• Title, Summary, Keyword: readmission

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A Study on the Identification of Risk Factors for unplanned Readmissions in a University Hospital (계획되지 않은 재입원에 대한 위험요인분석)

  • Hwang Jeong Hae;Rhee Seon Ja
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.201-212
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    • 2002
  • This study was designed to identify the risk factors of unplanned readmission in a university hospital. The six-month discharge information from January to June, 2000 in a tertiary university hospital was used as a source of data through the medical record and hospital information system. To increase the effect of comparison. the data were collected by sampling 192 couples (384 patients) of unplanned readmission group through the matching by its disease groups, sex, and age. The accuracy of prediction for unplanned readmission was analyzed by constructing the predicted model of unplanned readmission through the logistic regression. The study results are as follows. The conditional logistic regression analysis was performed with nine variables at the significance level 0.05 through univariate analysis including residence, days after discharge, initial admission route, previous admission, transfer to special care unite, hospital stay days, medical care expenses, special cares, and laboratory and imaging services. As a result, the closer the patients live in Seoul and Gyeong-in area (Odds ratio=2.529, p=0.003), the shorter the days after discharge was (Odds ratio=0.600, p=0.000), and the more frequent admission rate was (Odds ratio=2.317, p=0.004), the more unplanned readmission was resulted. Also, the accuracy of prediction for data classification of this regression model showed $70.3\%$(032+83/306).

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Risk Factors of Readmission to Hospital for Pneumonia in Children (소아 폐렴의 재입원에 대한 위험인자)

  • Hong, Yu Chan;Choi, Eom Ji;Park, Sin-Ae
    • Pediatric Infection and Vaccine
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.146-151
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: We analyzed the risk factors affecting readmission of children with pneumonia. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of pediatric patients admitted to the Department of Pediatrics at the Jeonju Presbyterian Medical Center from January 2007 to August 2016. We classified patients who were readmitted with pneumonia within 30 days of discharge as the readmission group and patients who were admitted with pneumonia for the first time as the first admission group. Results: Among 158 patients, the study (readmission) group included 82 patients and the control (first admission) group included 76 patients. Age, the percentage of segmented neutrophils and lymphocytes, the number of admissions in the last 12 months, the associated diseases (respiratory diseases such as asthma), and the affection of the right upper lung were analyzed as risk factors for readmission. However, based on a regression analysis, only age and associated diseases were found to be significant risk factors. The rate of readmission increased with younger age. When there were associated diseases, the rate of readmission also increased. Conclusions: Young age and associated diseases were significant risk factors for readmission for patients with pediatric pneumonia. When pediatric patients are admitted with pneumonia, if they are young and/or have associated diseases, a comprehensive approach is needed to reduce the rate of readmission with careful consideration of precise examination, treatment, timing of discharge, and follow-up.

Readmission of late preterm infants after discharge from nursery (신생아실에서 퇴원한 후기 조산아들의 재입원에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Myo-Jing
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.8
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    • pp.888-892
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : To evaluate the risk factors for hospital readmission during the neonatal period among late preterm infants who were discharged after nursery care. Methods : In this retrospective study, we reviewed medical records of 135 late preterm infants readmitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) during the neonatal period, after discharge from nursery of IL Sin Christian Hospital from January 2003 to December 2008. We compared the risk factors of the hospital readmission group with the control group. Results : The gestational age and birth weight of 135 study infants were $36^{+1}{\pm}0.5$ weeks and $2,718.4{\pm}296.9gm$, respectively. Identified risk factors of hospital readmission were breastfeeding (71.9% vs. 44.4%), short duration of nursery stay ($3.3{\pm}1.6$ days vs. $4.1{\pm}2.0$ days), firstborn (60.0% vs. 45.3%), and maternal pregnancy complication (31.9% vs. 18.8%). Jaundice accounted for the majority of hospital readmissions (83.7%), and the age at hospital readmission was $6.2{\pm}3.6$ postnatal days, mostly at 5-6 postnatal days (40.7%). Identified risk factors of hospital readmission due to jaundice were spontaneous normal vaginal delivery (43.4% vs. 1.8%), younger maternal age ($29.8{\pm}3.4$ yrs vs. $32.1{\pm}4.2$ yrs), and lower maternal pregnancy complication (28.3% vs. 50%). Conclusion : Identified risk factors of hospital readmission were breastfeeding, short duration of nursery stay, firstborn, and maternal pregnancy complication. Jaundice accounted for the majority of hospital readmissions, and the age at hospital readmission was $6.2{\pm}3.6$ postnatal days.

