• Title, Summary, Keyword: polymer-modified mortar

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A Study on the Abrasion Resistance of Polymer - Modified Mortar According to Curing Conditions (양생조건에 따른 폴리머 시멘트 모르터의 내마모성에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Young-Kug;So, Seoung-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2005
  • In recent years, polymer-modified mortars using polymer dispersions have been widely used as finish and repair materials in the construction industry because of their excellent properties compares to those of ordinary cement mortar. Especially, the adhesion improvement of ordinary cement mortar and concrete has attracted a great deal of attention from researchers, and several unique and simply applicable techniques for the adhesion improvement have been developed. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the abrasion resistance of polymer-modified mortar according various curing methods. The polymer-modified mortar are prepared with various polymer-cement ratios, and are subjected to three curing methods such as dry rure, standard cure and freezing and thawing cure after two curing methods, and then tested for abrasion. From the test results, the polymer-modified mortars with various polymer-cement ratios have some superior abrasion resistance compared with plain mortar. The abrasion resistance of polymer-modified mortars increase with an increase in the polymer-cement ratio, and is better under water cure than any other curing methods. It is concluded that the abrasion resistance of cement mortar is markedly improved by modifying of polymer dispersion.

The Study on the Properties of Polymer Emulson Modified Mortar -Effects of Polyacrylicacid Ester and Polystyrene Modified Mortar- (고분자에말죤의 첨가에 따른 시멘트모르터의 특성에 관한 연구 -Polyacrylicacid Ester 및 Polystyrene 에말죤의 첨가영향-)

  • 김창은;최강순
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 1975
  • Polymer emulsion was used as the admixture for the purpose of increasing the mechanical properties of cement mortar. The effect of polymer emulsion admixture on compressive strength and tensile strength and chemical resistance, relative humidity on compressive and tensile strength, sand particles on water absorption were studied. The results were as follows. 1. Polymer emulson modified mortar cured under 95% of realative humidity showed lower strength than the mortar cured at dry condition. 2. The maximum strength was attained at 10~20% of polystyrene and polyacrylic acid ester polymer-cement mortar. 3. The modified mortar (sand size rate (-9+35)mech:(-35+60)mech=4 : 1) was 1.5 times lower than the modified mortar (1 : 1) in water absorption. 4. Compared with the ordinary mortar, the modified mortar showed 2~3 times greater chemical resistance for 5% HCl or 5% H2SO4.

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Plastic Shrinkage and Durability Characteristics of Fiber Reinforced Polymer-Modified Mortars (섬유보강 폴리머 시멘트 모르타르의 초기수축균열 및 내구특성)

  • Won Jong Pil;Jang Pil Sung;Kim Myeong Kyun;Kong Tae Woong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.156-159
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    • 2004
  • The intention of this study is to reduce the plastic shrinkage of the polymer modified cement mortar using the PVA fiber. The durability of PVA fiber reinforced polymer cement mortar was also evaluated. The test results of PVA fiber reinforced polymer modified cement mortar were compared with plain polymer modified cement mortar(non-fiber). In conclusion, PVA fiber reinforced polymer modified cement mortar showed an ability to reduce the total crack area and maximum crack width significantly. Also. fiber reinforced polymer modified cement mortar show improved durability performance.

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Tensile Strength and Tensile Adhesive Strengths of Polymer-Modified Mortar with Methyl Methacrylate-Based Latexes (MMA계 라텍스를 혼입한 폴리머 시멘트 모르타르의 인장강도 및 부착강도)

  • Hyung, Won-Gil;Lee, Chan-Tae;Park, Sung-Moo
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 2010
  • This paper investigates the effects of the monomer ratios on the typical properties of polymer-modified mortars that contain methyl methacrylate-based latexes. Basic data are also obtained to develop appropriate latexes for cement modifiers. Polymer-modified mortars that contain methyl methacrylate latexes copolymerized with butyl acrylate or ethyl acrylate are prepared for different polymer-cement ratios. They are then tested to obtain the tensile and tensile adhesive strengthes of polymer-modified mortar with methyl methacrylate-based latexes. From the test results, the tensile strength of MB7 polymer-modified mortar was higher than normal cement mortar by a maximum of 94% with a 20% polymer-cement ratio, which was almost twice higher than normal. The tensile adhesive strength of the MB polymer-modified mortar was higher for higher MMA monomer contents and polymer-cement ratios, and increased up to four times than that of normal cement mortar. The basic properties of the polymer-modified mortars are more affected by the polymer-cement ratio than by the monomer ratio, and are improved over unmodified mortar.

