• Title, Summary, Keyword: protein oxidation

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An evaluation of heat on protein oxidation of soy protein isolate or soy protein isolate mixed with soybean oil in vitro and its consequences on redox status of broilers at early age

  • Zhang, Xianglun;Lu, Peng;Xue, Wenyue;Wu, Dawei;Wen, Chao;Zhou, Yanmin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.8
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    • pp.1135-1142
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of heat treatment and soybean oil inclusion on protein oxidation of soy protein isolate (SPI) and of oxidized protein on redox status of broilers at an early age. Methods: SPI mixed with soybean oil (SPIO) heated at $100^{\circ}C$ for 8 h was used to evaluate protein oxidation of SPI. A total of two hundred and sixteen 1-day-old Arbor Acres chicks were divided into 3 groups with 6 replicates of 12 birds, receiving basal diet (CON), heat-oxidized SPI diet (HSPI) or mixture of SPI and 2% soybean oil diet (HSPIO) for 21 d, respectively. Results: Increased protein carbonyl, decreased protein sulfhydryl of SPI were observed as heating time increased in all treatments (p<0.05). Addition of 2% soybean oil increased protein carbonyl of SPI at 8 h heating (p<0.05). Dietary HSPI and HSPIO decreased the average daily gain of broilers as compared with the CON (p<0.05). Broilers fed HSPI and HSPIO exhibited decreased glutathione (GSH) in serum, catalase activity and total sulfhydryl in liver and increased malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl in serum, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) in liver and protein carbonyl in jejunal mucosa as compared with that of the CON (p<0.05). Additionally, broilers receiving HSPIO showed decreased glutathione peroxidase activity (GSH-Px) in serum, GSH and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity in liver, GSH-Px activity in duodenal mucosa, GSH-Px activity and superoxide anion radical scavenging capacity in jejunal mucosa and increased AOPPs in serum, MDA and protein carbonyl in liver, MDA and AOPPs in jejunal mucosa (p<0.05). Conclusion: Protein oxidation of SPI can be induced by heat and soybean oil and oxidized protein resulted in redox imbalance in broilers at an early age.

Protective Ability of Ethanol Extracts of Hypericum scabroides Robson & Poulter and Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra against Protein Oxidation and DNA Damage

  • Kizil, Goksel;Kizil, Murat;Ceken, Bircan
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 2009
  • The present study was conducted to determine the protective ability of the ethanol extracts of Hypericum scabroides Robson & Poulter (HS) and Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra (HT) against the protein oxidation and DNA damage induced by Fenton system. The ability of HS and HT to prevent oxidative damage to bovine serum albumin (BSA) induced by $Fe^{3+}/H_2O_2$ and ascorbic acid was investigated. The ethanol extracts of HS and HT at different concentrations ($50-1,000{\mu}g/mL$) efficiently prevented protein oxidation induced by hydroxy radical as assayed by protein oxidation markers including protein carbonyl formation (PCO) and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The effect of ethanol extracts of HS and HT on DNA cleavage induced by UV-photholysis of $H_2O_2$ using pBluescript M13+ plasmid DNA were investigated. These extracts significantly inhibited DNA damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Therefore, HS and HT extracts may be useful in the food industry as effective synthetic antioxidants.

Comparison of Butylated Hydroxytoluene, Ascorbic Acid, and Clove Extract as Antioxidants in Fresh Beef Patties at Refrigerated Storage

  • Zahid, Md. Ashrafuzzaman;Seo, Jin-Kyu;Parvin, Rashida;Ko, Jonghyun;Yang, Han-Sul
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.768-779
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    • 2019
  • This study was performed to assess the comparison of the effects amongst butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), clove extract (CE), and ascorbic acid (AA) as antioxidants on the oxidative stability and color values in fresh beef patties. The adding of BHT, AA, and CE to patties significantly restrained lipid oxidation, lowered hue angle as color value, and expanded redness and chroma values of fresh beef patties in comparison to the control (p<0.05). BHT and AA significantly led to impede the protein oxidation of patties by lowering carbonyl content (p<0.05). CE had no negative effect on protein oxidation. The antioxidant effects of BHT, AA, and CE were obviously manifested. Nonetheless, BHT, AA, and CE appeared to have insignificant difference of each other for lowering the protein oxidation at the end of storage. BHT and CE represented lowered lipid oxidation in comparison to AA. The antioxidant effects of BHT, AA, and CE on lipid oxidation were more marked than the effects on protein oxidation. Furthermore, CE as a natural antioxidant evinced the efficiency in oxidative stability and color stability in fresh beef patties. The study implied that CE could substitute the use of BHT and AA when making beef patties during storage.

