• Title, Summary, Keyword: quantitative real-time PCR

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Rapid Identification of Vibrio vulnificus in Seawater by Real-Time Quantitative TaqMan PCR

  • Wang, Hye-Young;Lee, Geon-Hyoung
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.320-326
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    • 2003
  • In order to identify Vibrio vulnificus in the Yellow Sea near Gunsan, Korea during the early and late summers, the efficiency of the real-time quantitative TaqMan PCR was compared to the efficiency of the conventional PCR and Biolog identification system^TM. Primers and a probe were designed from the hemolysin/cytolysin gene sequence of V. vulnificus strains. The number of positive detections by real-time quantitative TaqMan PCR, conventional PCR, and the Biolog identification system from seawater were 53 (36.8%), 36 (25%), and 10 strains (6.9%), respectively, among 144 samples collected from Yellow Sea near Gunsan, Korea. Thus, the detection method of the real-time quantitative TaqMan PCR assay was more effective in terms of accuracy than that of the conventional PCR and Biolog system. Therefore, our results showed that the real-time TaqMan probe and the primer set developed in this study can be applied successfully as a rapid screening tool for the detection of V. vulnificus.

Direct and Quantitative Analysis of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Using Real-Time PCR from Artificially Contaminated Chicken Meat

  • Park, Hee-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Joong;Park, Si-Hong;Shin, Eun-Gyeong;Kim, Jae-Hwan;Kim, Hae-Yeong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.1453-1458
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    • 2008
  • For quantitative PCR assay of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in food samples, a real-time PCR method was developed, based on DNA genome equivalent. Specific primers and probe designed based on the STM4497 gene of S. Typhimurium LT2 showed the specificity to S. Typhimurium. Threshold cycle (Ct) values of real-time PCR were obtained from a quantitative standard curve with genomic DNA of Salmonella Typhimurium. In addition, the recovery of S. Typhimurium inoculated artificially to chicken samples with $4.5{\times}10^5$ to 4.5 CFU/ml was evaluated by using real-time PCR and plate-count methods. Result showed that the number of cells calculated from the real-time PCR method had good correlation with that of the plate-count method. This real-time PCR method could be applicable to the detection and quantification of S. Typhimurium in food samples.

Assessment of Korean Paddy Soil Microbial Community Structure by Use of Quantitative Real-time PCR Assays (한국의 논 토양 미생물 다양성 분석을 위한 Quantitative Real-time PCR의 응용)

  • Choe, Myeong-Eun;Lee, In-Jung;Shin, Jae-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.367-376
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    • 2011
  • BACKGROUND: In order to develop effective assessment method for Korean paddy soil microbial community structure, reliable genomic DNA extraction method from paddy soil and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) method are needed to establish METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of six conventional soil genomic DNA extraction methods, anion exchange resin purification method was turn to be the most reliable. Various PCR primers for distinguishing five bacterial phylum (${\alpha}$-Proteobacteria, ${\beta}$-Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes), all bacteria, and all fungi were tested. Various qRT-PCR temperature conditions were also tested by repeating experiment. Finally, both genomic DNA extraction and qRT-PCR methods for paddy soil were well established. CONCLUSION: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) method to assess paddy soil microbial community was established.

TaqMan Probe Real-Time PCR for Quantitative Detection of Mycoplasma during Manufacture of Biologics (생물의약품 제조공정에서 마이코플라스마 정량 검출을 위한 TaqMan Probe Real-Time PCR)

  • Lee, Jae Il;Kim, In Seop
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.361-371
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    • 2014
  • Mycoplasma is well recognized as one of the most prevalent and serious microbial contaminants of biologic manufacturing processes. Conventional methods for mycoplasma testing, direct culture method and indirect indicator cell culture method, are lengthy, costly and less sensitive to noncultivable species. In this report, we describe a new TaqMan probe-based real-time PCR method for rapid and quantitative detection of mycoplasma contamination during manufacture of biologics. Universal mycoplasma primers were used for mycoplasma PCR and mycoplasma DNA was quantified by use of a specific TaqMan probe. Specificity, sensitivity, and robustness of the real-time PCR method was validated according to the European Pharmacopoeia. The validation results met required criteria to justify its use as a replacement for the culture method. The established real-time PCR assay was successfully applied to the detection of mycoplasma from human keratinocyte and mesenchymal stem cell as well as Vero cell lines artificially infected with mycoplasma. The overall results indicated that this rapid, specific, sensitive, and robust assay can be reliably used for quantitative detection of mycoplasma contamination during manufacture of biologics.

