• Title, Summary, Keyword: prevention

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Development and Evaluation of Injury Prevention Education Proposal for Elementary School Children (학령기 아동의 사고예방 교육안 개발 및 평가)

  • Lee Jung-Eun;Kim Ji-Hyun;Kim Shin-Jeong
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.365-380
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    • 2002
  • This study was to develop and evaluate injury prevention education proposal which will helpful and can be utilized directly on the first line spot for elementary school children. Education proposal development and evaluation process was 1) Construction of 10-times education proposal contents proper to schooler 2) Testify validity through 3 pediatric nursing professor and 4 elementary school nurse 3) Pretest was done from March, 2002 to July on 3-6th grade 313 elementary school students 4) Through correction and revision after pretest evaluation meeting, final injury prevention education proposal was developed 5) After 10-times injury education, evaluation was carried out about the degree of help in education contents and general constitution of injury education to total subjects of educated children. Injury prevention education proposal consists of 10 times and each subjects are followings. 1st is 「introduction of injury prevention education and the importance of injury prevention」 2nd is「safety in and around home」, 3rd is 「injury prevention in school」, 4th is 「prevention of violence」, 5th is 「motor vehicle safety」, 6th is 「water safety」, 7th is 「prevention of fire and burns」, 8th is 「toy and product safety」, 9th is 「sports and recretional activities safety」and the final 10th is 「injury prevention caused by animals」. In the evaluation, the degree of help in education contents showed it helped to children averaged 1.66 and general constitution showed averaged 2.17 that children satisfied about developed injury prevention proposal. This study expected to provide systematic and concrete guidance in injury prevention education for elementary school children.

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The Relationship between Infection Prevention Behaviors and Barriers among Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy (항암화학요법을 받는 암환자의 감염예방 행위와 장애요인의 관계)

  • Lee, Young-Ran;Kwon, In-Soo
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.150-161
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was to assess the degree of infection prevention behaviors at home, and a relationship between those behaviors and barrier factors among cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: The data were collected from 92 cancer patients who were undergoing chemotherapy with more than two kinds of immunosuppressive agents at G university hospital in J city from February 17 to April 4, 2003. The instruments were the infection prevention behavior scale developed by researchers and the barrier factor scale by Gu et al. (2003). The data were analysed using mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient by SPSS program. Results: The mean score of the behaviors for infection prevention was 2.61 of 4. The highest score was on the subscale 'rest and exercise', and the lowest score was on the subscale 'monitoring sign and symptom of infection'. And a negative correlation(r= -.208, p= .023) was found between infection prevention behaviors and barrier factors. The barriers correlated to infection prevention behaviors were mainly 'no habits' and 'no interest'. Conclusion: It seems that the degree of the behaviors for infection prevention was not performed enough to prevent infection among cancer patients. And there was negative relationship between infection prevention behaviors and barriers. We suggest to develop a nursing intervention program to enhance infection prevention behaviors through reducing the barrier factors.

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Effects of a Smoking Prevention Program on Primary School Students (초등학생을 위한 흡연예방 프로그램의 효과)

  • Kim Myoung-Hee;Cho Chung-Min;Chon Mi-Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of a smoking prevention program on primary school students. Method: The design for this study was a nonequivalent quasi-experimental control group pretest-posttest. The smoking prevention program was provided to grade 5 and 6 students selected from two schools in Jecheon. The experimental group consisted of 72 students and the control group, 73 students. A smoking prevention program composed of smoking prevention education (once a week for 40 minutes over a period of 8 weeks) and supportive environment for smoking prevention was developed by modifying several smoking prevention programs. The research was conducted from May 15 to October 10, 2003. Result: 1) After completion of the smoking prevention program, the mean scores for knowledge about smoking, attitude to smoking, and intention toward non-smoking were not significantly different between the experimental group and the control group. Conclusions: To affectively achieve the aims of a smoking prevention program, the effectiveness of the program should not be measured over the short term only. Long-term tracking of students educated in the program, to identify the rate of those who later become smokers needs to be done.

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Effects of a Cancer Prevention Advertisement on Beliefs and Knowledge about Cancer Prevention

  • Kye, Su Yeon;Yoo, Jisu;Lee, Min Hee;Jun, Jae Kwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.14
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    • pp.5793-5800
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    • 2015
  • Background: Outcome-expectation beliefs and knowledge may ultimately influence behavior for cancer prevention. The aims of this study were to measure changes in knowledge and beliefs about cancer prevention before and after viewing a television advertisement and identify the factors affecting receptivity to its messages. Materials and Methods: A one-group pretest-posttest design was used in this study of 1,000 individuals aged 20 to 65 years who were recruited online in November 2014. The outcome variables included cancer prevention beliefs based on the Health Belief Model (five items) and knowledge about risk factors for cancer (seven items). Results: Perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and self-efficacy increased significantly and their perceived severity and perceived barriers decreased significantly, after participants viewed the television advertisement. Correct responses to questions about risk factors also increased significantly, except for smoking. The main factors affecting changes in the outcome variables were age, interest in cancer prevention, social network, satisfaction with the ad, and pretest scores. Conclusions: Television advertisements with positive frameworks can be an efficient channel of improving beliefs and knowledge about cancer prevention in a short period. The continuous development of intervention materials that consider the demographics, needs, and satisfaction of the target group will be necessary for future studies.

