• Title, Summary, Keyword: psychological knowledge

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The analysis of structural relationships among authentic leadership, trust for leaders, psychological well-being, and knowledge sharing (진성 리더십, 상사 신뢰, 심리적 웰빙, 지식공유 간의 구조적 관계 분석)

  • Kwon, Sang-Jib;Chung, Jee Yong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2016
  • The main purpose of this study is to examine relations among authentic leadership, trust for leaders, psychological well-being, and knowledge sharing. Authentic leadership proposes positive and interactional approach between leaders and subordinates. Authentic leaders are aware of their values and belief, and they keep their personal goals and support their followers. Such behaviors boost psychological well-being, knowledge sharing, and trust for leaders. To analyze the framework proposed, survey data was collected from 164 employees of three companies. In particular, this study designed a robust research method by assessing model fit and avoiding common method bias issues. The empirical results of this study are as follows. Authentic leadership positively influences trust for leaders and psychological well-being. Trust for leaders is shown to have positive impacts on psychological well-being and knowledge sharing. In addition, followers' psychological well-being positively influences knowledge sharing activities. This study contributes to the comprehension of the structural relationships among authentic leadership, trust for leaders, psychological well-being, and knowledge sharing. The results suggest that authentic leadership and trust for leaders were key success factors of building positive mindset and capability of employees in the forms of psychological well-being and knowledge sharing activities.

Factors Associated with Psychological Characteristics in Patients with Hepatic Malignancy before Interventional Procedures

  • Wang, Zi-Xuan;Yuan, Chang-Qing;Guan, Jun;Liu, Si-Liang;Sun, Chun-Hui;Kim, Seong-Hwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.309-314
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    • 2012
  • Objective: To investigate the psychological characteristics of hepatic malignancy patients before interventional procedures and assess associations with related factors. Methods: Two hundred and thirteen patients requiring interventional procedure for hepatic malignancy were asked to complete a survey of health knowledge and psychological symptom on health knowledge questionnaire and SCL-90 before interventional procedure. Logistic regression analysis was employed to determine the association of various demographic, clinical and health knowledge factors with the presence of psychological symptoms in patients. Results: Eight psychological symptom scores, i.e. somatization, obsessive-compulsive tendencies, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobia, paranoid ideations and psychotic states, were significantly higher than the normal range (P< 0.001). Of 213 cases in the study, 49 families (23.00%) concealed the diagnoses of hepatic carcinoma from patients; 135 patients (63.38%) described the prognosis of the disease correctly. It was demonstrated that the correlations between psychological symptoms and related factors, i.e. age, gender, education, interventional procedure times and health knowledge, were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Psychological distress is severe in hepatic malignancy patients before interventional procedures. Age, gender, education, interventional procedure times and health knowledge are associated with psychological symptoms which are significant different from the normal range in Chinese.

The Effect of Team Members' Psychological Characteristics and Knowledge Network Characteristics among Team Members on Team Performance (팀 구성원의 심리적 다양성과 구성원 간 지식네트워크 특성이 팀 성과에 미치는 효과: 학습 분위기의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Yun-Ji;Kang, So-Ra
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the factors that facilitate knowledge creation of team with the aspect of knowledge management. We considered two characteristics which are team members' psychological characteristics (achievement needs and conflict emotion) and knowledge network characteristics among team members (internal cohesion and external bridging) and verified the relationship between these characteristics and team performance. Furthermore, we examined whether these characteristics have a different effect on team performance according to the mastery climate. This study performed a survey targeting team members in knowledge based firms and 376 final surveys to be used as a sample in this study. The result showed that team members' psychological characteristics and knowledge network characteristics among Team members have an influence on team performance significantly. In addition, the master climate moderated the relationship between team members' psychological characteristics and team performance.

The Effects of Knowledge Ownership on Knowledge Creation Attitudes (지식소유감이 지식생산태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Eun-Young;Kwahk, Kee-Young
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2017
  • The voluntary knowledge creation plays an important role in achieving competitive advantage in the organization from the perspective of knowledge management. Although many companies have introduced the Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) for this purpose, they have not gained the expected benefits from those systems. One of the reasons for that is KMS have not provided organization members with sufficient intrinsic motivation about knowledge creation, diffusion and application. Therefore, this study proposes a concept called psychological knowledge ownership as intrinsic motivation factor that facilitates knowledge creation and examines its antecedents and consequences. The research results show that reputation, self-efficacy, and expertise sharing have impacts on psychological knowledge ownership, which in turn influences knowledge creation attitude. In conclusion, we discuss both theoretical and practical implications of this research and suggest its limitations.

