• Title, Summary, Keyword: promoter activity

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Differential Expression of Arabidopsis Cab Promoters in Organs of Transformed Tobacco Plants (형질전환된 담배식물체의 기관에 따른 Arabidopsis Cab Promoter의 차별적 실험)

  • 홍순조
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 1992
  • Differential expression of the three chlorophyll afb binding (cab) protein gene (cabl, cab2, and cab3) promoters of Arabidopsis thaliana was studied in tobacco plants transformed with cab-CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) translational fusions. CAT activity was measured to monitor the activities of the cab promoters. The activity of cabi promoter was higher than the other two in transformed tobacco leaves and also in calli and shoots derived from the leaves. Their activities were organ-specific and were the lowest in roots, medium in stems, and the highest in leaves. The relative activity of cabi promoter in stems comparing to it activity in leaves was, however, much higher than the values of cab2 and cab3. When the cab promoter activity was expressed as CAT activity per unit chlorophyll instead of CAT activity per unit protein, the relative cab] promoter activity (stem/leaf) became almost unity. This result suggests that cab2 and cab3 show photosynthetic organ-specificity but cabl does not. Similar result was obtained in the differentiation process of stems and leaves from shoots derived from the transgenic tobacco leaves.leaves.

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Identification of Endothelial Specific Region in the Intracellular Adhesion Molecule-2 (ICAM2) Promoter of Miniature Pig

  • Jang, Hoon;Jang, Won-Gu;Kim, Dong Un;Kim, Eun-Jung;Hwang, Sung Soo;Oh, Keon Bong;Lee, Jeong-Woong
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2012
  • The shortage of human organs for transplantation has induced the research on the possibility of using animal as porcine. However, pig to human transplantation as known as xeno-transplantation has major problem as immunorejection. Recently, the solutions of pig to human xenotransplantation are commonly mentioned as having a genetically modification which include alpha 1, 3 galatosyl transferase knockout (GTKO) and immune-suppressing gene transgenic model. Unfortunately, the expression level of transgenic gene is very low activity. Therefore, development of gene overexpression system is the most urgent issue. Also, the tissue specific overexpression system is very important. Because most blood vessels are endothelial cells, establishment of the endothelial-specific promoter is attractive candidates for the introduction of suppressing immunorejection. In this study, we focus the ICAM2 promoter which has endothelial-specific regulatory region. To detect the regulatory region of ICAM2 promoter, we cloned 3.7 kb size mini-pig ICAM2 promoter. We conduct serial deletion of 5' flanking region of mini-pig ICAM2 promoter then selected promoter size as 1 kb, 1.5 kb, 2 kb, 2.5 kb, and 3 kb. To analyze promoter activity, luciferase assay system was conducted among these vectors and compare endothelial activity with epithelial cells. The reporter gene assay revealed that ICAM2 promoter has critical activity in endothelial cells (CPAE) and 1 kb size of ICAM2 promoter activity was significantly increased. Taken together, our studies suggest that mini-pig ICMA2 promoter is endothelial cell specific overexpression promoter and among above all size of promoters, 1 kb size promoter is optimal candidate to overcome the vascular immunorejection in pig to human xenotransplantation.

Expression of Cinnamic Acid 4-Hydroxylase Chimeric Gene fused with Sesquiterpene Cyclase Promoter from Hot Pepper in Tobacco (고추의 sesquiterpene cyclase promoter-cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase chimeric gene의 담배에서 발현)

  • 이경민;윤용휘;김길웅;이인중;신동현
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.657-663
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    • 2004
  • Tobacco transformants harboring cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase gene (C4H) fused with susquiterpene cyclase promoter was developed in order to regulate biosynthesis of phenolic compounds by the expression of the introduced gene. Twenty transformants for each specific promoter were used to analyze the incorporation of the chimeric genes by PCR and Southern blot analysis. PCR products of NPTII(neomycin phosphotransferase) gene (553bp) were detected in the transgenic tobacco plants. The incorporation of the chimeric gene was confirmed in the Southern blot analysis. C4H activity in the transgenic plants was elevated by UV-irradiation and its level was higher compared to that of control plants.

Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Stimulate CYP3A4 Proximal Promoter Activity in HepG2 Cells

  • Kim Ja Young;Ahn Mee Ryung;Kim Dae-Kee;Sheen Yhun Yhong
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.407-414
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    • 2004
  • The expression of CYP3A4 gene is induced by a variety of structurally unrelated xenobiotics including the antibiotic rifampicin, pregnenolone 16-carbonitrile (PCN), and endogenous hormones, that might mediate through steroid and xenobiotic receptor (SXR) system. The molecular mechanisms underlying regulation of CYP3A4 gene expression have not been understood. In order to gain the insight of the molecular mechanism of CYP3A4 gene expression, study has been undertaken to investigate if the histone deacetylation is involved in the regulation of CYP3A4 gene expression by proximal promoter in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Also we have investigated to see if SXR is involved in the regulation of CYP3A4 proximal promoter activity in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. HepG2 cells were transfected with a plasmid PCYP3A4-Luc containing ${\~}1kb$ of the CYP3A4 proximal promoter region (-863 to +64 bp) in front of a reporter gene, luciferase, in the presence or absence of pSAP-SXR. In HepG2 cells, CYP3A4 inducers, such as rifampicin, PCN and RU486 showed minimal stimulation of CYP3A4 proximal promoter activity in the absence of SXR and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. 4-Dimethylamino-H-[4-(2-hydroxycarbamoylvinyl)benzyl]benzamide (IN2001), a new class HDAC inhibitor significantly increased CYP3A4 proximal promoter activity over untreated control cells and rifampicin concomitant treatment with IN2001 increased further CYP3A4 proximal promoter activity that was stimulated by IN2001 The results of this study demon-strated that both HDAC inhibitors and SXR are essential to increase of CYP3A4 proximal promoter activity by CYP3A4 inducers such as PCN, rifampicin, and RU486. Especially SXR seems to be important for the dose dependent response of CYP3A4 inducing chemicals to stimulate CYP3A4 proximal promoter activity. Also this data suggested that HDAC inhibitors seemed to facilitate the CYP3A4 proximal promoter to be activated by chemicals.

Synthetic Regulatory Elements of the Nopaline Synthase Promoter in Higher Plants (고등 식물에서 Nopaline Synthase Promoter의 합성 조절 요소)

  • Kim, Young-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.201-205
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    • 1995
  • The synthetic oligomers called nos right palindrome (RP) element and left palindrome (LP) element were inserted into nos.minimal promoter nos 5'-101 deletion mutant The activity of nos promoter was measured by studying the expression pattern of gene fusion between nos promoter and reporter genes such as chloramphenicol acetyltransferase and $\beta$-glucuconidase. Analysis of transgenic tobacco plane carrying transgene showed that the activity of nos minimal promoter activity was recovered by insertion of synthetic nos RP element. Nos RP element insertion of nos minimal promoter was induced by auxin, dithiothreitol, salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate.

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Characterization of the porcine Nanog 5'-flanking region

  • Memon, Azra;Song, Ki-Duk;Lee, Woon Kyu
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.449-456
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Nanog, a homeodomain protein, has been investigated in humans and mice using embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Because of the limited availability of ESCs, few studies have reported the function and role of Nanog in porcine ESCs. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the location of the porcine Nanog chromosome and its basal promoter activity, which might have potential applications in development of ESCs specific marker as well as understanding its operating systems in the porcine. Methods: To characterize the porcine Nanog promoter, the 5'-flanking region of Nanog was isolated from cells of mini-pig ears. BLAST database search showed that there are two porcine Nanog genomic loci, chromosome 1 and 5, both of which contain an exon with a start codon. Deletion mutants from the 5'-flanking region of both loci were measured using the Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System, and a fluorescence marker, green fluorescence protein. Results: Promoter activity was detected in the sequences of chromosome 5, but not in those of chromosome 1. We identified the sequences from -99 to +194 that possessed promoter activity and contained transcription factor binding sites from deletion fragment analysis. Among the transcription factor binding sites, a Sp1 was found to play a crucial role in basal promoter activity, and point mutation of this site abolished its activity, confirming its role in promoter activity. Furthermore, gel shift analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis confirmed that Sp1 transcription factor binds to the Sp1 binding site in the porcine Nanog promoter. Taken together, these results show that Sp1 transcription factor is an essential element for porcine Nanog basal activity the same as in human and mouse. Conclusion: We showed that the porcine Nanog gene is located on porcine chromosome 5 and its basal transcriptional activity is controlled by Sp1 transcription factor.

