• Title, Summary, Keyword: potential hazard

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Study on Mapping Methodof Liquefaction hazard Potential in Korea (국내의 액상화 구역도 작성 기법에 관한 연구)

  • 강규진
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.141-150
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    • 2000
  • In this study liquefaction hazard potential was assessed by modified Seed and Idriss method and maps of liquefaction hazard potential utilized by LPI(Liquefaction Potential Index) and FE(Equivalent Liquefaction Factor of Safety) were constructed in two dimensional space, Comparisons of liquefaction hazard maps assessed by LPI and FE are represented to verify the FE method proposed in this study. Based on the results of comparing liquefaction hazard map using LPI and FE there is similar distribution trend of zonation indices. from the result of comparison of liquefaction hazard maps of FE base using Hachinohe and ofunato PGA(Peak ground Acceleration) data at one site of port and harbor in Korea the values of FE in liquefaction hazard map using Hachinohe data are underestimated. And in the view of quantitative analysis FE is more convenient than LPI because types of results from FE are factor of safety that widely used in geotechnical practice and aseismic design standard for port and harbor in Korea.

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A Study on Mapping of Liquefaction Hazard at a Megalopolis in Korea (국내 광역 단위 지역의 액상화 재해도 작성을 위한 연구)

  • Choi, Jae-Soon;Ku, Tai-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.1246-1249
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    • 2009
  • Liquefaction hazard caused by earthquake is the damage in a wide range. Until now, liquefaction hazard potential at a small area or most structure in Korea was assessed by modified Seed & Idriss method. However, it has been known that this method is not proper for metropolitan area due to a lot of time and data to perform the related ground response analyses such as Shake program. For these reasons, the current method has been used facilities or structures, not metropolitan area. In this study, several contents in seismic design of Eurocode and Korean seismic design standard for Port and Harbor were introduced and applied for assessing the liquefaction potential and mapping the liquefaction hazard by LPI(Liquefaction Potential Index). Finally, Ulsan metropolitan city was practically drawn in two dimensional space.

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A Case Study for Construction Hazard Zonation Maps and its Application (석회암 지역 재해 등급도 작성 및 응용에 관한 사례 연구)

  • 정의진;윤운상;김중휘;마상준;김정환;이근병
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2002
  • We presents an hazard zonation mapping technique in karst terrain and its assessment. From the detailed engineering geological mapping. Controlling factors of sink hole and limestone cave formation were discussed and 4 main hazard factors affecting hazard potential are identified as follows: prerequisite hazard factor(distributions of pre-existing sink holes and cavities), geomorphological hazard factors(slope gradient, vegetation, and drainage pattern etc.) geological hazard factors(lithology, fracture patterns and geological structures etc.) and hydraulic conditions(hydraulic head, annual fluctuation of ground water table and composition of g/w water). From the construction of hazard zonation map along the Jecheon-Maepo area, and vertical cross-sectional hazard zonations specific tunnel site we suggest hazard zonation rating systems.

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Development of the Method for Liquefaction Hazard Microzonation in Korean Coastal Areas (국내 연안지역의 액상화 재해도 작성기법 개발)

  • 곽창원;최재순;강규진;김수일
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.431-438
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    • 2002
  • Reclaimed coastal areas for the construction of ports and harbors are in general subjected to strong possibility of liquefaction. In this research, a new method for liquefaction hazard microzonation based on liquefaction settlements was developed. Severity of liquefaction hazard was defined by liquefaction settlements obtained from the method proposed by Tokimatsu and Seed. 10 coastal areas, representing typical geological and geotechnical characteristics of Korean ports and harbors, and 3 real earthquake records for site response analysis were selected. From this research, liquefaction settlement criteria is adapted as a new quantitative index for the liquefaction hazard microzonation. Liquefaction settlements were also compared with LPI (Liquefaction Potential Index), obtained from the assessment of liquefaction potential based on the modified Seed and Idriss's method. As an example, 2 and 3 dimensional liquefaction hazard microzonations of Pusan port and harbor area were mapped by overlapped liquefaction settlement contours.

