• Title/Summary/Keyword: public sector

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Empirical Analysis on the Industrial Productivity in the Electricity·Gas·Water Service Sector

  • Zhu, Yan Hua;Kang, Joo Hoon;Park, Sehoon
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.25-37
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    • 2015
  • The early studies indicated that the firm with monopoly power is likely to engage in X-inefficiency such as a managerial slack. The reflection of the X-inefficiency theory has led to the issue that the public sector may be more inefficient than the private sector. In Korea like other many countries the electricity gas water service which can be considered as natural monopoly have been provided mostly by the public sector. In order to provide the empirical evidence to the argument that the public sector may be more inefficient than the private sector this paper estimated the four types of Solow residual which is called the total factor productivity in the electricity gas water service industry with the associated empirical model and compared its productivity with one in the manufacturing industry. The empirical results do not support the argument that the public sector may be more inefficient or less productive than the private sector.

The Affecting Factors effect on the Performance of Knowledge Management Systems in Public Sector: Focused on Local Governments in Kyung Sang Nam Do (공공부문 지식관리시스템의 성과에 미치는 영향요인에 관한 연구 - 경남지역 자치단체를 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Dong-Hyo;Gang, Tae-Gyeong
    • 한국디지털정책학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2004.05a
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    • pp.151-165
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    • 2004
  • In this paper we would like to provide a help to implementing KMS(Knowledge Management System) in public sector. For this purpose, we set up five contingency environmental factors and three process factors of knowledge management. And then investigates affecting factors effect on the performance of KMS in public sector by empirical study. A field survey of public officers in Korea local government was conducted. Complete data for 333 KMS users was analyzed to determine relationship of the research constructs. The system of evaluation and compensation is the most important factor effects on the process of KM and the performance of KMS. These results provide empirical evidence that supports the necessity of rational motivation systems does lead to effective implementation of KMS in public sector.

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A study on changes in HRM by introduction Balanced Scorecard(BSC) in the public sector (공공부문에서의 BSC 도입에 따른 인사관리의 변화)

  • Lim, Hyo-Chang
    • Korean Business Review
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.83-110
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    • 2005
  • To comprehend the present state of performance evaluation and management systems and their problems, we examined performance evaluation and management systems that have been used in the public sector and figured out their limits and problems in practical use and then, we searched, from academic basis, for ways to solve those problems and complement the limits. Especially, we focused on developing practical solutions that can be applied to a budget and human resource effectively. We expect this research will provide to public sector a comprehensive foundation for understanding the core concept of myriad theories of performance management in public sector including "Balanced Scorecard" and for finding out the limits and problems of each theories, then it can prepare the alternatives in advance. But the research is restricted within the general guideline for performance management. It doesn't provide practical and detailed action programs that are needed for actual execution. So, further studies on particular action programs are needed to compliment this limit and for coming to stay of performance management system in the public sector quickly, the enactment of performance management is needed as well.

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A Case Study on Classification System Design for Public Sector Information Typology (공공데이터 유형화를 위한 분류체계 설계에 관한 사례 연구 -미래창조과학부 산하기관의 공공데이터를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Dae-Gi;Joo, Won-Kyun;Kim, Eunjin;Lee, Yong-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.51-68
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    • 2014
  • Today's public sector information is considered an important national asset that has social and economic value. Hence, developed countries are competitively promoting various policies to actively promote access to public sector information and the use of such information for private purposes. The Korean government is also boosting the Government 3.0 policy as a new governmental management paradigm that supports the creative economy. Despite these governmental efforts, since open public sector information is only classified from the supplier's perspective, it is difficult to have access to information for private application from the consumer's perspective and expand private applications because of the problems in identifying the information source. In this study, the concept of data from the user's perspective for the activation of private applications was defined by focusing on public sector information obtained by affiliated organizations of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning(MSIP). The new classification system was designed by analyzing the classification system of conventional open services of public sector information through investigation.

The impact of social support and job-related tension on burnout of social workers in public sector (사회복지 전담공무원들의 소진에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Sun, Su-Kyung;Lim, Hyun-Sung;Kang, Sung-Ok
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this research study is to find factors associated with burnout in social workers in public sector. This study examined the impact of social support and job-related tension on burnout of social workers in public sector. A participant of 300 social workers in public sector were recruited from Inchen city and completed the questionnaires during August, 2011. Data were entered into simple regression and hierarchical multiple regression analyses. First, women had a little higher mean score of burnout than men. However, this was not a statistically significant difference. Job Classification and year of work experiences were very important predictors for burn-out of social workers in public sector. Second, there was a strong positive relationship between job-related tension and burnout. Third, there was a strong negative relationship between social support and burnout. As the perception about social support by social workers increased, the level of burnout tended to decrease. Finally, the set of analyses examined the impact of social support after controlling for effects of demographic variables and job-related tension. Perceived social support, job-related tension made a significant contribution in burnout. The results of this research study provide several implications for social work practices. More research is needed regarding the effects of social support and job-related tension on burnout of social workers in public sector. For social works in public sector, supervision from supervisors appeared to have a protective effect against social workers' burnout.

