• Title, Summary, Keyword: radiation treatment

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Analysis of Treatment and Delay Times by Disease Site and Delivery Technique at Samsung Medical Center - Proton Therapy Center

  • Jo, Kwanghyun;Ahn, Sung Hwan;Chung, Kwangzoo;Cho, Sungkoo;Shin, Eunhyuk;Hong, Chae-Seon;Park, Seyjoon;Kim, Dae-Hyun;Lee, Boram;Lee, Woo-Jin;Seo, Se-Kwang;Jang, Jun-Young;Choi, Doo Ho;Lim, Do Hoon;Han, Youngyih
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.258-266
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    • 2016
  • We have treated various disease sites using wobbling and scanning proton therapy techniques since December 2015 at the Samsung Medical Center. In this study, we analyze the treatment time for each disease site in 65 wobbling and 50 scanning patient treatments. Treatment times are longest for liver and lung patients using the respiratory gating technique in the wobbling treatment and for cranio-spinal irradiation in pediatric patients with anesthesia in the scanning treatment. Moreover, we analyze the number of incidents causing treatment delays and the corresponding treatment delay time. The X-ray panel was the main reason for delays in the wobbling treatment; this decreased continually from January to June 2016, related closely to the proficiency of the human operators involved. The main reason for delays in the scanning treatment was interlocks during scanning pattern delivery; this was resolved by proton machine engineers. Through this work, we hope to provide other institutes with useful insight for initial operation of their proton therapy machines.

Quality Assurance in Intensity Modulated Radiation Theray (세기조절방사선치료의 정도관리)

  • Kim, Sung-Kyu
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2008
  • Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is believed to be one of the best radiation treatment techniques. IMRT is able to deliver fatal doses of radiation to the tumor region with minimal exposure of critical organs. It is essential to have a comprehensive quality assurance program to assure precision and accuracy in treatment, due to the character of IMRT. We applied quality assurance technique to the Eclipse treatment planning system and sought to determine its effectiveness in patient treatment planning. An acrylic phantom, film, and an ionization chamber were used in this study.

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A Study for Advanced Radiation Therapy (발전된 방사선 치료에 관한 고찰)

  • Jang, Eun-Sung;Beak, Seong-Min;Ko, Seung-Jin;Kang, Se-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The cancer treatment which uses radiation from next year when the X-ray is discovered with the fact that it is started. The radiation treatment technique for a cancer treatment is developed ceaselessly without and it is come and, with advancement of the computer and electromagnetic engineering it joins in and quickly, it was made to do a many development from radiation treatment field. Accordingly, this study is examine in the radiotherapy technique which is developed that importance to therapeutic principles and methods. Materials and Methods: We had investigated record for radiotherapy technique which is developed and we had acquired information widely at clinical experience data. Results: The cancer treatment which uses the radiation of today is repeating a dazzling development. Past the treatment which is two-dimensional it does not correspond in therapeutic objective but currently 3 dimension three-dimensional moulding treatment or centurial control radiation treatment this the fourth dimension therapeutic technique which is in parallel to be introduced the complication solution in compliance with a normal organization protection and the radiation which are a difficult problem of during that time radiation treatment possibly did. Conclusion: 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional modern radiation treatment which is developen is that corresponding in objective of radiation treatment and the evaluation that again it does thick, judges in about the cancer treatment which uses radiation with the fact that the protection of normal organization is almost become accomplished.

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Quality Assurance for Radiation Oncology (치료방사선과 영역의 적정관리)

  • Kim, Gwi-Eon
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.110-117
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    • 1995
  • The Comprehensive quality assurance for radiation oncology provides an overall organizational structures, responsibilities, procedures, processes and resources for assuring the quality of patient management by radiation treatment. Superior performance of modern radiotherapy equipment will be essential part of quality assurance in radiation oncology, which high degree of accuracy and consistency should be maintained under the optimal quality assurance program. Besides quality control of all radiation equipment, this review also emphasizes quality assurance of clinical aspect such as adequacy of the medical decision-making which eventually leads to the treatment prescription, accuracy of treatment procedure from treatment preparation to radiation delivery, and the significance of assessment of treatment outcomes with structure and process.

