• Title, Summary, Keyword: public awareness

Search Result 1,180, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Effects of Personal Characteristics and Public Hospitals Awareness by Community Residents on use-experience of Public Hospitals (지역주민 특성과 인지도가 공공병원 이용경험에 미치는 영향)

  • Sim, In Ok;Hwang, Eun Jeong
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.45-56
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aims to explore the effects of personal characteristics, satisfaction, quality of care, role performance, image, awareness level of public hospitals perceived by community residents on use-experience of public hospitals. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 2,100 community residents around 39 district public hospitals. The questionnaire was designed to collected information on personal characteristics and community awareness of public hospitals. The community awareness consists of 5 factors and 15 items. The data were collected utilizing call-interview by a survey company. Results: The personal characteristic and community awareness were shown significant differences between having use-experience and not-having use-experience of public hospitals (p<.001), except gender. As the results of multiple logistic regression, the significant variables of use-experience of public hospitals were satisfaction (OR=1.06 95%CI=1.010-1.116), quality of care (OR=1.07, 95%CI=1.016-1.134, level of awareness to public hospitals (OR=1.50, 95%CI=1.378-1.632), age (OR=0.43, 95%CI=0.236-0.785), education (OR=1.62, 95%CI=1.013-2.590), type of medical security (OR=0.37, 95%CI=0.142-0.945). Conclusions: Public hospitals have to effort to improve community awareness through providing quality of care, and role performance. It is possible to support them by the Central and Local Government.

  • PDF

Social Awareness on the Function of Public Benefit of Agriculture and Rural Areas (농업.농촌의 공익기능에 대한 사회적 인식 연구)

  • Hwang, Jeong-Im;Kim, Eun-Ja;Rhee, Sang-Young
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.967-992
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to segment the social awareness on the function of public benefit of agriculture and rural areas by socio-economic and action/attitude characteristics, and to identify the influential variables in social awareness. The nationwide survey of 1,200 adults aged over 20 was conducted, and the data was analyzed by PASW statistics 17.0. One of the awareness variables was the degree of the consent to the preservation of the public beneficial function. This variable was segmented by the interest on related information, the criteria of buying agricultural products, occupation and age. And the other awareness variable was the willingness to pay for the preservation of the public beneficial function. This variable was segmented by the education, occupation, income and the experience of living in rural areas. According to the results, some suggestions for improving the social awareness on the public beneficial function of agriculture and rural areas were discussed.

  • PDF

Linkage between Public Policy, Green Technology and Green Products on Environmental Awareness in the Urban Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  • Saifullah, Md. Khaled;Kari, Fatimah Binti;Ali, Md. Arphan
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.45-53
    • /
    • 2017
  • The main purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that have an impact on public policy, green products and technology in Kuala Lumpur, given government initiatives to boost the environment awareness. The data used in this study was collected by distribution questionnaires randomly in six areas of Kuala Lumpur and 400 respondents were interviewed. Based on a literature review, three hypotheses were stated and tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). SEM is a statistical analysis method that involved two or more variables in analyzing structural relationships among the variables. The SEM model shows that green products and government policies have a direct influence on environmental awareness. However, green technology does not have a direct influence on environmental awareness. Since, knowledge on green technology does not have a significant impact on raising environmental awareness among the public, a much more pragmatic awareness campaign needs to be put in place to use green technology as a part of modern living. The study suggests that the urban population needs to be more aware of the environmental issue as cities tend to have better infrastructure to raise public awareness on green issues. Moreover, the government should increase the environmental awareness among younger generation through workshops, seminars, campaigns, and pamphlets.

Public Awareness of Early and Late Complications of Type 2 Diabetes - Application of Latent Profile Analysis in Determining Questionnaire Cut-Off Points

  • Shirmohammadi, Nasrin;Soltanian, Ali Reza;Borzouei, Shiva
    • Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
    • /
    • v.9 no.5
    • /
    • pp.261-268
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objectives: A questionnaire was designed to determine public understanding of early and late complications of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in participants who were selected using a multi-stage sampling method and a standard questionnaire of 67 questions was proposed. An expert panel selected 53 closed-ended questions for content validity to be included in the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested using Cronbach's alpha coefficient giving a score of 0.84. Results: Of the 825 participants, 443 (57.6%) were male, and 322 (41.87%) were 40 years or more. The proportion of low-, moderate- and high- awareness about T2DM and its complications was 29.26%, 62.68%, and 8.06%, respectively. Friends (56.31%) and internet and social networks (20.55%) were the 2 major sources of awareness, respectively. The medical staff (e.g., physicians) had the lowest share in the level of public awareness (3.64%) compared to other sources. Conclusion: These results present data that shows the general population awareness of T2DM is low. Healthcare policymakers need to be effective at raising awarenes of diabetes and it should be through improved education.

