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A Case of Lung Metastasis of Mesoblastic Nephroma in Adulthood (성인에서 발생한 중배엽성 신종의 폐전이 1예)

  • Moon, Jin Wook;Kim, Kil Dong;Shin, Dong Hwan;Hahn, Chang Hoon;Jung, Jae;Park, Mu Suk;Jung, Sang Youn;Lee, Jae Hyuk;Kim, Young Sam;Kim, Se Kyu;Kim, Sung Kyu;Chang, Joon
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.402-407
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    • 2003
  • Mesoblastic nephroma is a neoplasm of the kidney which is characterized by interlacing bundles of spindle mesenchymal cells. It is usually diagnosed during the first six months of life and is mostly benign. Incidence in adults is exceedingly rare. In most cases, only total excision is required without postoperative adjuvant therapy, and the rare cases of local recurrence have usually been related to incomplete removal. However, mesoblastic nephroma may behave aggressively, in contrast to a congenital mesoblastic nephroma. Several cases of metastatic mesoblastic nephroma have been previously described. We report herein a case of a 42-year-old woman with mesoblastic nephroma which recurred as a large metastatic lung mass seven years after the nephrectomy. The patient presented with chest wall discomfort for four days. Seven years previously, total nephrectomy had been performed because of a right renal tumor which had been diagnosed as a mesoblastic nephroma. There had been no evidence of recurrence for five years, after which she discontinued follow-up. On readmission two years later, chest X-ray and CT scan revealed a large lung mass in the left upper lobe. It was completely excised and the pathologic examination was identical with that of the original renal tumor. Synovial sarcoma was excluded because the fusion transcripts of the SYT-SSX fusion gene associated with the t(X;18) translocation were negative. The final diagnosis was a lung metastasis of mesoblastic nephroma and the patient remained free of disease for 7 months postoperatively.

Usefulness of Comorbidity Indices in Operative Gastric Cancer Cases (위암 수술 환자의 건강결과 측정을 위한 동반상병 측정도구의 유용성 연구)

  • Hwang, Se-Min;Yoon, Seok-Jun;Ahn, Hyeong-Sik;An, Hyong-Gin;Kim, Sang-Hoo;Kyeong, Min-Ho;Lee, Eun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the usefulness of the following four comorbidity indices in gastric cancer patients who underwent surgery: Charlson Comorbidity Index(CCI), Cumulative Illness rating scale(CIRS), Index of Co-existent Disease(ICED), and Kaplan-Feinstein Scale(KFS). Methods : The study subjects were 614 adults who underwent surgery for gastric cancer at K hospital between 2005 and 2007. We examined the test-retest and inter-rater reliability of 4 comorbidity indices for 50 patients. Reliability was evaluated with Spearman rho coefficients for CCI and CIRS, while Kappa values were used for the ICED and KFS indices. Logistic regression was used to determine how these comorbidity indices affected unplanned readmission and death. Multiple regression was used for determining if the comorbidity indices affected length of stay and hospital costs. Results : The test-retest reliability of CCI and CIRS was substantial(Spearman rho=0.746 and 0.775, respectively), while for ICED and KFS was moderate(Kappa=0.476 and 0.504, respectively). The inter-rater reliability of the CCI, CIRS, and ICED was moderate(Spearman rho=0.580 and 0.668, and Kappa=0.433, respectively), but for KFS was fair(Kappa=0.383). According to the results from logistic regression, unplanned readmissions and deaths were not significantly different between the comorbidity index scores. But, according to the results from multiple linear regression, the CIRS group showed a significantly increased length of hospital stay(p<0.01). Additionally, CCI showed a significant association with increased hospital costs (p<0.01). Conclusions : This study suggests that the CCI index may be useful in the estimation of comorbidities associated with hospital costs, while the CIRS index may be useful where estimatation of comorbiditie associated with the length of hospital stay are concerned.