Quantitative Detection of Salmonella typhimurium Contamination in Milk, Using Real-Time PCR

  • JUNG SUNG JE;KIM HYUN-JOONG;KIM HAE-YEONG
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1353-1358
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    • 2005
  • A rapid and quantitative real-time PCR was developed to target the invasion A (invA) gene of Salmonella spp. We developed quantitative standard curves based on plasmids containing the invA gene. Based on these curves, we detected Salmonella spp. in artificially contaminated buffered peptone water (BPW) and milk samples. We were able to determine the invA gene copy number per ml of food samples, with the minimum detection limit of $4.1{\times}10^{3}$ copies/ml of BPW and $3.3{\times}10^{3}$ copies/ml of milk. When applied directly to detect and quantify Salmonella spp. in BPW and milk, the present real-time PCR assay was as sensitive as the plate count method; however, copy numbers were one to two logs higher than the colony-forming units obtained by the plate count methods. In the present work, the real-time PCR assay was shown to significantly reduce the total time necessary for the detection of Salmonella spp. in foods and to provide an important model for other foodborne pathogens.

Novel Real Time PCR Method for Detection of Plasmodium vivax (새로운 Real Time PCR 방법을 통한 Malaria(Plasmodium vivax)의 검출)

  • Ki, Yeon-Ah;Kim, So-Youn
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.148-153
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    • 2005
  • Malaria is a re-emerging infectious disease that is spreading to areas where it had been eradicated, such as Eastern Europe and Central Asia. To avoid the mortality from malaria, early detection of the parasite is a very important issue. The peripheral blood smear has been the gold standard method for the diagnosis of malaria infection. Recently, several other methods have been introduced for quantitative detection of malaria parasites. Real time PCR that employs fluorescent labels to enable the continuous monitoring of PCR product formation throughout the reaction has recently been used to detect several human malaria parasites. 18S rRNA sequences from malaria parasites have been amplified using Taqman real time PCR assay. Here, a SYBR Green-based real time quantitative PCR assay for the detection of malaria parasite-especially, Plasmodium vivax - was applied for the evaluation of 26 blood samples from Korean malaria patients. Even though SYBR Green-based real time PCR is easier and cheaper than Taqman-based assay, SYBR Green-based assay cannot be used because 18S rRNA cannot be specifically amplified using 1 primer set. Therefore, we used DBP gene sequences from Plasmodium vivax, which is specific for the SYBR Green based assays. We amplified the DBP gene from the 26 blood samples of malaria patients using SYBR Green based assay and obtained the copy numbers of DBP genes for each sample. Also, we selected optimal reference gene between ACTB and B2M using real time assay to get the stable genes regardless of Malaria titer. Using selected ACTB reference genes, we successfully converted the copy numbers from samples into titer, ${\sharp}$ of parasites per microliter. Using the resultant titer from DBP based SYBER Green assay with ACTB reference gene, we compared the results from our study with the titer from Taqman-based assay. We found that our results showed identical tendency with the results of 18S rRNA Taqman assay, especially in lower titer range. Thus, our DBP gene-utilized real time assay can detect Plasmodium vivax in Korean patient group semi-quantitatively and easily.

