• Title/Summary/Keyword: radical scavenging activity

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Effect of Heating on DPPH Radical Scavenging Activity of Meat Substitute

  • Song, Hyeun Sung;Bae, Jun Kyu;Park, Inshik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.80-84
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the increase of DPPH radical scavenging activity of meat substitute by heating. The meat substitute showed higher DPPH radical scavenging activity than those of other foods rich in protein such as beef, pork, chicken, and soybean curd. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of meat substitute was dependent upon concentration, heating temperature and heating time of meat substitute. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of meat substitute was enhanced with increasing heating temperature and time. The increase of DPPH radical scavenging activity was only applied to meat substitute without showing any activation in other foods rich in protein such as beef, pork, chicken, and soybean curd.

Free radical scavenging activity and kinetic behavior of the Galgeuntang water extract

  • Shin, Jeong-Mi;Kim, Young-Ok;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2008
  • Galgeuntang water extract exhibited a strong free radical scavenging activity and reducing power determination. However, a gradual increase in the free radical scavenging activity and reducing power determination was obtained with increasing concentrations. The highest radical scavenging activity was shown by the water extract from Galgeuntang (116.93 ${\mu}g$/mL) and the water extract from Cinnamonum cassia Presl. (95.01 ${\mu}g$/mL). These results of phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extracts indicated that the strong radical scavenging activity of the Cinnamonum cassia Presl. extract might be in part due to the phenolic compounds. The correlation coefficient between TPC and DPPH ($r^2$ = 0.9312), TFC and DPPH ($r^2$ = 0.9677), showed positive correlation among total phenolic/flavonoid contents and antioxidant activity. These results suggest that Galgeuntang has a potential antioxidant activity.

Effects of Antioxidative, DPPH Radical Scavenging Activity and Antithrombogenic by the Extract of Sancho (Zanthoxylum Schinilolium) (산초(Zanthoxylum Schinifolium) 뿌리, 줄기 및 잎 추출물의 항산화, DDPH Radical 소거 작용 및 항혈전 효과)

  • Jang, Mi-Jin;Woo, Mi-Hee;Kim, Young-Ho;Jun, Do-Youn;Rhee, Soon-Jae
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.386-394
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    • 2005
  • Effects of root, stem and leaf extract of sancho (Zanthoxylum schinifolium) on the inhibition of lipid peroxidation in the hepatic microsome of rat, DPPH radical scavenging activity and activated partial thromboplastin times (APTT) were examined in vitro. The highest inhibition of hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation was observed by ethyl acetate fraction than that of methylene chloride fraction of the root and stem extracts. The high inhibition of lipid peroxidation was determined in the leaf, the root and the stem in order. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of ethyl acetate fraction was higher than that of n-butanol fraction and it was similar to the root and the steam extract. It was similar to the inhibition of hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation. The DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in 2.500mg/mL of ethyl acetate fraction and it was 4.4 fold higher than that of $\alpha-tocopherol$, as an antioxidant standard. The DPPH radical scavenging activity was dependent on the extract concentration in the range of 0.125-5.000 mg/mL. The throm-boplastin times were higher than that of n-butanol fraction and it was similar to the root and the steam extracts. The leaf extract showed the highest antithrombogenic effect followed by the stem and then the root extract. The activated partial thromboplastin times were ependent on the extract concentration in the range of 0.100-2.000 mg/mL. Consequently, the effects of antioxidative, DPPH radical scavenging activity and antithrombogenic of Z. schinifolium was observed due to the inhibition of lipid peroxidation and the DPPH radical scavenging activity by methylene chloride, n-butanol and ethyl acetate fraction of the leaf extract. (Korean J Nutrition 38(5): 386 - 394, 2005)

Antioxidant Effects of Salicornia bigelovii Seed Extracts

  • Kim, Ran
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.140-145
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to compare antioxidant effects of different extracts of Salicornia bigelovii seed. DPPH radical scavenging activity, chelating activity of ferrous, superoxide anion radical-scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, and contents of total polyphenol and flavonoid were measured for different extracts. Ethanol extract (10 mg/mL) was found to have the maximum DPPH radical scavenging and superoxide anion radical scavenging activities (65.26 and 62.36%, respectively). However, hot water extract (10 mg/mL) showed the highest hydroxyl radical scavenging and chelating activities (51.50 and 53.24%, respectively). Total phenolics and flavonoid contents in the ethanol extract were 522.8 and $480.35{\mu}g/mg$, respectively. They were 401.51 and $352.60{\mu}g/mg$, respectively, in the hot water extract. These results indicate that ethanol and hot water extracts of S. bigelovii seed have good potential to be used as a new source of antioxidants for functional foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

Comparative Study of Antioxidant Activity of Apple and Pear Peel

  • Kim, Kyung Soon;Roh, Kwang Soo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 2013
  • Apple and pear are popular fruits consumed in Korea and are common fruit in daily diet. In order to compare the antioxidant activity of the apple and pear peels, total polyphenol contents, total flavonoid contents, $ABTS^+$ free radical scavenging activity, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity were measured from hot water, ethanol, and methanol extracts of the two fruit peels. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were highest in 95% methanol extracts of the apple peelsand 70% ethanol extract of the pear peels, respectively. Total polyphenol contents of the pear peels were higher than that of apple peels, and total flavonoid contents of the apple peels were higher than that of pear peels. The apple and pear peels had the highest $ABTS^{+{\cdot}}$ and DPPH free radical scavenging activity in 95% methanol extracts and 70% ethanol extracts, respectively. $ABTS^{+{\cdot}}$ and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of pear peels was higher than that of apple peels, and the DPPH free radical scavenging activity of apple and pear peels were detected in hot water, 95% methanol, and 70% ethanol extracts, respectively. Ascorbic acid, a synthetic antioxidant used as positive control, had significantly higher scavenging activity than the apple and pear peels. In conclusion, the apple and pear peelshave great potential as natural antioxidants. Therefore, above results should be considered to provide the possibility for the development of high functional antioxidants.

