• Title, Summary, Keyword: polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR)

Search Result 144, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Abundance and expression of denitrifying genes (narG, nirS, norB, and nosZ) in sediments of wastewater stabilizing constructed wetlands

  • Chon, Kyongmi;Cho, Jaeweon
    • Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-57
    • /
    • 2015
  • As expected, the expression of denitrifying genes in a Typha wetland (relatively stagnant compared to other ponds), showing higher nitrogen removal efficiency in summer, was affected by temperature. The abundance and gene transcripts of nitrate reductase (narG), nitrite reductase (nirS), nitric oxide reductase (norB), and nitrous oxide reductase (nosZ) genes in seasonal sediment samples taken from the Acorus and Typha ponds of free surface flow constructed wetlands were investigated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (Q-RT-PCR). Denitrifying gene copy numbers ($10^5-10^8$ genes $g^{-1}$ sediment) were found to be higher than transcript numbers-($10^3-10^7$ transcripts $g^{-1}$ sediment) of the Acorus and Typha ponds, in both seasons. Transcript numbers of the four functional genes were significantly higher for Typha sediments, in the warm than in the cold season, potentially indicating greater bacterial activity, during the relatively warm season than the cold season. In contrast, copy numbers and expression of denitrifying genes of Acorus did not provide a strong correlation between the different seasons.

Peptoniphilus mikwangii-specific quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction primers

  • Park, Soon-Nang;Kook, Joong-Ki
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.96-100
    • /
    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to develop Peptoniphilus mikwangii-specific quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) primers based on the 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rDNA) gene. The specificity of the primers was determined by conventional PCR using 29 strains of 27 oral bacterial species including P. mikwangii. The sensitivity of the primers was determined by qPCR using the purified genomic DNA of P. mikwangii KCOM $1628^T$ (40 ng to 4 fg). The data showed that the qPCR primers (RTB134-F4/RTB134-R4) could detect P. mikwangii strains exclusively and as little as 40 fg of the genomic DNA of P. mikwangii KCOM $1628^T$. These results suggest that the developed qPCR primer pair can be useful for detecting P. mikwangii in epidemiological studies of oral bacterial infectious diseases.

Quantification of Her-2/Neu Gene in Breast Cancer Patients using Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (Q-PCR) and Correlation with Immunohistochemistry Findings

  • Abdul Murad, Nor Azian;Razak, Zuraini Abdul;Hussain, Rosniza Muhammmad;Syed Hussain, Sharifah Noor Akmal;Ching Huat, Clarence Ko;Siti Aishah, Che Md. Ali;Abdullah, Norlia;Muhammad, Rohaizak;Ibrahim, Naqiyah;Jamal, Rahman
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1655-1659
    • /
    • 2013
  • Background: HER-2/neu is a proto-oncogene that encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase growth factor which is crucial for stimulating growth and cellular motility. Overexpression of HER-2/neu is observed in 10-35% of human breast cancers and is associated with pathogenesis, prognosis as well as response to therapy. Given the imperative role of HER-2/neu overexpression in breast cancer, it is important to determine the magnitude of amplification which may facilitate a better prognosis as well as personalized therapy in affected patients. In this study, we determined HER-2/neu protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) concurrently with HER-2/neu DNA amplification by quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR). Materials and Methods: A total of 53 paired tissue samples from breast cancer patients were frozen-sectioned to characterize the tumour and normal tissues. Only tissues with 80% tumour cells were used in this study. For confirmation, Q-PCR was used to determine the HER-2/neu DNA amplification. Results: We found 20/53 (37.7%) of the tumour tissues to be positive for HER-2/neu protein overexpression using IHC. Out of these twenty, only 9/53 (17%) cases were in agreement with the Q-PCR results. The concordance rate between IHC and Q-PCR was 79.3%. Approximately 20.7% of positive IHC cases showed no HER-2/neu gene amplification using Q-PCR. Conclusion: In conclusion, IHC can be used as an initial screening method for detection of the HER-2/neu protein overexpression. Techniques such as Q-PCR should be employed to verify the IHC results for uncertain cases as well as determination of HER-2/neu gene amplification.

