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The Mediating Roles of Preschoolers' Self-regulation in the Relationship Between Maternal Parenting Behaviors and Preschoolers' Excessive Immersion in Smartphones (어머니의 양육행동과 유아의 스마트폰 과몰입 간의 관계에서 유아의 자기조절능력의 매개적 역할)

  • Park, Bokyung;Park, Nam-Shim
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.117-136
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study examined the mediating roles of preschoolers' self-regulation in the relationship between maternal parenting behaviors and preschoolers' excessive immersion in smartphones. Methods: A total of 268 mothers of preschoolers responded to questionnaires on three research variables. Data were analyzed by correlation analyses and regression analyses. Results: First, maternal warmth/encouragement was negatively related to preschoolers' excessive immersion in smartphones, while maternal overprotectiveness/permission and rejection/neglect were positively related to preschoolers' excessive immersion in smartphones. Second, maternal warmth/encouragement and limit setting were positively linked to preschoolers' self-regulation, but maternal overprotectiveness/permission and rejection/neglect were negatively linked to preschoolers' self-regulation. Third, preschoolers' self-regulation was negatively associated with their excessive immersion in smartphones. Finally, preschoolers' self-regulation fully mediated the relationship between maternal warmth/encouragement and preschoolers' excessive immersion in smartphones, and preschoolers' self-regulation partially mediated the relationship between maternal overprotectiveness/permission, rejection/neglect and preschoolers' excessive immersion in smartphones. Conclusion/Implications: The results of this study suggest that positive maternal parenting behaviors and preschoolers' effective self-regulation are important in order to decrease preschoolers' smartphone overuse. These findings provide empirical evidence to develop programs for prevention and intervention of preschoolers' smartphone addiction.

The Influence of Maternal Emotional Expression on Preschoolers' Behavior Problems: Dual Mediating Effects of Preschoolers' Emotional Temperament and Emotion Regulation (어머니의 부정적 정서표현이 유아의 문제행동에 미치는 영향 : 유아의 정서성 기질과 정서조절의 순차적 이중매개효과)

  • Lim, Ji Young;Lee, Yoon Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.51-66
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study aimed to examine the dual mediating effects of preschoolers' emotional temperament and emotion regulation in the relationship between maternal emotional expression and preschoolers' behavior problems. Methods: The participants included 167 preschoolers and their mothers from Daegu city and Gyeonsang province. The mothers completed questionnaires regarding their own emotional expression, children's temperament, emotion regulation, and behavior problems. Results: The primary results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant correlations among maternal emotional expression, preschoolers' emotional temperament, emotion regulation, and problem behaviors. Second, maternal emotional expression had an indirect effect on preschoolers' behavior problems through preschoolers' emotional temperament and emotion regulation. Conclusion: This study revealed that maternal negative emotional expression and preschoolers' temperament and emotion regulation need to be considered simultaneously to explain the level of preschoolers' behavior problems. More specifically, the results highlight the dual mediating effects of preschoolers' temperament and emotion regulation in the relationship between maternal negative emotional expression and preschoolers' behavior problems.

Serial Dual Mediating Effects of Preschoolers' Executive Functions and Counterfactual Thinking on Relationship between Maternal Reflective Functioning and Preschoolers' Higher-order Thinking (어머니의 반영기능과 유아의 상위수준 사고 간의 관계에서 유아의 실행기능과 반사실적 사고의 순차적 이중매개효과)

  • Lee, Yoonjeong;Lim, Jiyoung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.131-148
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the dual mediating effects of preschoolers' executive function and counterfactual thinking in the relationship between maternal reflective functioning and preschoolers' higher-order thinking. Participants included 293 preschoolers and their mothers in Daegu city and Gyeongsang province. The mothers completed questionnaires regarding their reflective functioning, preschoolers' executive function, and creative thinking. Teachers completed questionnaires regarding preschoolers' critical thinking and caring thinking. Preschoolers' counterfactual thinking was measured by interviews. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation analysis with SPSS 25.0. Path analysis and bootstrapping were used with AMOS 25.0 program. Also, specific indirect effect were analyzed using AMOS user-defined estimand function. The primary results of this study are as follows. Maternal reflective functioning had an indirect effect on preschoolers' critical thinking and caring thinking through preschoolers' executive function and counterfactual thinking; however, maternal reflective functioning had no indirect effect on preschoolers' creative thinking through preschoolers' executive function and counterfactual thinking. This study revealed that maternal reflective functioning and preschoolers' executive function and counterfactual thinking need to be considered simultaneously to explain the level of preschoolers' higher-order thinking. The results highlight the dual mediating effects of preschoolers' executive function and counterfactual thinking in the relationship between maternal reflective functioning and preschoolers' higher-order thinking.

