• Title, Summary, Keyword: quercetin

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Effect of Quercetin on Auxin-induced Ethylene Production in Barley Coleoptiles (Quercetin이 보리 자엽초에서 옥신에 의해 유도되는 에틸렌 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이준승
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.409-414
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    • 1992
  • Effect of quercetin, a kind of natural plant flavonoids, on auxin-induced ethylene production in barley coleoptiles was studied. Auxin-induced ethylene production was apparently stimulated by quercetin. This stimulatory effect of quercetin appeared after 4 h of incubation period. Ethylene production was stimulated 200% over the control after 8 h of incubation by $3{\times}10^{-5}\;M$ quercetin. The quercetin effect was most prominent at $10^{-4}\;M$ of IAA. Ethylene production induced by the synthetic auxin, 2,4-D and NAA, was not significantly affected by quercetin. Also ACC-based ethylene production was unaffected by the flavonoid. In an effort to elucidate mechanisms of quercetin action on auxin-induced ethylene production, the effect of quercetin on 1M metabolism was studied. Data obtained from these experiments indicate that quercetin treatment resulted in about 90% inhibition of IAA oxidase activity. IAA ($3{\times}10^{-5}\;M$) conjugation was found to be not affected by quercetin. This results suggest that the stimulatory effect of quercetin on auxin-induced ethylene production may be due to the fact that quercetin inhibits 1M oxidase activity, thus increasing the free IAA level.

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Preparation and Characterization of Quercetin-Loaded Solid Dispersion by Solvent Evaporation and Freeze-Drying Method

  • Park, Sang Hyun;Song, Im-Sook;Choi, Min-Koo
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 2016
  • We prepared solid dispersion formulations of quercetin to enhance its solubility and dissolution rate. Various quercetin-loaded solid dispersion were tested with quercetin, poloxamer 407, and carrier such as hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC), polyethylene glycol 8000 (PEG 8000), and polyvinylpyrrolidone K40 (PVP K40) using solvent evaporation and freeze drying methods in terms of both the aqueous solubility and the dissolution rates of quercetin. The solubility of quercetin as its solid dispersion formulations was markedly improved compared with that of quercetin powder. Especially, highest solubility of quercetin was observed when HPMC was used as a carrier. The cumulative dissolution of quercetin within 360 min from solid dispersion composed of quercetin, poloxamer 407, and HPMC was 8.8-fold higher than the dissolution of pure quercetin. The results of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) indicated that quercetin transformed from a crystalline to an amorphous form through the solid dispersion formulation process. These results suggest that the solid dispersion formulation of quercetin with poloxamer 407 and HPMC could be a promising option for enhancing the solubility and dissolution rate of quercetin.

Differential Effects of Quercetin and Quercetin Glycosides on Human α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor-Mediated Ion Currents

  • Lee, Byung-Hwan;Choi, Sun-Hye;Kim, Hyeon-Joong;Jung, Seok-Won;Hwang, Sung-Hee;Pyo, Mi-Kyung;Rhim, Hyewhon;Kim, Hyoung-Chun;Kim, Ho-Kyoung;Lee, Sang-Mok;Nah, Seung-Yeol
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.410-417
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    • 2016
  • Quercetin is a flavonoid usually found in fruits and vegetables. Aside from its antioxidative effects, quercetin, like other flavonoids, has a various neuropharmacological actions. Quercetin-3-O-rhamnoside (Rham1), quercetin-3-O-rutinoside (Rutin), and quercetin-3-(2(G)-rhamnosylrutinoside (Rham2) are mono-, di-, and tri-glycosylated forms of quercetin, respectively. In a previous study, we showed that quercetin can enhance ${\alpha}7$ nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (${\alpha}7$ nAChR)-mediated ion currents. However, the role of the carbohydrates attached to quercetin in the regulation of ${\alpha}7$ nAChR channel activity has not been determined. In the present study, we investigated the effects of quercetin glycosides on the acetylcholine induced peak inward current ($I_{ACh}$) in Xenopus oocytes expressing the ${\alpha}7$ nAChR. $I_{ACh}$ was measured with a two-electrode voltage clamp technique. In oocytes injected with ${\alpha}7$ nAChR copy RNA, quercetin enhanced $I_{ACh}$, whereas quercetin glycosides inhibited $I_{ACh}$. Quercetin glycosides mediated an inhibition of $I_{ACh}$, which increased when they were pre-applied and the inhibitory effects were concentration dependent. The order of $I_{ACh}$ inhibition by quercetin glycosides was Rutin${\geq}$Rham1>Rham2. Quercetin glycosides-mediated $I_{ACh}$ enhancement was not affected by ACh concentration and appeared voltage-independent. Furthermore, quercetin-mediated $I_{ACh}$ inhibition can be attenuated when quercetin is co-applied with Rham1 and Rutin, indicating that quercetin glycosides could interfere with quercetin-mediated ${\alpha}7$ nAChR regulation and that the number of carbohydrates in the quercetin glycoside plays a key role in the interruption of quercetin action. These results show that quercetin and quercetin glycosides regulate the ${\alpha}7$ nAChR in a differential manner.

