• Title, Summary, Keyword: proanthocyanidins

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Effect of Proanthocyanidins on Dimethylnitrosamine-Induced Liver Damage in Rats

  • Shin, Mi-Ok;Lee, Hui-Woo;Yoon, Sik;Moon, Jeon-Ok
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.180.1-180
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    • 2003
  • Proanthocyanidins, one of the major natural polyphenolic compounds of grape has been reported to exhibit a wide range of pharmacological properties. In this study, we investigated the hepatoprotective effect of proanthocyanidins on the dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced liver damage in rats. Oral administration of proanthocyanidins (20, 50mg/kg daily for 4 weeks) into the DMN-treated rats remarkably prevented the elevation of serum alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase, and bilirubin levels. (omitted)

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Proanthocyanidins Suppresses Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated Inflammatory Responses via Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction in RAW264.7 Macrophages (프로안토시아니딘의 항염증효과)

  • Cheon, Hye-Jin;Park, Sun Young;Jang, Hee-Ji;Cho, Da-Young;Jung, Jiwon;Park, Gimin;Jeong, Kyeong Mi;Kim, Jin-Kyung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.484-491
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    • 2019
  • Proanthocyanidins are naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds abundant in many vegetables, plant skins (rind/bark), seeds, flowers, fruits, and nuts. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated myriad effects potentially beneficial to human health, such as antioxidation, immunomodulation, DNA repair, and antitumor activity. Among immune cells, macrophages are crucial players in a variety of inflammatory responses to environmental conditions. However, it has been widely reported that macrophages cause chronic inflammation and are involved in a variety of diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cancer. In this study, we report the suppressive effect of proanthocyanidins via the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)-related system, on the immune response of the LPS-stimulated mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7. Increased HO-1 expression at mRNA and protein levels were found in proanthocyanidins-treated RAW264.7 cells. Further, proanthocyanidins enhanced nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 translocation into the nucleus. RAW264.7 cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with or without proanthocyanidins, and inflammatory mediator expression levels were assessed. Proanthocyanidins treatment resulted in the attenuation of nitric oxide production and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. In addition, mRNA and protein expression of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ and interleukin-6, was inhibited by proanthocyanidins treatment in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. These findings support proanthocyanidins as a promising anti-inflammatory agent.

Effective extraction of antioxidantive oligomeric proanthocyanidins from mountain grape seeds

  • Huh, Yun-Suk;Hong, Won-Hi;Hong, Tae-Hee
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.527-531
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    • 2003
  • The interest of oligomeric proanthocyanidins(OPCs) as therapeutic agents against diseases involving radical damage is growing. Proanthocyanidins are a class of polyphenolic compounds in several plant species and are oligomers of flavan-3-ol monomer units. Polyphenols in green and black tea, grape seeds, grapes and wine have raised much attention but mountain grape seed has not been investigated intensively up to now This study investigated the total OPCs contents and the total antioxidant activity of mountain grape seeds. Total antioxidant activity using DPPH method was employed and OPCs contents were determined by means of the UV-VIS spectrophotometer. The total OPCs yield of mountain grape seeds was about 1.45 % and total antioxidant activity was 15.8 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$.

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Phenolic Compounds on the Leaves of Betula Platyphylla var. latifolia

  • Lee, Min-Won;Takashi Tanaka;Gen-Ichiro Nonaka;Hahn, Dug-Ryoung
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.211-214
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    • 1992
  • Chemical examination of Betula platyphylla var. latifolia afforded a novel diarylheptanoid named betulateraol, together with a phenylpropanoid (3, 4'-dihydroxypropio-phenone), flavan-3-ol [(+)-catechin] and its glycosides [(+)-catechin 5-O-$\beta$-glucopyranoside, (+)-catechin 7-0-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside] and two proanthocyanidins (procyanidins B-1 and B-3).

