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A Study on the Change of Education System for Marine Pollution Prevention Manager in Korea - A Comparative Analysis between Old "Marine Pollution Prevention Act" and New "Marine Environment Management Act" - (해양오염방지관리인 교육 제도의 개정에 관한 고찰 - 해양오염방지법과 해양환경관리법의 비교분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2009
  • Marine pollution prevention manager system has been operated for the purpose of preventing marine pollution from ships and marine facilities in Korea. As a new "marine environment management act" replacing an old "marine pollution prevention low" had entered into force from January 20, 2008, the education system for marine pollution prevention manager is to change in some ways. Major changes in education/training institutions, education/training courses, trainees, marine pollution prevention manager's works and business, marine facilities and educational subjects are summarized, comparing between old "marine pollution prevention act" and new "marine environment management act".

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Effectiveness of a Secondhand Smoking Prevention Program on Adolescents (청소년 간접흡연 예방 프로그램의 개발 및 효과)

  • Park, Min Ah;Kim, Mi Ye;Ha, Young Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study has examined effectiveness of a secondhand smoking prevention program for adolescents. Methods: The study was done in a nonequivalent control group pretest/posttest design. The subjects of the current study were 198 middle school students from K city in the Gyeongbuk province. The students were assigned to an experimental group (100) and participated in the secondhand smoking prevention program or to a control group (98) and did not take part. Data collection was done from June to July 2012. A Chi-square test, independent t-test, paired t test and ANCOVA were used with the SPSS 18.0 program for data analysis. Results: There were significant differences between the groups in knowledge of short-term influence of secondhand smoking (F=9.65, p<.005), knowledge of long-term influence of secondhand smoking (F=15.53, p<.001), verbal coping skills for secondhand smoking prevention (F=16.35, p<.001), behavioral coping skills for secondhand smoking prevention (F=8.49, p<.005), and assertiveness of secondhand smoking prevention (F=17.30, p<.001) measurements. Conclusion: The secondhand smoking prevention program delivered to the adolescents is an effective method of encouraging secondhand smoking prevention and can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention for adolescents.

Skin Cancer Concerns in People of Color: Risk Factors and Prevention

  • Gupta, Alpana K;Bharadwaj, Mausumi;Mehrotra, Ravi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.5257-5264
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    • 2016
  • Background: Though people of color (POC) are less likely to become afflicted with skin cancer, they are much more likely to die from it due to delay in detection or presentation. Very often, skin cancer is diagnosed at a more advanced stage in POC, making treatment difficult.The purpose of this research was to improve awareness regarding skin cancers in people of color by providing recommendations to clinicians and the general public for early detection and photo protection preventive measures. Methods: Data on different types of skin cancers were presented to POC. Due to limited research, there are few resources providing insights for evaluating darkly pigmented lesions in POC. Diagnostic features for different types of skin cancers were recorded and various possible risk factors were considered. Results: This study provided directions for the prevention and early detection of skin cancer in POC based on a comprehensive review of available data. Conclusions: The increased morbidity and mortality rate associated with skin cancer in POC is due to lack of awareness, diagnosis at a more advanced stage and socioeconomic barriers hindering access to care. Raising public health concerns for skin cancer prevention strategies for all people, regardless of ethnic background and socioeconomic status, is the key to timely diagnosis and treatment.

Exploring Recommendations for an Effective Smoking Prevention Program for Indonesian Adolescents

  • Tahlil, Teuku;Coveney, John;Woodman, Richard J.;Ward, Paul R.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.865-871
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    • 2013
  • Background: The present qualitative study assessed the need, acceptability and appropriateness for implementing effective and culturally appropriate smoking prevention programs for adolescents in schools in Indonesia. Methods: Snowball sampling was used to recruit participants. The study sample comprised a mixture of staff in the education department, junior high school teachers and individuals who had taught junior high school students in Aceh Province, Indonesia. Data were collected through one hour in-depth face to face or telephone interviews and analyzed using a descriptive content analysis procedure. Results: School teachers and policy makers in education firmly supported the implementation of a school-based smoking prevention program in Aceh. An appropriate intervention for smoking prevention program in schools in Aceh should involve both health and Islamic based approaches, and be provided by teachers and external providers. Potential barriers to the program included smoker teachers and parents, time constraints of students and/or teachers, lack of teachers' ability, increase in students' load, the availability of tobacco advertising and sales, and lack of tobacco regulation and support from community and related departments. To increase program effectiveness, involvement of and coordination with other relevant parties are needed. Conclusions: The important stakeholders in Indonesian childhood education agreed that school-based smoking prevention program would be appropriate for junior high school students. An appropriate intervention for smoking prevention program for adolescents in schools in Indonesia should be appropriate to participants' background and involve all relevant parties.