Tissue Concentrations of Quercetin and Its Metabolite Isorhamnetin Following Oral Administration of Quercetin in Mice (Mouse에서의 quercetin 경구투여 후의 체내 농도 및 대사체 isorhamnetin의 농도변화)

  • Park, Kwan-Ha;Choo, Jong-Jae;Choi, Sun-Nam
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.90-94
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    • 2005
  • Absorption, metabolism, and tissue concentrations of quercetin were examined and compared in mice and rats after oral administration of quercetin at 50 or 100 mg/kg. Quercetin was absorbed quickly in mice and reached maximum plasma concentration in I hr post-administration, and declined sharply after 4 hr. Plasma concentration of isorhamnetin, a major metabolite, also increased sharply, indicating rapid metabolic conversion, but elevated level was maintained longer than that of quercetin. Quercetin and isorhamnetin were found predominantly in glucuronide/sulfate-conjugate forms in both mice and rats. Tissue concentrations of quercetin and isorhamnetin in mice and rats were in the order of liver>kidney>spleen>plasma both 1 and 6 hr postadministration. These results show that quercetin is absorbed in mice after oral feeding and quickly metabolized into isorhamnetin as demonstrated in humans and other animal species. The results also can be used to explain various pharmacological activities reported in mouse models.

Antigenotoxicity of Quercetin and its Glycosides (Quercetin 및 Quercetin 배당체들의 유전독성억제효과)

  • 허문영;김정한
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 1996
  • In order to compare the suppressive effect of quercetin and several its glycosides, such as quercitrin (quercetin-3-rhamnoside), isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-glucoside), hyperin (quercetin-3-galactoside) and tutin (quercetin-3-rhamnosyl glucoside), on the genotoxicity by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea(MNU), in vitro sister chromatid exchange(SCE) test using mouse spleen lymphocytes and in vivo micronucleus test using mouse peripheral blood were performed. MNU-induced SCEs in vitro were not decreased by the simultaneous treatment of test compounds. Among them, quercetin and hyperin showed significant suppressive effects at high dose(10-5M). On the other hand, MNU-induced micronucleated reticulocytes(MNRETS) in vivo were significantly decreased with good dose-dependent manner in all compound tested. However, there were not significant differences between quercetin aglycone and its glycosides in the suppressive aglycone and its glycosides may act as an antigenotoxic agent in vivo and may be useful as a chemopreventive agent of alkylating agent.

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Characterization of quercetin and its glycoside derivatives in Malus germplasm

