• Title, Summary, Keyword: pseudo-dynamic test

Search Result 95, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

Post-earthquake capacity evaluation of R/C buildings based on pseudo-dynamic tests

  • Kang, Dae-Eon;Yi, Waon-Ho
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.91-105
    • /
    • 2006
  • In this paper, post-earthquake capacity evaluation method of reinforced concrete buildings was studied. Substructure pseudo-dynamic test and static loading test of first story column in a four-story R/C building was carried out in order to investigate the validity of the evaluation method proposed in the Damage Assessment Guideline (JBDPA 2001). In pseudo-dynamic test, different levels of damage were induced in the specimens by pre-loading, and input levels of seismic motion, at which the specimens reached to the ultimate stage, were examined. From the experimental result, no significant difference in damage levels such as residual crack width between the specimens under static and pseudo-dynamic loading was found. It is shown that the seismic capacity reduction factors ${\eta}$ can provide a reasonable estimation of post-earthquake seismic capacity of R/C buildings suffered earthquakes.

Correction of Pseudo-Dynamic Test by Equivalent Energy Compensation (등가에너지 보상을 통한 유사동적 실험의 보정)

  • Kim, Nam Sik;Lee, Sang Soon;Chung, Woo Jung;Lee, Dong Guen
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.12 no.4_1
    • /
    • pp.77-85
    • /
    • 1992
  • The Pseudo-dynamic test is a new experimental technique for simulating the earthquake response of structures or structural components in the time domain. It is especially efficient for testing specimens that are too large, heavy or strong to be tested on a shaking table. But, in general, the responses obtained in the Pseudo-dynamic test can be distorted by the experimental errors inevitably during control and measurement procedures. The studies are to investigate the effects of the experimental errors on the Pseudo-dynamic responses and apply a correction method to the Pseudo-dynamic testing algorithm. It is shown that the corrected responses using the equivalent energy compensation method are in a good correlation with the theoretical ones. Thus, the corrected Pseudo-dynamic responses could be reliable for evaluating the seismic performance of structural systems.

  • PDF

Seismic Performance of Concrete-Filled Steel Piers Part II: Pseudo-Dynamic Test and Residual Seismic Capacity (강합성교각의 내진성능평가 Part II: 유사동적실험 및 잔류내진성능 평가)

  • 조창빈;서진환;장승필
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.21-28
    • /
    • 2002
  • Ductile behavior and strength of concrete-filled steel(CFS) piers was supported by many quasi-static cyclic loading tests. This test method, however, only estimates the member′s deformation capacity under escalating and repetitive displacement and ignores dynamic and random aspects of an earthquake load. Therefore, to understand complete seismic behavior of the structure against an earthquake, dynamic tests such as shaking table test and pseudo-dynamic tests are required as well as quasi-static tests. In this paper, following "Seismic Performance of Concrete-Filled Steel Piers Part I : Quasi-Static Cyclic Loadint Test", the seismic behavior of CFS and steel piers designed for I-Soo overpass in Seoul in investigated by the pseudo-dynamic test. In addition, the residual strength of both piers after an earthquake is estimated by the quasi-static test. The results show that both piers have satisfactory ductility and strength against well-known EI Centro earthquake although the CFS pier has better strength and energy dissipation than the steel pier.

Research of Implicit a-C Method for Pseudo-Dynamic Test (유사동적 실험을 위한 Implicit a-C Method에 관한 연구)

  • 박종협
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.151-158
    • /
    • 2000
  • The use of unconditionally stable implicit time integration techniques for pseudo-dynamic tests has been recently proposed and advanced by several researchers such as Thewalt and Mahin Nakashima and Shing. The developed implicit algorithms are based on a-Method of Hugest et al. In this paper a concise summary and explanation of implicit method for Pseudo dynamic test is presented. Especially The a-C method developed by shing at al. has been in-depth evaluated for this study. Important parameters of the a-C method have been analyzed by the simulation test.

  • PDF

Evaluation on Seismic Performance of Limited Ductile RC Bridge Piers by Pseudo-Dynamic Test

  • Chung, Young-Soo;Park, Jong-Heob;Cho, Chang-Beck;Seo, Joo-Won
    • KCI Concrete Journal
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.3-9
    • /
    • 2001
  • Pseudo dynamic test for seven circular RC bridge piers has been carried out to investigate their seismic performance subjected to expected artificial earthquake motions. The objective of this experimental study is to investigate the hysteretic behavior of reinforced concrete bridge piers, which have been widely used for railway and urban transportation facilities. Important test parameters are confinement steel ratio, and input ground motion. The seismic behavior of circular RC bridge piers under artificial ground motions has been evaluated through displacement ductility, cumulative energy input, and dissipation capacity. It can be concluded that RC bridge piers designed in a limited ductile behavior provision of Eurocode 8 have been determined to show good seismic performance even under moderate artificial earthquakes.