Smoking Prevention for Adolescents in Romanian Schools

  • Lotrean, Lucia Maria;Loghin, Cornel Radu;Popa, Monica;Vries, Hein De
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.7017-7021
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    • 2013
  • This study had two objectives. The first was to assess the frequency and content of school-based anti-smoking education received by Romanian adolescents aged 14-15. Secondly, the study aimed to evaluate to what extent the implementation of a specific 5 lessons smoking prevention program influences the quality of anti-smoking school education among Romanian adolescents. The investigation was performed in twenty schools from Cluj-Napoca, Romania, which were randomly assigned to the control and experimental conditions, resulting in 55 participating classes from the seventh grade (28 in the control group and 27 in the experimental group). The experimental group participated in a school-based smoking prevention program consisting of 5 lessons. The control group beneficiated only in the standard anti-smoking education offered by their schools. Six months after the program implementation, students from both experimental and control groups filled in a questionnaire, assessing several issues regarding their exposure to anti-smoking school education in the last year. The results showed a low exposure to anti-smoking school education among the Romanian adolescents. The implementation of the specific school-based smoking prevention program increased the exposure of Romanian adolescents to a higher number of lessons of smoking prevention and influenced positively the quality of these lessons. The study identified several gaps with respect to anti-smoking education in Romanian schools. It underlines the benefits of the implementation of a school based smoking prevention program with a clear structure, which contains appropriate educational messages and it is easy to implement.

An Equation Model Development and Test based on Health Belief Model Regarding Osteoporosis Prevention Behaviors among Postmenopausal Women (건강신념 모형 기반 폐경 여성의 골다공증 예방행위 모형 개발 및 검정)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jung;Ahn, Sukhee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.624-633
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was to develop and test a theoretical model based on the revised health belief model explaining osteoporosis prevention behaviors among postmenopausal women under 65. Methods: This secondary data analysis included 342 postmenopausal women under 65 from original data sources of a total of 734 women. The measured instruments were scales for osteoporosis awareness, osteoporosis health belief scale (benefit, barrier, susceptibility, severity, and health motivation), self-efficacy, and osteoporosis prevention behaviors. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 20.0 and AMOS 20.0. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 55.2 years and the mean age of menopause was 51.10. The hypothetical model of osteoporosis prevention behaviors was relatively fit. Osteoporosis prevention behaviors were significantly explained up to 62% by expectation factors (relative benefit, self-efficacy, health motivation) and modifying factors(knowledge only). Expectation factors of health belief had a mediation effect between modifying factors and prevention behaviors. Conclusion: This study partially supported the revised health belief model for explaining osteoporosis prevention behaviors. It provides a basis for developing an educational program focusing on expectation factors and knowledge with the aim of behavioral changes for osteoporosis prevention.

The Effects of Fall Health Belief and Knowledge of Fall on the Prevention of Fall in the Elderly: Mediating and Moderating Effects of Fall Fear

  • Jang, Insun;Park, Seungmi;Kim, Yeon Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This descriptive study investigated the mediating and moderating effects of fear of fall on the relationships between health belief on fall, fall-related knowledge and fall prevention behaviors among older adults Methods: We enrolled 229 older adults residing in a senior citizen hall and community welfare center, and investigated their health belief on fall, fall-related knowledge, fall prevention behavior, and fear of fall. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and t-test were used to analyze differences in variables. Pearson correlation and multiple regression were used to investigate mediating and moderating effects of the fear of fall on the relationships between health belief on fall, fall-related knowledge, and fall prevention behaviors. Results: The fear of fall significantly mediated the health belief on fall and fall prevention behaviors, but there was no significant mediation between knowledge of fall and fall prevention behaviors. The fear of fall did not have a moderating effect on the relationships between health belief on fall, knowledge of fall, and fall prevention behaviors. Conclusion: It is important to investigate and implement health belief on fall and fear of fall among older adults to improve their fall prevention behaviors.

