• Title/Summary/Keyword: private sector

검색결과 683건 처리시간 0.084초

변화하는 국제표준에 효과적으로 대응하기 위한 우리나라의 민간표준화 활성화 방안 연구 (The Methods of the Activation of Korean Private sector-driven Standardization for coping with the Dynamic International Standards)

  • 이강인;정재익;최순양
    • 품질경영학회지
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    • 제31권3호
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    • pp.62-84
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    • 2003
  • The typical reason of the private sector's increasing share in standardization is that the procedures of official standardization organizations are out of step with the rate of technical development. At today's so fast pace that the success of a technology is decided in the market even before it is standardized, several industry leaders jointly make their draft standard at the early stage of development, which becomes 'De fecto Standard.' To respond effectively to current trends of standardization where the market's decision is thought much of than official standardization procedures, it is necessary to shift from our current public sector-driven to private sector-driven standardization. Therefore, to vitalize the private sector-driven standardization in Korea, there is a need to: Run a standard foundation to secure stable resources for standardization Make information exchange between the govertment and private sector active and policy-making on standards consistent by designating a private organization to cover the roles, policies on standards, and support of the national standardization organization Establish a system to make private sector-driven standards approved as international standards Offer a training program to forster standard experts Publicize the importance of standards Promote standardization forums driven by private businesses, like the Integrated Forum. Maximize the benefits of linking standards and patents Now, Korea is on the threshold of developing into a world-class standard leader, and the private sector-driven standardization should be a stepping-stone for crossing over the threshold. This study is designed to suggest a method of promoting private sector-driven standardization to effectively cope with fast-changing international standards, based on the cases in developed countries.

공공 및 민간 부문 종사 근로자의 우울증상에 영향을 미치는 요인 (Factors Influencing Depressive Symptoms in Public and Private Sector Employees)

  • 이해준;김은영
    • 한국직업건강간호학회지
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    • 제28권4호
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    • pp.242-252
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify factors influencing depressive symptoms in public and private sector employees. Methods: Survey data on 23,602 workers who had worked in the public or private sector were obtained from the 2014 Korean Working Condition Survey (KWCS). Symptoms of depression were measured using the WHO-5 Well-being Index. Data were analyzed using a $x^2$ test, t-test, and multivariate stepwise logistic regression to determine the factors affecting the symptoms of depression. Results: First, the prevalence of depressive symptoms was 41.1 % in public sector employees and 43.4 % in private sector employees. Second, the factors commonly affecting depressive symptoms in public and private sector employees were residence area, cognitive demands, development opportunities, social support from colleagues, social support from supervisors, social community at work, job rewards, and work-family conflict. In addition, age, company size, atypical work, ergonomic risks, quantitative demands, emotional demands, influence, and job insecurity were found to be predictors of depressive symptoms unique to private sector employees. Conclusion: Mental health programs including the employee assistance program (EAP) should be developed and implemented after considering the risk factors affecting depressive symptoms.

학교시설 복합화를 위한 민자사업 방식 개선 방안에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Improvement Plans of Private Sector Investment for the Mixed-Use of School Facilities)

  • 이재국;오병욱
    • 한국디지털건축인테리어학회논문집
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    • 제10권1호
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2010
  • The use of school should not be limited to student education any longer but be extended for attaining social benefits. For this reason, school should play central roles not only in education but also in childcare, welfare, culture, physical education, etc. In order for school to accommodate various new functions, it is essential to promote the mixed-uses of school facilities, and this process requires the involvement of private capitals for early achievement of social benefits from school facilities. Thus, this study purposed to examine the necessity of the multiple uses of school facilities through the investment of private capitals, to diagnose the adequacy of build-transfer-lease (BTL) applied currently to the multiple uses of school facilities, and to find obstacles to the activation of private sector investment and suggest solutions for the obstacles. In particular, this study aimed at proposing plans to enhance the efficiency of private sector investment and activate private sector investment projects by suggesting how to promote the multiple uses of school facilities in consideration of profitability for private investors.