  • Zhang, Lei;Xu, Qipeng;You, Yaohua;Chen, Weifeng;Xiao, Zhengcao;Li, Pengmin;Ma, Fengwang
    • Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology : HEB
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.909-917
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    • 2018
  • Quercetin and its glycoside derivatives were identified and quantified using high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) and liquid chromatograph/mass spectrometer/mass spectrometer (LC/MS/MS) in the leaves, flowers, and fruits of 22 Malus genotypes. In all genotypes, small amounts of quercetin aglycone were present, with water-soluble glycoside forms were the most abundant in different Malus plant tissues, including quercetin-3-galactoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside, quercetin-3-glucoside, quercetin-3-xyloside, quercetin-3-arabinoside, and quercetin-3-rhamnoside. Among these six quercetin glycosides, quercetin-3-galactoside was the common form in Malus plants, except in the leaves and flowers of M. ceracifolia and M. magdeburgensis, and in the fruits of M. micromalus 'Haihong Fruit', where there was a higher concentration of quercetin3-glucoside. Among the different tissues tested, leaves contained the highest concentration of quercetin and its glycosides, while fruits contained the lowest concentrations of these compounds. Among the genotypes we analyzed, no specific genotype consistently contained the highest concentration of quercetin and its glycoside derivatives. M. domestica 'Honeycrisp' had the highest total compound concentration (approximately $1600mg\;kg^{-1}$), whereas M. hupehensis contained the lowest in its fruits. In contrast, the concentration of total quercetin and its glycosides was more than $5000mg\;kg^{-1}$ in the leaves of eight genotypes and greater than $2500mg\;kg^{-1}$ in the flowers of seven species. In general, the concentration of quercetin and its glycoside derivatives depended on the species and tissue type. These results may provide useful information for the evaluation and selection of edible Malus fruits and the materials for quercetin glycoside extraction.

Development and Validation of Analytical Method for Wogonin, Quercetin, and Quercetin-3-O-glucuronide in Extracts of Nelumbo nucifera, Morus alba L., and Raphanus sativus Mixture (연잎, 상엽, 건조 무 혼합 추출물의 지표성분 wogonin, quercetin 및 quercetin-3-O-glucuronide의 분석법 개발 및 검증)

  • Jang, Gill-Woong;Park, Eun-Young;Choi, Seung-Hyun;Choi, Sun-il;Cho, Bong-Yeon;Sim, Wan-Sup;Han, Xinggao;Cho, Hyun-Duk;Lee, Ok-Hwan
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.289-295
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to develop and validate an analytical method for determining the presence of wogonin, quercetin, and quercetin-3-O-glucuronide in extracts of Nelumbo nucifera, Morus alba L., and Raphanus sativus mixtures. We evaluated the specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy, limit of detection (LOD), and limit of quantification (LOQ) of analytical methods for wogonin, quercetin, and quercetin-3-O-glucuronide using high performance liquid chromatography. Our result showed that the correlation coefficients of the calibration curve for wogonin, quercetin, and quercetin-3-O-glucuronide were 0.9999. The LOD for wogonin, quercetin, and quercetin-3-O-glucuronide ranged from 0.09 to 0.16 and those for the LOQ ranged from 0.26 to $0.48{\mu}g/mL$. The inter-day and intra-day precision values of wogonin, quercetin, and quercetin-3-O-glucuronide ranged from 0.74 to 1.87 and from 0.28 to 1.12%, respectively. The inter-day and intra-day accuracies were 99.96~115.88% and 99.73~114.81%, respectively. Therefore, the analytical method was validated for the detection of wogonin, quercetin, and quercetin-3-O-glucuronide in extracts of Nelumbo nucifera, Morus alba L., and Raphanus sativus mixtures.

Inhibitory Actions of Quercetin and Rutin on $Fe^{2+}-induced$ Lipid Peroxidation ($Fe^{2+}$에 의한 지질 과산화에 있어서 Quercetin과 Rutin의 억제 작용)

  • Chung, Jin-Hee;Lee, Chung-Soo;Shin, Yong-Kyoo;Lee, Kwang-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 1991
  • Inhibitory effects of quercetin and rutin on lipid peroxidation of microsomes caused by iron(II) were investigated with respect to the scavenging action for oxygen radicals produced during oxidation of iron and the chelating action for iron. Lipid peroxidation by $Fe^{2+}$ alone was markedly inhibited by quercetin or rutin in a dose dependent fashion. Lipid peroxidation by ascorbate or NADPH in the presence of $Fe^{2+}$ was almost completely inhibited by both quercetin and rutin. The peroxidative action of $Fe^{2+}$ was inhibited by SOD and DABCO and slightly inhibited by catalase, DMSO and mannitol. Quercetin and rutin inhibited oxidation of $Fe^{2+}$ which is responsible for DETAPAC and they showed a significant initial chelating effect. Quercetin and rutin effectively inhibited lipid peroxidation by $H_{2}O_{2}$ and decomposed $H_{2}O_{2}$. Both $OH{\cdot}$ production in the presence of $Fe^{2+}$ and $^1O_2$ production by U.V. irradiation were inhibited by quercetin and rutin. Lipid peroxidations by $Cd^{2+},\;Cu^{2+},\;Ni^{2+},\;Pb^{2+}$ and $Zn^{2+}$ were almost completely inhibited by quercetin. Quercetin and rutin significantly prevented the loss of sulfhydryl groups by $Fe^{2+}$. These results suggest that inhibitory effects of quercetin and rutin on the peroxidative action of $Fe^{2+}$ in the presence or absence of ascorbate and NADPH may be attributable to their scavenging action on reactive oxygen species and chelating action on iron.