The Risk Factors Related to Early Readmission to the Intensive Care Unit. (중환자실 조기 재입실 관련 위험요인)

  • Jang, Jin Nyoung;Lee, Yun Mi;Park, Hyo Jin;Lee, Hyeon Ju
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.36-45
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to identify status and characteristics of patients who have been readmitted to ICU, and to analyze risk factors associated with the readmission to ICU within 48hours. Method: Data were collected from patient's electronic medical reports from one hospital in B city. Participants were 2,937 patients aged 18 years old or older admitted to the ICU. Data were analyzed using odd ratios (ORs) from multivariate logistic regressions. Results: 2.2% of the 2,937 patients were early readmitted to ICU. Risk factors for early readmission to ICU were existence of respiratory disease, use of mechanical ventilator, and duration of hospitalization (longer). Conclusion: The assessment on the respiratory system of the patient who will be discharged from the ICU was identified as an important nursing activity. Therefore, the respiratory system management and education should be actively conducted. In addition, early ICU readmission may be prevented and decreased if a link was built to share the information on patient condition between the ICU and general wards.

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Case Control Study Identifying the Predictors of Unplanned Intensive Care Unit Readmission After Discharge (집중치료실 퇴실환자의 비계획성 재입실 예측 인자를 규명하기 위한 사례대조군 연구)

  • Park, Myoung Ok;Oh, Hyun Soo
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.45-57
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : This study was performed to identify the influencing factors of unplanned intensive care unit (ICU) readmission. Methods : The study adopted a Rretrospective case control cohort design. Data were collected from the electronic medical records of 844 patients who had been discharged from the ICUs of a university hospital in Incheon from June 2014 to December 2014. Results : The study found the unplanned ICU readmission rate was to be 6.4%(n=54). From the univariate analysis revealed that, major symptoms at $1^{st}$ ICU admission, severity at $1^{st}$ ICU admission (CPSCS and APACHE II), duration of applying ventilator application during $1^{st}$ ICU admission, severity at $1^{st}$ discharge from ICU (CPSCS, APACHE II, and GCS), and application of $FiO_2$ with oxygen therapy, implementation of sputum expectoration methods, and length of stay of ICU at $1^{st}$ ICU discharge were appeared to be significant; further, decision tree model analysis revealed that while only 4 variables (sputum expectoration methods, length of stay of ICU, $FiO_2$ with oxygen therapy at $1^{st}$ ICU discharge, and major symptoms at $1^{st}$ ICU admission) were shown to be significant. Conclusions : Since sputum expectoration method was the most important factor to predictor of unplanned ICU readmission, a assessment tool for the patients' capability of sputum expectoration needs to should be developed and implemented, and standardized ICU discharge criteria, including the factors identified from the by empirical evidences, might should be developed to decrease the unplanned ICU readmission rate.

