• Title, Summary, Keyword: psychological levels

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Family Stress, Work Stress and Psychological Well-being in Employed Men and Women (기혼 취업여성과 남성의 가족 및 직업 스트레스와 심리적 복지)

  • 이형실
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family stress on work stress and to examine the effects of family and work stress on psychological wellbeing in employed men and women. The analyses of the present study were based on a sample of 263 full-time employed men and 258 full-time employed women aged 30-49 in dual-earner families. There were significant gender differences in marital stress, parenting stress and psychological well-being with women reporting higher levels of stress. However, employed men and women experienced similar levels of work stress. The results from regression analyses showed that stress in the family domain contributed significantly to work stress. Both marital stress and parenting stress were significantly related to higher levels of work stress fro employed men and women. The findings of this study indicated that higher levels of marital stress and work stress were predictive of psychological well-being for men and women in dual-earner couples. Among employed women, marital stress and work stress were more highly related to psychological well-being than among employed men.

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Effects of Psychological Resistance on Smoking Behavior in Smoking Simulation Game (흡연 시뮬레이션 게임에서 흡연 행위에 대한 심리적 저항에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sang-Min;Jang, Han-Jin;Noh, Ghee-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Computer Game
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the level of realism of the game character provided in the smoking simulation game on user experience, such as psychological stress, psychological resistance, immersion, and awakening of the smoking behavior. The results showed that psychological stress, psychological resistance, arousal/awakening, and immersion were higher with higher levels of self-existence, and that psychological effects were associated with the levels of self-existence. It is expected that it will change the perception of smoking.

The Influence of Family Adaptability and Cohesion on Marriage Satisfaction and Distress of Married Couples (가족적응성, 응집성이 부부의 결혼만족도와 디스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • 고정자;김갑숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2000
  • This study was to identify the influence of family adaptability and cohesion on marriage satisfaction and distress of married couples. For the data 434 married couples Living in Pusan, Korea were chosen. The data were analyzed using M, SD, t-test, factor analysis, MANOVA, scheffe-test, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. The findings of this study are as follows; First, marital satisfaction is higher for husbands than wives. Physical and psychological distress are higher for wives than husbands. Second, married couples who perceived family adaptability to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction. And husbands who perceived family adaptability to be higher bevel are higher physical distress than other levels of adaptability. Third, husbands who perceived family cohesion to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction, and are lower psychological and physical distress than other levels of adaptability. Wives who perceived family cohesion to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction, and are lower psychological distress than other levels of adaptability. Fourth, for husbands, family adaptability, cohesion and marital satisfaction have significant direct effect on psychological and physical distress. Besides, family cohesion are indirectly associated with psychological and physical distress For wives, family cohesion and marital satisfaction have significant direct effect on psychological distress. Besides, family cohesion are indirectly associated with psychological and physical distress.

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Responses of the Child and Therapist in Child-Centered Play Therapy Regarding the Children's Problem Type, the Therapists' Levels of Psychological Burnout and the Process of Play Therapy (아동의 문제유형, 치료자의 심리적 소진 정도 및 놀이치료단계에 따른 아동중심놀이치료에서의 아동과 치료자 반응)

  • Lee, Haeng-Suk;Han, You-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.129-150
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    • 2012
  • This study examined difference in the responses of children and therapists depending on children's problem type(internalization or externalization) and the therapists' levels of psychological burnout. Play therapy' cases (March 2010 ~ September 2011) were successfully concluded in more than 36 sessions, which targeting 14 children aged 4~9 who had emotional and behavioral problems and two therapists who consulted with the children. To examine the change in the play therapy stepwise process in this case, the responses in the children and the therapists were examined by dividing the stages of therapy into the early stage, the middle stage, and the late stage. The Results showed that (1) the children's response during the play therapy process were not significant different for both types of children's problems. Moreover, there were no differences with different levels psychological burnout by the therapist. (2) A change in the children's response during the play therapy process was noted in both children who had internalization problem and in those who had externalization problems. Moreover, according to the therapist's levels of psychological burnout, a change in the children's responses was indicated in the play therapy process. (3) The therapist's responses in the play therapy process did not show significant difference according to children's problem type or therapists' levels of psychological burnout. (4) A significant difference was noted in the responses between the therapists experiencing psychological burnout depending on their level.

