• Title, Summary, Keyword: pseudo-dynamic test

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Pseudo Dynamic Test for the Seismic Performance Enhancement of Circular RC Bridge Piers Retrofitted with Fibers (섬유보강 원형 철근콘크리트 교각의 내진성능 향상에 관한 유사동적 실험)

  • 정영수;박종협;박희상;조창백
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.180-189
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    • 2002
  • The objective of this experimental research is to assess the seismic performance of circular RC bridge pier specimens retrofitted with fibers which were designed as a prototype of Hagal bridge in the city of Suwon, Korea. Pseudo dynamic test has been done for four(4) test specimens which were nonseismically or seismically designed by the related provisions of the Korea roadway bridge design specification, and four nonseisemic test specimens retrofitted with fibers in the plastic hinge region. Glass and carbon fiber sheets were used for the seismic capacity enhancement of circular test specimens. Important test parameters were confinement steel ratio, load pattern, and retrofitting. The seismic behavior has been analyzed through the displacement ductility, energy analysis, and capacity spectrum. Approximate 7.7 ∼8.7 displacement ductility was observed for nonseismic test specimens retrofitted with fibers subjected to Korea Highway Cooperation artificial earthquake motions. It is concluded that these retrofitted test specimens could have sufficient seismic capacity in the region of moderate seismic zone.

The Comparision of Analysis Methods in dynamic Design of Dam based on Shaking Table tests (진동대시험에 근거한 댐의 내진설계시 해석 방법의 비교)

  • Hwang, Seong-Choon;Oh, Byung-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.732-737
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    • 2005
  • This paper performed pseudo static analysis and dynamic analysis for CFRD and evaluated reliability with the results of Shaking Table Test. The Seismic coefficient method, modified seismic coefficient method, Newmark method of Pseudo static analysis and frequency domain response analysis, time domain history analysis of dynamic analysis were used. The analysis results were differ between analysis method, but the trends of acceleration and displacement were good agreement with the results of shaking table test.

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The Pseudo-Dynamic Test for the Seismic Retrofit System Utilizing Existing Bridge Bearings (교량의 기존 받침을 활용하는 내진보강시스템의 유사동적 실험)

  • Kwahk, Im-Jong;Cho, Chang-Beck;Kim, Young-Jin;Kwark, Jong-Won
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2007
  • In this study, an approach that installs seismic isolation bearings was proposed for the seismic retrofit of the existing bridges. The method that replaces all existing bearings with seismic isolators was proposed already. However, in this study, we recommend to utilize the existing bearings for the benefit of safety and cost. According to our proposal, the seismic isolators do not support vertical loads but they Just function as the period shifter and the horizontal damper. To verify this approach experimentally, the real scale bearings and lead rubber bearings far the real highway bridges were designed and fabricated. And the responses of this isolated bridges to the assumed earthquakes were determined by the pseudo dynamic test scheme. The test results were also compared to the responses computed by the well known structural analysis software to check the reliability of the test. From the test results, we found that the retrofitted bridges using the proposed method showed stable performances under earthquakes.

Pseudo Dynamic Test Study on Seismic Performance Evaluation of RC Columns Retrofitted by PolyUrea (내진보강용 폴리우레아로 보강된 철근콘크리트 기둥의 내진성능 평가에 대한 유사동적실험 연구)

  • Cho, Chul Min;Lee, Doo Sung;Kim, Tae Kyun;Kim, Jang-Ho Jay
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.289-301
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    • 2017
  • As earthquakes have frequently happened all over the world, huge losses of human life and property have occurred. Therefore, retrofitting and strengthen technologies of non-seismically designed structures in Korea are urgent. Also, there has been a growing interest about seismic retrofitting, where researches on the topic have been actively pursued in Korea. The study results showed that ductility inducing retrofitting method is more superior stiffness inducing method. In Japan, Super Reinforcement with Flexibility (SRF) was introduced. Therefore, in this study, seismic performance evaluation was performed through pseudo dynamic test and uniaxial compression test for RC column retrofitted by PolyUrea for ductility inducing retrofitting material. Uniaxial compression test results showed that strength of all specimens retrofitted by PolyUrea was higher than that of RC specimens. Also, all specimens retrofitted by PolyUrea also showed ductile fracture behavior. In pseudo dynamic test, by appling real earthquake record, the seismic behavior of RC column reinforced by PolyUrea was evaluated through relative displacement, reinforcement strain, displacement ductility, and dissipation energy. The results showed that PolyUrea helped to enhance seismic performance of RC columns.

Seismic Performance Evaluation of Medium-and Low-rise R/C Buildings Strengthened with RCSF External Connection Method by Pseudo Dynamic Test (유사동적실험에 의한 RCSF 외부접합공법으로 내진보강 된 중·저층 철근콘크리트 건물의 내진성능 평가)

  • Lee, Kang-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2015
  • In this study, a new RCSF (Reinforced Concrete Steel Frame) external connection method is proposed for seismic strengthening of medium-and low-rise reinforced concrete buildings. The RCSF method, proposed in this study, is capable of carrying out the seismic retrofitting construction while residents can live inside structures. The method is one of the strength design approach by retrofit which can easily increase the ultimate lateral load capacity of concrete buildings controlled by shear. The pseudo-dynamic test, designed using a existing school building in Korea, was carried out in order to verify the seismic strengthening effects of the proposed method in terms of the maximum load carrying capacity and ductility. Test results revealed that the proposed RCSF strengthening method installed in RC frame enhanced conspicuously the strength and displacement capacities, and the method can resist markedly under the large scaled earthquake intensity level.