Comparison of Health Behaviors and Health Indices According to Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Chest Pain -Analysis of Nursing Information Chart and Electronic Medical Record- (흉통환자의 관상동맥중재술 시행 여부에 따른 건강행위 및 건강지표 비교 - 간호정보조사지와 전자의무기록 분석-)

  • Kweon, Mi-Soo;Lee, Sook-Jeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the health behaviors and health indices according to whether a percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) was performed due to chest pain. This is a secondary data analysis study of nursing information questionnaires and electronic medical records of 247 chest pain patients in a hospital from January 2010 to December 2017. The participants were divided into non-PCI and PCI groups, and the health behaviors, blood pressure, and blood lipid levels were collected at the first hospital admission and re-admission. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0. As a result of the study, smoking and lipid levels were significantly healthier than the participants in PCI group during re-hospitalization. Non-PCI group had a high risk of smoking despite the high risk of coronary artery stenosis. It was found that continuous integrated management to promote health behavior is needed. The significance of this study was to identify the importance of health behavior in patients with the risk of cardiovascular disease.

The Use Pattern and Clinical Impact of New Antiplatelet Agents Including Prasugrel and Ticagrelor on 30-day Outcomes after Acute Myocardial Infarction in Korea: Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Data

  • Kim, Choongki;Shin, Dong-Ho;Ahn, Chul-Min;Kim, Jung-Sun;Kim, Byeong-Keuk;Ko, Young-Guk;Choi, Donghoon;Hong, Myeong-Ki;Park, Juhee;Lee, Hyeyeong;Choi, Yoon Jung;Choi, Youn Song;Oh, Sang-Kwon;Jang, Yangsoo
    • Korean Circulation Journal
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.888-897
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    • 2017
  • Background and Objectives: Despite the favorable efficacy of new antiplatelet agents demonstrated in randomized controlled trials, their clinical implications in Korea are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate trends in antiplatelet agent use for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and their impact on 30-day clinical outcomes. Methods: AMI patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention between 2010 and 2015 were assessed using claim data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. Results: The use of new antiplatelet agents has rapidly increased since 2013 and has been preferred over clopidogrel (Plavix; Bristol-Myers Squibb/Sanofi Pharmaceuticals) since 2015. Both prasugrel (Effient; Eli Lilly and Company) (odds ratio [OR], 0.45; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.31-0.67; p<0.001) and ticagrelor (Brilinta; AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP) (OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.71-0.98; p=0.032) had an independent effect on lowering 30-day mortality in a weighted multivariable logistic regression model. However, new antiplatelet agents had no significant effect on other clinical outcomes including myocardial infarction, stroke, bleeding, and readmission within 30 days. Conclusion: The use of new antiplatelet agents is rapidly increasing, and they have been used more commonly than clopidogrel since 2015. We demonstrated that new antiplatelet agents have a favorable effect on reducing 30-day mortality in AMI patients in Korea.

Clinical Practice Guideline for Cardiac Rehabilitation in Korea

  • Kim, Chul;Sung, Jidong;Lee, Jong Hwa;Kim, Won-Seok;Lee, Goo Joo;Jee, Sungju;Jung, Il-Young;Rah, Ueon Woo;Kim, Byung Ok;Choi, Kyoung Hyo;Kwon, Bum Sun;Yoo, Seung Don;Bang, Heui Je;Shin, Hyung-Ik;Kim, Yong Wook;Jung, Heeyoune;Kim, Eung Ju;Lee, Jung Hwan;Jung, In Hyun;Jung, Jae-Seung;Lee, Jong-Young;Han, Jae-Young;Han, Eun Young;Won, Yu Hui;Han, Woosik;Baek, Sora;Joa, Kyung-Lim;Lee, Sook Joung;Kim, Ae Ryoung;Lee, So Young;Kim, Jihee;Choi, Hee Eun;Lee, Byeong-Ju;Kim, Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.248-329
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    • 2019
  • Background: Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and 3 additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. Methods: This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of 33 authors-primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, 3 rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. Results: CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers cardiovascular mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Conclusion: Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.

