• Title, Summary, Keyword: psychological well-being

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Gender Relations and Psychological Well-Being Among the Elderly (노년기 젠더관계와 심리적 복지감: 유배우 노인의 성역할태도와 가사노동분담의 영향에 대하여)

  • Kim Young-Hye
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate (1) the relationship between gender-role attitude and psychological well-being related to the division of household labor and (2) the effect of congruency between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor on psychological well-being for the elderly. In this study, independent variable is gender-role attitude, mediating variable is the division of household labor and dependent variable is psychological well-being. Psychological well-being consists of depression and happiness. The hypotheses of this study are as follows: 1) Gender-role attitude affects psychological well-being of the elderly. The more egalitarian gender-role attitude, the higher degree of psychological well-being, whereas the more traditional gender-role attitude, the lower degree of psychological well-being. 2) The division of household labor influences psychological well-being of the elderly. The higher degree of division of household labor is likely to show the higher degree of psychological well-being. 3) The congruency between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor affects psychological well-being. As the relationship between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor is more congruent. psychological well-being increases. The results of the study are summarized as follows: 1) There is no relation between gender-role attitude and psychological well-being for the elderly. 2) The division of household labor affects psychological well-being for husband. The higher degree of division of household labor, the higher degree of psychological well-being. The result shows that husbands are involved in household labor involuntarily. 3) Congruency between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor affects psychological well-being. As the relationship between gender-role attitude and the division of household labor is more congruent, the degree of depression decreases. 4) Wives participate in most of household labor. Gender segregation in household labor is found in elderly family. 5) Health, income, network of children or sibling, and community network affect psychological well-being. The healthier, higher income and stronger network are likely to show the higher degree of psychological well-being.

Effects of Parenting Experiences on Job Satisfaction and Psychological Well-being in Employed Women: Moderating Effects of Marital Strews (취업여성의 부모역할 경험이 직업만족과 심리적 복지에 미치는 영향: 부부관계스트레스의 중재효과)

  • 이형실
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of parenting on job satisfaction and psychological well-being in employed women, with moderating effects of marital stress. The present study was based on a sample of 258 full-time employed women aged 30-49 in dual-earner families. The effects of parenting experiences on job satisfaction and psychological well-being were examined separately for women with low and high marital stress. Both parenting rewards and costs were significantly associated with psychological well-being in women with high marital stress. For women with low marital stress, parenting rewards and costs did not predict psychological well-being. Among women with high marital stress, parenting rewards were positively associated with psychological well-being and parenting costs were negatively associated with psychological well-being. In contrast, only parenting costs were a good predictor of job satisfaction for women with high marital stress. In conclusion, the effects of parenting experiences on job satisfaction and psychological well-being were mediated by the level of marital stress in employed women.

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The Effect of Self Esteem on Psychological Well Being in Elderly Women -Focusing on Family Support as a Moderator- (여성노인의 자아존중감이 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향 -가족지지의 조절효과를 중심으로-)

  • Park, Ok Im;Moon, Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.399-409
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    • 2012
  • This research has attempted to investigate the perception of elderly women on self esteem, psychological well-being and the moderating effect of family support on self esteem and psychological well-being. Two-hundred and six of elderly women who used senior welfare centers had been participating in the research, and their questionnaires had been filled out during personal interviews. The collected data had been analysed by using SPSS Win 15.0 and the results of this study are as follows. Firstly, the level of self-esteem perceived by elderly women was a little bit higher than middle level and the level of psychological well-being appeared to be moderate. Secondly, it was found that the self esteem of elderly women affected psychological well-being and that the higher the participants perceived self esteem, the higher the level of psychological well-being. Thirdly, family support appeared to have a moderating effect in relation to self esteem and psychological well-being. As it were, the higher the perception level of elderly women was, the higher impact of their self esteem on their psychological well-being. Therefore, there needs to be a re-consideration of the importance of family support which is being weakened due to family nuclearization as well as mechanisms for improving family support.

