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A Preliminary Study on Diagnostic Process for Premarital Preparation by Using a Delphi Method : With Purpose of Developing Tools (델파이조사를 이용한 결혼준비진단에 관한 기초연구)

  • 김혜선;박희성
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.7
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    • pp.125-144
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to make a preliminary investigation about the diagnostic process for marital preparation against future divorce which will be necessary for developing tools for the process. Delphi tests have been twice held among 23 professionals regarding the concept of marital diagnosis and the areas of marital preparation to be estimated including definitions of the marital preparation for marriage and the status in which marriage has been prepared, and the categorization of the preparation The result of the study is as follows : Firstly, the concept of marital preparation is comprehensive, for it does include various kinds of preparation necessary for adjustment to marital life except the preparation for wedding ceremony. Secondly, the status in which marriage has been prepared can be divided into individual preparation, a couple's relational preparation, and preparation for marital life. Thirdly, premarital preparation education or counselling will be provided for young persons who are not in status of marital preparation. The areas of marital preparation to be estimated are maturity, independence from parents, and good health in terms of individual preparation, and the depth of love, understanding each other, similarity, harmonization, supplementation, capacity of communication, self-control, and all that sort of thing in terms of relational preparation, sex, views about marriage, information about marital life, role division, giving birth to child and rearing, financial management, and understanding both families of husband and wife.

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The Effects of Emotional Happiness on Aging Preparation

  • Jung, Hae-ok;Kim, Jung-ae
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2018
  • This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study of the effects of emotional happiness on aging preparation for 45-60 year olds. Participants of this study were 312 volunteers and data was collected online, the collection period was from May 15, 2018 to May 31, 2018. The tools used in the research were the emotional happiness developed by Watson et al (1988) et al., the aging preparation developed by JH Lee (2009). Analysis was done using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and regression by SPSS 18.0. As a result of the analysis, 84.0% of participants felt physically healthy and 89.8% felt mental health. The spouses of participants were physically 83.4% healthy and mentally 82.7% healthy. The correlation between emotional happiness, health cognition and aging preparation showed that physical health had a correlation with mental health (r = .482, p <0.01) and emotional happiness (r = .369, p <0.01), economic aging preparation (r = .411, p <0.01), social aging preparation (r = .119, p <0.01). Mental health was correlated with emotional happiness (r = .491, p <0.01), economic aging preparation (r = .411, p <0.01) and social aging preparation. Difference between emotional happiness and retirement preparation according to presence or absence of disease, emotional happiness (t = -4.503, p <0.01) and economic aging preparation (t = -4.960, p <0.01) were statistically significant. Emotional happiness affects the preparation of old age, emotional happiness affects to physical aging preparation under statistical significance (F=25.191, p<0.01), economic aging preparation (F=1131.783, p<0.01), and social aging preparation (F=147.672, p<0.01) which were sub components of aging preparation. Emotional happiness showed a 7.5% effect on the preparation of physical aging, 78.4% on economic aging preparation and 32.3% on social aging preparation. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that physical health and mental health are related to emotional happiness, economic aging preparation, and social aging preparation. And also these results can be inferred that the illness causes emotional less feeling of happiness and economic difficulty. Based on the results of this study, emotional well - being influences the retirement preparation significantly at statistical significance. Therefore, if the concept of emotional happiness is introduced to the old-age preparation program, it will be more client centered program.

Preparation for old age of dental hygienists (치과위생사의 노후 준비)

  • Shim, Youn-Soo;Woo, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.179-188
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the need for the preparation of old age of dental hygienists and happy life. Methods: This study is a descriptive study. A self-reported questionnaire in Likert 5 scale was completed by the dental hygienists in Korea through online report or written report from December, 2012 to June, 2013. Except incomplete answers, 200 data were analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of 10 questions of preparation for old age and awareness for old ages, 9 questions of physical preparation, and 9 questions of emotional preparation. Cronbach's alpha of old age preparation and awareness of old age was 0.634 in the study. Cronbach's alpha was 0.709 and 0.757 in physical preparation and emotional preparation, respectively. The final analyses of 200 copies were conducted using SPSS 11.5 software for Windows(SPSS Inc., Chicago, lllinois, USA). Results: Awareness toward preparation for old age of dental hygienists was 3.72 points, physical preparation was 2.94 points, and emotional preparation was 2.91 points. Awareness toward preparation for old age of dental hygienists showed the relationship between birth date, marital status, education level, and subjective health condition. Physical preparation was closely related to birth date, marital status, education level, and the workplace. Emotional preparation was closely related to birth date, marital status, education level, and the workplace. Conclusions: This study suggested that preparation for old age of dental hygienists was very important and the preparation must be connected with the social welfare policy.