A basic research for evaluation of a Home Care Nursing Delivery System (가정간호 서비스 질 평가를 위한 도구개발연구)

  • Kim, Mo-Im;Cho, Won-Jung;Kim, Eui-Sook;Kim, Sung-Kyu;Chang, Soon-Bok;Ryu, Ho-Sihn
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.6
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a basic framework and criteria for evaluation of quality care provided to patients with the attributes of disease in the home care nursing field, and to provide measurement tools for home health care in the future. The study design was a developmental study for evaluation of hospital-based HCN(home care nursing) in Korea. The study process was as follows: a home care nursing study team of College of Nursing. Yonsei University reviewed the nursing records of 47 patients who were enrolled at Yonsei University Medical Center Home Care Center in March, 1995. Twenty-five patients were insured at that time, were selected from 47 patients receiving home care service for study feasibility with six disease groups; Caesarean Section (C/S), simple nephrectomy, Liver cirrhosis(LC), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD), Lung cancer or cerebrovascular accident(CVA). In this study, the following items were selected : First step : Preliminary study 1. Criteria and items were selected on the basis of related literature on each disease area. 2. Items were identified by home care nurses. 3. A physician in charge reviewed the criteria and content of selected items. 4. Items were revised through preliminary study offered to both HCN patients and discharged patients from the home care center. Second step : Pretest 1. To verify the content of the items, a pretest was conducted with 18 patients of which there were three patients in each of the six selected disease groups. Third step : Test of reliability and validity of tools 1. Using the collected data from 25 patients with either cis, Simple nephrectomy, LC, COPD, Lung cancer, or CVA. the final items were revised through a panel discussion among experts in medical care who were researchers, doctors, or nurses. 2. Reliability and validity of the completed tool were verified with both inpatients and HCN patients in each of field for researches. The study results are as follows: 1. Standard for discharge with HCN referral The referral standard for home care, which included criteria for discharge with HCN referral and criteria leaving the hospital were established. These were developed through content analysis from the results of an open-ended questionnaire to related doctors concerning characteristic for discharge with HCN referral for each of the disease groups. The final criteria was decided by discussion among the researchers. 2. Instrument for measurement of health statusPatient health status was measured pre and post home care by direct observation and interview with an open-ended questionnaire which consisted of 61 items based on Gorden's nursing diagnosis classification. These included seven items on health knowledge and health management, eight items on nutrition and metabolism, three items on elimination, five items on activity and exercise, seven items on perception and cognition, three items on sleep and rest, three items on self-perception, three items on role and interpersonal relations, five items on sexuality and reproduction, five items on coping and stress, four items on value and religion, three items on family. and three items on facilities and environment. 3. Instrument for measurement of self-care The instrument for self-care measurement was classified with scales according to the attributes of the disease. Each scale measured understanding level and practice level by a Yes or No scale. Understanding level was measured by interview but practice level was measured by both observation and interview. Items for self-care measurement included 14 for patients with a CVA, five for women who had a cis, ten for patients with lung cancer, 12 for patients with COPD, five for patients with a simple nephrectomy, and 11 for patients with LC. 4. Record for follow-up management This included (1) OPD visit sheet, (2) ER visit form, (3) complications problem form, (4) readmission sheet. and (5) visit note for others medical centers which included visit date, reason for visit, patient name, caregivers, sex, age, time and cost required for visit, and traffic expenses, that is, there were open-end items that investigated OPD visits, emergency room visits, the problem and solution of complications, readmissions and visits to other medical institution to measure health problems and expenditures during the follow up period. 5. Instrument to measure patients satisfaction The satisfaction measurement instrument by Reisseer(1975) was referred to for the development of a tool to measure patient home care satisfaction. The instrument was an open-ended questionnaire which consisted of 11 domains; treatment, nursing care, information, time consumption, accessibility, rapidity, treatment skill, service relevance, attitude, satisfaction factors, dissatisfaction factors, overall satisfaction about nursing care, and others. In conclusion, Five evaluation instruments were developed for home care nursing. These were (1)standard for discharge with HCN referral. (2)instrument for measurement of health status, (3)instrument for measurement of self-care. (4)record for follow-up management, and (5)instrument to measure patient satisfaction. Also, the five instruments can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the service to assure quality. Further research is needed to increase the reliability and validity of instrument through a community-based HCN evaluation.

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