• Title, Summary, Keyword: protective action

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A Study of Previous Prevention Activity in Dignitary Protection (요인 신변보호의 사전 예방작용에 관한 연구 - 사전 안전활동을 중심으로 -)

  • Yang, Jae-Yul
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.3
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    • pp.145-174
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    • 2000
  • Protection activity is divided by the security measures of preventive action and immediately protective reaction in case of emergency situation. The purpose of this study is to emphasis the importance of prevention when providing security for protectees. What I suggested in this thesis is summarized below. Chapter I which sets out purpose, concept, general remarks are followed 3 steps for conducting security action by Chapter II. Chapter III concerns the classification, security technic of preventive action. Classified involving security information, security action, security measures. It is followed site survey, security plan, detailed procedures, coordinative meeting, previous security action, protective action, review meeting by protective technic. Chapter IV consider effective counter plan method of preventive action. Chater V, conclusion.

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A Study on Adequacy Assessment of Protective Action Distance in Hazardous Chemical Accident by AERMOD Modeling (AERMOD 모델링 분석을 통한 유해화학물질 누출사고 시 방호활동거리의 적정성 평가연구)

  • Lim, Chea-Hyun;Doh, Sang-Hyeun
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2015
  • In Korea, The protective action distance based on Canada's ERG has been adopted for safety of residents in case of hazardous chemicals leakage accident. However, it couldn't respond properly on the accidents because of geographical and meteorological differences between two nations. In this study, It was found that the protective action distance varies depending on season and terrain, Through AERMOD modeling analysis for the petrochemical complex reflected local geographical data and meteorological conditions.

A Study on Korean Golfers' Sun Protective Behavior and Their Intention to Buy UV-protective Clothing (국내 골퍼들의 햇빛차단 행동 및 자외선차단 의복에 대한 태도 조사)

  • Sung Heewon;Jeon Yangjin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to find factors affecting sun protective behavior and intention to buy UV-protective clothing among Korean golfers. Health belief (HB) model and diffusion theory(DT) were used for the study. Dependent variable of HB model was sun protective behaviors (SPBs) and dependent variable of DT model was intention to buy (ITB) UV-protective clothing. Independent variables for HB model were cancer perception, perceived benefits, behavioral/psychological barriers and cues to actions, while independent variables of DT model were relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, friability, and observability, besides demographic variables. Perceived benefits and cues to action variables in addition to gender and age were significant determinants of SPB for Korean golfers. Also, relative advantage and compatibility. behavioral barriers and cues to action were significant in affecting intention to buy UV-protective clothes. Both HB model and extended DT model were useful to predict sun protective behavior of Korean golfers.

Improvement of Damage Range Calculation for First Response to Chemical Accidents (화학사고의 일차 대응을 위한 피해영향범위 산정 개선 방안)

  • Lee, Deok Jae;Ahn, Jae-Hyun;Song, Chang Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2017
  • Calculation of the damage impact of chemical accidents is an important element in site, and the initial isolation distance and the protective action distances are significant factors in coping the chemical accident. In this study, three major cities that represent each Province were selected, and the safety distances were calculated considering regional climate conditions. The results were compared with the prescribed values in Emergency Response Guidebook. It is concluded that the regional meteorological conditions such as temperature, vapour pressure, relative humidity, wind speed, and cloud cover should be reflected in estimating the initial isolation distance and the protective action distance.

A Study on the Causes of Information Privacy Concerns and Protective Responses in e-Commerce: Focusing on the Principal-Agent Theory (전자상거래에서 정보 프라이버시 염려를 유발하는 원인과 보호반응에 관한 연구: 주인-대리인 이론을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jongki;Kim, Jinsung
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.119-145
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    • 2014
  • Under the premise that information privacy concerns can atrophy e-commerce by causing particular behaviors of Internet users, this study focused on exploring the causes of information privacy concerns, the related information privacy protective responses of Internet users, and measures for alleviating the information privacy concerns. This study is based on the 'principal-agent theory,' and established the following as factors that cause information privacy concerns of Internet users: perceived information non-transparency; perceived action uncertainty. Also, the information privacy concerns caused by the factors were established as the cause of information privacy protective responses of Internet users. Also, the concept of 'signaling' and 'incentive,' which were presented to solve the adverse selection and moral hazard issue in the host-agent theory, was introduced to establish the following as factors that alleviate information privacy concerns: trust; informativeness. Those factors were included in the research model to conduct an empirical analysis. The analysis has revealed that both the perceived information non-transparency (p<0.01) and perceived action uncertainty (p<0.01) as to websites had a significant impact on information privacy concerns. Also, information privacy concerns of Internet users (p<0.01) had a significant impact on their information privacy protective responses who strive to protect their personal information. In addition, when trust and informativeness, which were established as factors that can alleviate information privacy concerns, were empirically analyzed, trust and informativeness had the effect of alleviating information privacy concerns. Based on the findings, the following was confirmed: Boosting the trust of Internet users in websites and offering useful information related to personal data can play a key role in alleviating the information privacy concerns of Internet users.

