• Title, Summary, Keyword: reduced thiol reagents

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Properties of an Extracellular Amylase Produced by the Marine Halophilic Bacterium Vibrio alginolyticus (해양 호염성 세균 Vibrio alginolyticus가 생산하는 Extracellular Amylase의 특성)

  • 김영재
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.203-207
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    • 1999
  • V. alginolyticus 138-2, a marine halophilic bacterium, produced an extracellular amylase with a molecular weight of ca. 56,000. The analysis of the digestion products of soluble starch by thin layer chromatography(TLC) revealed that the extracellular amylase of V. alginolyticus 138-2 is a saccharifying-type alpha-amylase. The alpha-amylase activity of the culture supernatant of soluble starch was optimal at pH 6.0 and 45$^{\circ}C$. Ca2+ slightly increased the alpha-amylase activity, whereas Hg2+, An2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Fe2+, and Mn2+inhibited the enzymatic activity. Alkylating thiol group agent, iodoacetic acid did not affect the alpha-amylase activity, but reduced thiol reagents such as dithiothreitol, cysteine, and beta-mercaptoethanol stimulated theenzymatic activity. On the other hand, even if V. alginolyticus 138-2 is a marine halophilic bacterium, its alpha-amylase activity was significantly inhibited by NaCl.

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Chemical Modification of Serratia marcescens Acetolactate Synthase with Cys, Trp, and Arg Modifying Reagents

  • Choi, Ho-Il;Kim, Soung-Soo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 1995
  • Acetolactate synthase purified from Serratia marcescens ATCC 25419 was rapidly inactivated by the thiol specific reagent p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB), the tryptophan specific reagent N-bromosuccinimide (NBS), and the arginine modifying reagent phenylglyoxal (PGO). Inactivation by PCMB was prevented by both ${\alpha}$-ketobutyrate and pyruvate, and the second order rate constant for the inactivation was $2480\;M^{-1}{\cdot}min^{-1}$. The reaction order with respect to PCMB was 0.94. The inactivation of the enzyme by NBS was also substantially reduced by both ${\alpha}$-ketobutyrate and pyruvate. The second order rate constant for inactivation by NBS was $15,000\;M^{-1}{\cdot}min^{-1}$, and the reaction order was 2.0. On the other hand, inactivation by PGO was partially prevented by ${\alpha}$-ketobutyrate, but not by pyruvate. The second order rate constant for the inactivation was $1480\;M^{-1}{\cdot}min^{-1}$ and the order of reaction with respect to PGO was 0.75. These results suggest that essential cysteine, tryptophan and arginine are located at or near the substrate binding site.

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