• Title, Summary, Keyword: recurrence

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Differences in Prognostic Factors between Early and Late Recurrence Breast Cancers

  • Payandeh, Mehrdad;Sadeghi, Masoud;Sadeghi, Edris
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.15
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    • pp.6575-6579
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    • 2015
  • Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent malignancy among females and is a leading cause of death of middle-aged women. Herein, we evaluated baseline characteristics for BC patients and also compared these variables across ealry and late recurrence groups. Materials and Methods: Between 1995 to 2014, among female breast cancer patients referred to our oncology clinic, eighty-six were entered into our study. All had distant metastasis. Early recurrence was defined as initial recurrence within 5 years following curative surgery irrespective of site. Likewise, late recurrence was defined as initial recurrence after 5 years. No recurrence was defined for survivors to a complete minimum of 10 years follow-up. Significant prognostic factors associated with early or late recurrence were selected according to the Akaike Information Criterion. Results: The median follow-up was 9 years (range, 1-18 years). During follow-up period, 51 recurrences occurred (distant metastasis), 31 early and 20 late. According to the site of recurrence, there were 51 distant. In this follow-up period, 19 patients died. Compared with the early recurrence group, the no recurrence group had lower lymph node involvement and more p53 positive lesions but the late recurrence group had lower tumor size. In comparison to no recurrence, p53 (odds ratio [OR] 6.94, 95% CI 1.49-32.16) was a significant prognostic factor for early recurrence within 5 years. Conclusions: Tumor size, p53 and LN metastasis are the most important risk factors for distance recurrence especially in early recurrence and also between of them, p53 is significant prognostic factor for early recurrence.

Influence of Antithrombotic Medication on the Risk of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Recurrence after Burr-Hole Surgery

  • Choi, Jongwook;Pyen, Jinsu;Cho, Sungmin;Kim, Jongyeon;Koo, Younmoo;Whang, Kum
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.63 no.4
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    • pp.513-518
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    • 2020
  • Objective : Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common intracranial hemorrhages. It can be managed with a simple surgical treatment such as burr-hole trephination and drainage. However, it has a relatively high recurrence rate. The mechanisms and risk factors for the recurrence have not yet been clearly identified and studies have reported varying results. Methods : We analyzed 230 patients with CSDH who were treated with burr-hole trephination and drainage at our institution from March 2011 to March 2016. The patients were divided into recurrence and non-recurrence groups and the medical records of each group were used to analyze the risk factors associated with CSDH recurrence. Results : After burr-hole trephination and drainage, CSDH recurrence was observed in 49 (21.3%) of the 230 patients. In univariate analysis, none of the factors showed statistical significance with respect to CSDH recurrence. In multivariate analysis, preoperative antithrombotic medication was the only independent risk factor for CSDH recurrence (odds ratio, 2.407; 95% confidence interval, 1.047-5.531). Conclusion : The present study found that preoperative antithrombotic medication was independently associated with CSDH recurrence.

Frequency of Herpes Zoster Recurrence in Central District of Korea

  • Ha, Jae Won;Lee, Jin Yong;Her, Young;Kim, Chul Woo;Kim, Sang Seok
    • Annals of dermatology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.602-607
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    • 2017
  • Background: Herpes zoster is characterized by unilateral grouped vesicles along the distribution of a dermatome. A global recurrence rate as low as 0.5%~6.2% has been reported for herpes zoster. The recurrence of herpes zoster is higher in immunocompromised patients and older patients. Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the frequency of herpes zoster recurrence and factors that can influence its recurrence. Methods: From January 2005 to December 2015, 14,343 patients with herpes zoster were enrolled in this study. The patients were diagnosed at Hallym University Medical Centers and Kangwon National University Hospital in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Gangwon. Herpes zoster recurrence and patient characteristics were surveyed by medical record review and a telephonic survey. Results: The overall frequency of herpes zoster recurrence was 1.18%. The frequency of recurrence was higher in women than in men. It was also higher in patients aged 50~70 years than in patients who were younger or older than this. Additionally, we assessed that the frequency of recurrence was statistically higher in patients with a compromised immune system and in patients who experienced longer lasting pain during their first episode. Conclusion: The frequency of herpes zoster recurrence is more common in women, older age, patient with longer pain duration and immunocompromised patients.