The Effects of Two Types of Parental Psychological Control on Dependency, Self-Criticism and Depression in Adolescents (부모의 심리적 통제유형이 청소년의 의존심, 자아비난 및 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Seong Yeon;Lee, Eun Gyoung;Song, Ju Hyun;Soenens, Bart
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.65-78
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    • 2008
  • This study examined whether parental psychological control influences adolescents' depressive feelings through personality features of dependency and self-criticism. Participants were 315 high school students (M=16 years) who completed questionnaires tapping two types of parental psychological control and student personality and depressive symptoms. Both girls and boys perceived equal levels of maternal and paternal separation-anxious psychological control. Boys perceived higher achievement- oriented psychological control of fathers than mothers; girls perceived equal levels of maternal and paternal achievement-oriented control. Structural relations between types of psychological control, personality features, and depressive symptoms were equivalent for both mothers and fathers and for both boys and girls. Results confirmed that separation-anxious and achievement-oriented control have negative effects on adolescents' adjustment through differential pathways; dependency and self-criticism, respectively.

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Psychological distress and fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) in infertile Korean women: The first validation study of Korean FertiQoL

  • Chi, Hee-Jun;Park, Il-Hae;Sun, Hong-Gil;Kim, Jae-Won;Lee, Kyeong-Ho
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.174-180
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    • 2016
  • Objective: To investigate psychological distress and fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) in infertile Korean women, and to investigate whether a correlation exists between psychological distress and FertiQoL. Methods: Participants in this study were made up of 141 infertile women and 65 fertile women. We conducted a survey on psychological distress (using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales [DASS]-42 questionnaire) and administered a FertiQoL questionnaire. The levels of stress hormones (adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH] and cortisol) in serum were assessed. Results: The scores for depression ($13.7{\pm}8.4$), anxiety ($10.7{\pm}6.4$), and stress ($18.0{\pm}8.3$) among the infertile women were significantly higher than the scores for depression ($9.4{\pm}7.5$), anxiety ($6.6{\pm}6.0$), and stress ($12.2{\pm}8.3$, p<0.001) among the fertile women. There was no difference in the scores for depression ($13.5{\pm}8.2$, $13.8{\pm}8.6$), anxiety ($10.0{\pm}6.2$, $11.5{\pm}6.6$) and stress ($17.7{\pm}8.4$, $18.4{\pm}8.1$) between younger (${\leq}34$) and older (${\geq}35$) participants. The mind-body (r =-0.495) and emotional (r =-0.590) subscales showed a higher negative correlation with stress compared with other scales of psychological distress. At the same time, the social (r =-0.537) and relational (r =-0.385) subscales showed a higher negative correlation with depression. Levels of cortisol and ACTH in infertile women were $9.1{\mu}g/mL$ and 11.9 pg/mL, respectively, which are within normal ranges. Conclusion: The levels of psychological distress and quality of life in infertile Korean women seem to require psychological intervention. This study provides a baseline measurement of psychological distress and FertiQoL in infertile women in Korea, which will be available for developing psychological interventions for infertile Korean women.