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The Public and Private Sector Wage Gap Trend in Korea - New evidence from the fixed effect analysis - (고정효과 분석을 이용한 공무원과 민간부문 임금격차 추세 추정)

  • Han, Jong-suk
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.69-97
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    • 2017
  • This paper estimates the public and private sector wage gap trend from 2000 to 2014 using 'Korean Labor and Income Panel Study.' We account for unobserved fixed effect by using 1st differencing log wage in order to allow the gap to vary over time. Standard OLS estimates present the public sector wage is 10% higher than private sector on average. Moreover, the public sector wage premium displays the inverted V shape: sharply increasing up to 2006 and decreasing from 2007 to 2014. However, after controlling unobserved fixed effect, the public sector wage premium disappears and does not display the inverted V shape any more.

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Results-oriented Culture, Performance Information Use and the Performance of Public Organizations: Evidence from Vietnam

  • CHAU, Thao Hong Phuong;LE, Truc Dinh;PHAM, Quynh Xuan
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.8
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    • pp.541-552
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate the mediating role of performance information use in the relationship between result-oriented culture and organizational performance. The data were collected from chief accountants and managers working in public-sector organizations in Vietnam. The analysis was based on the 197 completed questionnaires by using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). For the test research model and hypotheses, the supporting tool is SmartPLS 3 software. Research findings show that result-oriented culture is positively associated with organizational performance, and that performance information use is a mediating mechanism that explains how a result-oriented culture leads to higher performance in public organizations. The findings of this study suggest that the results-oriented culture, not only directly improves organizational performance, but also indirectly does so by the use of performance information. This study provides evidence for theoretical understanding of the impact of result-oriented culture on the performance of public-sector organizations through performance information use, and suggests practical implications for public organizations in applying result-oriented culture to foster using performance measurement and improve organizational performance. In order to achieve good performance, public-sector organizations need to create and spread result-oriented culture and enhance the use of performance information for decision-making.

Ethics in the State-Owned Companies (SOC) in the public sector: A thin line between corporate governance and ethical leadership.

  • Nevondwe, Lufuno;Nembambula, Phophi;Mangammbi, Mafanywa Jeffrey
    • East Asian Journal of Business Economics (EAJBE)
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2015
  • Ethics suggest that all persons are by nature moral, as it would not be possible for humans to exist collectively or even individually without an innate ethical sense. In order for the public sector to thrive in business, the board of directors needs to be guided by ethics and take into account the abiding interests of humanity and public good. It is argued in this paper that the abuse of power in the public sector has often been associated with unethical leadership and conducts which undermines the ubuntu notion. The irregularities which often arise in the awarding of tenders in the state-owned companies are some of the challenges that are prone to the public sector. In order to address these challenges and promote a flourishing democracy it is argued that ethical leadership as envisaged in the King III Report needs to be adhered to by the boards of directors. This paper concludes that the direction and control of ethics in any organisation is vital especially where the line between corporate governance and ethical leadership has become blurred.

Ethics in the State-Owned Companies (SOC) in the public sector: A thin line between corporate governance and ethical leadership.

  • Nevondwe, Lufuno;Nembambula, Phophi;Mangammbi, Mafanywa Jeffrey
    • East Asian Journal of Business Economics (EAJBE)
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 2014
  • Ethics suggest that all persons are by nature moral, as it would not be possible for humans to exist collectively or even individually without an innate ethical sense. In order for the public sector to thrive in business, the board of directors needs to be guided by ethics and take into account the abiding interests of humanity and public good. It is argued in this paper that the abuse of power in the public sector has often been associated with unethical leadership and conducts which undermines the ubuntu notion. The irregularities which often arise in the awarding of tenders in the state-owned companies are some of the challenges that are prone to the public sector. In order to address these challenges and promote a flourishing democracy it is argued that ethical leadership as envisaged in the King III Report needs to be adhered to by the boards of directors. This paper concludes that the direction and control of ethics in any organisation is vital especially where the line between corporate governance and ethical leadership has become blurred.