Effect of Persimmon Peel (Diospyros kaki Thumb.) Extracts on Lipid and Protein Oxidation of Raw Ground Pork During Refrigerated Storage

  • Choe, Ju-Hui;Kim, Hack-Youn;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.254-263
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    • 2017
  • The inhibition effect of persimmon peel extracts (PPE) (0.05(PPE-0.05), 0.1(PPE-0.1), and 0.2 g(PPE-0.2) per meat sample) on lipid and protein oxidation of pork patties during chilled storage for 12 days were investigated and compared to ascorbic acid (As-0.05) and butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) (BHT-0.01). The meat samples treated with PPE had greater (p<0.05) $a^*$ values comparing control in raw pork patties meat from day 4 of storage. The addition of PPE at all concentrations on meat samples effectively inhibited the formation of oxidation products as shown by decreasing conjugated dienes (CD), peroxide values (POVs), thiobarbituric acid reaction substances (TBARS), and carbonyl content during chilled storage for 12 d. The PPE-0.2 and BHT-0.01 had the lowest in decrease rate of free thiol content (0.24 and 0.22 times) during chilled storage. Therefore, results of this study suggest that PPE can be considered a potential antioxidant against lipid and protein oxidation of raw meat products.

S-Thiolation and Oxidation of Glycogen Phosphorylase b and Peroxidation of Liposome Initiated by Free Radical Species

  • Lee, Kyu-Sun;Lee, Hyung-Min;Park, Young-Mee;Chang, Byeong-Doo;Chung, Tae-Young;Choi, Eun-Mi
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 1996
  • The relationship of S-thiolation and oxidation of glycogen phosphorylase b and peroxidation of phosphatidyl choline liposome by xanthine oxidase (XOD), 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) hydrochloride (AAPH), and 2,2'-azobis(dimethylvaleronitrile) (AMVN)-generated free radicals was investigated, Glycogen phosphorylase b was S-thiolated in the presence of glutathione and oxidized in the absence of it by XOD, AAPH and AMVN. In XOD-initiated reaction, the rates of S-thiolation and oxidation of phosphorylase were very similar and addition of liposome to the reaction mixture showed little inhibition of the modifications. In AAPH-initiated reaction, the rate of oxidation was higher than that of S-thiolation and addition of liposome increased oxidation of the protein but had no effect on S-thiolation. In AMVN-initiated reaction, S-thiolation was higher than oxidation and addition of liposome increased S-thiolation remarkably but showed no effect on oxidation. The effect of liposome on modifications of protein in AAPH and AMVN reaction seemed to be caused by certain reactive degradation products or intermediates of liposome by free radical attack. Peroxidation of liposome was not observed in XOD-initiated reaction. Liposome was gradually peroxidized by AAPH reaction. The peroxidation was inhibited by addition of GSH and phosphorylase. Peroxidation of liposome by AMVN was extreamly fast, and was not affected by GSH and phosphorylase.

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Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Protective Ability of Methanolic Extract from Duchesnea indica Against Protein Oxidation and DNA Damage

  • Hu, Weicheng;Shen, Wei;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.277-282
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    • 2009
  • The antioxidant potency of methanolic extract of Duchesnea indica (MDI; Indian strawberry) was investigated by employing various established in vitro systems, such as total phenolic content, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, metal chelating assay, superoxide radical scavenging activity and protective ability of DNA damage and protein oxidation. MDI inhibited metal chelating by 75.57% at 2 mg/mL, scavenged 50% DPPH free radical at 29.13 ${\mu}$g/mL, and eliminated approximately 46.21% superoxide radical at the concentration of 1 mg/mL. In addition, MDI showed strong ability on reducing power, DNA damage protection and protein oxidation protection. Overall, results suggested that MDI might be beneficial as a potent antioxidant and effectively employed as an ingredient in food applications.

The Role of Meat Protein in Generation of Oxidative Stress and Pathophysiology of Metabolic Syndromes

  • Ahmad, Muhammad Ijaz;Ijaz, Muhammad Umair;Haq, Ijaz ul;Li, Chunbao
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2020
  • Various processing methods have a great impact on the physiochemical and nutritional properties of meat that are of health concern. Hence, the postmortem processing of meat by different methods is likely to intensify the potential effects on protein oxidation. The influence of meat protein oxidation on the modulation of the systemic redox status and underlying mechanism is well known. However, the effects of processed meat proteins isolated from different sources on gut microbiota, oxidative stress biomarkers, and metabolomic markers associated with metabolic syndromes are of growing interest. The application of advanced methodological approaches based on OMICS, and mass spectrometric technologies has enabled to better understand the molecular basis of the effect of processed meat oxidation on human health and the aging process. Animal studies indicate the involvement of dietary proteins isolated from different sources on health disorders, which emphasizes the impact of processed meat protein on the richness of bacterial taxa such as (Mucispirillum, Oscillibacter), accompanied by increased expression of lipogenic genes. This review explores the most recent evidences on meat processing techniques, meat protein oxidation, underlying mechanisms, and their potential effects on nutritional value, gut microbiota composition and possible implications on human health.