Children's Perceptions of Mothers' Psychological Control and Children's Behavior Problems : Moderator Effects of Children's Sex and Peer Acceptance (아동이 지각한 어머니의 심리통제와 아동의 행동문제 -아동의 성과 또래수용도의 중재효과에 대한 탐색-)

  • Chyung, Yun-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.205-223
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    • 2004
  • This study examined the relationships between children's perceptions of mothers' psychological control, and children's behavior problems(depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression). In order to expand the study on the relationships, special attention was given to the possible moderator effects of children's sex and peer acceptance on the relationships. The subjects were 272 6th graders residing in Seoul. It was found that children's perceptions of mothers' psychological control was significantly related with the levels of children's depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression. The results indicated that mothers' higher psychological control was related to higher levels of children's depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression. No significant sex difference was found in the relationship between children's perceptions of mothers' psychological control and children's behavior problems although all of the correlations between mothers' psychological control and each of the behavior problem variables were somewhat higher among boys than among girls. Children's perceptions of peer acceptance were found to be a significant moderator of the relationship between mothers' psychological control and children's depression, and of the relationship between mothers' psychological control and children's aggression. These findings indicated that peer acceptance could function as a protecting factor for children who perceive their mothers to be psychologically controlling.

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The Psychological Characteristics of the Unemployed, and the Negative Emotions and Behavioral Changes in Their Children (실직자의 심리적 특성과 자녀의 부정적 정서 및 행동 변화)

  • 천희영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.103-116
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the psychological characteristics of the unemployed, and their children's negative emotions and behavioral changes in the context of the increasing family dysfunction caused by the IMF economic crisis. The subjects were 184 public labor workers in Busan. They answered the questions about the psychological characteristics of themselves and their children, and their children's behavioral changes. Frequency analysis, $\chi$$^2$ test and logistic regression were used for data analyses. The results were as follows. The unemployed showed high levels of negative emotions and perceived their social supports as low. As well, they interpreted their quality of life as poor. They perceived their economic difficulty as high and the perception was influenced by negative emotions as well as the economic situation. Children of the unemployed showed middle levels of negative emotions, and positive and negative behavioral changes. These changes were influenced by their parent's psychological characteristics. In light of these results, psychological counseling services from social welfare centers are needed to be more actively supporting the families of the unemployed.

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The Comparative Analysis between the Demanded Cognitive Levels of Science Textbooks for the Sixth Graders and the Students' Psychological Difficulty with the Textbooks (초등 6학년 과학 교과서의 요구 인지 수준과 학생의 심리적 난이도 비교 분석)

  • Jeong, Eun Young;Jang, Myoung-Duk
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.356-366
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze whether the required cognitive levels of the current 6th graders' science textbooks conform to the children's cognitive levels and to examine the students' sensed psychological difficulty of the current science textbooks. The eighty five students (boy: 39, girl: 46) from one elementary school were participated in this study. The results of the study are as follows. First, the 2/3 out of the contents in the six graders' science textbooks require concrete level of operation and the 1/3 out of the contents in the textbooks requires the formal level of operation. So the 70% students at the concrete operational level are likely to undergo difficulties with the 1/3 contents in the textbooks. Second, the students' psychological difficulty on the science textbooks is relatively low (approximately two out of five points) and there is not any special pattern between the cognitive level of the textbooks and the students' psychological difficulty of the textbooks.

The Effect of Cognitive-Emotional Regulation, Emotional Self-Disclosure and Maternal Psychological Control on Depression among Adolescents (정서조절, 정서적 자기개방 및 어머니의 심리적 통제가 중·고등학생의 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, So A;Kang, Min Ju
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.61-77
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the influence of cognitive-emotional regulation, emotional self-disclosure and maternal psychological control on adolescent depression. The participants in this study consisted of 280 middle school students and 287 high school students in Gyung Gi Province, Korea. The results of this study were as follows. First, the high school students exhibited higher scores on depression than middle school students while there were no meaningful differences in maternal psychological control, cognitive-emotional regulation and emotional self-disclosure. Second, both middle and high school students' depression levels were positively associated with maternal psychological control and maladaptive cognitive-emotional regulation. Both middle and high school students' depression was negatively associated with emotional self-disclosure. Third, maladaptive cognitive-emotional regulation and maternal psychological control had a significant effect on both middle and high school students' depression levels, while emotional self-disclosure had a significant effect on high school students' depression only. In both age groups there was an interactive effect of maladaptive cognitive-emotional regulation and maternal psychological control on depression.