• Title, Summary, Keyword: prevention

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Knowledge, Attitude and Prevention Activities related to fall among of Geriatric Hospital Nurse (노인전문병원 간호사의 낙상에 관한 지식 및 태도, 낙상 예방활동에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Kwang Soo
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.436-450
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is designed to identity the extent of geriatric hospital nurse's knowledge attitude and fall prevention activities toward falls, thereby identifying the relationship between them. Methods: Knowledge of the falls targeting 350 people who work in the nurse elderly hospital, located at J city, attitudes about fall prevention activity data were collected for nurses working in the geriatric hospital. The collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheff's test, correlation coefficients. Results: Attitude and prevention activities of fall showed that there is a correlation. Showed that age was a significant effect on falls prevention activities age 45 years and olde and attitude. The higher the fall prevention activities were found to be low. Conclusion: In relationship between knowledge, attitudes and prevention activities regarding falls, knowledge about falls had no correlation with attitude and prevention activities and a correlation was found between attitudes and prevention activity regarding falls. Accordingly, it is required to implement training program to improve nurse's attitude to falls, and repetitive fall prevention training and education is expected to contribute to increasing the practice of fall prevention activity.

Structural Analysis of Variables related to Fall Prevention Behavior of Registered Nurses in Small-to-Medium Sized Hospitals (중소병원 간호사의 낙상예방행위와 관련 변인 간의 구조 분석)

  • Park, Ji Hyun;Son, Jung Tae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.269-281
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to build a model to predict the fall prevention behavior of nurses in small and medium sized hospitals. Methods: Participants were 382 nurses from 13 hospitals who responded to the structured self-reported questionnaire. The research model was based on previous study of fall prevention, theory of planned behavior, and the health belief model. Results: The modified model generally showed higher levels than recommended level of model fit indices and acceptable explanation. Of 17 hypothetical paths, 14 were supported. Predicting variables explained 51.6% of fall prevention behavior. The fall prevention behavior of nurses showed a direct influence of fall prevention expectations, fall prevent threats, perceived behavioral control for fall prevention, and intention to prevent falls and an indirect of influence of patient safety culture, attitude toward fall prevention, and the subjective norm. Conclusion: Findings show a need to identify a range of barrier factors to increase the benefits of fall prevention behavior and enhance the perceived control of fall prevention so that nurses will be able to promote fall prevention behavior in hospitals. Also, it is critical to increase awareness of patient safety culture among nurses.

A Study on the Operation Method of Gas Accident Prevention Supported Capital (가스사고예방지원금 운영방법의 개선에 관한 연구)

  • 송수정;강경식
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1999
  • Gas accident prevention supported capital offered by 3 Gas related rules doesn't meet the requirement of real situation when considering that deposit method and size. So the support haven't helped the gas accident prevention. The offer about the gas accident prevention supported capital is treated in this paper, The most powerful and effective method is considered in case of system prevention from gas accidents throughout the way of deposit method, size and operation method of gas accident prevention supported capital for gas accident prevention.

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A STUDY ON COMMUNITY RESIDENTS PARTICIPATION IN CRIME PREVENTION ACTIVITY (지역주민 참여 범죄예방활동에 대한 고찰)

  • Oh, Yoon-Sung
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.3
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    • pp.175-204
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    • 2000
  • In modern society, a spontaneous phenomenon that community residents' participation in crime prevention sphere is increasing now due to the recognition that it is extremely difficult to control crime only by the limited official power(police) is spreading in the society. In the consideration of crime occurrence, the fear of crime does not belong to a certain person any more, but it turns to a matter of common interest for all people. If the recognition of community problems is well understood and analysed, the effect of community residents' participation in crime prevention will appear more eminent and definite. For a long period of time, thanks to the community residents' participation in crime prevention, it has been possible to sustain safety and stability of local community. Ultimately not only the police could reduce the crime problems but local community could decrease a fear of crime. In this study, for maximized effect of crime prevention, it is focused on the role of the community residents' participation in crime prevention. For desirable interrelations among service group and residents, police, first the review of situational crime prevention and community crime prevention theory was studied. And the community residents participation to crime prevention activity in U.S.A, Japan etc was reviewed. By interviewing actual participants in community crime prevention activity, the problems and countermeasures of the community residents' participation in crime prevention activity and desirable direction was suggested

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A Study on Factors Affecting Fire Prevention (화재예방에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Chae, Jin
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.100-109
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to empirically verify the factors affecting fire prevention, which is a dependent variable, by establishing a safety culture related to fire prevention, fire prevention education, fire prevention equipment, fire safety knowledge, and fire safety practices as independent variables. The results obtained from the multiple regression analysis were derived as follows in relation to fire prevention. The fire prevention education was found to have the most statistically significant effect on fire prevention, and the fire prevention facility was found to have a statistically significant effect on fire prevention. In addition, fire safety practice was found to have a statistically significant effect on fire prevention.

