• Title, Summary, Keyword: prevention

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Designing a Crime-Prevention System by Converging Big Data and IoT

  • Jeon, Jin-ho;Jeong, Seung-Ryul
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.115-128
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    • 2016
  • Recently, converging Big Data and IoT(Internet of Things)has become mainstream, and public sector is no exception. In particular, this combinationis applicable to crime prevention in Korea. Crime prevention has evolved from CPTED (Crime Prevention through Environmental Design) to ubiquitous crime prevention;however, such a physical engineering method has the limitation, for instance, unexpected exposureby CCTV installed on the street, and doesn't have the function that automatically alarms passengers who pass through a criminal zone.To overcome that, this paper offers a crime prevention method using Big Data from public organizations along with IoT. We expect this work will help construct an intelligent crime-prevention system to protect the weak in our society.

The Effects of Smoking Prevention Education on High School Students (고등학생의 흡연예방교육 효과분석)

  • 김수영;정영숙
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.81-94
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was to develop a smoking prevention educational program and to verify the effects of the program as an intervention to prevent smoking among high school students. Method: This study was designed by using a nonequivalent Quasi-experimental control group pretest-posttest. The instruments used in this study were scale on smoking prevention knowledge and attitude. The experimental group received 8 smoking prevention educational classes, each lasting 50-minutes every week. The collected data was analyzed by real number and percentage, Chi-Square test, t-test, ANCOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, Cronbach's α, using the SPSS WIN 11.0 program. Result: 1) After the completion of the smoking prevention education program, the experimental group's smoking knowledge scores(16.05±3.40) were higher than the control group's scores(14.39±3.81). Mean scores of smoking knowledge were statistically significantly different between the experimental group and the control group(F=38.700, p=.000). 2) After the completion of the smoking prevention education program, the experimental group's smoking prevention attitude scores were 47.52±5.30 and the control group's scores were 47.l0±5.54. Mean scores of attitude toward smoking prevention were statistically significantly different between the experimental group and the control group. 3) The relationship between smoking knowledge and attitude toward smoking prevention indicated positive correlation though the degree of positive correlation was low. Conclusion: Smoking prevention educational program which included self-search, smoking influence, adolescent smoking, family smoking, secondary smoking, self assertion using refusal skill was proved to be effective as an intervention for smoking prevention in high school students.

Correlation Between Mammograghic Findings and Clinical/Pathologic Features in Women with Small Invasive Breast Carcinomas

  • Li, Jun-Nan;Xu, Jing;Wang, Ju;Qing, Chun;Zhao, Yu-Mei;Liu, Pei-Fang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.24
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    • pp.10643-10646
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    • 2015
  • Background: To study the relationship between mammographic findings and clinical/pathologic features in women with 1-15mm sized invasive breast cancer. Materials and Methods: We investigated a consecutive series of 134 cases diagnosed in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital in 2007. Mammographic findings were classified into five groups as follows :1) stellate mass without calcification; 2) non-stellate mass without calcification; 3) intermediate suspicious calcification with or without associated mass; 4) higher probability malignant calcification with or without associated mass; 5) focal asymmetry/distortion without associated calcification. Associations between mammographic and clinical/pathological features (menopause status/family history/histologic grade/lymph node status and ER/PR/HER2 status) was analyzed through logistic regression and chi square tests. Results: Compared to the stellate mass without calcification group, higher probability malignant calcification patients were associated significantly with a positive lymph node status, always presenting in patients who were non-menopausal and with a family history of carcinoma. Conclusions: Higher probability malignant calcifications with or without associated tumor masses are associated with clinical/pathologic features of poor prognosis.

Significance of Thrombocytosis in Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Prognosis of Gastric Cancer

  • Li, Fang-Xuan;Wei, Li-Juan;Zhang, Huan;Li, Shi-Xia;Liu, Jun-Tian
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6511-6517
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: We aimed to study the relationship between thrombocytosis and clinical features of gastric cancerfocussing on platelet counts and gastric cancer progression through different TNM stages. Methods: According to the normal range of platelet count in our institution, 1,596 patients were divided to two groups: a thrombocytosis group (120 patients, > $400{\times}1000/{\mu}L$) and a control group (1,476 patients, ${\leq}400{\times}1000/{\mu}L$). Results: The incidence of thrombocytosis was 7.5%. Higher platelet counts were observed in patients with older age, larger tumor size, deeper invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis and advanced TNM stage. In multivariate logistic regression, tumor size, depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage were independent risk factors for thrombocytosis of gastric cancer patients. On prognostic analysis, age, tumor size, tumor location, histologic type, depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis and TNM stage and platelet count were important factors. Tumor size, invasion depth, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage and the platelet count were independent prognostic factors. Conclusion: Thrombocytosis is associated with clinical features of gastric cancer patients and correlates with a poor prognosis.