Factors Influencing Protective Behavior against Radiation Exposure of Radiological Technologist in Computed Tomography Examination Room (전산화단층촬영검사실 방사선사의 방사선피폭 방어행위에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Jeong;Jung, Hong-Ryang;Hong, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.581-586
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to analyze factors Influencing Protective Behavior against Radiation Exposure using questionnaires for 231 radiological technologists working in Computed Tomography(CT) examination room with high radiation dose in diagnostic radiology field. Statistical analysis of the collected data revealed that the reasons for partially shielding the examination part in the CT scan were the lack of protective equipment, securing of radiation justification, being annoying and maybe not being harm to adults in order. It was also revealed that the variables influencing the protective behavior were protective behavior against radiation harm, self-efficacy, protective environment, organization culture, protective knowledge and protective instrument in order. The higher the radiological protective environment(${\beta}=0.245$) and the lower the radiological protective knowledge(${\beta}=-0.034$), the more influential the protective behavior against radiation harm was. In this study, it was shown that non examination parts were not shielded in the CT scan. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the level of protective environment, to cultivate knowledge to improve the protective behavior against radiation harm and to have an intervention strategy for concrete action.

The Associated Factors of Protective Behaviors for Radiation Exposure based on Health Belief Model Honam Province Radiologic Technologists (건강신념모델을 적용한 호남지역 방사선사의 방사선 방어행위 수행도 관련 요인)

  • Yoon, Yo-Sang;Ryu, So-Yeon;Park, Jong;Choi, Seong-Woo;Oh, Hye-Jong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.96-107
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to identify the associated factors of protective behaviors for radiation exposure among some radiology technologists using the Health Belief Model. The subjects of the study were 541 radiology technologists working at hospitals or clinics in Honam Province. Using the SPSS version 18.0 program, data were analyzed using a t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis. To modify the factors, the performance of subjects who had a higher level of education and nuclear medicine rooms were higher than those who worked in simple radiography rooms. The radiation protective behaviors performance of the subjects who had more exercise, medium-level stress, and worked in higher-quality protection facilities was higher. Regarding the personal perceptions, the cues to action (β=.292, p=.0001), and perceived seriousness (β =.075, p=.010) were factors that had effects on the performance of radiation protection behaviors. Regarding the likelihood of action, the benefits (β=.168, p<.0001), self-efficacy (β=.148, p=.007), and the performance of protective behaviors were higher. In conclusion, protection education as a cue to action should be provided to stimulate protective behaviors, and the benefits of protective behaviors should be emphasized. To increase the performance of protection behaviors, self-efficacy should be enhanced, and the subjects are offered appropriate information that helps perceive seriousness.

A Study on UV Protective Clothing - An Emphasis on Outdoor Sports Consumers - (자외선 차단 의복에 대한 소비자 조사 -아웃도어 스포츠웨어를 중심으로-)

  • Sung, Hee-Won;Jeon, Yang-Jin;Park, Hye-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.1136-1145
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this study was to determine factors affecting sun protective behavior and intention to buy UV protective clothing among outdoor sport persons in Korea. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to mountain climbers, bikers and in-line skaters with a convenience sampling method. Two theoretical frameworks, health belief(HB) model and diffusion theory(DT) were used for the study. Based on HB model, sun protection behaviors(SPBs) were associated with cancer perception, perceived benefits, behavioral barriers and cues to actions based on the HB model. Based on DT model, intention to buy (ITB) was determined by an individual's perceived attributes of UV protective shirt. Appearance concern variables were added to the extended HB model. The extended DT model was proposed by adding the variables in the HB model and variables of appearance concern. Multiple regression analysis was applied. Results were as follows. First, perceived benefits, behavioral barriers, cues to action, and all three appearance concern variables as well as gender and age were significant determinants of SPB for Korean outdoor consumers. Second, relative advantage, compatibility, friability, behavioral barriers and cues to action with some appearance concern variables were significant in affecting intention to buy UV protective clothes. Extended HB model and extended DT model were useful to understand SPBs of Korean outdoor consumers.

A Study on Scuffing and the Formation of the Protective Layers Based on Dual Film Formation (이중보호막 모델을 이용한 보호막의 형성과 표면파괴에 관한 연구)

  • 이영제
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 1992
  • rate of growth of "protective" films of oxides and compounds derived from the lubricant. The protection afforded by the films is strongly dependent on lubricant and steel composition, initial composite surface roughness and the load/speed sequence or history in the early stages of sliding. The protective films, formed by chemical and mechanical action between lubricant and mating surfaces, delayed the surface roughening and offered higher load capacity. Given the great number of variables involved it is not possible to follow more than a few of the chemical changes on surfaces at the end of experiments. Ellipsometry was therefore used to monitor the formation and loss of dual protective films in real time, and also to find the effect of protective films on scuffing and break-in depending on lubricant conditions.