• Title, Summary, Keyword: questionnaire investigation

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Investigation of Stroke Evaluation Methodology and Related Factors Through the Literature Review (문헌조사를 통한 뇌졸중 평가 방법론 및 관련 변수 조사)

  • Min, Seung Nam;Kim, Dong Joon;Park, Se Jin;Lee, Kyung-Sun
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.693-704
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to investigation of stroke evaluation methodology and related factors through the literature review for prediction of pre-symptom. Background: Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide and remains an important health burden both for individuals and for national healthcare systems The incidence rate of stroke is rapidly increasing due to aging phenomenon and incidence aging are diversifying. Thus, the research of stroke prediction is preemptively necessary. Method: Procedures of literature reviews are classified in to six step such as 1) Choosing the target databases), 2) Selecting the keyword in the last 10 years, 3) Evaluation of titles, 4) Evaluation the abstract, 5) Available full-test articles, 6) evaluation methodology and related factors review and arrangement. Results: In summary of previous studies, studies of evaluation stroke diagnosis and symptom level are divided in to Questionnaire evaluation, Behavioral Characteristics evaluation, Individual characteristics evaluation, Physiological characteristics evaluation. Conclusion: We investigated the stroke evaluation methodology and related factors through literature review. This information can be utilized as a practical information for the study related with stroke evaluation and prediction. Application: The results of this study can be used as basic data for the variables needed to evaluate stroke.

Analysis of Cause and Effect Structure for Nogwonsang (노권상(勞倦傷)의 인과 구조 분석)

  • Yoon, Kyu-Jin;Lee, Sang-Chul;Kim, Min-Yong;Park, Young-Bae;Park, Young-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2010
  • Backgrounds : Bojungikgitang is one of the most common herbal prescriptions in Oriental Medicine, and it is highly recommended prescription for Nogwonsang syndrome. The Author developed Nogwonsang questionnaire for quantitative evaluation. Nogwonsang questionnaire is consisted of causes that induce fatigue, symptoms that directly associated with fatigue, and secondary symptoms that is induced from fatigue. Purposes : This study aims to verify whether the Bojungikgitang Questionnaire has causality and meaningful path structure by path analysis. Methods : 242 patients from 12 OMD clinics participated in this study. The patients executed a question investigation in the object. Factor analysis was conducted for extraction of factor and abridgment of items. Path analysis was conducted to verify path structure. SPSS 15.0 for Windows and AMOS 7.0 were used for statistical analysis. Results : Overwork factor explains fatigue factor. Coefficient is 0.771. Fatigue factor explains digesting and cold factor. Individually coefficient is 0.632 and 0.465. Model fit is $X^2=61.395$(df=51), GFI=0.960, AGFI=0.939, NFI= 0.924, CFI=0.986, RMSEA=0.029. Path structure is proved to be significant. Conclusions : Further research is needed Gold standard of Nogwonsang. Establishment of Gold standard leads and the collection of data and the research which are objective are possible. Connection of the clinical indexes which are objective on the paperweight outside and leads and the development of the diagnosis tool which is fixed quantity is demanded.

The Correlation between the Type of Anxiety and the Favorite Singer's Clothing -With the middle schoolgirl- (불안유형과 좋아하는 가수의 의상간의 상관연구-여자중학생을 중심으로-)

  • 이인자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.45
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    • pp.133-146
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    • 1999
  • Because adolescents are much inflicted with the sense of obsession in endless competition with their feers the costume of the pop singers relieving this agony and anxiety is becoming the object of immitation more than that of any oother entertainer. In this perspective it was thought that it was very necessary to attempt to investigate what relationship sense of mental anxiety the costume singers recently have worn had with adolescents sense of anxiety. The anxiety questionnaire used by Chu Young-sook and Kim Jung-hui and the questionnaire drawn up as the result- of the pilot-test and the pre-test were used and the questionnaires drawn up by a total of 228 middle schoolgirls in seoul were used a sfinal data of annalysis. Of them the anxiety questionnaire was made up of 8 sub-scales such as classic·social·morbid·learning examination·school record·poverty·war and other to anxieties. in order to survey the overall content concerning the costume of the singers preferred by teenagers the other questionnaire presented three vaiables such as musicality fashionability and dance as the distinct characteristics of singers and hiphop style tidy style and sexy style of clothing as the style of clothing preferred of singers' clothing. The importance fashionability and imitability of clothing were investigated as variables in relation to singers' clothing behavior. The SPSS PC+ program was used as the analytic method of data which were tested by the frequency analysis Duncan's multiple anaylsis of variance t-test and so on. As a result of investigation middle schoolgirls having a high level of learning and examinatior anxieties preferred the singers excellent in musicality while middle schoolgirls having a lower level of classic anxiety preferred the singers excellent in fashionability and dance wearing the hiphop style of clothing. And it was shown that middle schoolgirls having a lower level of classic anxiety preferred the singers wearing the clothing of sexy style. In the light of these results it was shown that there was the correlation between anxiety and clothing preference. Accordingly it is thought that the purpose of this study was achieved to some exent.

