• Title, Summary, Keyword: radon daughter

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Formation of Ultra fine Particle by the Polonium-218 Ions under Different Humidity Conditions (다른 습도조건하에서 Po-218 이온들의 극소입자형성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Suk-Chul;Ha, Chung-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1992
  • A number of investigators have reported the formation of the radiolytic ultrafine particles produced by the interaction of ionizing radiation with water vapor. Previous studies have suggested that a very high localized concentration of the OH radical produced by the radiolysis of water can react with trace gas like organic vapors and produce lower vapor pressure compounds that can then nucleate. In order to determine water vapor dependence of the active, positively charged, first radon daughter(Po-218), an experiment was conducted using a well-controlled radon chamber. The activity size distribution of the radon daughter in the range of 0.5-100nm was measured using the parallel graded wire screens system. Measurements were taken for different relative humidity. The resultant activity size distributions were analyzed. The addition of water vapor to the radon carrier gases resulted in the formation of ultrafine particles by OH radicals formed by radon radiolysis. It may be due to the neutralization of charged Po-218 ion with water vapor through the radio lysis.

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Radon concentration measurement at general house in Pusan area (부산지역 일반주택에서의 라돈농도측정)

  • Im, In-Cheol
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2004
  • Until early 1980s we have lived without thinking that radon ruins our health. But, scientists knew truth that radon radioactive danger is bedeviling on indoor that we live for a long time. Specially, interest about effect that get in danger and injury for Radon and human body is inactive in our country. Recently, with awareness for Radon contamination, We inform about importance and danger of Radon in some station of the Seoul subway, indoor air of school facilities and We had interest with measure and manages. Usually, Radon gas emitted in base of building enters into indoor through building floor split windage back among radon or indoor air of radon daughter nucleus contamination is increased. Therefore, indoor radon concentration rises as there are a lot of windages between number pipe of top and bottom and base that enter crack from estrangement of the done building floor, underground to indoor. Thus, Radon enters into indoor through architecture resources water as well as, kitchen natural gas for choice etc., but more than about 85% from earth's crust emit. Danger and injury of health by Radon and Radon daughter nucleus that is indicated for cause of lung cancer incerases content of uranium of soil rises specially from inside pit of High area and a mine, cave, hermetical space with house. Safe sub-officer of radon concentration can not know and danger always exists large or small during. So, Important thing reduces danger of lung cancer by lowering concentration of Radon within house and building. Therefore, is thought that need general house Radon concentration measurement, measured Radon concentration monthly using Sintillator radon monitor. Study finding appeared high all underground market 1 year than the ground, and the winter appeared high than the summer. Specially, month that pass over 4pCi in house that United States Environmental Protection Agency advises appeared in underground, and appeared and know Radon exposure gravity by 4 months during 12 months. Therefore, Thinking that establishment and regulation of norm and preparation of reduction countermeasure about Radon are pressing feels, and inform result that measure Radon concentration.

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Assessment of radon potential in the areas covered with granite and gneiss in Korea

  • Je Hyun-Kuk;Chon Hyo-Taek
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.501-503
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    • 2003
  • Soil-gas radon level and other atmospheric factors have been measured at residual soil profiles that overlie granite bedrock which consists of major geology in Korea for 6 months from November, 2000 to April, 2001. Seasonal variations of soil-gas radon concentration are generally of greater magnitude than day-to-day fluctuations. The highest radon concentrations of 5,131 pCi/L measured during winter season and the lowest radon concentrations of 107 pCi/L during spring season. Two study areas, Bongcheon-dong(granite bedrock) and Seongnam-Yongin(gneiss bedrock) were investigated to assess the radon potential according to their field survey and emanation tests. The mean values of radon decrease in sequentially from Suji-A(813 pCi/L)>Suji-B(757 pCi/L)>Bundang-B(691 pCi/L)>Bundang-A(643 pCi/L)>Bongcheon-dong(513 pCi/L). Estimated soil-gas radon potential using maximum radon emanation ratios of each study area decreases in the order of Bongcheondong(950 pCi/L)>Suji-B(524 pCi/L)>Bundang-A(437 pCi/)>Bundang-B(259 pCi/L)>Suji-A(230 pCi/L) areas. The values of indoor radon and its daughter product concentrations in Bongcheon-dong area show that indoor basement rooms in poor ventilation condition could be classified as extremely high radon risk location of more than 4 pCi/L Rn and 0.02 WL.