The Relationship of Anorexia, Nausea, Vomiting, Oral Intake and Nutritional Status in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy (항암화학요법 환자의 식욕부진, 오심구토, 음식섭취량 및 영양상태와의 관계)

  • 양영희;이동선
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.720-730
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    • 2000
  • Malnutrition is a common problem in cancer patients. In addition anticancer drugs used in chemotherapy as a major therapeutic mode are famous as the side effect like nausea, vomiting, which lead the patients to malnourished state. This study was to determine the relationship of anorexia, nausea, vomiting and oral intake and identify the influence these side effects on the nutritional status in patients receiving chemotherapy. To assess the nutritional status, anthropometry such as weight, height, body mass index(BMI), body fat proportion, and triceps skinfold thickness, and biochemistry test such as hemoglobin and lymphocyte were measured at the pre- and post- chemotherapy and the readmission time, all three times. During chemotherapy, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting using a VAS or 5-point scale and 24 hour oral intake using a food record were measured daily. Forty-nine patients knowing their diagnosis and receiving chemotherapy were recruited from an oncological ward in a general hospital for 5 months and they were reduced 31 at readmission time for a next chemotherapy. The results were as follows. Most subjects (93.6%) were in the 4th stage of cancer and 57.1% of subjects were in the first or the second chemotherapy. In most subjects(82.6%), their weight was decreased 10.7% than as usual. The degree of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting was significantly higher and the amount of oral intake was significantly less during the chemotherapy than at the pre-chemotherapy. Weight, BMI, triceps skinfold were reduced more at the post- chemotherapy than the pre-chemotherapy and were recovered the nearly same but less level at the readmission time. Body fat proportion was increased at the post chemotherapy and then decreased at the readmission phase. Hemoglobin and the number of lymphocyte were below normal at the pre-chemotherapy and more reduced at the readmission time. Anorexia, nausea, and vomiting were related positively and oral intake was negatively related with nausea and vomiting. The nutritional status at the post- chemotherapy and the readmission time was explained 20% over by the side effect like anorexia, nausea, vomiting and oral intake during the chemotherapy. The significant nutrition predictors at the post- chemotherapy were vomiting and the significant predictors at the readmission time were anorexia, vomiting, and oral intake. These results indicated the patients receiving chemotherapy were continued to deteriorate the nutritional status. Therefore nurse should have knowledge how much the nutritional status can be affected and assess the nutritional status periodically and try to find out the intervention for side effects from the series of chemotherapies.

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Factors Affecting the Readmission Experience of Liver Cirrhosis Patients (간경변증 환자의 재입원 경험에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yoon, Mi-Lim;Eun, Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the factors affecting the readmission of patients with liver cirrhosis, and focused on self-care, social support, and drinking refusal self-efficacy. The subjects were 75 cirrhosis patients who were admitted to medium-sized hospitals at S-city for two months from May 2019 to June 2019. The data was analyzed with the SPSS (Version 25) program, and logistic regression analysis was performed on the factors affecting readmission. The results were self-care (27.49±0.53 out of 60), social support (52.80±16.44 out of 90), and drinking refusal self-efficacy (42.39±22.76 out of 80). The readmission method was classified into planned and unplanned admissions. Unplanned readmission was found to differ depending on the drinking experience (OR: 4.16) and the presence of complications (OR: 5.11) within a month of discharge rather than that of the planned readmissions, accounted for 19.7%. It will be very important to reduce the occurrence of complications by early management of patients with cirrhosis, and increase the drinking refusal self-efficacy, and so reduce unplanned readmission and prevent the progression and deterioration of cirrhosis. The drinking experience and the occurrence of complications can be reduced through interventions that increase self-care, social support, and drinking refusal self-efficacy. Nursing interventions are needed to prevent patients with cirrhosis from drinking and to manage the complications due to relapse into alcoholism.