An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Employee's Knowledge Psychological Ownership and Knowledge Withholding Intention: Focused on Employee's Motivational Factors (구성원의 지식 심리적 주인의식과 지식공유 거부의도 간의 관계에 관한 실증연구: 구성원의 동기요인을 중심으로)

  • Heo, Myung Sook;Cheon, Myun Joong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.103-130
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    • 2016
  • Many organizations have paid less attention to knowledge withholding intention (KWI) rather than knowledge sharing. KWI is the likelihood that employees will give less than their full effort to contributing knowledge. KWI can be affected by employee's knowledge psychological ownership (KPO), cultural level (Individualism/collectivism: I/C), and altruism for organizational benefits. Also I/C is an important motivational factor that affects KPO and KWI closely. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between employee's KPO and KWI in the perspective of employee's motivational factors (I/C, altruism for organizational benefits). The results of analysis show that employee's KPO and collectivism are driving forces leading to KWI and that individualism is the significant influential factor of employee's KPO. For theoretical and practical contributions, the research presents the grounds for arguments that KPO and I/C are employee's psychological motivation for individual KWI and organizations trying to pay attention to employee's KPO and individualism need to decrease employee's KWI under individual, leader, and organizational dimensions. Limitations arisen in the course of the research and suggestions for future research directions are also discussed.

A Comparative Study on the Impact Factors and Moderator of Incentives of Knowledge Transfer Process in Organizations -Focused on Nonprofit Organization and Profit Organization- (조직내 지식이전 프로세스의 영향요인과 인센티브의 조절효과에 관한 비교연구 - 비영리조직과 영리조직을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Ju-Seon;Ko, Yoon-Jung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.259-287
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    • 2013
  • This study is to comparate on impact factors and moderator of incentives of knowledge transfer between Nonprofit and Profit organization. In nonprofit organization, the results founded that individual information capability, quality of knowledge, and quality of construct were statistically significant in knowledge acquisition, informal communication and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge sharing, and individual information capability, informal communication, quality of knowledge and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge use. Also interactive effect of knowledge sharing and Psychological Physical incentive was statistically significant knowledge use. In profit organization, the results founded that individual information capability, informal communication, quality of knowledge, and quality of construct were statistically significant in knowledge acquisition, quality of knowledge and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge sharing, and individual information capability, informal communication, and formal communication were statistically significant knowledge use. Also interactive effect of knowledge acquisition and Psychological Physical incentive was statistically significant knowledge use.

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Studies on AIDS(Acquired Immune Defficiency Syndrome) Preventive Educational Programs Intended for Domestic and Foreign Industrial Workers (국내외 산업장 근로자의 AIDS(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)예방교육을 위한 소고)

  • Jung Moon-Hee;Cho Chung Min
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.12-22
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    • 1996
  • Currently. exchanges of industrial workers between countries are more active than ever. and the problem of AIDS in connection with the operation of preventive educational programs has reached a point where the issue cannot be limited to native people alone any more. Based on such judgement. this research has been carried out to provide basic study materials by grasping the latent factors representing the difference between countries in the levels of right knowledge. attitude and behavior with respect to AIDS maintained by workers who have grown in different social and cultural living background. During the period from Apr. 1. 1995 to Jun. 30. questionnaires. written both in Korean and English, were distributed to Korean and Malaysian employees working at certain Korean video manufacturers. and the results of replies. given by 80 workers who were analyzed through matched sampling· method where ages and sex matched by country. were used as the research materials. The gathered materials were analyzed through the SPSS package t-test. ANOVA. factor analysis and multiple stepwise regression methods. and the following results were obtained. 1. The 2 extracted latent factors could be named 'common. social' knowledge factor and 'in-depth. psychological' knowledge factor respectively. 2. The percentile points of 'external. social' knowledge factor. in the case of Korean workers. howed 90.0 at average. a figure 13.75 points higher than those of Malaysian workers. 76.25. On the other hand. the percentile points of the 'in-depth. psychological'knowledge factor showed 70.80 at average in the case of Korean workers. a figure 7.47 points lower than those of Malaysian workers. 78.33. Meanwhile. the difference in percentile points between the 2 latent factors was 8.54 at average. indicating that the points of 'in-depth. psychological' knowledge factor was lower than those of the 'external. social' knowledge factor. 3. As for Korean workers. the percentile points of the 'in-depth. psychological' knowledge factor showed higher points in office workers than in non-office workers. and such variables exhibited in the position of workers can explain the $7\%$ of the latent factor. The percentile points of the 'in-depth. psychological' knowledge factors. in the case of Malaysian workers. showed higher points in groups who had religion than in groups who did not. and higher points in groups who obtained information from newspapers than in groups who obtained from televisions or other sources; and with these 2 variables. $26\%$ of this latent factor can be explained. The results. of analysis described so far suggest that while Korean workers possessed general level of knowledge on AIDS. they had low level of practical knowledge as far as its depth is concerned. and that they had social prejudice on patients as well as on the AIDS infection route. In addition. because the overall knowledge level of Malaysian workers. is lower than that of Korean workers. it suggests that separate programs intended for Malaysian workers are required prior to executing integrated programs.