The Effects of Maternal Rejective Parenting Behaviorsd and Preschoolers' Aggression and Social Skills on Preschoolers' Exclusion by Peers (어머니의 거부적 양육행동, 유아의 공격성과 사회적 기술이 유아의 또래배척에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Jee-Nha;Kim, Ji-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.983-992
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal rejective parenting behaviors and preschoolers' aggression and social skills on preschoolers' exclusion by peers. Subjects were 91 5- to 6-year-old preschoolers(49 boys, 42 girls) and their mothers. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and stepwised multiple regression analysis. The major findings are summarized as follows: (1) preschoolers' exclusion by peers was positively correlated with maternal rejective parenting behaviors and preschoolers' aggression. On the other hand, preschoolers' exclusion by peers was negatively correlated with preschoolers' social skills. (2) The most influential factor on preschoolers' exclusion by peers was preschoolers' cooperative behaviors, and the next influential factor on preschoolers' exclusion by peers was maternal rejective parenting behaviors. In conclusion, maternal rejective parenting behaviors and preschoolers' social skills influence preschoolers' exclusion by peers.

The Mediating Effects of Mothers' Depression Between Marital Conflict and Preschoolers' Sleep Problems (부부갈등과 유아의 수면문제 간의 관계에서 어머니 우울의 매개효과)

  • Chung, Jee Nha
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.101-115
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The goals of this research were (1)to examine the relationship among parental conflict, mothers' depression and preschoolers' sleep problems, and (2) to examine the mediating effects of mothers' depression between marital conflict and preschoolers' sleep problems. Methods: The participants were 1,639 mothers with preschoolers taken from the 5th year Korean Children Panel. Date were analyzed using descriptive statistics, partial correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The results were as follows: First, preschoolers' sleep problems were positively related to marital conflicts. Second, preschoolers' sleep problems were positively related to mothers' depression. Third, marital conflict was positively related to mothers' depression. Lastly, mothers' depression fully mediated the relationship between marital conflict and preschoolers' sleep problems. That is, marital conflict had an effect on preschoolers' sleep problem, only through mothers' depression. Conclusion/Implications: Based on the results, intervention programs should be developed to prevent preschoolers' sleep problems such as marital relationship improvement programs and mothers' depression improvement programs.

The Relationships among Mothers' Marital Satisfaction, Parenting Behavior, and Preschoolers' Sleep Problems (어머니의 결혼만족도, 양육행동 및 유아의 수면문제 간의 관계)

  • Park, Bokyung;Rhee, Sun Hee;Noh, Jee Un
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.109-128
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study examined the relationships among mothers' marital satisfaction, parenting behavior, and preschoolers' sleep problems. Methods: Three hundred mothers of preschoolers completed questionnaires on three research variables. Data were analyzed by correlation analyses and regression analyses. Results: First, mothers' marital satisfaction was negatively related to preschoolers' sleep problems. Second, mothers' marital satisfaction was positively associated with warmth and reasoning, while mothers' marital satisfaction was negatively associated with intrusiveness, coercion, and neglect. Third, mothers' warmth and reasoning were negatively linked to preschoolers' sleep problems, but mothers' coercion was positively linked to preschoolers' sleep problems. Lastly, mothers' warmth partially mediated the relationship between mothers' marital satisfaction and preschoolers' sleep problems. Conclusion/Implications: This study confirmed that mothers' marital satisfaction and parenting behavior had an influence on preschoolers' sleep problems. These findings highlight the importance of the family context for preschoolers' healthy sleeping habits.