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Radiation Therapy against Pediatric Malignant Central Nervous System Tumors : Embryonal Tumors and Proton Beam Therapy

  • Lim, Do Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.61 no.3
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    • pp.386-392
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    • 2018
  • Radiation therapy is highly effective for the management of pediatric malignant central nervous system (CNS) tumors including embryonal tumors. With the increment of long-term survivors from malignant CNS tumors, the radiation-related toxicities have become a major concern and we need to improve the treatment strategies to reduce the late complications without compromising the treatment outcomes. One of such strategies is to reduce the radiation dose to craniospinal axis or radiation volume and to avoid or defer radiation therapy until after the age of three. Another strategy is using particle beam therapy such as proton beams instead of photon beams. Proton beams have distinct physiologic advantages over photon beams and greater precision in radiation delivery to the tumor while preserving the surrounding healthy tissues. In this review, I provide the treatment principles of pediatric CNS embryonal tumors and the strategic improvements of radiation therapy to reduce treatment-related late toxicities, and finally introduce the increasing availability of proton beam therapy for pediatric CNS embryonal tumors compared with photon beam therapy.

The Availability of Diagnostic and Treatment Planning Computer in 700 Cancer Patients and Magnification Devices for CT (암환자 700예의 진단 및 치료 CT 이용율과 CT 확대장치)

  • Lee, Gui-Won;Park, Joo-Sun;Han, Yong-Moon;Yoon, Sei-Chul;Shinn, Kyung-Sub
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.81-85
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    • 1987
  • It has been evident since 1972 that computed tomography(CT) can play an important role in treatment and managment of the cancer patients as four steps; diagnosis, satging Treatment and follow-up. In this paper, we intended to investigate the availability of CT scan and treatment planning computer in 700 cancer patients who have undergone radiation therapy at the division of radiation therapy, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Medical College between Mar. 1983 and Dec. 1985. The result were as follow; 1. Of 700 irradiated cancer patients, 342 patients ($48.9\%$) were performed CT scan prior to radiation therapy. 2. The distribution of lesions in 342 patients having CT scans was like this; CNS (83 of 104 patients, $79.8\%$), abdomen (44 of 76 patients, $57.9\%$), pelvis (100 of 188 patients, $53.2\%$) etc. in order. 3. The treatment planning computer were used in 280 cancer patients ($40\%$). 4. Of the 280 cancer patients using treatment planning computer, 167 patients ($59.6\%$) applied diagnostic CT scan and remaining 113 patients ($40.4\%$) were made body contour to be used for radiation therapy planning by the treatment planning computer. Authors also made some magnification devices used for small multiformat CT images to magnify into life size, consisting of overhead projector (3M) I.V. stand and mirror. These enabled us to make less errors in tracing the small-sized CT images during input of the anatomical data into the treatment planning computer.

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Intensity-modulated radiation therapy in early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx: treatment trends and outcomes

  • Wegner, Rodney E.;Abel, Stephen;Bergin, John J.;Colonias, Athanasios
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: Definitive radiotherapy remains a primary treatment option for early stage glottic cancer. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has emerged as the standard treatment technique for advanced head and neck cancers, whereas three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) has remained standard for early glottic cancers. We used the National Cancer Database (NCDB) to identify predictors of IMRT use and effect on outcome in these patients. Materials and Methods: We queried the NCDB from 2004-2015 for squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx staged Tis-T2N0 treated with radiation alone. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of IMRT. Cox regression was used to identify factors predictive of overall survival. Propensity matching was conducted to account for indication bias. Results: We identified 15,627 patients, of which 11% received IMRT. IMRT use rose from 2% in 2004 to 16% in 2015. Predictors of IMRT include: increased comorbidity, T2 stage, urban location, chemotherapy, treatment at an academic center, and later treatment year. Predictors of improved survival were female gender, higher income, lower stage, no chemotherapy, academic facility, and more remote year. There was no difference in survival between 3D-CRT and IMRT across all stages. Conclusions: The rate of IMRT use for early stage glottic laryngeal cancer has increased over time. There was no difference in outcome in patients receiving IMRT versus 3D-CRT across the cohort.