The Effects of Fall Prevention Education on the Fall-related Knowledge and Prevention activity of the Elderly Hospitalized in Internal Medicine Department (낙상예방교육이 내과병동 노인 환자의 낙상 관련지식, 낙상예방행위에 미치는 효과)

  • Chung, Myung Sill
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.102-111
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects of a fall prevention education on the fall-related knowledge, prevention activity of the elderly hospitalized in internal medicine department. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for this study. A total of 44 patients of the elderly hospitalized in internal medicine department were randomly divided into the experimental group (n=22) and the control group (n=22). The experimental group received about an half hour, fall prevention education at the admission day, 3days and 5days after admission, while the control group received the usual care. The outcome variables were measured before and after fall prevention education. Data were analyzed with $x^2$-test and t-test by using SPSS 12. Results: The experimental group showed significant improvement in fall-related knowledge and prevention activity. Conclusion: The fall prevention education was effective in increasing fall-related knowledge and prevention activity of the elderly hospitalized in internal medicine department. For reducing fall events, it is important to educate the elderly hospitalized about fall-related knowledge and prevention activity related to fall.

Effects of Health Belief of Falling on Fall Prevention Activities of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 낙상에 대한 건강신념이 낙상예방행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Young Ji;Uhm, Ju-Yeon
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was performed to identify nursing students' fall prevention activities, health beliefs of falling and factors associated with fall prevention activities among nursing students. Methods: 149 nursing students from a university completed self-administered questionnaires including participants' characteristics, fall prevention activities, and health belief of falling. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to determine significant independent factors of fall prevention activities. Results: The score for fall prevention activities was $62.40{\pm}9.78$, which was relatively high. The regression model had an adjusted $R^2$ of .16, which indicated that perceived susceptibility was a factor affecting fall prevention activities of nursing students. Conclusion: To increase perceived susceptibility, repetitive fall prevention education including various examples of falls could help nursing students to promote fall prevention activities. Nursing faculty should develop contents to increase recognition of obligation and responsibility regarding fall prevention in curriculum for nursing students.

The Preventive Thoughts of Sasang Constitutional Medicine (사상의학의 예방의학사상)

  • Yu, Jun-Sang
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2018
  • Objectives On the point of modern preventive medicine, Sasang Constitutional Meidicine(SCM) has the thoughts of preventive medicine. Modern preventive medicine has the three dimensional prevention; primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. The preventive thoughts of SCM concerning three dimensional prevention have been investigated in this article. Method Materials and references were collected about the prevention of SCM. Lee Jema's books such as Donguisusebowon, Gyeokchigo and Donguisusebowon Chobonguen were included. Result and Conclusions As the primary prevention of SCM, Regimen according to ages, explanation according to health index as Myeongmaeksilsu(命脈實數), moderation of four ruinous causes such as intoxication, seduction, opulence and authority, adequate social life and control of 4 kinds of emotions(sorrow, anger, joy and pleasure) are included. As the secondary prevention of SCM, explanation according to disease index, fragile Organs and frequently acquired diseases according to constitutions are included. As the tertiary prevention of SCM, rehabilitation for the stroke patients according to constitutions is included. In conclusion, SCM has all of 3 dimensional prevention methods although that might be applied with modern considerate modification.

HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention is not Cost-Effective in Japan

  • Isshiki, Takahiro
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6177-6180
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    • 2014
  • Background: Our study objectives were to evaluate the medical economics of cervical cancer prevention and thereby contribute to cancer care policy decisions in Japan. Methods: Model creation: we created presence-absence models for prevention by designating human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for primary prevention of cervical cancer. Cost classification and cost estimates: we divided the costs of cancer care into seven categories (prevention, mass-screening, curative treatment, palliative care, indirect, non-medical, and psychosocial cost) and estimated costs for each model. Cost-benefit analyses: we performed cost-benefit analyses for Japan as a whole. Results: HPV vaccination was estimated to cost $291.5 million, cervical cancer screening $76.0 million and curative treatment $12.0 million. The loss due to death was $251.0 million and the net benefit was -$128.5 million (negative). Conclusion: Cervical cancer prevention was not found to be cost-effective in Japan. While few cost-benefit analyses have been reported in the field of cancer care, these would be essential for Japanese policy determination.