• Title, Summary, Keyword: polymorphism, rs1800629

Search Result 2, Processing Time 0.025 seconds

Lack of Associations between TNF-α Polymorphisms and Cervical Cancer in Thai women

  • Chinchai, Teeraporn;Homchan, Krittaphak;Sopipong, Watanyoo;Chansaenroj, Jira;Swangvaree, Sukumarn;Junyangdikul, Pairoj;Vongpunsawad, Sompong;Poovorawan, Yong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.953-956
    • /
    • 2016
  • The risk of developing cervical cancer in women infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) may be influenced by an individual's genetic susceptibility. Published data linking single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) promoter region at positions -308G>A (rs1800629) and -238G>A (rs361525) to cervical cancer risk have been inconclusive. In this study, we examined 251 cervical specimens and classified them into two groups according to their cytological findings: 121 cancer cases and 130 controls (low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion and normal cytology). All specimens were typed by PCR and sequencing for TNF-${\alpha}$ promoter -308G>A (rs1800629) and -238G>A (rs361525). The genotype distribution of SNPs in either rs1800629 or rs361525 did not significantly demonstrate higher frequency in the cancer group (p=0.621 and p=0.68, respectively). Based on these results, neither the TNF-${\alpha}$ promoter -308G>A (rs1800629) nor the -238G>A (rs361525) polymorphism presents a major risk factor for cervical cancer among Thai women. Larger studies are necessary to elucidate possible genetic mechanisms influencing cervical cancer development.

Lack of TNF-α Gene Polymorphism (rs1799724) Association with Sustained Virological Response in Iranian Patients with Chronic HCV Infection

  • Larijani, Mona Sadat;Bahiraei, Narges;Nikbin, Mehri;Mohajel, Nasir;Rad, Leila Naghizadeh;Baghbani, Fahimeh;Mapar, Maryam;Sadat, Seyed Mehdi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.17 no.8
    • /
    • pp.3923-3927
    • /
    • 2016
  • Infection with the hepatitis C virus is a major public health concern which can lead to carcinoma and liver failure. It has been shown that single nucleotide polymorphisms can affect the level of gene activity of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) which has an important role, especially in viral infections which can lead to apaptosis of infected hepatocellular cells. We investigated the impact of three possible genotypes for rs1800629 or A/G single nucleotide polymorphism located downstream of $TNF{\alpha}$ gene promoter in groups of control (n=76) and chronic hepatitis C patients (n=89) focusing on the response to treatment among sensitive and resistant groups. Genomic DNA was extracted from $500{\mu}l$ prepheral whole blood and PCR and RFLP were used to amplify the region of interest and genotyping. With statistical analyzes a p-value <0.05 was considered meaningful. There was no significant difference in distribution of possible three genotypes among healthy individuals and patients (P=0.906, OR=1.194, CI=0.063-22.790). However, the frequency of G allele was higher in patients whereas A allele was more common among healthy individuals (p<0.0001). Further studies with more samples seem to be necessary.