Influence of parents' parenting values and beliefs on preschoolers' problem behaviors (부모의 양육가치와 양육신념이 유아의 행동문제에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Ju;Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.541-549
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify that parents' values and beliefs in bringing up their children deeply relate to their children's problem behaviors, The subjects are 267 preschoolers attending kindergarten in Daegue area, Statistical techniques are Two Way ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's Correlation and Regression, The results of this study are as follows: (1) Problem behaviors of preschoolers are significantly related to parents' values, Preschoolers whose parents have a higher level of values have a lower level of problem behaviors. (2) Problem behaviors of preschoolers are significantly related to parents' beliefs, Preschoolers whose parents have a higher level of beliefs have a higher level of problem behaviors. (3) The Multiple Regression analysis shows that parents' parenting values and beliefs are crucially predictive of preschoolers' problem behaviors. Especially, parents' parenting beliefs is more relevant to preschoolers' problem behaviors than parents' parenting values is.

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Parents' Emotional Reactions to Preschoolers' Negative Emotions, Emotional Knowledge, and Emotional Reaction: A Comparison Between Low-income and Middle-income Preschoolers (유아의 부정적 정서에 대한 부모의 정서반응과 유아의 정서지식 및 정서반응 - 저소득층 유아와 중류층 유아의 비교 -)

  • Sung, Mi-Young;Choi, In-Suk;Lee, Kang-Yi
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.8
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    • pp.61-75
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated preschoolers' emotional knowledge, emotional reactions and parents' emotinal reactions to children's negative emotions according to their family income and sex. Subjects were 99 five-year-olds(46 low-income preschoolers, 53 middle-income preschoolers) recruited from three day-care centers and a kindergarten in Seoul and their parents. Each child was individually interviewed with pictorial tasks and parents reported on their own reactions by questionnaires. Results showed that low-income preschoolers were lower than middle-income preschoolers in emotional knowledge. Low-income preschoolers showed higher level of perceptions of the peer's anger in emotional reactions than middle-income preschoolers. Low-income mothers also were more likely than middle income mothers to show punitive reaction in parents' emotional reactions.

Kinetic Family Drawing According to Preschoolers' External Problem Behavior (유아의 외현화 문제행동 여부에 따른 동적가족화 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2013
  • This study evaluated Kinetic Family Drawing according to preschoolers' external problem behavior. To achieve this, 120 preschoolers who were four or five years old were investigated and data were statistically analyzed using mean, and chi square analysis with the SPSS Win 13.0 program. The preschoolers' family drawings were analyzed by using the method in Kinetic Family Drawing(Burns & Kaufman, 1972). First, regarding characteristics, the preschoolers in the aggression group rotated certain person or drew the figure from behind, the preschoolers in the delinquency group drew long arms, the figure from behind, and angular forms. Second, regarding action depicted, the preschoolers in both aggression and delinquency groups perceived the lower activity level of their fathers, dangerous situations, and excluded family interaction. Third, regarding symbols, the preschoolers in the delinquency group drew objects such as balls. Finally, regarding drawing style, the preschoolers in the delinquency group drew edges and underline.

The Effects of Parenting Behavior and Peer Interaction on Preschoolers' Externalizing Problem Behaviors (부모의 온정적 양육행동과 또래 상호작용이 유아의 외현화 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Su Jung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.41-55
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of parenting behavior and peer interaction on externalizing problem behaviors of preschoolers. The data of 953 49~55 month old preschoolers and their parents were extracted from the Korean Children Panel Survey of Child-Care Policy Research Institute(2012). This study was conducted with Structural Equation Modeling(SEM). The results of this study were as follows. First, parenting behavior had a direct influence on externalizing problem behaviors of preschoolers. Second, parenting behavior had a direct influence on preschoolers' peer interaction. Third, preschoolers' peer interaction had a direct influence on externalizing problem behaviors of preschoolers. Fourth, preschoolers' peer interaction had mediating effects on the relationship between parenting behavior and externalizing problem behaviors of preschoolers.