The Study on Premarital Preparation of Single Men and Women (미혼남녀의 결혼준비도)

  • 김혜선;이정읍
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.211-224
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate premarital preparation of single men and women. The number of subjects was 393 premarital couples(196 males and 197 females) in Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Gwangju, Pusan and Daegu. The self-administered questionnaire was composed of premarital preparation evaluation scale developed by Kim Hye Seon & Shin Soo Ah(2002). The data was analyzed by frequencies, percentages, mean, Cronbach's α, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan-test. The major findings were as follows: First, the level of premarital preparation status was somewhat higher than average and the level of premarital preparation awareness was very high. Second, preparation status of premarital couples was shown significant difference by some variables including sex, age, occupation, the period of dating, religion. Third, preparation awareness of premarital couples was shown a significant difference by some variables including sex, age, academic ability, the period of dating.

Incidence and Predictors of Inadequate Bowel Preparation before Elective Colonoscopy in Thai Patients

  • Bhanthumkomol, Patommatat;Siramolpiwat, Sith;Vilaichone, Ratha-Korn
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.24
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    • pp.10763-10768
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    • 2015
  • Background: The incidence of inadequate bowel preparation before elective colonoscopy in this region has never been studied. Materials and Methods: The authors prospectively described the incidence and factors related to inadequate bowel preparation in Thammasat university hospital. Bowel preparation quality was accessed by using Aronchick scale. Factors associated with inadequate bowel preparation were also recorded. Results: Two hundred patients undergoing elective outpatient colonoscopy were enrolled. Inadequate and fair bowel preparation was documented in 9 and 43%, respectively. Factors associated with inadequate bowel preparation were incomplete cleansing agent ingestion (odds ratio 7.7; 95%CI 1.62-36.64) and patient's unrecognization of vegetable avoidance (odds ratio 3.26; 95%CI 1.14-9.28). Conclusions: Compared with previous reported, inadequate bowel preparation was seen less in our study, however, more patients with fair bowel preparation was documented. Further study aiming at investigating the type and amount of fiber contained in diet before elective colonoscopy should be commenced.

Applying HACCP for Microbiological Quality Control in Hospital Foodservice Operations (병원 급식시설의 미생물적 품질관리를 위한 위험요인 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kwak, Dong-Kyung;Joo, Se-Young;Lee, Song-Mee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.123-135
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    • 1992
  • Time and temperature conditions, and microbiological qualities of six categories of menu items were assessed according to the process of food product Row in a 500 bed general hospital. The Harzard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system was applied to determine harzards, to assess their severity and risks, and to identity CCPs and memos for monitoring mem. The Critical Control Points identified for each category of menu items were: Meat Soup (Kyung Sang Do Gogi Guk): Pre-preparation, holding after pre-preration, and holding after cooking; Pot Stewed Stuffed Cabbage (Soe Yangbaechu Mali Chim): pre-preparation, holding after Pre-preparation, stuffing, cooking and holding after cooking; Boned Pork Sour Salad (Doeji Suyuk Muchim): Pre-preparation, holding after pre-preparation, and post-preparation after cooking; Sauteed Pork Ball (Jeyuk Wanja Jon): pre-preparation, holding after pre-preparation, shaping, and holding after cooking; Stir-fried Fragrant Mushroom (Pyogo Bosot Bokkum): basic ingredients, Pre-preparation, holding after pre-preparation, and holding after cooking; and Fried Corn with Vegetables (Oksusu Yachae Tuigim): pre-preparation, holding after pre-preparation, mixing, and holding after cooking.