  • PDF

Seismic Performance Evaluation of Existing RC Bridge Piers by Pseudo Dynamic Test (유사동적 실험에 의한 기존 RC 교각의 내진성능 평가)

  • 박종협
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.364-371
    • /
    • 2000
  • The pseudo dynamic test has been carried out so as to investigate the seismic performance of RC bridge piers strengthened with and without glass fiber sheets. The Lessons from severe demage of many infrastructures in Kobe(1995) and Northridge(1996) earthquakes have emphasized the need to develop the retrofit measures to enhance flexural strength, ductility and shear strength of RC bridge piers nonseismically designed before 1992. Therefore, the objective of this experimental research is to investigate the seismic behavior of circular reinforced concrete bridge piers by the pseudo dynamic test. and then to enhance the ductility of concrete piers strengthening with glass fiber sheets in the plastic hinge region. 7 circular RC bridge piers were made in a 1/3.4 scale. Important test parameters are confinement steel ratio, retrofitting. load pattern, etc. The seismic behavior of circular concrete piers under artificial ground motions has been evaluated through strength and stiffness degradation, energy dissipation. It can be concluded that existing bridge piers wrapped with glass fibers in the plastic hinge regions could have enough seismic performance.

  • PDF

Research on the Implicit Method for Pseudo-Dynamic Test (유사동적실험을 위한 내재적 방법에 관한 연구)

  • 박종협;조창백;정영수
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.617-622
    • /
    • 2000
  • The use of unconditionally stable implicit time integration techniques for pseudo-dynamic test has been recently proposed and advanced by several researchers such as Thewalt and Mahin, Nakashima and Shing, etc. The developed implicit algorithms are based on the $\alpha$-Method of Huges et al. In this paper, a concise summary and explanation of implicit method for Pseudo dynamic tese is presented. Especially, The $\alpha$-C method developed by shing et al. has been in-depth evaluated for this study. Important parameters of the $\alpha$-C method have been analyzed by the simulation test.

  • PDF

Pseudo-dynamic test of the steel frame - Shear wall with prefabricated floor structure

  • Han, Chun;Li, Qingning;Jiang, Weishan;Yin, Junhong;Yan, Lei
    • Steel and Composite Structures
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.431-445
    • /
    • 2016
  • Seismic behavior of new composite structural system with a fabricated floor was studied. A two-bay and three-story structural model with the scale ratio of 1/4 was consequently designed. Based on the proposed model, multiple factors including energy dissipation capacity, stiffness degradation and deformation performance were analyzed through equivalent single degree of freedom pseudo-dynamic test with different earthquake levels. The results show that, structural integrity as well as the effective transmission of the horizontal force can be ensured by additional X bracing at the bottom of the rigidity of the floor without concrete topping. It is proved that the cast-in-place floor in areas with high seismic intensity can be replaced by the prefabricated floor without pouring surface layer. The results provide a reliable theoretical basis for the seismic design of the similar structural systems in engineering application.

Pseudo-Dynamic Test for the Bridges Retrofitted with Laminated Rubber Bearings (적층고무받침으로 내진보강된 교량의 유사동적실험)

  • Kwak, Im-Jong;Cho, Chang-Beck;Han, Kyoung-Bong;Kim, Young-Jin;Kwak, Jong-Won
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.43-50
    • /
    • 2005
  • Many highway bridges in Korea need seismic retrofit because only one decade has passed since the seismic design criteria was introduced. For the highway bridges of which bearings are worn and dysfunctional, the validity of seismic retrofit method using laminated rubber bearings was discussed in this study. Real scale RC pier specimens without seismic details were constructed. And then, Pot bearing, Rubber bearing (RB), Lead-rubber bearing (LRB) were applied to these specimens. Through pseudo dynamic test method, dynamic behavior of these RC piers under earthquake was simulated and compared. From the test results, proposed seismic retrofit method was found to be valid.

Pseudo-Dynamic Test for Seismic Performance Evaluation of RC Bridge Piers (실물 철근콘크리트 교각의 유사동적 실험에 의한 내진성능 평가)

  • 박창규;박진영;정영수;조대연
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.250-257
    • /
    • 2002
  • Pseudo dynamic test is an on-line computer control method to achieve the realism of shaking table test with the economy and versatility of the conventional quasi-static approach Pseudo dynamic tests of six full-size RC bridge piers have been carried out to investigate their seismic performance. For the purpose of precise evaluation, the experimental investigation was conducted to study the seismic performance of the real size specimen, which is constructed for highway bridge piers in Korean peninsula. Since it is believed that Korea belongs to the moderate seismicity region, five test specimens were designed in accordance with limited ductility design concept. Another one test specimen was nonseismically designed according to a conventional code. Important test parameters were transverse reinforcement and lap splicing. Lap splicing was frequently used in the plastic hinge region of many bridge columns. Furthermore, the seismic design code is not present about lap splice in Korean Roadway Bridge Design Code. The results show that specimens designed according to the limited ductility design concept exhibit higher seismic resistance. Specimens with longitudinal steel lap splice in the plastic hinge region appeared to significantly fail at low ductility level.

  • PDF