The Relationship between Knowledge, Health Beliefs, and Prevention Behaviors of Osteoporotic Fracture in Patients receiving Osteoporosis Treatment (골다공증 치료를 받고 있는 환자의 지식, 건강신념, 골다공증성 골절예방행위 간의 관계)

  • Moon, Eun-Suk;Lee, Eun-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.147-156
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the relationship of knowledge, health beliefs, and prevention behaviors of osteoporotic fracture in outpatients with osteoporosis. Methods: The subjects were 120 outpatients receiving osteoporosis treatment on K hospital in G city from Dec. 2007 to Feb. 2008. Questionnaires were collected and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program for descriptive statistics, and t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Subjects were treated for fracture about 28 months. The mean score of knowledge, health belief and prevention behaviors in subjects were $17.5{\pm}3.22$, $2.8{\pm}0.23$ and $2.8{\pm}0.38$ respectively. The score of health belief recorded the lowest point. However, the score of knowledge varied with general and disease-related characteristics of subjects. In contrast, the score of prevention behaviors did not showed any significant differences. Fracture prevention behavior in subjects showed rather higher relationship with the health belief system than the knowledge of fracture prevention. Conclusion: The present work suggested that education program for prevention behaviors of fracture should be developed to focus on altering the health belief system rather than the knowledge of osteoporotic fracture prevention. Furthermore, individual education program based on living circumstances and daily life habits should be also developed.

Knowledge and Views of Secondary School Students in Kuala Lumpur on Cervical Cancer and its Prevention

  • Rashwan, Hesham;Ishak, Ismarulyusda;Sawalludin, Nurhidayah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.2545-2549
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    • 2013
  • Cervical cancer is one of the most frequent cancers in women worldwide. Persistent infection with a human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause for cervical cancer. Vaccination and Pap smear screening are the best methods for prevention of the disease. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the knowledge and views of upper secondary school female students in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, toward prevention of cervical cancer. This study was conducted from April 2009 to September 2009 in 8 schools in Kuala Lumpur area using pre-tested and validated questionnaires. Results indicated that the respondents had low knowledge of cervical cancer and its prevention although the majority of students (80.4%) had heard about the disease. The level of knowledge of cervical cancr and its prevention was significantly higher among students from the science stream (p<0.001) compared to students from the art stream. Most students (69.3%) agreed to take the vaccination if the service was available in schools. A high percentage of students (82.2%) agreed that the vaccination should be compulsory to the students. In conclusion, most students had low knowledge of cervical cancer and its prevention but they had positive attitude toward vaccination and agreed that vaccination should be compulsory. Therefore, suitable educational programmes should be developed to improve the knowledge of secondary school students on the prevention of cervical cancer.

A Structural Equation Model of Fall Prevention Behavior among Community-dwelling Older Adults with Osteoarthritis (재가 관절염 노인의 낙상 예방행위 예측모형 구축)

  • Jang, Keong Sook;Song, Rhayun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.684-694
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explain fall prevention behaviors of community-dwelling elderly with osteoarthritis based on the Health Belief Model. Methods: A total of 200 older adults with osteoarthritis residing in community was recruited from July 10 to August 30, 2013. The direct and indirect effects of perceived fall risk, perceived benefits and barriers, and self efficacy of fall prevention were examined on fall prevention behaviors. Data were collected with structured questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 20.0 and AMOS 20.0 program. Results: The hypothetical model was a good fit for the data based on the model fit indices. Among socio-demographic variables, age and fall knowledge showed significant direct effects on fall prevention behaviors. The constructed model explained 34.2% of the variance of fall prevention behaviors, including perceived fall risk and efficacy of fall prevention behaviors as significant predictors. Conclusion: The findings revealed the need to develop an effective nursing intervention to promote fall prevention behaviors of community-dwelling elderly with osteoarthritis by focusing on perceived fall risk and efficacy of fall prevention behaviors. Knowledge about fall can also be increased by an age-based education program.

Factors Associated with Nurses' Activities for Hospital Fall Prevention (간호사의 병원낙상 예방활동에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, In Kyoung;Choi, Ja Yun
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affected with nurses' prevention activity against hospital fall. Methods: The data were collected from 325 nurses at C University Hospital in G City by using the structured questionnaires from February 21, 2011 to March 12, 2011. The data were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression. Results: The main factor associated with prevention activity against hospital fall was the attitude towards hospital fall (${\beta}$=.26, p<.001), the next one was the educational level (${\beta}$=.16, p=.002), and the last one was the frequency of fall prevention education (${\beta}$=.14, p=.009). The all factors could explain 11.1% of the variance in the nurses' prevention activities against hospital fall. Conclusion: Hospital managers need to make hospital culture to enhance the nurse's positive attitude about hospital fall prevention. In addition, educators need to develop educational programs including hospital fall prevention through academic curriculum and continuing education.