• Title, Summary, Keyword: procymidone

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Adsorption and Degradation of Procymidone in Ginseng Cultivating Soils (인삼 재배토양에서의 Procymidone 흡착 및 분해)

  • Kim, Hyo-Keun;Lee, Yun-Hwan;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.286-290
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    • 2002
  • This work has been conducted to investigate the behavior of pesticides in ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) cultivation environment, with a fungicide procymidone as a model pesticide. Procymidone adsorption on ginseng cultivating soil was studied and persistency of procymidone in soil was monitored in indoor incubation experiments at 25$^{\circ}C$ and 10$^{\circ}C$. The soil adsorption coefficients($K_{oc}$) of procymidone were in the range of 513$\sim$743 suggesting the mobility of procymidone in soil is relatively low. Procymidone showed higher persistency in soil under indoor incubation condition than outdoor field condition. The half lives estimated from the first order reaction kinetics were 248 days and 330 days at 25$^{\circ}C$ and 10$^{\circ}C$, respectively.

Removal of Procymidone by Ozonated Water (오존수를 이용한 프로시미돈의 제거)

  • Choi, Seong-Woo;Park, Shin-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.1425-1430
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ozonated water and ozonated water+hydrogen peroxide treatment of residual procymidone in perilla leaf containing 20 mg/L procymidone. Samples was treated with ozonated water containing 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 mg $O_3/L$ ozone and hydrogen peroxide water containing 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 mg $H_2O_2/L$ hydrogen peroxide in pH 5, 7 and 9, respectively, at $15^{\circ}C$. Procymidone removal rate was 26.5% in 7 days at $15^{\circ}C$ and optimum condition of procymidone removal was the case of treating with ozonated water containing 2.0 mg $O_3/L$ and pH 9. As the result procymidone removal rate was about 96.5%. In this case of adding hydrogen peroxide, optimum condition of procymidone removal was $1:0.5{\sim}1(O_3:H_2O_2)$. However, procymidone was nearly removed with the treatment of hydrogen peroxide water only.

Distribution of Procymidone in a Small Vinyl House after Application of Smoke Generator (소형 비닐하우스 내에서 훈연처리된 살균제 Procymidone의 분포 특성)

  • Lim, He-Kyoung;Kim, Joung-Han;Cho, Kwang-Yun;Yu, Ju-Hyun
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2001
  • The distribution of procymidone in a small vinyl house containing cucumber plants or mimic plants was investigated after application of smoke generator. The deposition of procymidone on glass plate and filter paper was significantly similar to that on cucumber leaves, so that glass plate and filter paper could be substituted for cucumber leaves on deposition studies. The deposition of procymidone was proportional to the horizontally projected area of surface; the deposition on the horizontal surface was maximal, and the deposition was minimal for the perpendicular surface. The amount of deposition on the backside of leaf was less than 5% compared to that on the horizontal surface of leaf. The height of leaf from the floor was not a significant factor influencing on the deposition of procymidone whether leaves were overlapped or not. However, the deposition of procymidone on the overlapped leaves was relatively less than that on the unoverlapped leaves. And the deposition difference depending on the distance between leaves was not observable. Overall, the deposition of procymidone was proportionally increased with the application rate of smoke generator, but the deposition was inversely related to the sum of the total horizontal leaf area of mimic plants and the surface area of floor.

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Behaviors of the Fungicide Procymidone in Soils (살균제 Procymidone의 토양 중 동태)

  • Choi, Gyu-Il;Seong, Ki-Yong;Kim, Jeong-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2005
  • This study was focused on adsorption, leaching, photolysis, and hydrolysis of the fungicide procymidone in soils. Adsorption type of procymidone on three different soil were well fitted to Linear and Freundlich isotherm. Distribution coefficients (Kd) were ranged from 2.75 to 12.18 and Freundlich isotherm Kf value $1.99{\sim}9.98$, 1/n value $0.74{\sim}0.89$. Desorption rates were $20.1{\sim}34.0%$ (Namgye), $26.3{\sim}44.6%$ (Jigog) and $31.6{\sim}50.9%$ (Baegsan series) and desorption hysteresis were $0.65{\sim}0.79,\;0.55{\sim}0.73\;and\;0.49{\sim}0.68$. Procymidone seemed to be stable to photolysis in acidic and neutral solutions but hydrolyzed rapidly in alkaline solution. Considering leaching properties procymidone mobility low in soils.