The Effects of the Fall Prevention Education on the Awareness of Beginners to Spatial Design (낙상예방교육이 공간디자인 입문 학생의 인식에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Yeun-Sook;Park, Ji-Seon;Jang, Mi-Seon
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.60-67
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    • 2016
  • Falls are accidents that can happen throughout the overall period of human life and their results are very fatal and have a serious negative effect on individuals and society. In case of aged people, even though they live in places where dangerous risks of falls are prevalent, they cannot improve their residential environment for themselves. Therefore, this study intends to prove the effects of fall prevention education by providing fall prevention education to spatial design majoring students in order to improve their perception about the falls and fall prevention environments and their social responsibility as a designer. This study was designed as Quasi-experimental study, and 121 beginners to spatial design received the education. As a result, the effects of education was proved by showing improvements on their awareness about the fall risks, the importance of fall prevention environment and social responsibility as a designer. In addition, after the education students could know more about spatial elements for fall prevention and they specified the details of important environmental factors for fall prevention. Generally, fall prevention education has been given to aged people and this is a first example of fall prevention education that was given to younger generation. It is meaningful that fall prevention education has changed the awareness of the students to help them work in spatial environment design with a strong sense of responsibility as an expert of spatial designer in future.

Analysis of Cancer Incidence in Zhejiang Cancer Registry in China during 2000 to 2009

  • Du, Ling-Bin;Li, Hui-Zhang;Wang, Xiang-Hui;Zhu, Chen;Liu, Qing-Min;Li, Qi-Long;Li, Xue-Qin;Shen, Yong-Zhou;Zhang, Xin-Pei;Ying, Jiang-Wei;Yu, Chuan-Ding;Mao, Wei-Min
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.14
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    • pp.5839-5843
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    • 2014
  • Objective: The Zhejiang Provincial Cancer Prevention and Control Office collected cancer registration data during 2000 to 2009 from 6 cancer registries in Zhejiang province of China in order to analyze the cancer incidence. Methods: Descriptive analysis included cancer incidence stratified by sex, age and cancer site group. The proportions and cumulative rates of 10 common cancers in different groups were also calculated. Chinese population census in 1982 and Segi's population were used for calculating age-standardized incidence rates. The log-linear model was used for fitting to calculate the incidence trends. Results: The 6 cancer registries in Zhejiang province in China covered a total of 60,087,888 person-years during 2000 to 2009 (males 30,445,904, females 29,641,984). The total number of new cancer cases were 163,104 (males 92,982, females 70,122). The morphology verified cases accounted for 69.7%, and the new cases verified only by information from death certification accounted for 1.23%. The crude incidence rate in Zhejiang cancer registration areas was $271.5/10^5$ during 2000 to 2009 (male $305.41/10^5$, female $236.58/10^5$), age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and by world standard population (ASIRW) were $147.1/10^5$ and $188.2/10^5$, the cumulative incidence rate (aged from 0 to 74) being 21.7%. The crude incidence rate was $209.6/10^5$ in 2000, and it increased to $320.20/10^5$ in 2009 (52.8%), with an annual percent change (APC) of 4.51% (95% confidence interval, 3.25%-5.79%). Age-specific incidence rate of 80-84 age group was achieved at the highest point of the incidence curve. Overall with different age groups, the cancer incidences differed, the incidence of liver cancer being highest in 15-44 age group in males; the incidence of breast cancer was the highest in 15-64 age group in females; the incidences of lung cancer were the highest in both males and females over the age of 65 years. Conclusions: Lung cancer, digestive system malignancies and breast cancer are the most common cancers in Zhejiang province in China requiring an especial focus. The incidences of thyroid cancer, prostate cancer, cervical cancer and lymphoma have increased rapidly. Prevention and control measures should be implemented for these cancers.

