• Title, Summary, Keyword: porocity

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초고강도 콘크리트의 재료특성 및 휨 거동에 관한 실험적 연구

  • 장일영;이호범
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 1991
  • The object of this study is to investigate material characteristics and flexural behavior of high strength concrete. Principal causes of variations of high compressive strength include the strength-producing capabilities of cement and silica hume. Compressive strength of 1200 kgf/$\textrm{cm}^2$ is introduced for identifying the effect of the variation of the size of porocity and alternative method of measurement, Acoustic Emition method, is applied to examine the phenominon of concrete failure. The main test variables in the beam element are tensile steel ratios, presence of shear reinforcement, and change of steel shape. The estimation of stress block in the flexural test of this element tends to support the present theory and may suggest a desirable shape of the stress block.

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A Comparison on Performance of Rubble Support Media coated with Perlite and non-coated Media (쇄석 담체와 펄라이트로 코팅된 쇄석 담체의 성능 비교)

  • 박영식;안갑환
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.76-80
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the performance of rubble support media coated perlite and non-coated media. As rubble was coated perlite, the porocity of reactor was increased 5.6%, whereas packing weight was decreased 17.6%. When rubble was coated perlite, microorganisms were attached on the surface of support media after 2 hours. TCOD removal efficiency of the reactor packed with rubble support media coated perlite was higher 4~9% than that of rubble. The end of experiment, MLVSS of rubble support media and rubble coated perlite was 1858.8mg/ι, 2785.9mg/ι, respectively.

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The Characteristics of EBW for strengthened austenitic stainless steel (강화 오스테나이트 스테인레스강의 전자빔 용접 특성)

  • 정원희;김용재;정인철
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.87-89
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    • 2003
  • The yield strengths of austenitic stainless steel have been approximately doubled by increasing the nitrogen content. But, the increasing the nitrogen cause of increase the pressure of metal vapor inside the keyhole in electron beam welding. During welding, eruptions of keyhole often occur that cause excessive spatter, concavity, and porocity in the weld zone. Additionally the fast evaporation of nitrogen content cause of decrease the strength of weld zone. Therefore in this paper, we investigated of the weldability of electron beam welding and the change of chemical content after welding for strengthened austenitic stainless steel, measured the deformation scale of both of electron beam and narrow gap TIG and the spike fluctuation in the root.

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The Measurement of Soil Conditioning Effects of Organic Materials (유기물의 토양 개량 효과 측정)

  • 주영규
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 1993
  • Much attention has been given recently to solve the environmental contamination in golf courses Changing to culture practice rather than chemical practice that depends on pesticides and fertilizers is a hot issue in golf courses or grasslands. Organic soil conditioners improve soil-plant envirormental conditions rich in physical properties. In this study, measuring systems to evaluate soil conditioning effects were set up for on-site purpose. After establishing the methodology for evaluating soil conditioner effects, 2 kinds of organic conditioners were rested for examination. The systems for the methodology included a set of simulating equipment for field capacity, an impact type soil column compactor, and an infiltration-percolation system. Test results using the systems showed bulk density and infiltration rate of mixed soil were decreased at highter rates of conditioner, but total porocities were increased. Increased porocities were most capillary pore space which has a positive effect on soil water potential. The systems and methodology in this study seem to have an efficiency to measure the effects of soil conditioner on site purpose.

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An Assessment of the Role of Rare Earth in the Eutetic Modification of Cast Aluminum-Silicon Alloys (알루미늄-실리콘 합금주물의 공정조직 개량처리에 미치는 희토류 금속의 역할에 관한 평가)

  • Ye, B.J.
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.104-115
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    • 1986
  • I A쪽과 II A쪽이 Al-Si 합금의 공정조직개량 처리에 효과적인 것은 잘 알려진 사실이나 Na(Sodium)과 Sr(Strontium)만 상업적으로 쓰여지고 있다. 그러나 휘발성과 산화하기 쉬운점때문에 Na 은 그 양을 정확하게 조절하기가 어렵고 특히 온도가 높은 경우 더욱 곤란하나 Sr 은 휘발성이나 산화성은 없으나 micro-또한 macro-porocity의 주 원인으로 보고 되고 있다. 희토류 금속 (예 : Cerium, Lanthanum,etc )도 개량처리 효과가 있다는 논문들(ref. 2, 3, 4, 5) 이 있고, 계속 연구되어 오고 있으나 그 세부사항과 효율성에 관해 정립된 바가 없다. 이런 연유로 Al-Si 합금의 생산을 위한 개량 처리제로서의 희토류 금속의 역할에 대해 구체적이고 세부적인 개량처리기구의 구명을 위해 이 연구가 이루어졌다. Al-Si 합금 356가 채택된 이유는 상업적 Al 주물의 생산을 감안해서 였다.