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The Middle Aged's perception of Aging and Physical, Financial & Social Preparation for Later Life : Focus on Gender Differences (광주.전남 중년층의 노년기 인식과 신체적, 경제적, 사회적 노후준비: 성차를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hwa
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.275-289
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the middle aged's perception of aging and the degree of physical/financial/social preparation for later life and to explore the effect of the middle aged's perception of aging, who live in Gwangju & Jeonnam of Korea, on physical/financial/social preparation for later life. This research also explores gender differences in perception of aging, preparation for later life and related factors. For the purpose, the survey data was gathered from 424 middle aged (40's & 50's) citizens who live in Gwangju and Jeonnam, using structured questionnaire. The statistical methods used for data analysis are descriptive statistics, cross tables, t-test, correlations and regression with Spss/win 17.0 program. The major findings of this study are as follows: Most of the respondents perceive that the age of being aged is 65 or 70 years old. Respondents feel anxiety about health (84%), finance (57%) and roleless role (22%) of later life. Female group feel health anxiety more than male group. Many people perceive that social preparation for later life is better than financial preparation and physical preparation for later life. The result shows that female group perceives their physical preparation level more positively than male group generally. But, there were no differences in financial and social preparation between gender groups. Finally, the result shows the meaningful relationships between male group's perception of aging and financial preparation for later life. Monthly income is the most important variable predicting preparation for later life.

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STUDY OF THE CHANGES IN CANAL WALL THICKNESS AND THE AREA OF THE CROSS SECTION OF THE ROOT IN THE MESIAL ROOT OF THE MANDIBULAR MOLAR CANAL PREPARATION (하악 대구치 근심치근의 근관 형성방법에 따른 각 부위별 근관벽 후경 및 근관 면적의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Gwan;Hong, Chan-Ui
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 1994
  • Using a model system that can compare the before and after of canal preparation in the same tooth, we measured the area of the cross section, and canal wall thickness of the distal portion of the mesial root of the mandibular molar, and compared the amount of reduction in the canal using hand flared preparation the Gates-Glidden drill flared preparation according to the changes in the MAF. The results were as follows. 1. After canal preparation, the canal wall thickness had no significant difference between the hand flared preparation and Gates-Glidden drill flared preparation. 2. The canal wall thickness, after canal preparation, there was no significant difference between the sizes of the MAF. 3. The area variation range of each cross section of root had no significant difference between MAF size and methods of canal preparation. 4. After canal preparation, the frequency of the canal wall thickness under 0.5mm showed 3.5mm below the furcation to be the most frequent with statistical significance(p<0.05). 2mm below the furcation and 5mm below the furcation followed but there was no statistical significance. 5. The danger zone of the mesial root of the mandibular molar seems to be around 3.5mm.

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Analysis of factors affecting career preparation behavior - Based on the recognition of college students -

  • Lee, Sookja;Kweon, Seong-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.9
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing career preparation behavior based on the perception of college students from the perspective of social cognitive career theory and to examine the effect of career barriers and career decision self - efficacy on career preparation behavior And career - decision self - efficacy. The results of the study are as follows. First, career barriers perceived by college students showed a significant positive correlation with career decision self - efficacy and career preparation behavior(-), and career decision efficacy showed a statistically significant correlation with career preparation behavior(+). Second, as a result of linear regression analysis to examine the effect of career barriers on career preparation behavior, lack of self - clarification, lack of job information, and lack of recognition of need were subordinate factors of career barriers. Third, as a result of linear regression analysis to examine the effect of career decision - making self - efficacy on career preparation behavior, goal setting and job information, which are sub - factors of career decision self - efficacy, were analyzed. Fourth, mediating effects of career decision self - efficacy on career barriers and career preparation behavior were analyzed by hierarchical regression analysis. The results of this study confirm that the level of career barrier, which is an important factor in career preparation behavior of college students, should be lowered and career decision self - efficacy should be increased.

The Influence of Adolescent's Career Attitude, Occupation Value, and Social Support on Career Preparation Behavior (청소년의 진로준비행동에 관한 연구 : 진로태도, 직업가치관, 사회적지지)

  • Kang, Ran-Hye;Lee, Mi-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.941-953
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of demographic, occupation value, career attitude, and social support on high school students' career preparation behavior. The data was collected from the Korean Survey on of the Career and occupation of Youth in 2009(N=3,499). Descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA, T-test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed on SPSS 17.0. The results of this study are as follows: first, career preparation behavior according to gender was much higher for female students than male students. There were statistically significant differences in career preparation behavior according to school years. The first year students' perception in of career preparation behavior was higher than the second, and third year students. The first year students' perception in of career preparation behavior was higher than second, and third year students. Second, career preparation behavior had a significant correlations with work value, career attitude, family support, and school support. Third, this study demonstrated that career decisiveness and family support was a strong factor in career preparation behavior. In addition, among all factors, the career decisiveness of career attitude was proved to be the most influential factor on career preparation behavior. The study discusses practical implications for career education programs.