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Theoretical Calculation on Alpha Track Density by Using an Electrostatic Ion Spectrometer (정전기분광분석방법에 의한 알파입자비적밀도의 이론적 계산연구)

  • Yoon, Suk-Chul;Ha, Chung-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 1993
  • To develop a technique of theoretical alpha track density calculation for comparison with measured track density, an electrostatic ion spectrometer was specially designed and fabricated. The mobility spectrum of first radon daughter(Po-218) in the range of $0.07{\sim}5.0cm^2/V\;s$ from the radon chamber was measured using-the electrostatic ion spectrometer. Measurement was taken in a radon chamber operated using dry particle free air passed through silica gel, activated charcoal and molecular sieve filters. The mobility of a new-born Po-218 ion measured by the electrostatic ion spectrometer was determined to be $1.92cm^2/V\;s$. A comparison of the theoretical and measured alpha track densities was completed and uncertainties concerning the shape of the spectrum were analyzed. It was found that the discrepancies in track densities are primarily Que to the neglect of wall loss of ions in the theoretical track density calculation.

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The Measurement of Airborne Radon Daughter Concentrations in the Atmosphere (대기중(大氣中) 라돈 붕괴생성물(崩壞生成物)의 공기중(空氣中) 방사능(放射能) 농도(濃度)의 측정(測定))

  • Ha, Chung-Woo;Lee, Jai-Ki;Moon, Philip S.;Yook, Chong-Chul
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 1979
  • A simple method for determining the airborne concentration of radon daughter products has been developed, which is based on gross alpha counting of the air filter collections at several time intervals after completion of air sampling. The concentration of each nuclide is then obtained from an equation involving the alpha disintegrations, the sampling time, and the known numerical coefficients. The state of radioactive disequilibrium is also investigated. The atmosphere sampled in the TRIGA Mark-III reactor room was largely in disequilibrium. The extent of radioactive disequilibrium between radon daughter products seems likely depend on sampling times associated with turbulence conditions. The data obtained here will certainly provide useful information on the evaluation of internal exposure and calibration of effluent monitoring instruments.

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Study on the Measurement of Radon concentrations in soil samples using γ-spectrometer (γ-spectrometer를 이용한 토양시료의 라돈농도 측정법에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Sunga;Lee, Sangsoo;Choi, Guirack;Lee, Junhaeng
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2013
  • The radioactive gas radon ($^{222}Rn$), which is generated from the decay process of uranium ($^{238}U$) originating from the soil of more than 85 percent higher the porosity of the soil, the soil can radiate out the possibility that many isotopes. In order to protect the human body from radon, above all, the development of accurate measurement techniques to formulate appropriate measures should be followed. This study Gamma-ray spectrometry using a high purity germanium (HPGe) detector, if you want to measure radon unstable the nature radiation of the background problems can be reduced, radium and radon daughter nuclides after radioactive equilibrium leads to Radon concentration was measured, the soil samples from the Gamma-ray emitting nuclides, and the energy spectrum is analyzed.

A Study on Distribution of Radon Concentration at Atmospheric in Seoul (서울 대기중 라돈농도의 분포에 관한 연구)

  • ;;;T. Iida
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.279-281
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    • 2000
  • 발암성 물질로 알려진 라돈($^{222}Rn$)은 원래 불활성기체로 자연계에 널리 존재하는 자연방사능으로 암석이나 토양 같은 지각물질에서 발생하는 우라늄($^{238}U$) 붕괴계열인 라듐($^{226}Ra$)의 붕괴과정에서 생성되는 방사성 가스이다. 라돈($^{222}R$)은 $\alpha$붕괴에 의하여 $^{218}Po$, $^{214}Po$등의 자핵종(Radon daughter)을 생성하며, 최종적으로 납($^{210}Pb$)으로 변한다 라돈이 폐에 흡입되면 붕괴하면서 $\alpha$방사선을 방출하는데, 이것이 인체의 세포를 죽이거나 염색체를 손상시킬 수 있으며, 폐암의 발생 위험률을 높이는 것으로 보고되었다. (중략)