민간부문, 사적권위, 그리고 글로벌 미디어 거버넌스 (The Private Sector, Private Authority and Global Media Governance)

  • 문상현
    • 한국언론정보학보
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    • 제29권
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    • pp.73-110
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 정치, 경제, 문화의 영역에서 급속도로 진행되어 온 지구화가 결과한 국제정치의 탈중심화 현상과 이를 상징하는 국제정치경제에서의 민간부문의 영향력 증대 현상을 글로벌 미디어 거버넌스와 관련하여 논의하는데 그 주요한 목적이 있다. 먼저 본 논문은 글로벌 거버넌스에서 민간부문의 영향력 강화 현상을 이론적으로 설명하고자 일군의 국제정치학자들이 제기한 사적권위라는 개념의 소개를 통해 어떻게 민간부문의 거버넌스 기능이 국가에 의해 행사되는 공적권위와 같이 정당한 것으로 인식될 수 있는지를 검토한다. 사적권위 개념의 등장은 국제정치에서 민간부문이 국가에 종속된 것으로서의 부차적 지위에서 벗어나 국가에 버금가는 거버넌스의 주체로 부상하고 있음을 보여주는 중요한 증거라고 할 수 있다. 이 같은 이론적 논의에 기반하여 본 논문은 민간부문의 영향력 강화로 특징져지는 국제정치의 탈중심화가 글로벌 미디어 거버넌스의 영역에서는 어떠한 형태로 나타나고 있으며, 그것의 함의는 무엇인지에 대해 시론적으로 논의한다.

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Strategies for Stimulating Customer Relationship: A Study of Some Public and Private Sector Banks

  • Kiran, Ravi;Sharma, Ridhima
    • 유통과학연구
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    • 제11권3호
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2013
  • Purpose - The present research has been undertaken to examine the Customer Relationship Management (CRM) strategies adopted by public and private sector banks in India. The initial part of research helps to identify the factors of overall satisfaction of customers. The study also tries to identify the key determinants of CRM of Indian banking. Research design, data, methodology - The present research uses a self-structured questionnaire having a reliability score of 0.817 to elicit responses from customers in New Delhi and surrounding areas in India to examine the CRM used by public and private sector banks for enhancing customer satisfaction. The scale had 32 questions covering customer perceptions related to overall satisfaction and factors contributing to CRM. Results - The results highlight that overall satisfaction comprises of two factors namely personalised Services; and reliability and dependability. The determinants of CRM as identified through survey are: Speed, safety and security; Employee CRM; on time services; customer targeting; and friendly and helpful staff. The results also highlight that safety and security was preferred to other factors by the respondents. Conclusions - The findings of this study show that in terms of performance private sector banks fared better in providing CRM services than public sector banks.

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Foreign Remittances, Banking Sector Development and Private Sector Investment

  • GITHAIGA, Peter Nderitu
    • Asian Journal of Business Environment
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    • 제10권1호
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    • pp.7-18
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    • 2020
  • Purpose- This study seeks to investigate the impact of foreign remittances on private sector investment and the moderating role of banking sector development in Sub-Saharan African Countries. Research design, data, and methodology-The study has used a sample of 15 Sub-Saharan African countries and data for the years 1986 - 2017. Data was obtained from the World Bank Development Indicator (WDI) Database. Panel data diagnostic tests were conducted to ascertain the suitability of the data for regression analysis. The data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics, while the hypothesis was tested through hierarchical regression analysis. Results- The finding of this study indicates that foreign remittances and banking sector development had a significant and positive effect on private investment in Sub-Saharan Africa. Besides, the banking sector development significantly moderated the foreign remittances and private sector investment relationship. Conclusions- Based on the results, the study concludes that banking sector development has an important influence on foreign remittances and private sector investment nexus. Due to the antagonistic interaction between foreign remittance and banking sector development, the study recommends the use of alternative ways of channeling remittances to private investment such as; issuance of diaspora bonds and appeal for direct investment by citizens living abroad.