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A Proposal of Hazard/Risk Assessment Criteria and an Asbestos Management Method for Asbestos-containing Building Materials

  • Park, Wha-Me;Kim, Yoon-Shin
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.66-72
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The AHERA method by the US EPA, ASTM E2356-04, and HSG264 by the UK HSE, all of which are hazard/risk assessment methods for asbestos-containing building materials, were reviewed and compared based on 231 homogeneous areas. In addition, the current Act on Asbestos Safety Management (enforcement: April 29, 2012) was reviewed and analyzed. This trial provided fundamental data for improving the current asbestos hazard/risk assessment method. Methods: For the hazard/risk assessment of 77 asbestos-containing public buildings including schools, 231 homogeneous areas were selected, each of which was assessed using AHERA, ASTM E2356-04, and HSG264. Results: The matching rate of the hazard/risk assessment stood at 20.4 percent between AHERA and ASTM, at 71.4 percent between AHERA and HSG264 and at 17.8 percent between ASTM and HSG264. The AHERA method includes a seven-category rating scale. There were three categories, two of which have three subcategories. ASTM provides two decision-making charts consisting of ten rating scales for current condition estimation and for potential for disturbance estimation. In addition, the HSG264 method has a total of 20 scores with four items, and then provides four grades. This HSG264 method cannot clearly separate current condition and potential for disturbance. Conclusions: In the Korean Act on Asbestos Safety Management, the hazard/risk assessment method for asbestos-containing building materials should consider balance between current condition estimation and the potential for disturbance estimation.

HAZARD ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT STATE OF VEGETATION DEGRADATION USING GIS, A CASE STUDY: SADRA REGION, IRAN

  • Masoudi, Masoud;Amiri, E.
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2013
  • The entire land of Southern Iran faces problems arising out of various types of land degradation of which vegetation degradation forms one of the major types. The present work introduces a model developed for assessing the current status of hazard of vegetation degradation using Geographic Information System (GIS). This kind of assessment differs from those assessments based on vulnerability or potential hazard assessments. The Sadra watershed which covers the upper reaches of Marharlu basin, Fars Province, has been chosen for a hazard assessment of this type of degradation. The different kinds of data for indicators of current status of vegetation degradation were gathered from collecting of field data and also records of the governmental offices of Iran. Taking into consideration three indicators of current status of vegetation degradation the model identifies areas with different hazard classes. By fixing the thresholds of severity classes of the three indicators including per cent of vegetation cover, biomass production and ratio of actual biomass to potential biomass production, a hazard map for each indicator was first prepared in GIS. The final hazard map of current status of vegetation degradation was prepared by intersecting three hazards in the GIS. Results show areas under severe hazard class have been found to be widespread (89 %) while areas under moderate and very severe hazard classes have been found less extensive in the Sadra watershed. The preparation of hazard maps based on the GIS analysis of these indicators will be helpful for prioritizing the areas to initiate remedial measures.

Analysis of Heavy Rain Hazard Risk Based on Local Heavy Rain Characteristics and Hazard Impact (지역 호우특성과 재해영향을 고려한 호우재해위험도 분석)

  • Yoon, Jun-Seong;Koh, June-Hwan
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2017
  • Despite the improvement in accuracy of heavy rain forecasting, socioeconomic costs due to heavy rain hazards continue to increase. This is due to a lack of understanding of the effects of weather. In this study, the risk of heavy rain hazard was analyzed using the concepts of hazard, vulnerability, and exposure, which are key concepts of impact forecast presented by WMO. The potential impacts were constructed by the exposure and vulnerability variables, and the hazard index was calculated by selecting three variables according to the criteria of heavy rain warning. Weights of the potential impact index were calculated by using PCA and hazard index was calculated by applying the same weight. Correlation analysis between the potential impact index and damages showed a high correlation and it was confirmed that the potential impact index appropriately reflects the actual damage pattern. The heavy rain hazard risk was estimated by using the risk matrix consisting of the heavy rain potential impact index and the hazard index. This study provides a basis for the impacts analysis study for weather warning with spatial/temporal variation and it can be used as a useful data to establish the local heavy rain hazard prevention measures.

