• Title, Summary, Keyword: radiosurgery

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Clinical Analysis of Novalis Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases

  • Gu, Hae-Won;Sohn, Moon-Jun;Lee, Dong-Joon;Lee, Hye-Ran;Lee, Chae-Heuck;Whang, C.-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.245-251
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    • 2009
  • Objective : The authors analyzed the effectiveness and therapeutic response of Novalis shaped beam radiosurgery for metastatic brain tumors, and the prognostic factors which influenced the outcome. Methods : We performed a retrospective analysis of 106 patients who underwent 159 treatments for 640 metastatic brain lesions between January 2000 and April 2008. The pathologies of the primary tumor were mainly lung (45.3%), breast (18.2%) and GI tract (13.2%). We classified the patients using Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Recursive Partitioning Analysis (RPA) and then analyzed the survival and prognostic factors according to the Kaplan Meier method and univariate analysis. Results : The overall median actuarial survival rate was 7.3 months from the time of first radiosurgery treatment while 1 and 2 year actuarial survival estimates were 31% and 14.4%, respectively. Median actuarial survival rates for RPA classes I, II, and III were 31.3 months, 7.5 months and 1.7 months, respectively. Patients' life spans, higher Karnofsky performance scores and age correlated closely with RPA classes. However, sex and the number of lesions were not found to be significantly associated with length of survival. Conclusion : This result suggests that Novalis radiosurgery can be a good treatment option for treatment of the patients with brain metastases.

The Role of Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Metastasis to the Spine

  • Sohn, Se-Il;Chung, Chun-Kee
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2012
  • Objective : The incidence and prevalence of spinal metastases are increasing, and although the role of radiation therapy in the treatment of metastatic tumors of the spine has been well established, the same cannot be said about the role of stereotactic radiosurgery. Herein, the authors present a systematic review regarding the value of spinal stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of spinal metastasis. Methods : A systematic literature search for stereotactic radiosurgery of spinal metastases was undertaken. Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Education (GRADE) working group criteria was used to evaluate the qualities of study datasets. Results : Thirty-one studies met the study inclusion criteria. Twenty-three studies were of low quality, and 8 were of very low quality according to the GRADE criteria. Stereotactic radiosurgery was reported to be highly effective in reducing pain, regardless of prior treatment. The overall local control rate was approximately 90%. Additional asymptomatic lesions may be treated by stereotactic radiosurgery to avoid further irradiation of neural elements and further bone-marrow suppression. Stereotactic radiosurgery may be preferred in previously irradiated patients when considering the radiation tolerance of the spinal cord. Furthermore, residual tumors after surgery can be safely treated by stereotactic radiosurgery, which decreases the likelihood of repeat surgery and accompanying surgical morbidities. Encompassing one vertebral body above and below the involved vertebrae is unnecessary. Complications associated with stereotactic radiosurgery are generally self-limited and mild. Conclusion : In the management of spinal metastasis, stereotactic radiosurgery appears to provide high rates of tumor control, regardless of histologic diagnosis, and can be used in previously irradiated patients. However, the quality of literature available on the subject is not sufficient.

Management of Recurrent Vestibular Schwannomas

  • Kim, Wook-Ha;Park, Chul-Kee;Kim, Dong-Gyu;Jung, Hee-Won
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 2006
  • Objective : Management of recurrent vestibular schwannomas[VS] after microsurgery or radiosurgery is a complicated subject. However, few studies have documented the outcome of recurrent VS. The authorsreviewclinicalexperience of recurrent VS management and analyzed the efficacy of treatment modalities. Methods : Between 1990 and 2002, 293 patients harboring unilateral VS underwent, microsurgery, radiosurgery, microsurgery followed by radiosurgery. Of these, 26 procedures [in 20 patients] were performed to assessed from an increased tumor size by magnetic resonance imaging[MRI]. The mean age of patients with recurred VS was 46.9 years and the mean follow-up period was 68 months. Radiological characteristics were investigated and growth rates of recurred tumors were calculated by measuring changes in tumor diameter on MRI after treatment. Results : MRI characteristics revealed a lobulated contour in 75% and a cyst in 60% of the patients. Only 1 patient showed neither lobulation nor a cyst. The average diameter of the recurrent tumors were 36.9mm. The overall tumor control rate for initial management was 87.4%, 94.7%, and 98.5% for microsurgery, radiosurgery, and microsurgery plus radiosurgery, respectively. However, control rates for recurrent tumors were lower at 85%, 63%, and 80%, respectively. Conclusion : A cystic nature and a lobulated tumor contour are frequent clinical characteristics of recurrent VS. Microsurgery or microsurgery followed by radiosurgery shows little difference in tumor control rate for primary and recurrent VS. However, radiosurgery alone appears to be less beneficial for recurrent VS.

