment in Rural Area (농촌정주환경의 정비수법에 관한 연구)

  • IckHwanKim
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.123-137
    • /
    • 1995
  • This paper presents the directions for the settling environment improvement of 244 Eups and Myeons in the Kyung buk province. Depending on their regional types. The analysis results are as follows : 1) According to the index of general estimation each regional group is classified into the developing country. suburban country. flatland country or mountain country. 2) The regional type is classified into densly-inhabitated district. less-dense district. non-developing district or perishing district. 3) The results of the dwelling environment estimation pointed out that social protection. living convenience. and neighborship are important factors for environmental improvement, depending on the regional type. From above, each region has different regional characteristics and environmental estimation structure. It is suggested to establish improvement directions. based on them.

  • PDF

Groundwater-use Estimation Method Based on Field Monitoring Data in South Korea (실측 자료에 기반한 우리나라 지하수의 용도별 이용량 추정 방법)

  • Kim, Ji-Wook;Jun, Hyung-Pil;Lee, Chan-Jin;Kim, Nam-Ju;Kim, Gyoo-Bum
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.467-476
    • /
    • 2013
  • With increasing interest in environmental issues and the quality of surface water becoming inadequate for water supply, the Korean government has launched a groundwater development policy to satisfy the demand for clean water. To drive this policy effectively, it is essential to guarantee the accuracy of sustainable groundwater yield and groundwater use amount. In this study, groundwater use was monitored over several years at various locations in Korea (32 cities/counties in 5 provinces) to obtain accurate groundwater use data. Statistical analysis of the results was performed as a method for estimating rational groundwater use. For the case of groundwater use for living purposes, we classified the cities/counties into three regional types (urban, rural, and urban-rural complex) and divided the groundwater facilities into five types (domestic use, apartment housing, small-scale water supply, schools, and businesses) according to use. For the case of agricultural use, we defined three regional types based on rainfall intensity (average rainfall, below-average rainfall, and above-average rainfall) and the facilities into six types (rice farming, dry-field farming, floriculture, livestock-cows, livestock-pigs, and livestock-chickens). Finally, we developed groundwater-use estimation equations for each region and use type, using cluster analysis and regression model analysis of the monitoring data. The results will enhance the reliability of national groundwater statistics.

The Developmental Directions and Classification of Regional Types Based on Natural Resources (자연자원에 기반한 지역유형분류와 발전방안)

  • Park, Jong-Jun;Yoon, Ki-Ran;Park, Chang-Sug
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
    • /
    • v.39 no.2
    • /
    • pp.10-17
    • /
    • 2011
  • The paradigm of the use and management of natural resources is changing. Wise use of natural resources can be achieved by enhancing their conservation value and, at the same time, taking them as an opportunity for regional development. It leads to an idea of pursuing regional development by making good use of natural resources. In this paper, natural resources were classified as living species resources, ecosystem and landscape resources, and non-living resources. The resources were divided into 27 detailed analysis indices. The administrative boundaries of 165 municipalities in Korea were defined as spatial analysis units. Finally, a spatial database of natural resources was built. To classify the regional types, we conducted factor analyses with a detailed index of natural resources and a cluster analysis with the factor value. As the result of the factor analysis, six factors have been deduced as follows: forest resources, landscape resources, coastal ecology resources, inland water resources, landform resources, and ecology visit resources. In addition, the cluster analyses were conducted for the points of the factors drawn. The final classification consists of nine groups, and appropriate methods for each regional development have been suggested. Results of this study will contribute to providing fundamental materials for site selection and objective-setting for regional development policies and planning in consideration of natural resources.