Characteristics of the Contact Angle Using the Microwave Plasma Treatment on Scintillator Panel Substrates (마이크로웨이브 플라즈마 처리를 통한 섬광체 패널 기판의 접촉가 특성변화)

  • Kim, Byoungwook;Kim, Youngju;Ryu, Cheolwoo;Choi, Byoungjung;Kwon, Youngman;Lee, Youngchoon;Kim, Myungsoo;Cho, Gyuseong
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2014
  • By measuring decrease change of the contact angle after microwave plasma treatment on the glass and Al as a scintillator panel sample substrate, the adhesive performance of scintillator panel can be expected to improve. Also resolution and sensitivity of scintillator panel after microwave plasma treatment can be expected to maintain highly.

Evaluation of Dosimetric Effect and Treatment Time by Plan Parameters for Endobronchial Brachytherapy

  • Choi, Chang Heon;Park, Jong Min;Park, So-Yeon;Kang, SungHee;Cho, Jin Dong;Kim, Jung-in
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to analyze dose distribution and treatment time of endobronchial brachytherapy (EBBT) by changing the position step size of the dwell position. A solid water phantom and an intraluminal catheter were used in the treatment plan. The treatment plans were generated for 3, 5, 7, and 10 cm treatment lengths, respectively. For each treatment length, the source position step sizes were set as 2.5, 5, and 10 mm. Three reference points were set 1 cm away from the central axis of the catheter, along the axis, for uniform dose distribution. Volumetric dose distribution was calculated to evaluate the dosimetric effect. The total radiation delivery time and total dwell time were estimated for treatment efficiency, which were increased with position step sizes. At half-life time, the differences between the position step sizes in the total radiation delivery time were 18.1, 15.4, 18.0, and 24.0 s for 3, 5, 7, and 10 cm treatment lengths, respectively. The dose distributions were more homogenous by increasing the position step sizes. The dose difference of the reference point was less than 10%. In brachytherapy, this difference can be negligible. For EBBT, the treatment time is the key factor while considering the patient status. To reduce the total treatment time, EBBT can be performed with 2.5 mm position step size.

Enhancing value of quality assurance rounds in improving radiotherapy management: a retrospective analysis from King Hussein Cancer Center in Jordan

  • Khader, Jamal K.;Al-Mousa, Abdelatif M.;Mohamad, Issa A.;Abuhijlih, Ramiz A.;Al-Khatib, Sondos A.;Alnsour, Anoud Z.;Asha, Wafa A.;Ramahi, Shada W.;Hosni, Ali A.;Abuhijla, Fawzi J.
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The quality assurance (QA) chart rounds are multidisciplinary meetings to review radiation therapy (RT) treatment plans. This study focus on describing the changes in RT management based on QA round reviews in a single institution. Materials and Methods: After 9 full years of implementation, a retrospective review of all patients whose charts passed through departmental QA chart rounds from 2007 to 2015. The reviewed cases were presented for RT plan review; subcategorized based on decision in QA rounds into: approved, minor modifications or major modifications. Major modification defined as any substantial change which required patient re-simulation or re-planning prior to commencement of RT. Minor modification included treatment plan changes which didn't necessarily require RT re-planning. Results: Overall 7,149 RT treatment plans for different anatomical sites were reviewed at QA rounds. From these treatment plans, 6,654 (93%) were approved, 144 (2%) required minor modifications, while 351 (5%) required major modifications. Major modification included changes in: selected RT dose (96/351, 27%), target volume definition (127/351, 36%), organs-at-risk contouring (10/351, 3%), dose volume objectives/constraints criteria (90/351, 26%), and intent of treatment (28/351, 8%). The RT plans which required major modification according to the tumor subtype were as follows: head and neck (104/904, 12%), thoracic (12/199, 6%), gastrointestinal (33/687,5%), skin (5/106, 5%), genitourinary (16/359, 4%), breast (104/2387, 4%), central nervous system (36/846, 4%), sarcoma (11/277, 4%), pediatric (7/251, 3%), lymphoma (10/423, 2%), gynecological tumors (2/359, 1%), and others (11/351, 3%). Conclusion: Multi-disciplinary standardized QA chart rounds provide a comprehensive and an influential method on RT plans and/or treatment decisions.