Novalis Radiosurgery of Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma in Elderly Patients : Preliminary Results

  • Han, Seong-Rok;Yee, Gi-Taek;Choi, Chan-Young;Sohn, Moon-Jun;Lee, Dong-Joon;Whang, Choong-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.409-412
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    • 2006
  • Objective : Primary central nervous system lymphoma[PCNSL] is a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma arising in the central nervous system. Combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy is the standard treatment for PCNSL. However, treatment induced neurotoxicity is a major problem especially in elderly patients. Methods : From May 2001 to April 2004, elderly five patients with PCNSL confirmed via pathological examination were underwent Novalis radiosurgery in authors' institution, who were investigated retrospectively. Of these patients, 2 were male and 3 were female, with a mean age 68 years old [range $65{\sim}73$]. The number of lesions was 1 in 2 patients, 2 in 2, and 3 in 1. The mean follow up period was 12.6 months [range $8{\sim}16$]. Results : Clinical symptoms and signs in all patients markedly improved within 1 weeks after Novalis radiosurgery. The Karnofsky performance status score was also improved from a pre-radiosurgery average of 68 to a post-radiosurgery one of 82. All of treated lesions showed a partial or complete regression of the original mass. There have been no complication following Novalis radiosurgery. Conclusion : The preliminary results of our experience indicate that radiosurgery with Novalis provides a safe and effective therapeutic alternative treatment of PCNSL in elderly patients.

Preliminary Report of Multisession Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Benign Perioptic Lesions: Visual Outcome in 22 Patients

  • Kim, Jong-Won;Im, Yong-Seok;Nam, Do-Hyun;Park, Kwan;Kim, Jong-Hyun;Lee, Jung-Il
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2008
  • Objective : Radiosurgery may be contraindicated for lesions adjacent to the optic pathways because of the substantial risk of visual complication. Multisession radiosurgery has been tried as a compromise between single session radiosurgery and fractionated radiotherapy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of multisession gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) in 22 patients with perioptic lesions of benign pathology. Methods : In all 22 cases, the lesions were within 1 mm of the optic apparatus and were therefore not considered suitable for single session radiosurgery. Radiation was delivered in 3 to 4 fractions with a median cumulated marginal dose of 20 Gy (range, 15-20 Gy). Results : During a mean follow-up of 29 months (range, 14-44 months), tumor control was achieved in 21 patients. Visual function improved in 7 patients, remained unchanged in 14 patients, and deteriorated in 1 patient with tumor progression. No other complication was observed. Conclusion : This preliminary result supports the idea that multisession GKRS may be an effective and safe alternative for treatment in perioptic lesions that are unsuitable for single session radiosurgery.

Contemporary treatment with radiosurgery for spine metastasis and spinal cord compression in 2015

  • Ryu, Samuel;Yoon, Hannah;Stessin, Alexander;Gutman, Fred;Rosiello, Arthur;Davis, Raphael
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2015
  • With the progress of image-guided localization, body immobilization system, and computerized delivery of intensity-modulated radiation delivery, it became possible to perform spine radiosurgery. The next question is how to translate the high technology treatment to the clinical application. Clinical trials have been performed to demonstrate the feasibility of spine radiosurgery and efficacy of the treatment in the setting of spine metastasis, leading to the randomized trials by a cooperative group. Radiosurgery has also demonstrated its efficacy to decompress the spinal cord compression in selected group of patients. The experience indicates that spine radiosurgery has a potential to change the clinical practice in the management of spine metastasis and spinal cord compression.

Novalis Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula

  • Sung, Kyoung-Su;Song, Young-Jin;Kim, Ki-Uk
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.420-424
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    • 2016
  • The spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is rare, presenting with progressive, insidious symptoms, and inducing spinal cord ischemia and myelopathy, resulting in severe neurological deficits. If physicians have accurate and enough information about vascular anatomy and hemodynamics, they achieve the good results though the surgery or endovascular embolization. However, when selective spinal angiography is unsuccessful due to neurological deficits, surgery and endovascular embolization might be failed because of inadequate information. We describe a patient with a history of vasospasm during spinal angiography, who was successfully treated by spinal stereotactic radiosurgery using Novalis system.

Radiosurgery for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) : Current Treatment Strategy and Radiosurgical Technique for Large Cerebral AVM

  • Byun, Joonho;Kwon, Do Hoon;Lee, Do Heui;Park, Wonhyoung;Park, Jung Cheol;Ahn, Jae Sung
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.63 no.4
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    • pp.415-426
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    • 2020
  • Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are congenital anomalies of the cerebrovascular system. AVM harbors 2.2% annual hemorrhage risk in unruptured cases and 4.5% annual hemorrhage risk of previously ruptured cases. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) have been shown excellent treatment outcomes for patients with small- to moderated sized AVM which can be achieved in 80-90% complete obliteration rate with a 2-3 years latency period. The most important factors are associated with obliteration after SRS is the radiation dose to the AVM. In our institutional clinical practice, now 22 Gy (50% isodose line) dose of radiation has been used for treatment of cerebral AVM in single-session radiosurgery. However, dose-volume relationship can be unfavorable for large AVMs when treated in a single-session radiosurgery, resulting high complication rates for effective dose. Thus, various strategies should be considered to treat large AVM. The role of pre-SRS embolization is permanent volume reduction of the nidus and treat high-risk lesion such as AVM-related aneurysm and high-flow arteriovenous shunt. Various staging technique of radiosurgery including volume-staged radiosurgery, hypofractionated radiotherapy and dose-staged radiosurgery are possible option for large AVM. The incidence of post-radiosurgery complication is varied, the incidence rate of radiological post-radiosurgical complication has been reported 30-40% and symptomatic complication rate was reported from 8.1% to 11.8%. In the future, novel therapy which incorporate endovascular treatment using liquid embolic material and new radiosurgical technique such as gene or cytokine-targeted radio-sensitization should be needed.