Effects of an Infant Care Education Program for Mothers of Late-preterm Infants on Parenting Confidence, Breastfeeding Rates, and Infants' Growth and Readmission Rates

  • Jang, Eun Hye;Ju, Hyeon Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an education program for mothers of late-preterm infants on parenting confidence, breastfeeding rate, and infants' growth and readmission rate. Methods: The participants were 53 mothers of late-preterm infants (26 in the experimental group and 27 in the control group). The experimental group was administered the late-preterm care education program while the control group received standard care. The program consisted of two sessions during hospitalization after birth, one session at the time of discharge, and telephone and social networking service consultations at weekly intervals for the month following discharge. The collected data were analyzed using the t-test, x2 test, and repeated-measures analysis of variance. Results: Parenting confidence and the breastfeeding rate were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group. However, there was no significant difference in the late-preterm infants' growth and readmission rates between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion: A care education program for mothers of late-preterm infants can be a useful nursing intervention in clinical practice.

Comparative Analysis on the Characteristics of High Cost Medical Users between the Health Insurance and Medical Assistance Program (고액진료비 환자의 특성 비교분석 - 의료보험과 의료보호환자를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Sunny;Moon, Ok-Ryun
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.112-129
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    • 1996
  • Background : A small number of high cost patients usually spend a larger proportion of scarce health resources. Aged, long-term care and readmitted patients usually belong to these high cost patient group. Among others, long length of stay and readmission can be reduced by checking its cause, and these are the areas needed most of quality improvement activity. Characteristics of high cost medical users between health insurance program and medical assistance program were reviewed. Methods : The inpatient claims of health insurance and medical assistance program were analyzed. Patients were divided by 6 groups; long-term, mid-term, short-term, readmitted, cancer and aged. We defined high cost patients as those who had spent one and half million won and over per 6 months. Characteristics of high cost patients for each group were reviewed. Results : medical assistance patients used much more resources than the insured members in the average hospital cost per case but less in daily hospital cost. The former had a longer length of stay and had much heavier diseases. Major diseases of both group were cancer, diseases of circulatory system and chronic degenerative diseases. Gallstone and schizophrenia were more in the insured program. However, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma were more common among the medical assistance patients. Early readmission before 2 weeks were 28-30% of the total readmission. Readmission rate in the malignat neoplasm and renal failure were 80% and more. Q.A program should be installed to prevent unnecessary readmissions. Conclusion : Almost 30% of early readmissions and admissions due to complications and long length of stay should be reviewed carefully to keep cost down and to enhance the quality of hospital care.

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Comparison of Follow-up Courses after Discharge from Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between Very Low Birth Weight Infants with and without Home Oxygen

  • Kim, Ji Sook;Shim, Jae Won;Lee, Jang Hoon;Chang, Yun Sil;Committee on Data Collection and Statistical Analysis, the Korean Society of Neonatology
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.1295-1303
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    • 2017
  • In order to investigate the clinical impact of home oxygen use for care of premature infants, we compared the follow-up courses after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge between very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) with and without home oxygen. We retrospectively identified 1,232 VLBWIs born at 22 to 32 weeks of gestation, discharged from the NICU of 43 hospitals in Korea between April 2009 and March 2010, and followed them up until April 2011. Clinical outcomes, medical service uses, and readmission and death rates during follow-up after the NICU discharge were compared between VLBWIs with (HO, n = 167) and those without (CON, n = 1,056) home oxygen at discharge. The HO infants comprised 13.7% of the total VLBWIs with significant institutional variations and showed a lower gestational age (GA) and birth weight than the CON infants. The HO infants had more frequent regular pediatric outpatient clinic visits ($12.7{\pm}7.5$ vs. $9.5{\pm}6.6$; P < 0.010) and emergency center visits related to respiratory problems ($2.5{\pm}2.2$ vs. $1.8{\pm}1.4$; P < 0.010) than the CON infants. The HO infants also had significantly increased readmission (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25-2.04) and death risks (adjusted HR, 7.40; 95% CI, 2.06-26.50) during up to 2 years following the NICU discharge. These increased readmission and death risks in the HO infants were not related to their prematurity degree. In conclusion, home oxygen use after discharge increases the risks for healthcare utilization, readmission, and death after NICU discharge in VLBWIs, regardless of GA, requiring more careful health care monitoring during their follow-up.