A Study on the Attitudes and Awareness on Medical Public Relations by Employee of Hospitals (의료기관 홍보에 대한 의료기관 종사자의 태도 및 인식)

  • Choi, Young-Jin;Im, Bock-Hee;Hwang, Byung-Deog
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.77-86
    • /
    • 2009
  • The aim of this study is to provide basic data in establishing marketing strategies for hospital by analyzing effective public relations of hospital through attitude and awareness on medical public relations by employee of hospital. The awareness on medical public relations by employee of hospitals were highest among aged 50s or above and above university graduates from the level of education, and from hospital management from types of duties and from those who have worked for more than 10 years. The methods medical public relations positively regarded by employee of hospitals were 'Appearing at health programs' followed by 'Periodicals like magazines and books', 'Issuing of hospital bulletins to homes of patients visiting hospitals'.

  • PDF

Awareness of Risk Factors for Cancer among Omani adults- A Community Based Study

  • Al-Azri, Mohammed;AL-Rasbi, Khadija;Al-Hinai, Mustafa;Davidson, Robin;Al-Maniri, Abdullah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.13
    • /
    • pp.5401-5406
    • /
    • 2014
  • Background: Cancer is the leading cause of mortality around the world. However, the majority of cancers occur as a result of modifiable risk factors; hence public awareness of cancer risk factors is crucial to reduce the incidence. The objective of this study was to identify the level of public awareness of cancer risk factors among the adult Omani population. Materials and Methods: A community based survey using the Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire was conducted in three areas of Oman to measure public awareness of cancer risk factors. Omani adults aged 18 years and above were invited to participate in the study. SPPSS (ver.20) was used to analyse the data. Results: A total of 384 participated from 500 invited individuals (response rate =77%). The majority of respondents agreed that smoking cigarettes (320, 83.3%), passive smoking (279, 72.7%) and excessive drinking of alcohol (265, 69%) are risks factors for cancer. However, fewer respondents agreed that eating less fruit and vegetables (83, 21.6%), eating more red or processed meat (116, 30.2%), being overweight (BMI> 25) (123, 32%), doing less physical exercise (119, 31%), being over 70 years old (72, 18.8%), having a close relative with cancer (134, 34.9%), infection with human papilloma virus (HPV) (117, 30.5%) and getting frequent sunburn during childhood (149, 38.8%) are risk factors for cancer. A significant association was found between participant responses and their educational level. The higher the educational level, the more likely that respondents identified cancer risk factors including smoking (p<0.0005), passive smoking (p= 0.007), excessive drinking of alcohol (p<0.0005), eating less fruit and vegetables (p= 0.001) and infection with HPV (p<0.0005). Conclusions: The majority of respondents in this study in Oman were not aware of the common risk factors for cancer. It may be possible to reduce the incidence of cancers in Oman by developing strategies to educate the public about these risk factors.

Public Awareness of Warning Signs and Symptoms of Cancer in Oman: A Community-Based Survey of Adults

  • Al-Azri, Mohammed;Al-Hamedi, Ibtisam;Al-Awisi, Huda;Al-Hinai, Mustafa;Davidson, Robin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.7
    • /
    • pp.2731-2737
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: The majority of deaths from cancer occur in low and middle income countries, partly due to poor public awareness of the signs and symptoms of cancer. Materials and Methods: A community based survey using the Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire was conducted in three different communities in Oman. Omani adults aged 18 years and above were invited to participate in the study. Results: A total of 345 responded from 450 invited participants (response rate=76.7%). The majority of respondents were unable to identify the common signs and symptoms of cancer identified in the CAM (average awareness was 40.6%). The most emotional barrier to seeking help was worry about what the doctor might find (223, 64.6%); a practical barrier was too busy to make an appointment (259, 75.1%) and a service barrier was difficulty talking to the doctor (159, 46.1%). The majority of respondents (more than 60% for seven out of ten symptoms) would seek medical help in two weeks for most signs or symptoms of cancer. Females were significantly more likely than males to be embarrassed (p<0.001), scared (p=0.001), and lack confidence talking about their symptoms (p=0.022). Conclusions: Urgent strategies are needed to improve public awareness of the signs and symptoms of cancer in Oman. This might leads to earlier diagnosis, improved prognosis and reduced mortality from cancer.