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Antioxidant activity and analysis of proantbocyanidins from pine (Pinus densiflora)needles

  • Park, Yong-Soo;Jeon, Min-Hee;Hwang, Hyun-Jung;Park, Mi-Ra;Lee, Sang-Hyeon;Kim, Sung-Gu;Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.281-287
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts prepared with hot water, ethanol, hexane, hot water-hexane (HWH), and hot water-ethanol (HWE), using the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical method. The hot water extract possessed superior antioxidant activity than the other extracts. We also compared the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts through ROS inhibition activity in a cellular system using MC3T3 E-1 cells. The hot water extract exhibited the lowest ROS production. The pattern of HPLC analysis of each extract indicated that the hot water extract contained the highest proanthocyanidin level. The pine needle hot-water extract was then isolated and fractionated with Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography to determine the major contributor to its antioxidant activity. The No.7 and 12 fractions had high antioxidant activities, that is, the highest contents of proanthocyanidins and catechins, respectively. These results indicate that the antioxidant activity of procyanidins from the hot water extract of pine needles is positively related to not only polymeric proanthocyanidins but also to monomeric catechins. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of the pine needle hot water extract was similar to well-known antioxidants, such as vitamin C. This suggests that pine needle proanthocyanidins and catechins might be of interest for use as alternative antioxidants.

Effect of Grape Procyanidins on Tumor Angiogenesis in Liver Cancer Xenograft Models

  • Feng, Li-Li;Liu, Bing-Xia;Zhong, Jin-Yi;Sun, Li-Bin;Yu, Hong-Sheng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.737-741
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    • 2014
  • Background: In recent years a wide variety of flavonoids or polyphenolic substances have been reported to possess substantial anti-carcinogenic and antimutagenic activities. Grape proanthocyanidins (GPC) are considered as good examples for which there is evidence of potential roles as anti-carcinogenic agents. Methods: A xenograft model was established using H22 cells subcutaneously injected into mice and used to assess different concentrations of grape proanthocyanidins (GPC) and Endostar. Treatments were maintained for 10 days, then levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and microvessel density (MVD) were examined by immunohistochemistry, while VEGF mRNA was determined by real-time PCR in tumor tissue. Results: The expression of MVD and VEGF decreased gradually as the concentration of GPC increased.There was a significant positive correlation between MVD and VEGF. Conclusions: These results suggest that GPC restrains the growth of tumor, possibly by inhibiting tumour angiogenesis.

Efficacy and Reusability of Commercial Adsorbent for Isolation of Proanthocyanidins from Hot Water Extract of Pinus radiata Bark

  • Mun, Sung Phil
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to investigate the feasibility and usefulness of a commercial synthetic adsorbent, Diaion HP 20, for the isolation of proanthocyanidins (PAs) from hot water extract (HWE) prepared from Pinus radiata bark. Most ultraviolet (UV) absorbing materials in HWE were adsorbed onto Diaion HP 20 and easily recovered by simple ethanol (EtOH) washing. More than 50% of the UV absorbing materials were adsorbed within 20 minutes, and the adsorption equilibrium was reached within 3 h. The recovered materials from Diaion HP 20 were mostly composed of PAs, but some monomeric flavonoids such as taxifolin and unidentified hydrophobic materials were also adsorbed. The impurities such as carbohydrates and inorganic materials contained in HWE were mostly removed by Diaion HP 20. The adsorption ability of the UV absorbing materials onto Diaion HP 20 was almost the same as the first cycle even after 14 times of repeating cycles of adsorption and desorption. The radical scavenging ability of the recovered materials from the adsorbent was slightly higher than that of the pure PAs prepared by Sephadex LH 20 from the same HWE.

Cancer Chemoprevention by Dietary Proanthocyanidins

  • Jo, Jeong-Youn;Lee, Chang-Yong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.501-508
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    • 2007
  • Proanthocyanidins (PACs), also named condensed tannins, are polymers of flavan-3-ols such as (+ )-(gallo)catechin and (-)-epi(gallo)catechin. A proper analysis of the PACs, with difficult challenges due to their complex structures, is crucial in studies of cancer chemoprevention. Cancer is a leading cause of mortality around the world. Many experimental studies have shown that dietary PACs are potential chemopreventive agents that block or suppress against multistage carcinogenesis in both in vitro and in vivo models. Cancer chemoprevention by dietary PACs has been shown effective through different mechanisms of action such as antioxidant, apoptosis-inducing, and enzyme inhibitory activities. Good sources of dietary PACs are nuts, fruits, beans, chocolate, fruit juice, red wine, and green tea. The chemopreventive potential of dietary PACs should be considered together with their bioavailability in humans. The safety issues regarding carcinogenesis and gastrointestinal disorder are also reviewed.