Development of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Primers for Detection of Streptococcus sobrinus

  • Park, Soon-Nang;Kook, Joong-Ki
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.149-154
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to develop Streptococcus sobrinus-specific qPCR primers based on the nucleotide sequence of the RNA polymerase ${\beta}-subunit$ gene (rpoB). The specificity of the primers was determined by conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with 12 strains of S. sobrinus and 50 strains (50 species) of non-S. sobrinus bacteria. The sensitivity of the primers was determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) with serial dilutions of the purified genomic DNAs (40 ng to 4 fg) of S. sobrinus ATCC $33478^T$. The specificity data showed that the S. sobrinus-specific qPCR primers (RTSsob-F4/RTSsob-R4) detected only the genomic DNAs of S. sobrinus strains with a detection limit of up to 4 fg of S. sobrinus genomic DNA. Our results suggest that the RTSsob-F4/RTSsob-R4 primers are useful in detecting S. sobrinus with high sensitivity and specificity for epidemiological studies of dental caries..

Evaluation of Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus and its R426Q Polymorphism in Patients with Prostate Cancer in Kerman, Southeast of Iran

  • Reza, Malekpour Afshar;Fahimeh, Gadari;Reza, Mollaie Hamid
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.13 no.8
    • /
    • pp.3669-3673
    • /
    • 2012
  • A role for the xenotropic murine leukemia virus (XMRV) in prostate cancer development has been postulated. To answer questions regarding the prevalence of XMRV in Iranian patients with prostate cancer and its association with the RNASEL R462Q polymorphism, we here investigated a series of cases in Kerman, in the Southeast of Iran, and sought to verify the association with the R462Q using Real Time PCR Method. Prostate tissue specimens of 200 patients with prostate cancer were genotyped for R462Q by real time polymerase chain reaction allelic discrimination and were screened for XMRV proviral DNA by real time polymerase chain reaction specific for the envelope gene. Of 200 patients in this study 8 (4%) cases were positive for XMRV, the QQ allele being the most frequenct regarding the R426Q polymorphism while in negative patients it was the RQ allele. There was significant correlation between high pathological scores and XMRV positive samples. No significant relationship was found between age groups and XMRV results. XMRV was only found in patients with QQ and RQ alleles, not RR. XMRV is detectable in tumor prostate tissue from some patients with prostate cancer, independent of R462Q.

Enhancement of Efficiency for Polymerase Chain Reaction Using Nanoparticle-Coated Graphene Oxide

  • Ju, Min-Yeong;Baek, Seung-Hun;Kim, Eun-Ju;Nguyen, Nguyen Le Thao;Park, Chan-Yeong;Park, Tae-Jeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.375.1-375.1
    • /
    • 2016
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has revolutionized genetics and become one of the most popular techniques in modern biological and medical sciences. It can be used not only as an in vitro DNA amplification method but also used in many bioassay applications. The PCR can be used to exponentially produce a large number of DNA copies from a small quantity of DNA molecules in a few hours. However, as unwanted DNA fragments are also often manufactured, the amplification efficiency of PCR is decreased. To overcome this limitation, several nanomaterials have been employed to increase the specificity of the PCR reaction. Recently, graphene has attracted a great interest for its excellent electron transfer, thermal and biocompatibility. Especially, gold nanoparticle-coated graphene oxide (GO/AuNPs) led to enhance electron and thermal transfer rate and low-charge transfer resistance. Therefore, we report the development of a demonstration for the PCR efficiency using a large-scale production of the GO and combination of gold nanoparticles. Because a thermal conductivity is an important factor for improving the PCR efficiency in different DNA polymerases and different size samples. When PCR use GO/AuNPs, the result of transmission electron microscopy and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) showed an enhanced PCR efficiency. We have demonstrated that GO/AuNPs would be simply outperformed for enhancing the specificity and efficiency of DNA amplification procedure.

  • PDF

Evaluation of DNA Fragments on Boar Sperm by Ligation-mediated Quantitative Real Time PCR

  • Lee, Eun-Soo;Choi, Sun-Gyu;Yang, Jae-Hun;Bae, Mun-Sook;Park, Jin-Young;Park, Hong-Min;Han, Tae-Kyu;Hwang, You-Jin;Kim, Dae-Young
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-116
    • /
    • 2010
  • Sperm chromatin integrity is essential for successful fertilization and development of an embryo. Reported here is a quantification of DNA fragments which is intimately associated with reproductive potential to provide one of criteria for sperm chromatin integrity. Three sperm populations were considered: CONTROL (no treatment), UV irradiation (48mW/$cm^2$, 1h) and $H_2O_2$ (oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide, 10 mM, 50 mM and 100 mM). DNA fragments in boar sperm were evaluated by using ligation-mediated quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (LM-qPCR) assay, which relies on real-time qPCR to provide a measure of blunt 5' phosphorylated double strand breaks in genomic DNA. The results in agarose gel electrophoresis showed no significant DNA fragmentation and no dose-dependent response to $H_2O_2$. However, the remarkable difference in shape and position was observed in melting curve of LM-qPCR. This result supported that the melting curve analysis of LM-qPCR presented here, could be more sensitive and accurate than previous DNA fragmentation assay method.

