• Title, Summary, Keyword: puzzle mats

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A Study on the Fire Hazards of Puzzle Mats in Group Day Care Home (놀이방 퍼즐매트의 화재위험성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hyung-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2008
  • The fire hazards and combustion heat of puzzle mats in group day care home were analysed using variable external irradiation level. The fire hazards such as ignition time, ignition temperature, mass loss rate, and flame temperature profile were measured. Incident heat fluxes of $15kW/m^2$, $20kW/m^2$, $25kW/m^2$, $35kW/m^2$, $50kW/m^2$ and $75kW/m^2$ were selected for these experiments. All samples were tested in the horizontal orientation and were wrapped in a single layer of aluminium foil. Each sample was nominally 20mm thick and 100mm square. Five samples of puzzle mat were tested in the study : Type A, B, C, D and E. Type A, B and C are all general grades whereas Type D and E are both Flame retardant grades. As results, Type E of FR-grade showed the best characteristics in safety of the early fire from ignition time, critical heat flux, and ignition and flame temperature data of this study. All specimen of G-grade(Type A, B and C), however, showed the weak in safety of fire.

A Study on the Burning Rate of Puzzle Mats (퍼즐매트의 연소속도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hyung-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.84-90
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    • 2008
  • The mass loss rate and heat release rate of puzzle mats were analysed using variable external irradiation level. Five samples of puzzle mat were tested in this study : Type A, B, C, D and E. Type A, B and C are all general grades whereas Type D and E are both Flame retardant grades. Incident heat fluxs of $25kW/m^2$, $35kW/m^2$, $50kW/m^2$ and $70kW/m^2$ were selected for these experiments. All samples were tested in the horizontal orientation and were wrapped in a single layer of aluminum foil. Each sample was nominally 20mm thick and 100mm square. The combustion heat and mass loss rate were carried out from Oxygen bomb calorimeter and mass loss calorimeter according to ISO 5660-1 respectively. Heat release rates were calculated using the equation ${\dot{Q}}=A_f{\dot{m}}"_X{\Delta}H_c=0.75A_f{\dot{m}}"{\Delta}H_c$. where $A_f$ is the horizontal burning area of the sample, $\dot{m}"$ is mass loss rate per unit area, ${\Delta}H_c$ is complete heat of combustion and 0.75 is combustion efficiency.