• Title, Summary, Keyword: questionnaire investigation

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Electrical Detection of Ear Acupuncture Points and Musculoskeletal Pain (경혈탐측기에 반응한 이혈(耳穴)과 신체 동통 부위와의 관계 연구)

  • Kang, Mun-Su;Park, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Lak-Hyung;Yu, Jeong-Suk;Song, Beom-Yong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationship between electrical detection of ear acupuncture points and musculoskeletal pain. Methods : 18 adults who have musculoskeletal pain without trauma factorsparticipated in this study. They answered the questionnaire and their ear acupuncture points were examined with electrical detectors. We analyzed the relationship between electrical detection of ear acupuncture points and musculoskeletal pain with concordance rate and validity. Results : Total concordance rates of the head region was 68.00%(questionnaire) 32.08%(investigation), that of vertebral region was 67.86%, 59.38%, that of both upper limbs was 86.67%, 39.69%, and that of both lower limbs was 50.00%, 23.46%. The true positive rate was 0.704, the true negative rate was 0.492, the false positive rate was 0.508, and the false negative rate was 0.296 in the validity test. In the head, two concordance rates of the temporal and occipital regions were relatively higher than those of the parietal and frontal regions. In the vertebral region, two concordance rates of the cervical and lumbar regions were relatively higher than those of the thoracic and sacrum regions. In the upper limb, two concordance rates of the shoulder and shoulder joints were relatively higher than those of the others. In the lower limb, concordance rates of investigation were relatively low at all areas. The right lower limb was relatively higher than the left in concordance rates of the questionnaire. Conclusions : The results suggest that electrical detection of ear acupuncture points can be used in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal pain.

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Epistemological Views of Middle School Students on Scientific Inquiry (중학생들의 과학 탐구에 대한 인식론적 견해)

  • Han, Su-Jin;Choi, Sook-Yeong;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.82-94
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    • 2012
  • In this study, epistemological views of middle school students on scientific inquiry were investigated. The Views of Scientific Inquiry Questionnaire was administered to 141 9th graders. The questionnaire consists of five open-ended items concerning the contexts of scientific investigation, the methods of scientific investigation, the interpretation of data, and the data and evidence. Analyses of the results indicated that their epistemological understanding of scientific inquiry were not adequate on the whole. Although the students suggested a variety of factors influencing scientists' decisions on the questions and the methods of investigation, many of the factors were minor. Only a few students specifically described the activities of scientists and the constituents of "scientific" activity, and students did not demonstrate adequate understanding of experimentation in science and multiple scientific methods. Moreover, the percentage of students who possessed the informed view that data can be variously interpreted was found to be low. The students also did not understand the distinctions between data and evidence. Educational implications are discussed.

The Effect of Characteristics of the Extended Science Investigations Tasks on Middle School Students' Motivation for Investigation (확장적 과학 탐구 과제의 특징이 중학생의 탐구 동기에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Hye-Gyoung;Pak, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2001
  • The extended science investigations, comprehensive investigations contrasted with exercises of process skill components and cookbook style experiments, should be pursued for giving opportunity of more authentic science activity. The characteristics of the extended investigation tasks were emerged from critical argument on school practical work. And one of important educational objectives in students' investigations is to achieve motivation for investigation. The purpose of this study is to explore how the characteristics of the extended investigation tasks, that is practical context, openness and continuity, affect middle school students' motivation for investigation. On the basis of questionnaire results and students' school science achievement, ten students were interviewed to see the change of motivation for investigation and its causes while they perform two textbook investigations and four extended investigation tasks. Among the interviewees, the students who showed positive motivation for the extended investigations were critical about textbook experiments as they are just confirmations of theories and perceived practical context and openness as the main causes of their positive motivation. The students who showed negative motivation for extended investigations preferred textbook experiments as there was enough guidance from teacher and textbook-centered learning. They recognized the openness of the tasks as a main reason of their negative motivation for investigation. Some students showed negative responses about continuity of the extended investigation tasks but continuity was not recognized as a main cause for their motivation for investigation.

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A study on the Survey of Actual Condition and the Design for Office Chair Using a Questionnaire Technique (설문조사 기법을 응용한 사무용 의자의 사용 실태분석 및 설계에 관한 연구)

  • 이동훈;변승남
    • Proceedings of the ESK Conference
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    • pp.86-101
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    • 1994
  • The primary objectives of this research are to survey actual condition and propose the improved standard size for office chairs. In order to accomplish this objectives, questionnaire method was used. The subjects for investigation are 271 office sedentary workers from 19 office workplaces. The survey of a actual condition showed that the office chairs included many contr- oversial points which cause occupational health problems. The main causes of office sedentary worker's health problems are insufficient adjustabilities and inappropriate design specifications. Expecially, insufficient adjustabilities led harmful sitting postures. To improve the existing Korean standard size for office chairs, anthropometric procedure was developed. In this approach, six design factors were determined, that is, seat pan height, seat pan width, seat pan depth, seat pan inclination, armrest height and width. The study found that improved Korean staneard size was strikingly different from existing standard.