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Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the General-Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait for Children

  • Jeong, Jo-Eun;Jung, Dong-Jin;Kwak, Minjung;Yang, Hae Kyung;Lim, Sun-Young;Lee, Jin-Hee;Yoon, Kun-Ho;Kim, Dai-Jin
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.595-602
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    • 2017
  • Objective The General-Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait (G-FCQ-T) is a validated, assessment scale for food craving. The aim of this study was to measure its reliability and validity for Korean children. Methods A total of 172 children (94 boys and 78 girls) were selected to fill out a set of questionnaires, including the G-FCQ-T, the Children's version of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ-C), and the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in the Korean language. Results The internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.933) and test-retest reliability (r=0.653) were satisfactory. The G-FCQ-T showed a significantly positive correlation with the DEBQ-C (r=0.560) and the TFEQ (r=0.397). The optimum cutoff score of the G-FCQ-T set by Receiver Operating Characteristics analysis was 51, with sensitivity and specificity of 0.833 and 0.825, respectively, for children. Conclusion The G-FCQ-T showed good reliability and validity for assessing food craving for children and could become a practial instrument in clinical and research settings.

4M Analysis of the factors affecting firefighters' on-site safety (현장 소방활동 안전사고 원인에 대한 4M 분석)

  • Kim, Taebeom;Byun, Hyaejeong;Kang, Taesun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to determine firefighters' work-related accident rate and investigate the factors affecting their on-site safety. Methods: We developed a web-based self-reported questionnaire designed to inquire into firefighters' work-related accident experience and the factors (4M; Man, Machine, Media, Management) affecting firefighters' on-site safety. We distributed questionnaires to all members of firefighting organizations in South Korea by e-mail and 9,149 were returned, resulting in a response rate of 23.1%. Results: Fifteen point seven percent of the respondents reported work-related injuries within the past one year, and 35.1% answered that current accident investigation reports are not helpful for preventing the same accident from recurring. Among the 4M factors, the one most affecting firefighters' on-site safety in the order of priority is the Man factor, followed by Machine, Media, and Management. However, the results from detailed sub-categorical factors showed some differences. 'Lack of human resources', one of the Management factors, was the most influential (70.3%), followed by 'worn-out equipment' under the Machine factor (67.2%). The viewpoint of elements of the Man factor including 'forgetting instructions' and 'fatigue and illness' were significantly different according to firefighters' rank. The higher the firefighter's rank, the more they answered 'forgetting instructions,' while the opposite was the case for 'fatigue and disease'. Conclusions: The present firefighters' accident investigation report needs to be improved, and the 4M method could prove very useful. In addition, it is necessary to set up a proper firefighters' accident investigation and prevention system.

A Pilot Investigation for usage Problems, Improvement Needs and Current Status of Upper Extremity Rehabilitation Equipment using SNS (SNS를 이용한 상지 재활도구 보유현황과 사용 문제점 및 개선을 위한 예비연구)

  • Moon, Jong-Hoon;Na, Chang-Ho;Park, Kyoung-Young;Heo, Sung-Jin;Lee, Chang-Hyung
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.463-472
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this pilot survey was to investigate the presence status, usage problems, and improvement needs of the upper extremity rehabilitation equipment(: UERE) in the department of occupational therapy(: OT) of hospital setting in Korea. The authors received a questionnaires of clinicians working in a department of OT hospital setting through a social network service. Responses of 72 were analyzed in the first questionnaire, and 47 were analyzed in the second questionnaire. In the first questionnaire, the presence status of 16 UERE was confirmed to be 29.2~97.2%, and the usage experience of 9 UERE in the second questionnaire was 36.2~97.9%. In the second questionnaire, UERE's usage problems were reported discomfort in 15(31.9%) of 47 therapists, and improvement needs were 23(49%). The usage problems of the 9 UERE questioned by open-ended questionnaire were uninteresting, easily damaged, level unadjustable, direction unadjustable, and inconvenient installation. The improvement needs were classified into digitization, durability, level adjustable, adjustable function, convenience. The present pilot survey identified the presence status and usage experience of UERE in the department of OT and could be used as a basis for the development of closed-ended questionnaire on usage problems and improvement needs of UERE.