Effects of Social Activity Participation and Degree the Flow on the Psychological Well-being of Korean Middle-Aged Women (중년기 여성의 사회활동 참여경험과 몰입정도가 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Boram;Lee, Jeonghwa
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.349-361
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    • 2014
  • This study was examined the general trends in social activity participation, the flow degree, and the psychological well-being of middle-aged women in Korea and explored how psychological well-being varies according to various sociodemographic variables, social activity participation, and the flow degree. This study provided practical insights into how the psychological well-being of middle-aged women can be enhanced. Data were gathered from 302 middle-aged women between the ages of 40 and 60 by using a structural questionnaire. The statistical methods included a descriptive analysis, a t-test, and a regression analysis using SPSS WIN 18.0. According to the results of the hierarchical regression analysis, the key variables influencing the psychological well-being of middle-aged women included the flow degree in terms of social activity participation and the education level. These variables explained 30% of the psychological well-being of middle-aged women. The higher the education level and the flow degree, the stronger the psychological well-being was. Social activity participation and the flow degree had greater effects on psychological well-being than sociodemographic characteristics. In particular, an increase in the flow of social activities increased psychological well-being. This suggests a need to improve the psychological well-being of middle-aged women by providing them with an environment where they can play social roles. One way to accomplish this is by linking retraining and life-long education-related activities to employment or volunteer activities. This study demonstrates the importance of the flow degree for the psychological well-being of middle-aged women. The results have important policy and theoretical implications.

Influence of Head Nurses' Transformational Leadership on Staff Nurse's Psychological Well-being, Stress and Somatization - Focused on the Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital - (수간호사의 변혁적 리더십이 일반간호사의 심리적 안녕감, 스트레스 및 신체화에 미치는 영향 - 긍정심리자본의 매개 효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Mi-Young;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.166-175
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship between transformational leadership by head nurses and positive psychological capital, psychological well-being, stress and somatization of staff nurses. Method: Participants in this study were 300 staff nurses in general hospitals located in G and B cities. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS Win 18.0 program. Result: The major findings were as follows; 1) There were positive influences of transformational leadership on positive psychological capital, psychological well-being, and a negative effect on stress. 2) Positive psychological capital had a positive influence on psychological well-being, and negative effects on stress and somatization. 3) In the analysis of the mediating role of the positive psychological capital, transformational leadership was shown to indirectly affect psychological well-being and stress through positive psychological capital. Conclusions: These findings suggest that transformational leadership has important influences on employees' psychological well-being and stress via employees' positive psychological capital. To enhance psychological well-being and reduce stress for nurses, it is important to develop not only the leadership of head nurses but also the positive psychological capital of staff nurses.

The Effects of Psychological Well-Being of Married Immigrant Women on Parenting Efficacy (여성 결혼이민자의 심리적 안녕감이 양육효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung Hee;Park, Ung Im
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of psychological well-being on married immigrant women's parenting efficacy. Methods: The participants consisted of 145 married immigrant mothers who were members of multi-cultural family support centers in Andong, Young-ju, Uiseung, and Munkyung cities in Gyeongsangbuk-do province. Results: The main results are as follows. First, the levels of language competence and education were significantly related to psychological well-being, suggesting that the level of language competence as well as the level of education could be main factors for psychological well-being. Further, numbers of children and monthly household income were significantly related to parenting efficacy. Second, psychological well-being was correlated with parenting efficacy of married immigrant women, demonstrating that psychological well-being was the most effective variable for parenting efficacy. Third, self-acceptance, environmental mastery, and personal growth in the psychological well-being significantly predicted parenting efficacy. Conclusion: These findings suggested that we should reconsider the importance of psychological well-being in supporting programs for parenting.