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L2 Learner's Perspectives of How Personal and Instructional Factors Influence Achievement in Online-incorporated Environment

  • Kim, Jeong-Yeon
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.39-69
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to identify how participants in online-incorporated English learning perceive interaction between achievement and factors of learning and personality. Using grounded theory analysis, this study attempts to generate a theoretical model depicting how the factors work with the L2 learners situated in the learning setting. A total of 231 college freshmen participated in online and offline EFL learning programs for the duration of one semester. In addition, all respondents completed a survey questionnaire on their learning experiences. In the investigation of the differences between low- and high-proficiency groups, audio-taped interviews with 20 selected students, 10 from each group, have revealed differences not only in the types of personal and instructional factors, but also, more importantly, in the interrelationship between these factors in each group's learning model. These models effectively explained the statistically significant differences in four questionnaire items, such as online learning and contributions of offline class sections to their L2 achievement. These findings entail L2 practitioners' shared understandings of their students' perspectives of learning in the specific L2 learning context.

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Ergonomic Evaluation and Improvement of the Manufacturing Lines of Compressors (컴프레서 제조공정의 인간공학적 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Dong-Cheol;Chang, Seong-Rok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.148-152
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate risk factors and ergonomically improve the manufacturing lines of compressors for prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, enhancement of productivity, and workers satisfaction We executed questionnaire survey, ergonomic risk factors investigation of manufacturing lines and ergonomic intervention of work methods, workplace and hand tools. The results of the questionnaire showed that $7.9\%$ of respondents were positive in WMSDs symptom survey. In ergonomic evaluation, the analysis methods such as RULA and NIOSH lifting equation were used and 28 processes in the lines were evaluated to be potentially hazardous. We ergonomically improved the processes to reduce potential WMSDs hazards : manual material handling, carts, work tables, transport methods, working posture and hand tools.

The Users' satisfaction of the Community center in Apartment (아파트 거주자의 커뮤니티센터 이용 만족도)

  • Choi, Young-Joo;Kim, Mi-Hee
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.211-216
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study to suggest the design guide line for the community center through the analysis of the satisfaction of the community facility and program in apartment. This study was approached by using both thoretical investigation and questionnaire survey. Survey was done examining 5 different apartment in Gwang-ju, which were all built from the year 2005 to 2007 and 268 residents were collected for questionnaire survey. As the result of this study, the satisfaction and usage of community facilities and programs showed higher indoor exercise field including yoga, golf and health club than others. Also the result can be used a basic data when planning new community center.

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A survey on energy consumption and improvement method for energy conservation - Targeting dwellers in Jecheon city - (사례연구 설문조사에 의한 주택에서의 에너지소비 실태조사와 개선방안 연구 - 제천시 거주 주민을 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Chul-Goo
    • Transactions of the Korea Society of Geothermal Energy Engineers
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2013
  • With the architectural energy saving technique such as building insulation, airtightness etc., changing the indoor temperature and shortening the air conditioning time etc. are the good methods to practice energy saving in our lives. This study aims to seek a way to realize energy saving under investigation through a questionnaire survey about energy consumption condition and energy saving perception. 93% of the respondents recognized the need for energy saving, and 67% said more energy saving would possible in homes. Viable energy saving way was questioned by five steps method. More than 50% responded 'possible' or 'seems possible' at most of the items. Whereas less than 50% responded 'possible' or 'seems possible' at the items of 'lessening the cooling time' and 'lessening the shower time'. Ages of 50s who responded 'possible' or 'seems possible' was relatively less compared to 30s and 40s.

The Research Regarding of Visitors' Perception of Animal Elements in Landscape Architecture

  • Shen, Ning;Bae, Jung Nam;Zhang, Li-Qin;Piao, Yong-Ji
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.679-686
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    • 2013
  • Based on the survey of East Lake Park, South Lake Park and Tian Waicun in Tai'an by questionnaire survey, on-the-spot investigation and in-depth interview, the paper analyzes the tendencies of visitors to the animal elements and animal landscape in landscape architecture from three terms: primary attributes, the cognition of animal elements and animal elements landscape preferences. We have drawn several conclusions: the landscapes of animal elements are in urgent demand by the public ; The animal elements having lovely image, auspicious meaning and local characteristics are the most popular application types of animal elements landscapes ; The most favorite types of animals and animal elements are: doves, cranes monkeys, pandas, butterflies, dragonflies, fold fish, dolphins, dragons and cartoon animals ; The popular landscaping techniques of animal elements are the methods of combining with plants, buildings and garden ornaments.

A Study on the Current State of Digital Divide in Korea and the Countermeasure (대한민국 정보 격차 현황과 대책에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Choong-Hyun;Lee, Goo-Yeon
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.33 no.A
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we study the current situation of digital divide caused by accessibility disparity to information in Korea. We investigate leading causes and classes of people of digital divide, and also investigate phenomena which arise from such digital divide. In the investigation, we survey related works and additionally carry out questionnaire study in which we make questionnaire items ourselves. Finally, we discuss various measures to resolve digital divide in Korea based on the study results.

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