Evaluation of Curvature Analysis at RC Bridge Piers in an aspect ratio of 2.5 (형상비 2.5 RC 교각의 곡률분석평가)

  • 박창규;정영수;이은희;김영섭
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 2003
  • Before the implementation of the 1992 seismic design provisions in Korea, longitudinal steels of RC bridge piers were practically lap-spliced in the plastic hinge region. Experimental investigation was made to evaluate the seismic performance of RC bridge pier specimens in a flexure/shear mode. Six circular test specimens in an aspect ratio of 2.5 (600mm in diameter) were made with test parameters confinement ratio, lap splices, and retrofit FRP materials. They were damaged under a series of artificial earthquakes with 0.22g PGA, being compatible in Korean peninsula, through the pseudo-dynamic test. Probable damages were assessed by the Park and Ang damage index. Approximate 0.1 and 0.3 damage indices were obtained for RC specimens without lap splice and with lap splice, respectively. Directly after the pseudo-dynamic test, damaged test columns were laterally actuated under inelastic reversal cyclic loadings simultaneously under a constant axial load. Through curvature measurements, residual seismic performance was evaluated for test specimens. Test results show that RC pier specimens with lap-spliced appeared to fail at low ductility, but significant improvement was obtained for the ductility of these specimens if externally wrapped with FRP.

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Pseudo Dynamic Test for the Seismic Performance Evaluation of Circular RC Bridge Piers Retrofitted with Fibers (섬유보강 원형 RC교각의 내진성능 평가를 위한 유사동적실험)

  • 정영수;박종협;박희상
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구의 목적은 유사동적실험에 의한 섬유보강 원형 RC교각의 내진성능평가를 위한 연구로서 수원시에 위치한 내진교량인 하길교를 대상모델로 하였으며, 도로교 표준시방서의 내진설계규정이 적용되지 않은 비내진교각시험체 2본 및 내진성능향상을 위한 섬유보강시험 4본, 즉 총 6본에 대하여 유사동적실험을 수행하였다. 보강공법으로는 유리 탄소섬유 보강공법을 사용하였으며, 실험변수로는 입력지진동, 섬유고방유무로 하였다. 그리고 내진성능평가 방법은 입력 및 소산에너지, 변위 연성도가 분석되었다. 본 실험의 결과 유리 섬유로 보강된 비내진시험체의 변위연성도 KHC인공지진파에 대하여 7.7~9.0정도의 값으로 충분한 내진성능을 확보하고 있는 것으로 평가되었다.

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Thiele Small Parameters Estimation for Pseudo Loudspeaker within 10 mm Grade Circular-type Microspeaker (10 mm급 원형 마이크로스피커의 가상 스피커 TS 매개변수 규명)

  • Park, Seok-Tae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.1112-1118
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    • 2007
  • It was discussed to identify Thiele Small Parameters for Pseudo loudspeaker within 10mm grade microspeaker attached to closed-box using known dynamic mass of moving parts. Also, enhanced circuit model for vented-box micro speaker system was used to more accurately simulate electrical impedance curves for real vented-box microspeaker system and compared to test results. Consequently, it showed that micro speaker could be modeled by pseudo loudspeaker TS parameters similar to general loudspeaker. Vented-box microspeaker model with pseudo loudspeaker TS parameters was well suited to describe real microspeaker. Also, it was proposed to estimate volume of rear closed-box of microspeaker without design specifications.

Pseudo Dynamic Earthquake Response Tests on Steel Frames with Slit Plate Damper (슬릿형 댐퍼를 부착한 철골조 시스템의 가동적 지진응답실험)

  • Lee, Seung-Jae;Park, Jae-Seong;Oh, Sang-Hoon;Ryu, Hong-Sik
    • Proceeding of KASS Symposium
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to propose damper system which is easy to design, which can ensure against risks, and to verify earthquake response characteristics. For this study, the pseudo dynamic earthquake response tests carried out for steel frames with two types of seismic and vibration control device. As a result, in case of using the slit plate damper as a vibration control device proposed by this study, the damper having higher stiffness than main-structure turned to the state of plasticity by little displacement has been proved to be able to absorb earthquake energy.

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Structural Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Short Columns by Pseudo-Dynamic Test (유사동적실험을 이용한 철근콘크리트 단주실험에 관한 연구)

  • Min, Kyung-Min;Kim, Yong-In;Lee, Kang-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.73-76
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    • 2008
  • According to the survey of earthquake disaster, low-rise reinforced concrete building larger by the extent of damage and because of the underlying distribution of reinforced concrete structures more, it is very likely to be disasters. The purpose of this study is to discuss how strength and stiffness of each system in low-rise reinforced concrete buildings consisted of extremely brittle, shear and flexural failure lateral-load resisting systems have influence on seismic capacities of the overall system. Generally, if shear failure members including extremely brittle failure members are failed during an earthquake, the lateral-load resisting seismic capacities of RC buildings are lower rapidly, and if the seismic capacities of shear failure members were higher than that of flexural failure members, failures of shear failure members have influence on failures of the overall system. The result of this paper will provide pseudo-dynamic test of carried out to estimate the possibility of proposals.

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