Residue Patterns of Procymidone, Chlorpyrifos and Cypermethrin in Peaches During Cultivation and Storage Period (복숭아의 재배 및 저장기간 중 Procymidone, Chlorpyrifos 및 Cypermethrin의 잔류량 변화)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae;Ko, Kwang-Yong;Won, Dong-Jun;Gil, Geun-Hwan;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.220-226
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    • 2003
  • The residue patterns of procymidone, chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin in peaches were examined. The pesticides were sprayed at 15 days before harvest and then were determined the residue at 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 15 days after pesticide application and calculated their $DT_{50}$. Also, the degradation patterns at $4^{\circ}C$ and $20^{\circ}C$ during storage period were compared. Biological half-lives of procymidone, chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin in peaches during the cultivation period were 3.1, 7.2 and 10.4 days, respectively. The biological half -life of procymidone was shorter than the others. During the storage period, half-lives of procymidone, chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin were 16.0, 14.3 and 13.1 days at $4^{\circ}C$ and 4.6, 10.2 and 12.9 days at $20^{\circ}C$, respectively. The degradation rates of these three pesticides in storage period were slower than them in cultivation period. Removal rates were $22.2{\sim}82.9%$ by tap water, and $12.5{\sim}88.8%$ by detergent solution.

Effect of Coverings on the Growth of Ginseng and the Persistency of Procymidone in Growing Soils (인삼재배를 위한 차광조건이 인삼의 생육과 토양 중 Procymidone의 잔류에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyo-Kun;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2002
  • Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) has been cultivated on raised beds with shading condition for 4 to 6 years because of its physiological characteristics. This shading condition maintains relatively stable soil environments protecting from rainfall and direct sunlight. Therefore, pesticides in ginseng growing soil are exposed to far different environment from the general cropping field. To study the behavior of pesticides under this condition, the effect of covering on the persistency of Procymidone in ginseng cultivating soil was investigated by using several shade materials. The most important factor affecting Procymidone persistency in soil under covering was water leakage rates of shade materials.

Persistence and Dislodgeable Residues of Chlorpyrifos and Procymidone in Lettuce Leaves under Greenhouse Condition (상추의 생산단계별 Chlorpyrifos 및 Procymidone의 잔류허용기준 설정)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Park, Ju-Hwang;Park, Jong-Woo;Lee, Young-Deuk;Lee, Kyu-Seung;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2002
  • Two pesticides commonly used for lettuce cultivation including chlorpyrifos and procymidone were subjected to a field residue trial to ensure safety of terminal residues in the harvest. After pesticides were applied at standard and double rates in a foliar spray, leaf persistence of their residues was investigated far 10 days prior to harvest. Even though far exceeded the tolerances, initial leaf residues were rapidly dissipated with time and remained only 0.4$\sim$7.2% of the residues in the harvest. As well fitted by the first-order kinetics, biological half-lives of the pesticide residues in lettuce leaves ranged 1.2$\sim$2.6 days. Slow dissipation of the residues in the harvest was observed during storage at room temperature and 4$^{\circ}C$ for 7 days. Portions of dislodgeable residues which resided in detergent washings decreased as time elapsed. Patterns in dissipation and distribution of dislodgeable residues were not largely affected by the application rate of pesticides. It is concluded that timing of pesticide application, that is, pre-harvest interval would be the first factor to determine the terminal residue level in edible portions of lettuce.

Expression Pattern of Antioxidant Enzymes Genes in the Ventral Prostates of Rats Exposed to Procymidone and/or Testosterone after Castration