Stereotactic LINAC Radiosurgery of Meningiomas (선형가속기를 이용한 뇌수막종의 뇌정위적 방사선수술)

  • Ryu, Kyung-Sik;Son, Byung-Chul;Kim, Moon-Chan;Suh, Tae-Suk;Kay, Chul-Seung;Yoon, Sei-Chul;Kang, Joon-Ki
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2000
  • Objective : To evaluate the role of stereotactic LINAC radiosurgery in treatment of meningiomas, the authors retrospectively analyzed the result of radiosurgery in our institute. Method: During last ten years, twenty patients underwent stereotactic LINAC radiosurgery(LINAC SRS) for meningiomas. The mean age of the patients was 51 years(22-78 years). The most common tumor location for radiosurgery was parasagittal, sphenoid wing and tentorial area. With regards to indications of radiosurgery for meningiomas, LINAC radiosurgery was done for primary treatment in six patients, for postoperative residual tumors in eleven patients, for postoperative regrowth in three patients. Mean tumor volume was $5.14cm^3$($0.28-15.1cm^3$), mean field diameter was 2.01cm(1.2-3cm). The mean marginal dose was 20.55Gy(13-30Gy). The follow-up evaluation was done annually with radiologic findings and clinical status. The mean follow-up period was 46.8(24-120) months. Result : In the radiologic response, the tumor volume was reduced in five(25%) of twenty patients, fourteen showed arrested growth(70%), but one patient showed increased growth(5%). In the clinical response, nine patients improved clinically(45%), ten patients was stable(50%) and one patient worsened during follow-up period. With regards to correlation with radiologic and clinical response, in nineteen patients who showed radiologic response to radiosurgery(decreased and arrested growth after radiosurgery), nine patients(47.4%) improved and ten patients (52.6%) showed no change, one patient(5%) had symptomatic radiation necrosis at four years after SRS, which needed craniotomy. Conclusion : The overall control rate of meningiomas with LINAC radiosurgery was 95% in radiologic follow up and 95% clinically. The radiation complication rate was 5%. These results indicate that LINAC radiosurgery can be considered as safe and effective method for meningiomas.

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The Role of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Prolactin Secreting Pituitary Adenomas (유즙 호르몬 과분비 선종에 대한 감마 나이프 수술의 역할)

  • Hur, Jin Woo;Lim, Young Jin;Leem, Won;Yang, Jae Young;Koh, Jun Seok;Kim, Tae Sung;Rhee, Bong Arm;Kim, Gook Ki
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.336-344
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The treatment for prolactin secreting pituitary adenoma(prolactinoma) include pharmacology, surgery, radiation therapy or radiosurgery. The recent development of radiological imaging and microsurgery has made transsphenoidal microsurgery the treatment of choice for most prolactin secreting pituitary adenoma. Despite its low morbidity and mortality, relatively high recurrence and failure rate have been reported. Recent advances in neuroimaging provide a precise targeting in radiosurgery for treatment of prolactin secreting pituitary adenoma. In this regard, Gamma knife radiosurgery has been proposed as an alternative primary treatment modality or adjuvant therapy. Patients and Methods : Twenty three patients with prolactin secreting pituitary adenoma have been treated with Gamma knife radiosurgery in our institute from March 1992 to September 1998. We analyzed clinical, radiological and endocrinological changes in 21 patients who were followed up for an average of 35.7 months. Results : The mean age was 34.9 years and 16 patients were treated with Gamma knife radiosurgery as primary treatment and 5 patients underwent Gamma knife radiosurgery for residual tumors after microsurgery. The margin of the tumor was incorporated within the 40 to 80% and the mean marginal dose was 24.5 Gy. Clinical improvement in the last follow-up were present in 17 cases(81.0%) and 3 of 5 infertility patients became pregnant after Gamma knife radiosurgery. Tumor control rate after Gamma knife radiosurgery was 100%. Endocrinological normalization in the last follow-up were obtained in 12 cases(57.1%). In three cases, hormonal normalizations were present in early period(3-32 months) but serum hormone levels were elevated subsequently. Conclusion : We conclude that the Gamma knife radiosurgery for prolactin secreting pituitary adenoma seems to be safe and effective as adjuvant therapy after microsurgery and primary treatment modality in selective patients.

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