Identification of Genes Associated with Fumonisin Biosynthesis in Fusarium verticillioides via Proteomics and Quantitative Real-Time PCR

  • Choi, Yoon-E.;Shim, Won-Bo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.648-657
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    • 2008
  • In this study, we used functional genomic strategies, proteomics and quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR, to advance our understanding of genes associated with fumonisin production in the fungus Fusarium verticillioides. Earlier studies have demonstrated that deletion of the FCC1 gene, which encodes a C-type cyclin, leads to a drastic reduction in fumonisin production and conidiation in the mutant strain (FT536). The premise of our research was that comparative analysis of F. verticillioides wild-type and FT536 proteomes will reveal putative proteins, and ultimately corresponding genes, that are important for fumonisin biosynthesis. We isolated proteins that were significantly upregulated in either the wild type or FT536 via two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and subsequently obtained sequences by mass spectrometry. Homologs of identified proteins, e.g., carboxypeptidase, laccase, and nitrogen metabolite repression protein, are known to have functions involved in fungal secondary metabolism and development. We also identified gene sequences corresponding to the selected proteins and investigated their transcriptional profiles via quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR in order to identify genes that show concomitant expression patterns during fumonisin biosynthesis. These genes can be selected as targets for functional analysis to further verify their roles in $FB_1$ biosynthesis.

Study on the Enumeration of Legionella in Environmental Water Samples Using Real-time PCR (Real-time PCR을 이용한 환경 중 물 시료의 레지오넬라 분석법 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Hee;Park, Myoung-Ki;Kim, Yun-Sung;Yun, Hee-Jeong;Lee, Chang-Hee;Jeong, Ah-Yong;Yoon, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.511-519
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The standard method for the enumeration of environmental Legionella is culturing, which has several disadvantages, including long incubation and poor sensitivity. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the usefulness of real-time PCR and to improve the standard method. Methods: In 200 environmental water samples, a real-time PCR and culture were conducted to detect and quantify Legionella. Using with the results of the survey, we compared the real-time PCR with the culture. Results: Each real-time PCR assay had 100% specificity and excellent sensitivity (5 GU/reaction). In the culture, 36 samples were positive and 164 samples were negative. Based on the results of the culture, real-time PCR showed a high negative predictive value of 99%, 35 samples were true positive, 105 samples were true negative, 59 samples were false positive and one sample was a false negative. Quantitative analysis of the two methods indicated a weak linear correlation ($r^2=0.29$, $r^2=0.61$, respectively). Conclusions: Although it is difficult to directly apply quantitative analysis results of real-time PCR in the enumeration of environmental Legionella, it can be used as a complementary means of culturing to rapidly screen negative samples and to improve the accuracy of diagnosis.

Quantitative analysis of a myxosporean parasite, Parvicapsula sp. detected from emaciated olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus in Korea (국내 여윔 넙치에서 검출된 점액포자충 Parvicapsula sp.의 정량적 분석)

  • Kim, Seung Min;Jeong, Joon Bum
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2018
  • Quantitative analysis of a myxosporean parasite, Parvicapsula sp. in internal organs (kidney, intestine, spleen, brain and liver) from non-emaciated (farm-A) or emaciated (farm-B and farm-C) olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus were performed by real-time PCR. The highest DNA copy number ($1.7{\times}10^7copies/mg$ tissue) was detected in kidney of the emaciated olive flounder from farm-C, while the DNA copy number was below detection limit in all the organs of the olive flounder from farm-B. There was not positive result in all of organs from olive flounder in farm-A. PCR and histopathological analysis were also performed using the same specimen and showed same results as those by real-time PCR.

Event-specific Detection Methods for Genetically Modified Maize MIR604 Using Real-time PCR

  • Kim, Jae-Hwan;Kim, Hae-Yeong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1118-1123
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    • 2009
  • Event-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection method for genetically modified (GM) maize MIR604 was developed based on integration junction sequences between the host plant genome and the integrated transgene. In this study, 2 primer pairs and probes were designed for specific amplification of 100 and 111 bp DNA fragments from the zSSIIb gene (the maize endogenous reference gene) and MIR604. The quantitative method was validated using 3 certified reference materials (CRMs) with levels of 0.1, 1, and 10% MIR604. The method was also assayed with 14 different plants and other GM maize. No amplification signal was observed in real-time PCR assays with any of the species tested other than MIR604 maize. As a result, the bias from the true value and the relative deviation for MIR604 was within the range from 0 to 9%. Precision, expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD), varied from 2.7 to 10% for MIR604. Limits of detections (LODs) of qualitative and quantitative methods were all 0.1%. These results indicated that the event-specific quantitative PCR detection system for MIR604 is accurate and useful.