Comparison of methods for proanthocyanidin extraction from pine (Pinus densiflora) needles and biological activities of the extracts

  • Kim, Nam-Young;Jang, Min-Kyung;Lee, Dong-Geun;Yu, Ki-Hwan;Jang, Hye-Ji;Kim, Mi-Hyang;Kim, Sung-Gu;Yoo, Byung-Hong;Lee, Sang-Hyeon
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 2010
  • Flavonoids are known to be effective scavengers of free radicals. In particular, proanthocyanidins are flavonoids that possess cardiovascular protection, antioxidative activities, and immunomodulatory activities. Here, we evaluated proanthocyanidin contents in the total polyphenolic compounds of pine needle extracts prepared by hot water, ethanol, hexane, hot water-hexane (HWH), and hot water-ethanol (HWE). Analysis of each extract indicated that the ethanol extract contained the highest proanthocyanidin concentration. The HWH and hexane extracts also contained relatively high concentrations of proanthocyanidin. On the other hand, proanthocyanidin content analyses out of the total polyphenolic compounds indicated that the HWH extract contained the highest content. These results suggest that HWH extraction is a suitable method to obtain an extract with a high level of pure proanthocyanidins and a relatively high yield. The HWH extract possessed superior activity in diverse antioxidative analyses such as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferrous ion chelating (FIC), and ferric-ion reducing power (FRAP) assays. In addition, upon assessing the effects of the pine needle extracts on macrophages (Raw 264.7 cell), the HWH extract exhibited the highest activity. In this study, we discerned an efficient extraction method to achieve relatively pure proanthocyanidins from pine needles and evaluated the biological functions of the resulting extract, which could potentially be used for its efficacious components in functional food products.

Effect of Grape Seed Proanthocyanidins on Tumor Vasculogenic Mimicry in Human Triple-negative Breast Cancer Cells

  • Luan, Yun-Yan;Liu, Zi-Min;Zhong, Jin-Yi;Yao, Ru-Yong;Yu, Hong-Sheng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.531-535
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    • 2015
  • Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) refers to the unique ability of highly aggressive tumor cells to mimic the pattern of embryonic vasculogenesis, which was associated with invasion and metastasis. The grape seed proanthocyanidins (GSPs) had attracted much attention as a potential bioactive anti-carcinogenic agent. However, GSPs regulation of VM and its possible mechanisms in a triple-negative breast cancer cells (TNBCs) remain not clear. Therefore, we examined the effect of GSPs on VM information in HCC1937 cell model. In this study, we identified the VM structure via the three-dimensional (3D) matrix in vitro. Cell viability was measured using the CCK8 assay. The effects of GSPs on human triple-negative breast cancer cells (TNBCs) HCC1937 in terms of related proteins of VM information were determined using western blot analysis. In vitro, the tubular networks were found in highly invasive HCC1937 cells but not in the non-invasive MCF-7 cells when plated on matrigel. The number of vascular channels was significantly reduced when cells were exposed in GSPs ($100{\mu}g$/ml) and GSPs ($200{\mu}g/mL$) groups (all p<0.001). Furthermore, we found that treatment with GSPs promoted transition of the mesenchymal state to the epithelial state in HCC1937 cells as well as reducing the expression of Twist1 protein, a master EMT regulator.GSPs has the ability to inhibit VM information by the suppression of Twist1 protein that could be related to the reversal of epithelial-to-mesenchymal (EMT) process. It is firstly concluded that GSPs may be an p otential anti-VM botanical agent for human TNBCs.