  • Lee, Jong-Geol;Yon, Jung-Min;Jung, Ki-Youn;Lin, Chunmei;Jung, A-Young;Lee, Beom-Jun;Yun, Young-Won;Nam, Sang-Yoon
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.265-270
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    • 2011
  • Procymidone is a fungicide with anti-androgenic properties widely used to protect fruits from fungal infection, which induces an excessive reactive oxygen species production in male reproductive organs. In this study, to clarify whether procymidone affect the cellular antioxidant system of prostate at onset of puberty, gene expression patterns of the representative antioxidant enzymes such as cytoplasmic glutathione peroxidase (GPx1), phospholipid hydroperoxide GPx (PHGPx), selenoprotein P (SePP), cytoplasmic copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1), and manganese SOD (SOD2) were investigated in the rat ventral prostates exposed to procymidone using real-time RT-PCR analyses. Seven-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats castrated at 6 weeks old were treated with procymidone (25, 50, or 100 mg/kg per day) orally for 7 consecutive days after testosterone propionate (0.4 mg/kg per day) administration by subcutaneous injection. As compared to normal control animals, GPx1 mRNA expression in prostates significantly increased by the administration with TP and/or procymidone. However, PHGPx and SOD1 mRNA levels significanatly decreased by over 25 mg/kg of procymidone treatment and SePP and SOD2 mRNA levels was significanatly reduced by over 50 mg/kg of procymidone treatment. These findings indicate that procymidone may affect the antioxidant system of prostatic cells in up-regulation mode of GPx1, but in down-regulation modes of PHGPx, SePP, SOD1, and SOD2, suggesting that procymidone may affect differently the cellular antioxidant system of prostate according to the exposure doses.

Effects of Foliar Treatment of Underground Water, Chitosan Solution, and Wood Vinegar Solution on Residual Procymidone Removal in Altari Radish (지하수, 키토산 및 목초액의 엽면살포에 의한 알타리무 체내의 잔류 Procymidone 제거효과)

  • Jeong, Soon-Jae;Cho, Mi-Yong;Seok, Woon-Young;Oh, Ju-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.121-134
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    • 2011
  • For this study, Smilex powder, a pesticide, was sprayed on the Altari radish, and then underground water, Chitosan solution (${\times}$500), and wood vinegar solution (${\times}$1000) were evenly sprayed on the Altari radish respectively. Samples of Altari radishs for residual pesticide analysis were taken two hours, 1 day, 7 days, and 15 days after treatments, and the detectable concentration and degradability of procymidone, the pesticide residue, were measured. The results obtained are as follows: 1. When detectable concentration of procymidone within the altari radish was measured, treatment plots sprayed with underground water, Chitosan solution (${\times}$500), and wood vinegar solution (${\times}$1000) were found to show lower detectable concentration than the non-treatment plot which was sprayed with pesticide only. Especially, the treatment plots sprayed with Chitosan solution (${\times}$500), and with wood vinegar solution (${\times}$1,000) showed lower values than the average. 2. When the degradability of procymidone within the Altari radish was measured, the plot treated with Chitosan solution (${\times}$500) and the plot treated with wood vinegar solution (${\times}$1,000) were found to have relatively higher degradability of procymidone. There were not much differences among testing materials in the degradability of residual pesticides. However, the plot treated with Chitosan solution (${\times}$500) showed higher degradability. In terms of average degradability with time, degradability increased sharply 7 days after the foliar application of testing materials. 3. When the daily far-sighted view survey was conducted in order to find out growth disorder and damage on the Altari radish plants by the treatment of un-derground water, Chitosan solution (${\times}$500), and wood vinegar solution (${\times}$1,000), no symptomatic physiological disorders was observed on all the plants tested during the whole growing season at the tested concentration level.

Uptake of endosulfan and procymidone from arable soil by several vegetables I (green house study) (토양 중 endosulfan과 procymidone의 작물에 대한 흡수.이행 I (실내시험))

  • Park, Hyeon-Ju;Choi, Ju-Hyeon;Park, Byung-Jun;Kim, Chan-Sub;Ihm, Yang-Bin;Ryu, Gab-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.280-287
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    • 2004
  • We investigated the residual amounts of endosulfan and procymidone taken by vegetables grown in hydroponics culture and field conditions treated with the pesticides in order to evaluate safe cultivation concentration of the pesticides in the vegetables. Endosulfan and procymidone were selected as test pesticides because they have been reported to frequently detect in agricultural products at different concentrations. In hydroponic culture, by Chinese cabbage, procymidone was absorbed 3.8 times higher than endosulfan. The higher the pesticide concentration get, the worse the plant grew. In soil treated with 10 mg/kg of endosulfan, the pesticide absorbed by Leafy radish, Chinese cabbage and radish was less then their MRLs. In case of carlot, the residue level in soil which did not exceed its MRL was 1 mg/kg. The concentrations of procymidone in soil which did not exceed the MRLs in Leafy radish, Chinese cabbage, radish and carrot were 10, 10, 2 and 1 mg/kg, respectively Usually aged endosulfan and procymidone residues were less absorbed into crops than the fresh ones. Chinese cabbage absorbed more endosulfan and pocymidone than leafy radish, radish doing more than carrot.