Postoperative Course and Recurrence of Chronic Subdural Hematoma

  • Oh, Hyuck-Jin;Lee, Kyeong-Seok;Shim, Jae-Jun;Yoon, Seok-Mann;Yun, Il-Gyu;Bae, Hack-Gun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.518-523
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    • 2010
  • Objective : Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is known to have a significant recurrence rate. There are different criteria defining the recurrence of CSDH. We evaluated the postoperative course of CSDH and tried to propose the reasonable criteria of recurrence. Methods : We retrospectively examined the medical records and pre- and postoperative CT scans of 149 consecutive patients who underwent surgery from January 2005 to December 2009. Diagnosis was confirmed by CT scanning or MRI. The postoperative courses were either resolved or recurrent. The resolved CSDH was one of the three types; early resolution, delayed resolution, or late resolution. The recurrent CSDH was one of the four types; recurrence without resolution, early recurrence after resolution, late recurrence after resolution, or recurrent-and-resolved type. Results : The CSDH was resolved within 30 days after surgery in 58 (39%) patients, between 1 to 3 months in 62 (42%), and after 3 months in 11 (7%) patients. The CSDH was recurred in 18 (12%) patients. Late resolution or recurrence was more common in the aged. The recurrent hematoma was seen on the same side in 11 patients, on the different side in 7 patients. Recurrence was significantly more common in the thick hematomas. Conclusion : For a working criteria of the recurrence of CSDH, we propose the early recurrence as return of symptoms or reaccumulation of the hematoma after a surgery within 3 months regardless of the location, amount or repeated operations. The late recurrence can be defined as reappearance or enlargement of a liquefied hematoma within the cranial cavity surrounded by the membranes or persistent CSDH beyond 3 months after surgery.

Clinicopathologic Characteristics according to the Type of Recurrence in Curatively-resected Gastric Cancer Patients (위암환자의 재발유형에 따른 임상병리학적 특성)

  • Ha, Tae Kyung;Kwon, Sung Joon
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Evaluating the clinicopathologic characteristics of recurred gastric cancer is essential for early detection of the recurrence and for better clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to establish the patterns of the recurrence, the timing of the recurrence, and the clinical result after recurrence according to the clinicopathologic characteristics of gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: From June 1992 to December 2005, of the 1338 gastric cancer patients who underwent a curative gastric resection, 241 patients who recurred during the follow-up period were selected and their cases were analyzed. The clinicopathologic characteristics of the patients, the time to recurrence after operation and survival were determined retrospectively according to the type of recurrence. Results: For the recurrent group, the numbers of total gastrectomies, advanced stages, lymphatic and/or venous infiltrations, whole stomach cancer cases, large tumors, undifferentiated tumors, and Borrmann type 4 tumors were higher than they were for the non-recurrent group, and the differences were statistically significant. When the recurrence types were classified as peritoneal seeding, hematogenous recurrence, and locoregional recurrence, independent risk factors were female gender, stage III, upper third, and whlole stomach cancer, and undifferentiated- type, diffuse-type, and Borrmann type 4 tumors for peritoneal seeding; early gastric cancer, stage I for hematogenous recurrence; and Borrmann type 1, 2, and 3 tumors for locoregional recurrence. Survival duration after detection of the recurrence was shorter for peritoneal seeding than for hematogenous or locoregional recurrence (7.0 months vs. 9.5 months and 12.5 months). Conclusion: For early detection of the recurrence after curative surgery for gastric cancer, it is important to recognize that the high risk factors for recurrence vary with the clinicopathologic data for the patients.

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Clinical Analysis of Recurrence in Inflammatory Laryngeal Disease after Laryngomicrosurgery (술 후 재발한 염증성 성대 병변의 임상 양상)

  • 김영선;김진호;박문규;유홍균;오준환;최종욱
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.28-31
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    • 2000
  • Microscopic surgery of the larynx normally have a low recurrence rate. However, once they do recur, it is uneasy to manage recurrent diseases. Recurrence is often the result of inappropriate postoperative care and voice management. Out of the 764 patients operated for benign inflammatory laryngeal diseases, we have conducted a clinical analysis of 54 cases who have had at least one episode of recurrence after the initial treatment with laryngomicrosurgery (7.1% of recurrence rate). High risk groups for recurrence were determined, and they were related to cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, laryngopharyngeal reflux. From our experience and literature review, we conclude that pre- and postoperative patient education concerning these risk factors and voice usage Is of critical need to prevent recurrence of inflammatory laryngeal lesions after laryngomicrosurgery.

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Identifying Predictive Factors for the Recurrence of Pediatric Intussusception

  • Lee, Dong Hyun;Kim, Se Jin;Lee, Hee Jung;Jang, Hyo-Jeong
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.142-151
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aim of the study was to identify factors related to the recurrence of intussusception in pediatric patients. Methods: The medical charts of patients diagnosed with intussusception and treated at Dongsan Medical Center, between March 2015 to June 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: Among 137 patients, 23 patients (16.8%) had a recurrent intussusception and 8 of these patients (6%) had more than 2 episodes of recurrence. The age at diagnosis was significantly different between the non-recurrence and recurrence group (p=0.026), with age >1 year at the time of diagnosis associated with a greater rate of recurrence (p=0.002). The time interval from symptom onset to the initial reduction (<48 vs. ${\geq}48$ hours) was significantly longer in the recurrence group (p=0.034) and patients in the recurrence group had higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (p=0.024). Bloody stools and a history of infection were significantly more frequent in the non-recurrence group (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). On stepwise regression analysis, age >1 year at the time of presentation (odds ratio [OR], 4.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.56-14.06; p=0.016) and no history of infection (OR, 0.18; 95% CI, 0.06-0.58; p=0.004) were retained as predictors of recurrence. Conclusion: Patients with intussusception who are older than 1 year at diagnosis, have an elevated CRP level, a delay of ${\geq}48$ hours between symptom onset and the initial reduction, an absence of bloody stools, and no history of infection should be closely monitoring for symptoms and signs of a possible recurrence.