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A Study on Distribution of Particulate and Radon Concentrations in Indoor Environment in Seoul City (서울시 일부 실내환경 중 미세먼지와 라돈농도 분포에 관한 연구)

  • 김윤신;김현탁;이철민;장기석;안진호
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.365-366
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    • 2000
  • 라돈은 암석이나 토양 같은 지각물질에서 발생되는 우라늄($^{238}$ U) 붕괴계열인 라듐($^{226}$ Ra)의 붕괴과정에서 생성된다. 라돈($^{222}$ Rn)은 붕괴하면서 $\alpha$방사선을 방출한다. $\alpha$ 붕괴에 의하여 $^{218}$ Po, $^{214}$ Po, $^{214}$ Bi 등의 자핵종(Radon daughter)을 생성하며, 이 과정에서 인체의 세포를 죽이거나 염색체를 손상시킬 수 있으며, 폐암의 발생 위험률을 높이는 것으로 보고되었다$^{1)}$ . 라돈은 건물의 균열, 연결부위, 혹은 배수관이나 오수간, 주변의 틈을 통해서 실내로 유입된다. (중략)

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Measurement of Rn-222 Gas Concentration of Newly Constructed Apartment House in Gwangju Gwangsan-Gu (광주광역시 광산구 소재 신축 아파트 라돈가스 농도 계측)

  • Jang, Hee jun;Lee, Sang bock
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.257-261
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    • 2015
  • Radon is produced after the Uranium-238 and thorium-232 undergone radioactive decay process is a colorless, odorless inert gas is stored in a basement or an enclosed space. Building materials are made by a rock or soil materials. Form of radon gas is introduced into the lungs through the respiratory tract and deposited in the lungs or bronchial Daughter nuclides radon causes lung cancer. In this study, To subject the Constructed Apartment in Gwangju Gwangsan-Gu, the position is closed window and opened window was measured using a measuring instrument for radon. The measured results indicate that the measurement was carried out in concentrations of radon gas measured at Newly Constructed Apartment is low than United states in the radon concentration in air public 4 pCi called radon gas baseline maximum allowable concentrations. The exposure caused by radon concentration of new construction apartment when on the measurement results is expected to be insignificant. However, when radon gas like this is that it accumulates in the body and lungs get damaged due to exposure, such as lung cancer often open the windows to reduce the radon concentration measurements, such as in radiation protection aspects to the ventilation to reduce exposure it is considered necessary.

Analysis of 226Ra in the Groundwater Using the Gamma-ray Spectroscopy (감마선 분광법을 이용한 지하수 중의 226Ra 분석)

  • Seo, Bum-Kyoung;Lee, Kil-Yong;Yoon, Yoon-Yeol;Lee, Kune-Woo
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2003
  • The measurement of radium ($^{226}Ra$) in the groundwater was established using ${\gamma}$-ray spectroscopy without sample preparation. The background interference by air borne radon daughter nuclides was reduced by $N_2$ gas flow into the counting chamber. Leakage of radon gas produced in the radioactive equilibrium with radium and its daughter nuclides was prevented by use of the air-tighted aluminium container. We investigated the effect of air layer in the counting container. Radioactivity variation due to emanation of radon into the air layer was within the counting error range 5%. When the nitrogen gas was flowed around the detector, peak counts of ${\gamma}$-rays from the daughters of airborne radon was decreased and detection limit was decreased to 0.02 Bq/L. The detection limit of detector was lower than 0.74 Bq/L, the $^{226}Ra$ Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) in the groundwater proposed by US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It was confirmed that $^{226}Ra$ radioactivity in the groundwater could be determined by the ${\gamma}$-ray spectroscopy.