Effect of Protein and Degree of Oxidation on Viscoelastic Behavior of Corn Starch Gel (산화정도와 단백질 첨가에 따른 산화 옥수수 전분 겔의 유동특성)

  • 한진숙;박귀선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.1046-1052
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    • 2003
  • Viscoelastic behavior of oxidized starch gel, modified with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and the adding effects of protein in oxidized starch gel was studied by dynamic viscoelastic measurement. The storage modulus(G′) of starch gel increased with the increase of starch concentration. They showed higher value when starch suspension was treated to 95$^{\circ}C$ rather than 85$^{\circ}C$. Consistency of starch gel was decreased over 1.0% active Cl/g starch when heated to 95$^{\circ}C$, which means that the swelling of starch granules increased with concentration of NaOCl and showed more sensitive against shear. As the extent of oxidation increased, starch granules were easily destroyed. Therefore, it is hard to separate between compartment of leached-out amylose and that of amylopectin, which means that the ability of gel formation was reduced. When oxidized starches were gelatinized in presence of soy protein and sodium caseinate, it was found that G′ decreased, and frequency dependence of G′ and G" increased with the increased degree of oxidation in starch. The reduce of starch-protein interaction was thought to be through the dissociation of the branched amylopectin, which playa leading role in protein interaction, with the oxidation of starch.

Simulation of the Effect of Protein Quality at the Different Protein Intake Level on Protein Metabolism (각기 다른 단백질섭취 수준에서 본 식이단백질의 질이 단백질대사에 미치는 영향 -Simulation Model을 이용하여-)

  • 이옥희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.1033-1048
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    • 1993
  • This study was designed to describe the effect of the protein quality at different intake level of protein on the protein metabolism in the whole body of growing pigs with a simulation model. Varying to the protein level in feeds, four simulations were conducted. The feed protein level, represented as proportions of digestible protein to the metabolic energy (DP/ME, g/MJ), were 6-8, 11-13, 17-19, and 23-25 DP/ME, respectively. Two protein quality and six weeks of growth time were used at each simulation. The objective function for the simulations was protein deposition in the whole body, which was calculated from the experimental results. The parameters in the simulation were determined by the parameter estimation technique. The results obtained from the simulation were as follows: The protein synthesis and breakdown rates(g/day) in the whole body was increased with the increase of protein quality only at lower or required level of protein intake. They showed a parallel behavior in the course of growth, irrespective of quality and level of feed protein intake. The simulated protein deposition and protein synthesis showed a linear relationship between them at different protein quality and level. The affinity parameter showed a linear relationship between them at different protein quality and level. The affinity parameter showed that arginine, tryptophan and isoleucine were more efficient in the stimulation ofbody protein synthesis. Lysine and phenylalanine+tyrosine were less efficient. The oxidation parameter showed that histidine, pheyalanine+tyrosine were less efficient. The oxidation parameter showed that histidine, phenyalanine+tyrosine, and methionine+cystine were oxidized in larger magnitude than lysine and threonine. The oxidation parameter of most amino acids increased with the increase of protein intake beyond the requirement level, but not any more at highest protein intake level. Finally it was found that the improvement of feed protein quality at the lower or required level of protein intake increase protein deposition through a parallel increase of protein synthesis and breakdown.

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Inhibition of lipid and protein oxidation in raw ground pork by Terminalia arjuna fruit extract during refrigerated storage

  • Chauhan, Pranav;Pradhan, Soubhagya Ranjan;Das, Annada;Nanda, Pramod Kumar;Bandyopadhyay, Samiran;Das, Arun K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.265-273
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    • 2019
  • Objective: Terminalia arjuna plant, specially its leaves, bark, and roots, are widely used in traditional herbal medicine due to presence of bioactive components and being a rich source of natural antioxidants. But its fruit has not been used for any such purposes despite its potential to retard oxidation. Hence, the antioxidant potential of Arjuna fruit extract (AFE) in retarding lipid and protein oxidation of raw ground pork was evaluated during refrigerated storage for 9 days. Methods: The AFEs were prepared using different solvents viz. ethanol (EH), water, ethanol: water (60:40) and methanol:hot water (60:40). The AFEs were analysed for total phenolic content (TPC), 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity and reducing power. Water extract (WE) and ethanol-water extract (EH-WE) were selected and incorporated at 1.0% into freshly minced pork meat and compared with a synthetic antioxidant, in retarding lipid and protein oxidation during storage. Results: The TPC in AFEs using different solvents ranged from 11.04 to 16.53 mg gallic acid equivalents/g and extracts exhibited appreciable scavenging activity ranging from 50.02% to 58.62%. Arjuna extracts significantly (p<0.05) improved the colour score of meat samples by reducing the formation of metmyoglobin during storage. Both the AFEs (WE and EH-WE) significantly (p<0.05) lowered the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances value, peroxide formation and formation of protein carbonyls in raw pork than control sample during storage. Upon sensory evaluation of all samples, it was found that AFE treatment could prolong the storage period of meat samples, without influencing the colour and odour score, up to 6 days. Conclusion: AFEs used at 1% improved the oxidative stability, colour and odour score and prolonged the refrigerated shelf life of ground pork up 6 days. Therefore, AFE could be explored as an alternative natural antioxidant in retarding lipid and protein oxidation in meat products.