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Effects of Sexual Abuse Prevention Education Program on Sexual Knowledge and Attitude among Elementary School Students

  • Lee, Yun Hee;Hwang, Won Ju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.132-143
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sexual abuse prevention education program linked to elementary physical and psychological development on sexual knowledge and attitude. Methods: The participants were the elementary school students of fifth and sixth grades in S city, South Korea (experimental, comparison, and control group=96, 96, and 74, respectively). The experimental group received sexual abuse prevention education linked physical and psychological development, 6 sessions (3 sessions are physical and psychological development educations and 3 other sessions are sexual abuse prevention educations). The comparison group received sexual abuse prevention educations, 3 sessions (the same curriculum of the experimental group). The control group didn't receive any sexual education. The data were analyzed by $x^2$ test and t-test, and ANOVA using the SPSS program. Results: The experimental group showed significantly better sexual knowledge and attitude than the comparison and control group. Conclusion: Sexual abuse prevention education program linked physical and psychological development is required for elementary school students, to improve the sexual knowledge and attitude.

The Effect of Message Framing Depending on Psychological Ownership: Focusing on Information Security Behavior in Online Service (심리적 소유감에 따른 메시지 프레이밍 효과: 온라인 서비스에서의 사용자 정보보안 행동을 중심으로)

  • Seo, Bong-Goon;Park, Do-Hyung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2018
  • As the online space becomes more active, interest in protecting personal information is increasing. From this point of view, it is important to prevent personal information from being leaked in advance. As a precaution, it is suggested that users change their password periodically to protect their personal information effectively. Currently, various online services provide a request message that prompts users to periodically change their password. These messages are expressed as positive-centric or negative-centric. This message can be seen as a powerful way to trigger users' behavior. In this context, this study suggests that message framing type can be applied to the password change request message, and to investigate the difference between the positive-centric message and the negative-centric message. In addition, this study concluded that the effect of message type may be different depending on the degree of psychological ownership of the individual on the online service. As a result, users with high psychological ownership in online service were more effective when positive-centric message was presented than negative-centric message. On the other hand, users with low psychological ownership in online service were more effective when negative-centric message was presented than positive-centric message.

The Effect of Authentic Leadership and Psychological Contract Breach on Organizational Cynicism: Focusing on the Moderated Mediation of Followers' Identification with the Leader

  • Kim, Yesung;Shin, Je-Goo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1-29
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    • 2017
  • This study sets out to verify the moderated mediation of followers' identification with the leader on the indirect effect of authentic leadership on organizational cynicism via psychological contract breach. A total of 279 responses from employees at companies with more than 500 employees and of diverse industries were used for analysis. Our findings showed that authentic leadership (X) had a negative indirect effect on organizational cynicism (Y) via psychological contract breach (M), and that this indirect effect was negatively moderated by identification with the leader, thereby identifying its role as a moderating mediator. Further verification revealed that the indirect effect ($X{\rightarrow}M{\rightarrow}Y$) was conditional upon the value of the moderating variable, where identification with the leader had a significant effect in the 25%, 50%, 75%, 90% levels, but not in the 10% level. The findings of this research empirically verified that greater exertion of authentic leadership lowers psychological contract breach among organization members and, consequently, organizational cynicism. In particular, this effect was stronger when the organization member identified him/herself more strongly with the leader. Our findings extend the body of knowledge on the relationship between authentic leadership and organizational cynicism and expands the possibilities for future research.