Demystification of Bureaucracy - Life Events Approach in e-Government Portals

  • Krishnaswamy, Girija
    • 한국전자거래학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국전자거래학회 2004년도 e-Biz World Conference
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2004
  • Paradigm Shift: Business of government - Transition to egovernment · Citizens have become accustomed to the private sector delivering high standards of customer service on the Internet and expect government to do likewise(Schoeniger, 2000). · The rise of e-business in the private sector reinforce the shift in the focus of government(Alfred Tat-Kei). · Explosive growth in Internet usage and rapid development e-Business in the private sector have put growing pressure on the public sector to serve citizens electronically, which is often known as the "e-government" initiative(omitted)

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철도사업의 민간투자에 관한 연구 (Study on the Execution of Railway Project by Private Sector)

  • 박홍기;박용걸;염동신;이익수
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국철도학회 2004년도 추계학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.965-970
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    • 2004
  • The private investment on the SOC facilities is a worldwide tendency since it can supplement the insufficient investment of public finance in the construction of infrastructures. Alter the formulation of private investment law, private sector's investment on roads, harbors and environmental facilities are being progressed considerably. However, railway construction by private sector is not active comparing to the former areas because of huge investment for construction but relatively low and unpredictable benefit in operation. This paper reviews the financial, social and institutional aspects on the private investment for SOC projects, especially railway projects. Also, this paper tries to find the desirable way to expedite the private investment on railway project,. Conclusively, the paper propose that the private sector in railway projects is better constituted with financial investor and the private financing could be. activated and settled if a stable minimum benefit on their investment being ensured institutionally, for example, by BTL.

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국내 민간투자사업 리스크 재분담의 재무적 영향성 분석 - 민간투자자 간 지분거래 및 약정거래를 중심으로 - (Financial Analysis of Risk Reallocation in PPP Projects - Focusing on the Transactions between Private Investors in Korea -)

  • 주창환;권병기;이현수;박문서
    • 한국건설관리학회논문집
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    • 제19권2호
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    • pp.25-37
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    • 2018
  • 민간투자자 사이에서의 리스크 재분담은 민간투자자의 현금흐름에 추가적인 변동성을 야기하며, 민간부문의 투자결정에 있어 제약요인이 되고 있다. 하지만 기존의 재정건전성 평가모델은 지분거래와 약정거래가 충분히 반영되지 않아, 민간투자자 간 리스크 재분담에 따른 현금흐름의 변동성을 분석하기에 한계가 있다. 본 연구는 민간투자자 사이에서 이루어지는 지분거래와 약정거래를 분석하고, 이를 반영한 민간투자자의 재무적 평가 모델을 개발하였다. 또한, 개발된 모델의 실증적 분석을 통해 지분거래의 주요변수와 약정거래의 영향요인을 도출하였으며, 민간투자자 간 리스크 재분담과 민간투자자의 수익률 간의 관계를 증명하였다. 본 연구는 리스크 재분담에 대한 민간투자자의 의사결정에 기여할 것이며, 더 나아가 민간투자사업의 협약지연의 문제를 관리하는데 도움이 될 것이다.

FTA협상에서 민간참여의 역할 : 미국, 멕시코, 일본 사례를 중심으로 (The Role of Private Participation in FTA Negotiation : A Case of U.S., Mexico and Japan)

  • 김홍률;정용균
    • 통상정보연구
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    • 제11권3호
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    • pp.363-390
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    • 2009
  • This study investigates the role of private participation in FTA Negotiation in case of US, Mexico and Japan. We utilize Putnam(1988)'s two stage negotiation model, Schelling Conjecture and Principal-Agent(P-A) theory to understand the role of private sector in FTA Negotiation. Those theories are useful to understand the behavior and interaction of key players such as private sector, congress and government in FTA negotiation. Putnam(1988)'s two stage negotiation model divides the FTA negotiation process into two processes: the external negotiation with foreign country and domestic negotiation with domestic interest group. Principal-Agent(P-A) theory provides the theoretical foundation of Putnam's two stage negotiation model, which is that principal's interest is not identical to the interest of Agent. We showed that the private sector and congress play an important role in FTA negotiation in United States. In case of Mexico, the private sector and government occupy the dominant position in FTA negotiation. In particular, the cooperation of industry and government has been successfully established via COECE in Mexico. In contrast to these countries, the role of private participation in trade policy is relatively low in Japan and Korea.

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