The Degree of Mothers사 Accident Prevention Practices for Their Children (아동에 대한 어머니의 사고예방 실천 정도)

  • 김신정;최환석
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.656-664
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    • 1999
  • Accidents are the leading cause of death in children worldwide. The purpose of this study is to use basic data of safety education, counseling, and information available regarding accident prevention to examine the degree of mothers' accident prevention practices for their children. Data were collected from June to October, 1998 from 587 mothers including 2 University hospitals located in Seoul and Kyoungki-Do. By using the 30 item questionnaire, which was created by researchers through literature review, the degree of mothers' accident prevention practices for their children was measured. The degree of accident prevention practices of mothers shown ranged 70-118 and averaged 3.19. Compared to the composit area average score, drug keeping had the highest score of 3.57 The next highest scores and traffic safety(3.41), and supervision of child(3.30). Prevention against burning was the lowest point at 2.58. With the respect to the demographic characteristics, there were stastically significant differences in the mothers' education(F=4.291, p=.014), type of residence(F=3.979, p=.008), and child developmental age (F=5.275, p=.001). The degree of accident prevention practices of mothers were relatively high. But the area which showed the low degree of accident prevention practices, required nurses' active education, counseling, social interest and support, and mass media participation.

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A Study on Slope Reinforcement Method for Control of Rockfall and Small Scale Failure (낙석 및 소규모 붕괴 방지를 위한 사면보강방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Ho;Hwang, Young-Cheol;Noh, Heung-Jae;Sim, Seok-Rae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.796-805
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    • 2005
  • Most rockfall prevention net among the rockfall prevention equipment that is constructed in around the road is actuality lack of function by quantitative research insufficiency etc.. Most of rockfall prevention net are composed to setting needle, perpendicular and horizontal wire rope and wire net. Also, function of rockfall prevention net depend on setting needle and the wire net and perpendicular and horizontal wire rope are fixed by setting needle. when unreasonable load is offered setting needle, rockfall prevention net can lose the function and happen continuous falling off of rockfall prevention net. Because rockfall prevention net have a such structural defect, improvement had been required in reply. So in this paper, spot application of Rock Bolt & Net Connection method and falling rock support ability are estimated by numerical analysis. As a result, when Rock Bolt & Net Connection Method is applied to cutting slope, decreases of stress and displacement is examined than current rockfall prevention net.

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The Effect of Activity-oriented AIDS Prevention Education on the Knowledge and Attitudes of Middle School Boys (활동중심 에이즈예방교육이 남자중학생의 에이즈에 관한 지식과 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeom;Hwang, Sun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the knowledge and attitudes about AIDS between an activity-oriented and a lecture-oriented AIDS prevention education in middle school boys. Methods: Each of 60 middle school boys in M city, Gyeongsangnam-do, was assigned to the experimental or control group. The activity-oriented AIDS prevention education in experimental group and the lecture-oriented education in control group were provided for a 45 minutes class per week for 4 weeks, respectively. Date were collected with questionnaires and analyzed through $x^2$-test, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: The experimental group and control group were homogeneous in knowledge and attitudes about AIDS prevention before the study. In AIDS prevention knowledge, there was no significant interaction of times by groups (F=0.033, p=.930); but the main effect of times was significant (F=63.950, p<.001). In attitudes toward AIDS, there was a significant interaction of times by groups (F=8.892, p<.001). Conclusion: The activity-oriented AIDS prevention education was an effective teaching strategy to foster positive attitudes toward AIDS prevention in middle school boys. Therefore, systematic and sustained development of AIDS prevention education reflecting learners' characteristics is required.

Prevention in the United States Affordable Care Act

  • Preston, Charles M.;Alexander, Miriam
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.455-458
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    • 2010
  • The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was signed into law on March 23, 2010 and will fundamentally alter health care in the United States for years to come. The US is currently one of the only industrialized countries without universal health insurance. The new law expands existing public insurance for the poor. It also provides financial credits to low income individuals and some small businesses to purchase health insurance. By government estimates, the law will bring insurance to 30 million people. The law also provides for a significant new investment in prevention and wellness. It appropriates an unprecedented $15 billion in a prevention and public health fund, to be disbursed over 10 years, as well as creates a national prevention council to oversee the government's prevention efforts. This paper discusses 3 major prevention provisions in the legislation: 1) the waiving of cost-sharing for clinical preventive services, 2) new funding for community preventive services, and 3) new funding for workplace wellness programs. The paper examines the scientific evidence behind these provisions as well as provides examples of some model programs. Taken together, these provisions represent a significant advancement for prevention in the US health care system, including a shift towards healthier environments. However, in this turbulent economic and political environment, there is a real threat that much of the law, including the prevention provisions, will not receive adequate funding.