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Effect of Contact-tube to Work Distance on the Melting Rate of GMA Welding (GMA 용접의 용착속도에 미치는 Contact-tube와 모재간 거리의 영향)

  • 경규담;이정헌;천홍정;박병희;강봉룡;김희진
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 1996
  • It has been well known in GMA welding process that wire feeding speed (WFS) or deposition rate increases linealy with the increase of wire extension. In this investigation, however, such an well-known relationship was .reconsidered in terms of contact-tube to work distance (CTWD) instead of wire extension. To verify the proposed relationship between WFS and CTWD, bead-on-plate welding was performed with various CTWDs in the range of 15∼35mm under the condition of near-constant voltage and current As expected, the test results showed an excellent linear relation between WFS and CTWD. Furthermore, the value of the slope turned out to be quite similar to those of previous investigators obtained either theoretically or experimentally through the Precise measurement of electrode extension. Present result also demonstred that the increase of CTWD could be very practical measure for increaring deposition rate without any increase of heat input Depending on the tip recess the practical maximum of CTWD was appeared to be limited somewhere in 25∼30mm mainly due to the entrappment of porocity.

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The Dielectric Properties of $BaTiO_3/SrTiO_3$ Multilayered Thick Films with Laminating times (적층횟수에 따른 $BaTiO_3/SrTiO_3$ 다층후막의 유전특성)

  • Han, Sang-Wook;Kim, Ji-Heon;Lee, Sang-Heon;Bae, Seon-Gi;Lee, Young-Hie
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.180-182
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    • 2004
  • Polycrystalline $BaTiO_3/SrTiO_3$ powder was prepared by sol-gel process and the multilayered thick films were prepared on the $Al_2O_3$ substrates by screen printing method. The films were sintered at $1400^{\circ}C$ for 2 hours in the air. The structural and dielectric properties were investigated, The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns indicate that the BST phase and porocity were formed in the interface of $BaTiO_3/SrTiO_3$ multilayered thick films. The dielectric constant and the dielectric loss of the BT/ST/BT/ST multilayered thick films were about 247 and 0.84% at 1MHz.

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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE PORCELAIN POROCITY EXERTED BY THE CONTAMINATION OF THE CERAMO-METAL ALLOY AND LIQUID (도재소부전장금관용 합금과 용액의 오염이 기포발생에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Jeun, Young-Chan;Lee, Ho-Yong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.33-49
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    • 1982
  • This study was undertaken to observe the porcelain porosity exerted by the contamination of the alloy and liquid. The alloy used in this study was Jelstar; liquids were Ceramco Sta-Wet liquid, distilled water and tap water; and Ceramco vacuum porcelain powder was used. The measurements with photomicroscope (x200, Olympus) were made on the porosity, the diameter (mm) of the pores and the numbers of the pores ($No/mm^2$) The results of this study were obtained as follows: 1. In the porosity, the opaque layer contained over 70% of the total porosity, and the porosity was increased about twice in every porcelain layer by the tap water. 2. The contamination of the alloy and liquid caused porosity to increase markedly at the interface of the metal-porcelain. 3. The diameter of the pores were increased about 1.5 times larger by the contaimination of the liquid, and only a slight increase in the opaque layer due to the contamination of the alloy. 4. In the numbers of the pores, there were significant differences according to the contamination of the alloy and the porcelain layer. And the contamination of the liquid caused significant differences only in the opaque layer.

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An Experimental Study on Characteristics of Heat Flow in the Cylindrical Storage Tank with Ice Ball (Ice Ball을 내장(內裝)한 빙축열조내(氷蓄熱槽內)의 열유동(熱流動) 특성(特性)에 관한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Jang, Y.G.;Lee, W.S.;Pak, J.W.
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.99-109
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    • 1998
  • The study on ice thermal storage system is to improve total system performance in actual air-conditioning facilities. To attain the high efficiencies in ice thermal storage system, the improvement of thermal stratification is essential, therfore the process flow must be piston flow in thermal storage tank. Ice packing factor is better on condition that the inflowing temperature is low, the flow direction in the thermal storage is upward and the cylindericalthermal storage type is used. This result shows that the cylinderical ice storage tank has better storage capacity than the rectangular type in case of the same porocity.

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Studies on the Thermal and Rheological Properties of Polypropylene/Starch-MB Blends (폴리프로필렌/옥수수전분 블렌드의 열적 유변학적특성 연구)

  • Kim, Youn Cheol;Lee, Chang-Young
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.557-561
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    • 2007
  • Polypropylene (PP)/corn starch master batch (starch-MB) blends with different PP compositions of 40, 50, 60, and 80 wt% were prepared by melt compounding at $200^{\circ}C$, using lab scale Brabender mixer. The chemical structures and thermal properties of the PP/starch-MB blends were investigated by FT-IR, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The chemical structure was confirmed by the existence of hydroxy group. There was no district change in melting temperature and melting enthalpy, and TGA curve indicated a decrease in degradation temperature with starch-MB content. The porosity change of blend was measured by scanning electron microscope (SEM), the degree of porosity on the blend surface increased with the starch-MB content. The rheological properties indicated an increase in complex viscosity, shear thinning tendency and elasticity with the starch-MB concentration. These effects were confirmed by an oscillatory viscometer at $200^{\circ}C$. From these results, it is found that 40 wt% is the optimum starch-MB concentration. The fiber was fabricated from PP60/MB40 with 40 wt% starch-MB and the porosity and tensile properties were investigated.