Antioxidant Activities of Ginseng Seeds Treated by Autoclaving

  • Bae, Hye-Min;Kim, Sung-Soo;Cho, Chang-Won;Yang, Deok-Chun;Ko, Sung-Kwon;Kim, Kyung-Tack
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.411-417
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    • 2012
  • Ginseng seeds were treated with different autoclaving temperatures and autoclaving times, and extracted with 80% methanol to measure changes in antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity of ginseng seeds treated by autoclaving was measured by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity, 2,2'-aziono-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid radical scavenging activity, superoxide dismutase SOD-like activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and total phenolic compound content. As autoclaving temperature and time were increased, the L lightness value decreased and the redness value tended to increase. Total phenolic compound content was about three times higher in ginseng seeds treated with autoclaving at 130°C than in ginseng seeds that were not treated. DPPH radical scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity increased as autoclaving temperature and time were increased. In particular, when the concentration was 100 ppm, the ABTS radical scavenging activity was 91.80% in ginseng seeds treated by autoclaving at $130^{\circ}C$, which was the highest antioxidant activity. FRAP and SOD-like antioxidant activity tended to increase significantly as autoclaving temperature and time were increased.

Screening of Radical Scavenging Activity from the Marine-Derived Fungus (해양균류의 라디칼 소거활성 검색)

  • Li, Xi Feng;Li, Yong;Nam, Ki-Wan;Kim, Dong-Soo;Choi, Hong-Dae;Son, Byeng-Wha
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.219-223
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    • 2002
  • In order to screen new radical scavenging principle which is expected to be antiaging drug lead, we have isolated 160 strains of the marine-derived fungi and investigated 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity for their acetone extracts. The significant activities (>50% Inhibition) were observed in 8 strains of fungi (MFA006, MFA0l4, MFA040, MFA133, MFA139, MFA143, MFA148, MFA153), and among them, MFA153 (Aspergillus parasiticus) showed the most significant radical scavenging activity. The active components were purified by assay-guided isolation to yield two known benzyl alcohols, l53B3 (1) and l53B4 (2), and their structures were determined by physicochemical evidence. Two compounds (1,2) showed the significant radical scavenging activity with $IC_{50}$ values of 0.6 and $1.4{\mu}M$ against DPPH, respectively.

Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships for Radical Scavenging Activities of Flavonoid Compounds by GA-MLR Technique

  • Om, Ae-Son;Ryu, Jae-Chun;Kim, Jae-Hyoun
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.170-176
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    • 2008
  • The quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) of a set of 35 flavonoid compounds presenting antioxidant activity was established by means of Genetic Algorithm-Multiple Linear Regression (GA-MLR) technique. Four-parametric models for two sets of data, the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity $(R^2=0.788,\;Q^2_{cv}=0.699\;and\;Q^2_{ext}=0.577)$ and scavenging activity of reactive oxgen species (ROS) induced by $H_2O_2 (R^=0.829,\;Q^2_{cv}=0.754\;and\;Q^2_{ext}=0.573)$ were obtained with low external predictive ability on a mass basis, respectively. Each model gave some different mechanistic aspects of the flavonoid compounds tested in terms of the radical scavenging activity. Topological charge, H-bonding complex and deprotonation processes were likely to be involved in the radical scavenging activity.

Antioxidant Activity of Hawthorn Fruit in vitro

  • Li, Chunmei;Han, Woong;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2010
  • The antioxidant activity of hawthorn fruit (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge var. typica Schneider) extracts was investigated by several in vitro antioxidants properties, including DPPH free radical scavenging activity, total phenolic and flavonoid contents, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, reducing power activity, iron-chelating capacity and nitrite scavenging activity. Among the extracts in this study, the 70% EtOH extract showed higher antioxidant activity than the others. The $IC_{50}$ value of DPPH free radical scavenging activity was $99.26\;{\mu}g/mL$. Furthermore, the 70% EtOH extract also showed significantly high total phenolic and flavonoids contents and reducing power activity. However, the MeOH extract exhibited stronger effects on hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, iron-chelating capacity and nitrite scavenging activity. All the results implicated that, the hawthorn fruit may has the available potential to be utilize as a potential source of natural antioxidant.

Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Kinetic Behaviorof Essential Oil from Artemisia vulgaris

  • Bhatt, Lok Ranjan;Kang, Jeong-Il;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.514-517
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    • 2007
  • The radical scavenging activity of Artemisia vulgaris essential oil was evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) assay in this study. Essential oil exhibited a significant free radical scavenging activity, with the highest activity at 15 ${\mu}$L/mL concentration. The reaction rate was slow and concentration-dependent