Evaluation of Typhoon Hazard Factors using the EST Approach (EST 기법에 의한 태풍의 재해위험인자 평가)

  • Lee, Soon-Cheol;Kim, Jin-Kyoo;Oh, Kyoung-Doo;Jun, Byong-Ho;Hong, Il-Pyo
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.825-839
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    • 2005
  • Application of the EST approach for the simulation of the risk-based typhoon hazard potential is described in this paper. For six selected cities In the Korean peninsula, EST simulations for one hundred years were performed one hundred times using historical typhoon data as a training data set. The analytical results of EST simulations were then post-processed to estimate the means, standard deviations, and ranges of variation for the maximum wind velocities and the daily rainfalls. From the comparison of the averages of the wind velocities for the 100 year recurrence interval typhoons, the wind hazard potential of them was revealed to be highest for Mokpo among the six cities, followed by Busan, Cheju, Inchun, Taegu, and Seoul in descending order For the flood hazard potential associated with a typhoon, Busan was ranked to be the highest hazard potential area, followed by Mokpo, Cheju, Seoul, Inckun, and Taegu. In terms of the overall typhoon hazard potential, cities in the southern coastal regions were identified as being exposed to the most severe typhoon hazard.

A study on safety hazard analysis for development of Ka band Communication Payload System of COMS (통신해양기상위성 Ka 대역 통신탑재체의 안전 위험성 분석 연구)

  • Jeong, Cheol-Oh;Lee, Seung-Pal
    • Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2010
  • The scope of this paper is to analyze the safety aspects of the Ka-band payload system which are associated with testing, transportation, integration, handling and storage. According to ESA philosophy and the ECSS-Q-40A "Space Product Assurance - Safety", safety hazard analysis of Ka band payload was performed. In this paper, it is indicated the requirements to be satisfied for eliminating, reducing, or controlling the hazards and by showing how they have been implemented in the COMS design. And it shows the safety hazard analysis result which has performed the analysis according to ESA document and also shows the potential hazard cause, potential effects, hazard grade and criteria resolution of Ka band COPS.

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Investigation of Potential Fire Hazard Resources of Bridges on National Routes by Field and Web-based Satellite (현장 및 실내조사를 통한 일반국도교량의 화재위험요소 분석)

  • Kim, Yongjae;Kim, Seungwon;Ann, Hojune;Kong, Jungsik;Park, Cheolwoo
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSES : The occurrence of unexpected disasters, including fire events, increases as the road network becomes complicated and traffic volume increases. When a fire event occurs on and under bridges, the damage extensively influences direct damage to structures, vehicles, and human life and secondary socioeconomic issues owing to traffic blockage. This study investigated potential fire-hazard risks on bridges of the Korean national route road. METHODS : The investigation was conducted using field investigation and analysis with satellite pictures and road views from commercial websites and the Bridge Management System (BMS). From the filed investigation, various potential fire resources were identified. The satellite pictures and road views were helpful in measuring and recognizing conditions underneath bridges, stowage areas, etc. RESULTS : There are various potential fire resources underneath bridges such as piled agricultural products, parked petroleum tanks, construction equipment, and attached high-voltage cables. A total of 94.6% of bridges have underneath clearances of less than 15 m. A bridge underneath volume that can stow a potential fire hazard resource was $7,332m^3$ on average, and most bridges have about $4,000m^3$ of space. Based on the BMS data, the amounts of PSC and steel girders were 29% and 25%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS : It was found that the amount of stowed potential fire hazard resources was proportional to the underneath space of bridges. Most bridges have less than 15 m of vertical clearance that can be considered as a critical value for a bridge fire. The fire risk investigation results should be helpful for developing bridge fire-protection tools.