• Title, Summary, Keyword: radiostronium

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Reducing Fetal Contamination of Radiostronium by Water Soluble Chitosan

  • Kim, Young-Ho;Roh, Young-Bok;Kim, Kwang-Yoon;Bom, Hee-Seung;Kim, Jl-Yeul
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.337-340
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether water soluble chitosan, a natural nontoxic chelator, can reduce fetal contamination of radiostrontium in pregnant mice. Various forms of water soluble chitosans (10% or 1% powder, or 1% solution) were given to pregnant mice before or after contamination of 0.005 uCi/B.W(g) Sr-85. Transplacental transfer of Sr-85 to fetus was $6.8{\pm}2.7%$ of injected dose, when Sr-85 was administered at the 20th day of pregnancy. Fetal radioactivity was significantly reduced when mother mice were treated with water soluble chitosan before contamination of Sr-85. Water soluble chitosans of 10% or 1% powder, or 1% solution significantly reduced fetal retention of Sr-85 to $2.3{\pm}0.7%$, $2.7{\pm}0.8%$, and $2.0{\pm}0.9%$, respectively. However, fetal contamination was not reduced, when water soluble chitosans of 10% or 1% powder, or 1% solution were administered after maternal contamination of Sr-85. From these data we can conclude that water soluble chitosan could reduce fetal contamination of radiostrontium in pregnant mice, when given before the pregnant mice were exposed to radiostrontium.

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Analysis of $^{89}Sr,\;^{90}Sr$ in Soil Sample Using Crown Ether/Chloroform Solvent Extraction Method (Crown Ether/Chloroform 용매추출법을 이용한 토양시료중의 $^{89}Sr,\;^{90}Sr$ 분석)

  • Hong, Kwang-Hee;Choi, Yong-Ho;Kim, Sang-Bog;Lee, Myong-Ho;Park, Hyo-Guk;Choi, Kun-Sik;Kim, Sam-Rang;Lee, Chang-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 1996
  • For the determination of radiostrontium, $^{89}Sr\;and\;^{90}Sr$ in environmental soil sample, a solvent extraction method for the separation of Ca and Sr from matrix using crown ether was investigated. In comparison with the existing fuming nitric acid method, the extraction method showed high chemical yield of strontium and provided simple and rapid analytical steps. The new analytical method applied to the determination of radiostrontium in some soil sample around a nuclear power station to show that the analytical procedure is readily applicable to the practical radioactivity monitoring.

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