Knowledge and Behavior of Visitors in the Prevention of Respiratory Tract Infections in an Emergency Service, Hospital (응급의료센터 내원객의 호흡기 감염예방에 대한 지식과 수행도)

  • Jo, Myeong-Ji;Moon, Kyoung-Ja;Lee, Eunsuk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.210-219
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of emergency setting visitors' knowledge and behavior patterns in relation to prevention of respiratory tract infections. Methods: A descriptive survey was used. The participants were visitors to the emergency service in 'D' general hospital in 'D' city, and the data were collected from July 1 to September 1, 2016. The collected data were analyzed using frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis. Results: Factors influencing prevention of respiratory tract infections were visitors' education level, methods of dissemination of prevention information, and participants' knowledge with regard to preventive methods. The explanatory power was found to be 35% in the regression model. Conclusion: The findings indicate that visitors' education level, knowledge of infection prevention, and the dissemination of information regarding infection prevention by the hospital play an important role in the prevention of respiratory tract infections in emergency services in the hospital. These results highlight the need for a customized education program for prevention of respiratory tract infections in emergency settings. Programs should take into consideration the educational background of visitors, and provide them with appropriate information regarding infection prevention.

The Influence of Fall-Related Knowledge and Fall Prevention Self-Efficacy of Care-Givers Working in Long-term Care Hospitals with Older Adults with Dementia on Fall Prevention Behaviors and Fall Management Behaviors (요양병원 요양보호사의 치매노인에 대한 낙상 지식, 낙상예방 자기효능감이 낙상예방행위 및 낙상관리행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Jeong-Ok;Gu, Mee-Ock
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.155-172
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of fall-related knowledge and fall prevention self-efficacy of care-givers working in long-term care hospitals on fall prevention behaviors and fall management behaviors for older adults with dementia. Methods: Participants were 125 care-givers working in long-term care hospitals. Data were collected with structured questionnaires from August 7 to 14, 2018. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\dot{e}}$ test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 18.0. Results: Fall prevention self-efficacy influence fall prevention behaviors(${\beta}=.55$, p<.001), while fall-related knowledge impacted fall management behaviors(${\beta}=.43$, p<.001). Conclusions: The results suggest that an education program for fall prevention of older adults with dementia in long-term care hospitals should focus on improving the fall-related knowledge and fall prevention self-efficacy of care-givers to increase both the fall prevention behaviors and fall management behaviors of care-givers.

A Study on Interdependence of Private Security and Techniques of CPTED (민간경비와 환경설계를 통한 범죄예방(CPTED) 기법의 상호의존성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Duk;Lim, You-Seok
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.29
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    • pp.223-249
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    • 2011
  • In modern society, citizens' quality of life aspects of safety and crime prevention activities are actively considering the incidence of crime prevention in advance. It also can be quite important elicit the interest of who community members through effective crime prevention strategies. For crime prevention policies and techniques over time as more scientific and advanced methods are made. Today, A typical crime prevention strategies is private security zones and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is a corresponding to the new strategy. CPTED is a diversification can be called a crime prevention approach that emphasizes the principle of natural surveillance, access control, territoriality, activity support, maintenance and management. The defensible space of the space area related to crime prevention setting the activities of private security and CPTED determine. Also, the reality of crime prevention and protection should be considered space. The emphasis on proactive prevention of crime in modern society for the prevention of crime how to approach differing perspectives and disparate aspects of private security and CPTED. Technical and professional areas that overlap to some extent in a homogeneous aspect. Ultimately, CPTED is a crime prevention through space and environmental approach for crime. In addition, Ultimate goal of convergence, crime prevention, with the same or higher is required to study for the area after looking for the characteristics and limitations of private security and CPTED.

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