Molecular Characterization and Expression Analysis of Equine Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Alpha (VEGFα) Gene in Horse (Equus caballus)

  • Song, Ki-Duk;Cho, Hyun-Woo;Lee, Hak-Kyo;Cho, Byung Wook
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.27 no.5
    • /
    • pp.743-748
    • /
    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to determine the molecular characteristics of the horse vascular endothelial growth factor alpha gene ($VEGF{\alpha}$) by constructing a phylogenetic tree, and to investigate gene expression profiles in tissues and blood leukocytes after exercise for development of suitable biomarkers. Using published amino acid sequences of other vertebrate species (human, chimpanzee, mouse, rat, cow, pig, chicken and dog), we constructed a phylogenetic tree which showed that equine $VEGF{\alpha}$ belonged to the same clade of the pig $VEGF{\alpha}$. Analysis for synonymous (Ks) and non-synonymous substitution ratios (Ka) revealed that the horse $VEGF{\alpha}$ underwent positive selection. RNA was extracted from blood samples before and after exercise and different tissue samples of three horses. Expression analyses using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) showed ubiquitous expression of $VEGF{\alpha}$ mRNA in skeletal muscle, kidney, thyroid, lung, appendix, colon, spinal cord, and heart tissues. Analysis of differential expression of $VEGF{\alpha}$ gene in blood leukocytes after exercise indicated a unimodal pattern. These results will be useful in developing biomarkers that can predict the recovery capacity of racing horses.

Development of a One-Step Duplex RT-PCR Method for the Simultaneous Detection of VP3/VP1 and VP1/P2B Regions of the Hepatitis A Virus

  • Kim, Mi-Ju;Lee, Shin-Young;Kim, Hyun-Joong;Lee, Jeong Su;Joo, In Sun;Kwak, Hyo Sun;Kim, Hae-Yeong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.26 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1398-1403
    • /
    • 2016
  • The simultaneous detection and accurate identification of hepatitis A virus (HAV) is critical in food safety and epidemiological studies to prevent the spread of HAV outbreaks. Towards this goal, a one-step duplex reverse-transcription (RT)-PCR method was developed targeting the VP1/P2B and VP3/VP1 regions of the HAV genome for the qualitative detection of HAV. An HAV RT-qPCR standard curve was produced for the quantification of HAV RNA. The detection limit of the duplex RT-PCR method was 2.8 × 101 copies of HAV. The PCR products enabled HAV genotyping analysis through DNA sequencing, which can be applied for epidemiological investigations. The ability of this duplex RT-PCR method to detect HAV was evaluated with HAV-spiked samples of fresh lettuce, frozen strawberries, and oysters. The limit of detection of the one-step duplex RT-PCR for each food model was 9.4 × 102 copies/20 g fresh lettuce, 9.7 × 103 copies/20 g frozen strawberries, and 4.1 × 103 copies/1.5 g oysters. Use of a one-step duplex RT-PCR method has advantages such as shorter time, decreased cost, and decreased labor owing to the single amplification reaction instead of four amplifications necessary for nested RT-PCR.

Clinicopathological Significance of BRCA1 Promoter Hypermethylation in Thai Breast Cancer Patients

  • Saelee, Pensri;Chaiwerawattana, Arkom;Ogawa, Kumiko;Cho, Young-Man;Tiwawech, Danai;Suktangman, Vimol
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.24
    • /
    • pp.10585-10589
    • /
    • 2015
  • Breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1), mapped on chromosome 17q21, is implicated in the mechanisms of cellular DNA repair. Inactivation of this gene is involved in the development of many human cancers, including breast cancer. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of BRCA1 promoter hypermethylation and expression in breast cancer cases. Sixty-one breast cancers were examined for BRCA1 hypermethylation by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and 45 paired normal breast tissues were analyzed for altered BRCA1 mRNA levels by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Aberrant methylation status in BRCA1 was detected in 15 of 61 cases (24.6%), while reduced expression was found in 7 of 45 (15.6%). BRCA1 hypermethylation was statistically associated with tumor grade III (p=0.04), a high frequency of stage IIB (p=0.02), and triple-negative phenotype (OR= 3.64, 95%CI =1.1-12.3, p=0.03). Our findings indicated that BRCA1 promoter hypermethylation is a useful prognostic marker for breast cancer.