An Investigation of Elementary School Teachers학 Conceptions on Buoyancy (부력 개념에 관한 초등학교 교사들의 이해도 조사)

  • 이형철;이순자
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.145-156
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    • 2000
  • Elementary school teachers' understandings about buoyancy were investigated through the questionnaire method. The questionnaire was composed of 4 questions on hydraulic pressure and 8 questions on buoyancy. The questions on buoyancy asked about the correlation of buoyancy with following basic concepts, density of liquid, volume of submerged object and so forth. 295 teachers on the 22 elementary schools in Busan, Yangsan and Gimhae were selected through random sampling method. The results of this study were summarized as follows: On the correlation of the magnitude and direction of hydraulic pressure with the depth of water, a large portion of the respondents had a scientific conception. But on the correlation of hydraulic pressure with density, the relatively small portion of them appeared to have a scientific conception. The respondents, on the whole, had a scientific conception about the correlation of buoyancy with density of liquid. But they seemed to have naive conceptions about the correlation of buoyancy with the volume of a submerged object and with the depth of water, the amount of water in container and the reduced amount of water by the object from container. We found that the respondents were context dependent and tended to search for solutions for the questions of buoyancy using the concept of pressure in the water. From above results, we suggested that in the would-be revised elementary science text book, the contents of pressure in the water should be introduced after the concept of weight in the water was gained.

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An Investigation of the Symptom Prevalence of Hand-Arm Vibration syndrome among the Workers Using Powered Hand Tools (수지진동증후군 증상 호소율 조사)

  • Park, Hui-Seok;Im, Sang-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.93-107
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    • 2000
  • The excessive exposure to powered hand tools can cause damage to nerves, impair blood circulation, and musculoskeletal damage. The symptoms associated with hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) include numbness, tingling, pain and subsequent reduced dexterity of the hands. This study was performed to report the prevalence of the HAVS and evaluate its related factors among the workers using powered hand tools. Total 282 workers in 11 plants of Kyungki and Inchon areas were examined. A standard symptom questionnaire was developed and administered to collect information on personal characteristics, work history, operating conditions, tool characteristics, and subjective symptoms of HAVS. Mean values (standard deviations) of the age, the duration of powered hand tools used, and the daily hours using powered hand tools were 38.3(8.9) years, 79.3(62.2) months and 6.0(2.6) hours, respectively. 132 workers(46.8%) showed vibration-induced white finger symptoms according to the Taylor-Pelmear classification, and 30 workers(10.6%) were interfered with the work. The results of a multiple logistic regression analysis controlling for age and daily working hours showed that smoking, work duration, weight of tools, and continuous work over 2 hours were significantly associated with the symptom of HAVS.

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Understanding of the Practice of Elementary School Mathematics Education - Focused on the Teaching and Learning Methods - (초등학교 수학교육 실제의 이해 -교수.학습 방법을 중심으로-)

  • 나귀수;최승현
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.275-295
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    • 2003
  • This study intends to understand the practice of elementary school mathematics education, focusing on the teaching and learning methods. To achieve these goals, we reviewed and analysed instructional methods pertaining to both (general) pedagogy and mathematics education. And we designed and implemented a questionnaire survey regarding the elementary school teachers' opinions. Moreover, we observed several mathematics lessons of elementary school to understand better the practice of teaching and learning. From these survey and observation, we learned several important aspects of investigation and development of instructional methods.

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Survey Of the Musculoskeletal Pain Among Farmers in the Rural Community (농촌지역 주민의 근골격계의 통증에 대한 조사)

  • Sun, Myung-Hoon;Park, In-Sun;Jo, Geun-Yeol
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 1991
  • Musculoskeletal disorders are a major cause of occupational disabilities. Approximately thirty percent state that the major reason for an inability to work is a musculoskeletal problem. A farm work is associated with increased stress and trauma to joints. Chronic overuse injuries are a result of stresses that exceed the body's adaptive or healing capabilities. They can occur in bone, tendons and muscle-tendon-bone junctions. The aim of the investigation was to the study the frequency of pain, ache, and discomfort in the musculoskeletal system among farmers, to find possible correlations between these symptoms and various working positions and different working actions. A questionnaire was answered by 138 farmers. Of those who answered the questionnaire 82% had pain and discomfort from back, shoulders, arms in orders, The result showed that musculoskeletal pain predominate in the farming seasons, and of those who had pain and discomfort 89% thought that farm works had a correlation with the pain and discomfort of musculoskeletal system. But only 17% of quationnaire were put to periodic medical examinations, and 50% of those who had pain and discomfort consulted a doctor. Education in effective pain treatment should therefore be intensifide to ascertain that farmers in rural areas have satisfactory knowledge of the musculoskeletal pain as a chronic overuse syndrome.

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