Diagnosis and Treatment of the Recurrent Thyroid Cancer (갑상선 재발암의 진단과 치료에 대한 고찰)

  • Kwon O-Gyoung;Park Sung-Gil;Oh Sung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.58-63
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    • 2000
  • Objectives: To demonstrate effective diagnostic method and proper management of recurrent thyroid cancer through to compare treatment and surveillance of $I^{131}$ scanning detected recurrence and clinically detected recurrence. Material and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical information about 46 patients who has recurrent thyroid cancer of 298 patients who have been primarily operated due to thyroid cancer in PMC at the over 10 years between 1986 and 1995. We examine incidence of recurrence due to pathologic types, site of recurrence, disease free interval, detection method of recurrence, and also treatment and progression of recurrence. A patients in which the clinical examination was entirely negative and the $I^{131}$ scan demonstrated either a new area of $I^{131}$ uptake or an increased area of concentration, compared to the previous scan, was designated as a recurrence detected by $I^{131}$ scan only. Recurrences that were obviously by physical examination or chest x-ray, etc were considered clinically detected recurrence, regardless of the the results of the thyroid scan. Results: Mean of disease tree interval(DFI) is 36months. When mean DFI of $I^{131}$ scan detected recurrence is 28months, whereas mean DFI of clinically detected recurrence is 47months. In statiscal analysis, p-value is 0.043 as significantly. In progression of recurrent patient, NED is 28case, AWD is Sease, DOD is 13case. Among the 13case, scan detected recurrence is lease of 20 patients(5%), whereas clinically detected recurrence is l2case of 26 patient(46%). In statiscal analysis, p-value is 0.003 as significantly. Conclusion: Early detection of the recurrent thyroid cancer by $I^{131}$ scanning leads to good progress compare with detection by clinical examination. NED: No Evidence of Disease AWD : Alive With Disease DOD : Dead Of Disease DOC: Dead of Other Cause

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Risk Factors for Recurrence after Curative Surgery for Early Gastric Cancer (조기 위암의 근치적 절제술 후 재발예측인자)

  • Shin Dong Woo;Hyung Woo Jin;Noh Sung Hoon;Min Jin Sik
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.106-112
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: Even with excellent surgical outcome, recurrence of early gastric cancer (EGC) after a curative resection is not declining because the incidence of EGC is increasing. The aim of this study was to propose an appropriate treatment strategy by assessing the risk factors for recurrence of curatively resected early gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: Of 3662 patients who had undergone gastric resections for gastric cancer from 1987 to 1996, the cases of 1050 curatively resected EGC patients were reviewed retrospectively. Among those 1050 patients, 50 patients ($4.8\%$) were diagnosed as having recurrent cancer, which was confirmed by clinico-radiological examination or re-operation. The risk factors that determined the recurrence patterns were investigated by using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The mean time to recurrence was 30.9 months, and hematogenous recurrence was the most frequent type ($32.0\%$). Among the 50 recurred patients, peritoneal recurrence showed the shortest mean time to recurrence ($18.5\pm17.7$months). Between the recurred and the non-recurred patients, there was no statistically significant difference with respect to age, sex, operation type, tumor size, tumor location, gross appearance, or histological differentiation. However, depth of invasion (submucosal invasion) and nodal involvement were significantly different (P<0.001) between the two groups. Using logistic regression analyses, nodal involvement was the only significant risk factor for recurrence in early gastric cancer (P<0.001). The median survival after the recurrence had been diagnosed was 4 months. Conclusion: Although the prognosis for EGC patients is excellent and recurrence of EGC after a curative resection is rare, the time to recurrence and the patterns of recurrence in EGC patients were diverse and unpredictable, and the result after recurrence is dismal. Considering the impact of lymph node metastasis on recurrence of EGC, a systematic lymphadenectomy, rather than limited surgery, should be performed if lymph node involvement is confirmed pre- or intraoperatively. Also if the postoperative pathologic findings reveal lymph node involvement, adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended.

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Factors related to Fear of Recurrence in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 재발염려에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Chung, Ji Won;Kim, Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.190-197
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: Recently, the number of post-stroke survivors has increased. The physical deficits following stroke have been well studied, but there is little information on fear of recurrence in stroke patients. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the health risk behaviors, health motivation and sense of control on fear of recurrence after a stroke. Method: Data were collected through a questionnaire that included items on general characteristics. Participants were recruited from the convalescent centers and outpatients clinics. Participants completed the mastery scale, health motivation scale, and a fear of stroke recurrence scale. The data were analyzed using hierarchial multiple regressions analysis with SPSS version 18.0. Results: Levels of fear of recurrence, health motivation and sense of control were moderate with means of 19.76(SD=5.15), 26.85(SD=5.10), and 16.69(SD=4.65), respectively. Health motivation and sense of control contributed to fear of recurrence. The variables explained 30.5% of variance in fear of recurrence. Conclusions: Results indicate that interventions for fear of recurrence management after stroke should take into account health motivation and sense of control.