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Quercetin Enhances Cisplatin Sensitivity of Human Osteosarcoma Cells by Modulating microRNA-217-KRAS Axis

  • Zhang, Xian;Guo, Qinggong;Chen, Jingtao;Chen, Zhaohui
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.638-642
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    • 2015
  • Quercetin can suppress osteosarcoma cell growth and metastasis. However, other effects of quercetin on osteosarcoma remain largely unknown. This research aims to evaluate the effects of quercetin in combination with cisplatin as treatment for osteosarcoma and investigate its regulatory mechanism. Cell viability and apoptosis in 143B cell line were determined after treatment with quercetin and/or cisplatin. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to determine the RNA or protein expression levels. Moreover, transwell assay was used to evaluate metastasis. Furthermore, rescue experiments were performed to investigate the potential regulatory mechanism of the treatment. Results showed that quercetin with concentration that was equal to or greater than $10{\mu}M$ inhibited 143B proliferation, while $5{\mu}M$ quercetin enhanced the cisplatin sensitivity of 143B cells. Expression of miR-217 was upregulated after quercetin and/or cisplatin treatment, while its target KRAS was downregulated both at mRNA and protein levels. MiR-217 knockdown led to the loss of enhanced cisplatin sensitivity while miR-217 overexpression showed the opposite effects, indicating that quercetin regulated cisplatin sensitivity by modulating the miR-217-KRAS axis. In conclusion, $5{\mu}M$ quercetin enhanced the cisplatin sensitivity by modulating the miR-217-KRAS axis. This finding suggests that quercetin may be administered with cisplatin to improve the treatment for osteosarcoma.

Quercetin Induces Mitochondrial Biogenesis via HO-1 Expression in HepG2 Cell (HepG2 cell에서 quercetin의 HO-1 발현을 통한 mitochondria의 생합성 유도 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Jaekoo;Jang, Sang Chul;Lee, Ki Seung;Kim, Jin Hee;Chong, Myong Soo
    • 대한한의정보학회지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2015
  • Flavonoids show diverse bioactivities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-viral. Quercetin is one of the flavonoids present in a wide range of plants, especially onions and consumed all over the world. Recently, it is known that quercetin induces mitochondrial biogenesis in vivo and in vitro. However, detail mechanism of these actions remains unknown. We investigated quercetin's effects on mitochondrial biogenesis in HepG2 cells, and determined the mechanisms involved. We found that quercetin treatment induced the expression of mitochondrial biogenesis activators, $PGC-1{\alpha}$, NRF-1, TFAM, and mitochondrial proteins, cytochorome c and complex IV (COXIV). Moreover, amount of mitochondrial DNA was also increased by quercetin. Quercetin has been known to induce heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in several types of cells. Here, we found quercetin induces HO-1, and inhibition of HO-1 or CO, which is product of HO-1, decreased quercetin-induced mitochondrial biogenesis such as induction of $PGC-1{\alpha}$, NRF-1, TFAM, cytochorome c, COXIV, and mitochondrial DNA. These findings imply that quercetin can increase mitochondrial biogenesis via HO-1/CO system. High glucose results in dysfunction of mitochondria biogenesis. In the present study, 25 mM glucose decreased mitochondrial biogenesis and this damage was restored by quercetin. Conversely, inhibition of HO-1 or CO inhibited quercetin-induced mitochondrial biogenesis rescue. These results suggest that quercetin enhances mitochondrial biogenesis via HO-1/CO system and hence, can rescue mitochondria from damage by high glucose.

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