The Action of Hepatitis B Virus Enhancer 2-Core Gene Promoter in Non-Viral and Retroviral Vectors for Hepatocyte-Specific Expression

  • Rih, Jeong-Keun;Oh, Sang-Taek;Hwang, Deog-Su;Kim, Sun-Young;Yim, Jeong-Bin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.269-273
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    • 1997
  • Heptocvte-specific expression induced by Hepatitis B virus (HBV) enhancer 2-core gene promoter was examined in various hepatocyte and non-hepatocyte cell lines. using non-viral and retroviral vector systems in which chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) is used as a reporter. The non-viral plasmid containing the HBV enhancer 2-core promoter exhibited 22 and 66% of CAT activities in hepatoma cell lines. HepG2 and Hep3B, respectively when compared with CAT activity expressed by CMV promoter. The CAT activities, however. were found to be marginal in other tested hepatoma cell lines as well as mouse primary hepatocytes and non-hepatocytes. The HBV enhancer 2 located upstream the CMV promoter did not affect the CMV promoter activity nor provided hepatocyte-specific expression. Transfection of retroviral plasmid DNA containing the HBV enhancer 2-core promoter as an internal promoter exhibited high and specific CAT expression in HepG2 and Hep3B cell lines but the activity value was 5 to 10 fold lower than the non-viral plasmid with identical promoter. These results suggest that the usage of HBV enhancer 2-core promoter for liver specific expression is limited to certain vectors and hepatocyte cell lines.

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T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin Domain (TIM)-3 Promoter Activity in a Human Mast Cell Line

  • Kim, Jung Sik;Shin, Dong-Chul;Woo, Min-Yeong;Kwon, Myung-Hee;Kim, Kyongmin;Park, Sun
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2012
  • T cell immunoglobulin mucin domain (TIM)-3 is an immunomodulatory molecule and upregulated in T cells by several cytokines. TIM-3 also influences mast cell function but its transcriptional regulation in mast cells has not been clarified. Therefore, we examined the transcript level and the promoter activity of TIM-3 in mast cells. The TIM-3 transcript level was assessed by real-time RT-PCR and promoter activity by luciferase reporter assay. TIM-3 mRNA levels were increased in HMC-1, a human mast cell line by TGF-${\beta}1$ stimulation but not by stimulation with interferon (IFN)-${\alpha}$, IFN-${\lambda}$, TNF-${\alpha}$, or IL-10. TIM-3 promoter -349~+144 bp region relative to the transcription start site was crucial for the basal and TGF-${\beta}1$-induced TIM-3 promoter activities in HMC-1 cells. TIM-3 promoter activity was increased by over-expression of Smad2 and Smad4, downstream molecules of TGF-${\beta}1$ signaling. Our results localize TIM-3 promoter activity to the region spanning -349 to +144 bp in resting and TGF-${\beta}1$ stimulated mast cells.

Comparison Promoter Activity of the p10 Gene between Bombyx mori Nucleopolyhedrovirus Variants

  • Hong, Hye-Kyung;Choi, Jae-Young;Woo, Soo-Dong;Lee, Hae-Kwang;Je, Yeon-Ho
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.585-591
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    • 2001
  • To compare the p10 promoter activity of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV)K1 and K4, recombinant viruses Bm101-LacZ and Bm104-LacZ with a lacZ gene under the control of each p10 promoter were constructed. The $\beta$-galactosidase activity due to Bm101-LacZ was about 5.5- and 1.1-fold higher than that due to Bm104-LacZ and BmK1-LacZ, respectively. expressing ${\beta}$-galactosidase under the control of a polyhedrin promoter. The recombinant virus BmK1-104LacZ with the same genome structure as Bm101-LacZ, except for a p10 promoter region, produced a similar ${\beta}$-galactosidase activity to that due to Bm104-LacZ and 5.5-fold lower than that due to Bm101-LacZ. The virus yield, expression level of polyhedrin, and polyhedra productivity for each recombinant virus was almost similar. These results suggested that the difference in the expression level of ${\beta}$-galactosidase resulted from a difference in the p10 promoter regions, and that an expression vector using the p10 promoter of BmNPV-K1 could be usefully exploited in the mass production of foreign proteins with silkworm larvae by means of oral ingestion.

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Expression of Developmentally Regulated Promoter of Alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp. YA-I4 (알칼리 내성 Bacillus sp. YA-14에서 유래된 생육단계 조절 promoter의 발현)

  • 박영서;구본탁;박희경;유주현;김진만
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.429-432
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    • 1990
  • The promoter isolated from chromosomal DNA of an alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp. YA-14 was subcloned and biochemically characterized. Also the relationships between the promoter activity and sporulation were investigated. In alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp. and Bacillus subtilis, the activity of promoter began to increase at the onset of sporulation with the same mode, and repressed in the presence of 1.0% (wtv) glucose. Among five spoO genes, three epoO genes (spoOB, spoH, spoOJ) were required for promoter expression.

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