Development of a Breast Cancer Awareness Scale for Thai Women: Moving towards a Validated Measure

  • Rakkapao, Nitchamon;Promthet, Supannee;Moore, Malcolm A;Hurst, Cameron P
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.851-856
    • /
    • 2016
  • Background: Breast cancer is a major health problem among women around the world. Recent developments in screening and treatment have greatly improved the prognosis of patients with breast cancer in developed countries. However, in developing countries breast cancer mortality remains high.Breast cancer awareness is a first and important step in reducing breast cancer mortality. The development of a validated instrument to measure breast cancer awareness is crucial for the understanding and implementation of suitable health education programs to facilitate early deletion and minimize mortality. Objective: The objective of this study was to develop an instrument for the assessment of breast cancer awareness in Thai women. Materials and Methods: This methodological study was conducted in two stages: (1) literature searches and semi-structured interviews were conducted to generate items of the breast cancer awareness scale (B-CAS) which were subsequently examined for content and face validity, and (2) an exploration of the factor structure of the resulting instrument and an examination of its reliability. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire in Thai women aged 20-64 in August, 2015. Results: A total of 219 women (response rate 97.4 %) participated in this validation study. The B-CAS contains five domains with 53 items on breast cancer awareness: 1) knowledge of risk factors, 2) knowledge of signs and symptoms, 3) attitude to breast cancer prevention, 4) barriers of breast screening, and 5) health behavior related to breast cancer awareness. Items with a content validity index < 0.80 were excluded, and factor structure for the remaining items reflected the hypothesized five factor model. The scales based on all retained items was shown to have strongly internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's ${\alpha}=0.86$). Conclusions: The B-CAS provides good psychometric properties to assess breast cancer awareness in women. It can be used to examine breast cancer awareness in Thai women and it could lead to the development and evaluation of suitable educational interventions for raising breast cancer awareness. Future research should focus on further validating the B-CAS including an assessment of construct and criterion-based validity.

The Effect of Both Organizational Change Awareness of Public Agency Relocation and Public Service Motivation on Job Attitude : Focused on the Employees of Electric Power Public Enterprise to be Relocated (공공기관 지방이전이라는 조직변화에 대한 인식과 공공봉사동기가 직무태도에 미치는 영향 : 전력공기업의 지방이전 대상자를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Joon Tae;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
    • /
    • v.9 no.5
    • /
    • pp.205-219
    • /
    • 2014
  • To follow the government policy on 'balanced development of county', the employees of public agencies to be relocated should get used to the new working and living environments such as changing their homes or living away from their family. This study aims to figure out the awareness of the employees of public agencies to be relocated on such organizational change with Person-Organization fit concept and then to find out the effect of positive or negative awareness on job attitude such as organizational commitment and turnover intention. It is expected that public service motivation, the intrinsic motivation for public employees, positively acts as a medium between the awareness of organizational change and job attitude, which this study confirms through an empirical analysis of the employees of electric power public enterprise to be relocated. This study proves that firstly the awareness on organizational change is not directly related to organizational commitment, however, it affects directly turnover intention and public service motivation as an immediate cause and secondly public service motivation has a positive correlation to organizational commitment but it doesn't affect turnover intention and lastly organizational commitment has a negative correlation to turnover intention. Besides, this study empirically finds out that public service motivation has mediating effect which is significantly affects the awareness of organizational change, organizational commitment and turnover intention, and organizational commitment has mediating effect between public service motivation and turnover intention as well.

  • PDF

Awareness and perceived necessity of dietary guidelines among urban Koreans by gender

  • Hong, Kyung-Eui;Moon, Hyun-Kyung;Cho, Sung-Il;Ahn, Byung-Chul;Joung, Hyo-Jee
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.1 no.3
    • /
    • pp.224-230
    • /
    • 2007
  • We examined an urban population's awareness of dietary guidelines to determine whether they perceived them to be necessary, and identified the factors affecting this awareness and perceived necessity. Data were collected via physical examinations and face-to-face interviews. Health indicators were collected from health examinations, and information on individual characteristics, including awareness, perceived necessity, and dietary status were obtained from the interviews. The subjects' sociodemographic, health and dietary status were examined as potential factors influencing awareness and perceived necessity. Descriptive statistics, contingency tables, and logistic regression modeling were used in the analysis. Low awareness of the dietary guidelines was displayed by the elderly and poorly educated individuals, and those without a spouse. Most people who were not aware of the dietary guidelines thought the guidelines unnecessary. Males with hypertension and lower hemoglobin levels, and females with less education had low awareness. Elderly females with lower bone density had less perceived necessity. Males and females with poor dietary status reported low perceived necessity.