Family system types, Self-Differentiation and Psychological well-being of Adolesecnt (가족체계유형 및 자아분화와 청소년 후기 자녀의 심리적 안녕)

  • 이천숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.101-113
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate family system types, self-differentiation and psychological well-being of adolescent. The subjects were 248 male and 241 female students selected from 3 universities' freshmen to seniors. The instruments of measurement were the FACES Ⅲ, Self-Differentiation Scale and Well-Being and Life Satisfaction Scale. SAS program was used for data analysis, and the data analysis, and the data were verified by frequency, one-way ANOVA and multiple Regression. The main results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. There was a significant difference in psychological well-being of adolescent according to family system types. Adolescents of balanced families had the most psychological well-being. 2. There was a significant difference in self-differentiation of adolescent according to family system types. Adolescents of balanced families had the most self-differentiation. 3. There was a significant difference in psychological well-being of adolescent according to self-differentiation. The more th degree of self-differentiation is high, the more the psychological well-being is high. 4. The self-differentiation is the most significant factor of influence on psychological well-being of adolescent.

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The Effect of family stress on psychological well-being in middle-aged: mediating effects of family resilience and depression (중년기의 가족스트레스가 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향 : 가족탄력성과 우울의 매개효과)

  • Ryu, Jungnam;Lee, Jimin
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.3-22
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effects of family resilience and depression in a relation between family stress and psychological well-being among middle-aged. Method: The subjects were 409 of men and women between 40 to 59 living in D and G province. They completed the questionnaire on family stress, family resilience, depression, and psychological well-being. Correlation and structural equation models of SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 22.0 were used to examine the relations between the variables. Results: The results are as follows. First, family stress had no significant effect on psychological well-being of middle age men and women, while it directly influenced on family resilience and depression. Second, family resilience and depression had direct influence on psychological well-being. Third, there were significant mediating effects of family resilience and depression in a relationship between family stress and psychological well-being. Conclusions: Family stress has an indirect effect on psychological well-being among middle age men and women mediated by family resilience and depression. The result suggest that psychological well-being influenced by family stress can be improved by enhancing Family Resilience and reducing Depression.

The Pathways from Attachment to Children's Psychological Well-being : The Mediating Effects of Children's Ego-resilience and Peer Support (애착이 아동의 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향 : 자아탄력성과 친구지지의 매개 역할)

  • Ahn, Jee-Young;Oh, Mi-Kyoung;Kim, Ji-Shin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.63-79
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    • 2011
  • The aim of this study is to examine the pathways from attachment to children's psychological well-being in addition to the mediating role of children's ego-resilience and peer support. The participants, 297 fifth and sixth grade students from Seoul and other cities, completed questionnaires on attachment, ego-resilience, peer support and psychological well-being. Data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation coefficients, factor analysis, and path analysis. The findings are as follows. Attachment didn't appear to directly influence children's psychological well-being, but showed a number of indirect effects in two ways. First, attachment indirectly affected children's psychological well-being by ego-resilience as a simple form of mediation. Second, attachment influenced children's psychological well-being through children's ego-resilience and peer support as a dual mediation. Ego-resilience demonstrated the strongest effect on psychological well-being among all the factors examined. These results highlight the way in which children's personal internal resources play an important role in the pathways from attachment to their psychological well-being.

A Study on the Elderly Workers' Psychological Well-being - An Application of the Demand-Control-Support Model (경제 활동을 하는 남녀 노인의 삶의 질에 관한 탐색적 연구 - 요구-조절-지지 모델을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Yoon-Joo;Lee, Sook-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.127-141
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the differences of elderly workers' psychological well-being according to gender and explored the variables which account for their psychological well-being. Paid laborers aged 60 or older(eight-five men and nine-eight females) were interviewed. The psychological well-being of male workers was higher than that of the female workers. The control level of activity and family support were the variables that explained the psychological well-being of male paid workers. The higher the control level of activity was, and the more support given from family, the higher the psychological well-being scores they showed. Educational level, demand level of activity, and material reward determined the psychological well-being of female workers. The higher their educational level was, the lower the demand level of activity was, and the fewer rewards they received from paid work, the higher their psychological well-being was.