Mix Design of Polymer Grouting Mortar for Prepacked Concrete Using Polymer Dispersions (폴리머 디스퍼션을 이용한 프리팩트 콘크리트용 주입 모르타르의 배합에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Young-Kug;Kim, Wan-Ki
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2008
  • Prepacked concrete has recently been used in the special constructions fields such as underwater concrete work, heavy-weight concrete work, underground structure work, partial repair works for damaged reinforced concrete structures. and polymer-modified mortars have been employed as grouting mortars for the prepacked concrete. The purpose of this study is to recommend the optimum mix design of polymer-modified grouting mortars for prepacked concrete. Polymer-modified mortars using SBR and EVA emulsions as admixture of grouting mortars for prepacked concrete are prepared with various mix proportions such as sand-binder ratio, fly ash replacement ratio, polymer-binder ratio. and tested for flowability, viscosity of grouting mortars, bleeding ratio, expansion ratio, flexural and compressive strengths of grouting mortars and compressive and tensile strengths of prepacked concretes. From the test results, it is apparent that polymer-modified mortars can be produced as grouting mortars when proper mix design is chosen. We can design the mix proportions of high strength mortars for prepacked concrete according to the control of mix design factors such as type of polymer, polymer-binder ratio, sand-binder ratio and fly ash replacement ratio. Water-binder ratio of plain mortars for a constant flowability value are in the ranges of 43% to 50%. SBR-modified mortar has a little water-binder ratios compared to those of plain mortar, however, EVA-modified mortar needs a high water-binder ratio due to a high viscosity of polymer dispersion. The expansion and bleeding ratios of grouting mortars are also controlled in the proper value ranges. Polymer-modified grouting mortars have good flexural. compressive and tensile strengths, are not affected with various properties with increasing fly ash replacement to cement and binder-sand ratio. In this study, SBR-modified grouting mortar with a polymer-binder ratio of 10% or less, a fly ash replacement of 10% to cement and a sand-binder ratio of 1.5 is recommended as a grouting mortar for prepacked concrete.

Properties of Polymer-Modified Mortar with Styrene-Butyl Acrylate and Styrene Butadiene Rubber (S/BA와 SBR을 혼입한 폴리머 시멘트 모르타르의 특성)

  • Mun, Kyung-Ju;Song, Hae-Ryong;Hyung, Won-Gil
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.555-560
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    • 2008
  • Polymer-modified mortars have been largely used as paving materials, flooring, waterproofing material, adhesives, anticorrosive linings, deck coverings, and other various materials. The various types and properties of the mixed polymer largely affect the characteristics of polymer-modified mortar that has been mixed with polymer latexes. Consequently, its application purposes are varied according to these properties. This paper investigates the typical properties of polymer-modified mortars that contain styrene and butyl acrylate latexes and styrene butadiene rubber. They are then tested to obtain air contents, water-cement ratios, flexural and compressive strengths, water absorption, and chloride-ion penetration. From the test results, the superior flexural strength of polymer-modified mortars is obtained at a S/BA-2 and a polymer-cement ratio of 20%. And, the water absorption and chloride ion penetration depth are greatly affected by the polymer-cement ratio rather than the types of polymer. In the polymer-modified mortar and concrete structures, aggregates are bound by such a co-matrix phase, resulting in the superior properties of polymer-modified mortar and concrete compared to conventional mortar and concrete.

Properties of Polymer Modified Mortars Using Re-dispersible Polymer Powders (재유화형 분말수지를 이용한 폴리머 시멘트 모르타르의 특성)

  • Bae, Sang-Chan;Hyung, Won-Gil
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.235-241
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    • 2013
  • In this study, a mortar was produced using re-dispersible polymer powders that addresses the defects of aqueous polymer and improves the durability of cement mortar. Also, an attempt was made to examine the properties of polymer modified mortars using re-dispersible polymer powders by strength and durability tests between ordinary Portland cement mortars and polymer modified mortars mixed with aqueous dispersion. The test showed that strength and durability are improved considerably compared with ordinary Portland cement mortar, and the performance of aqueous polymer cement mortar was considerably improved. Accordingly, it is expected that high-quality prepackaged polymer modified mortars can be produced using re-dispersible polymer powders.

Effects of Silica Fume Content and Polymer-Binder Ratio on Properties of Ultrarapid-Hardening Polymer-Modified Mortars

  • Choi, Jong Yun;Joo, Myung-Ki;Lho, Byeong Cheol
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.249-256
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    • 2016
  • This paper deals with the effects of silica fume content and polymer-binder ratio on the properties of ultrarapid-hardening polymer-modified mortar using silica fume and ethylene-vinyl acetate redispersible polymer powder instead of styrene-butadiene rubber latex to shorten the hardening time. The ultrarapid-hardening polymer-modified mortar was prepared with various silica fume contents and polymer-binder ratios, and tested flexural strength, compressive strength, water absorption, carbonation depth and chloride ion penetration depth. As results, the flexural, compressive and adhesion strengths of the ultrarapid-hardening polymer-modified mortar tended to increase as increasing polymer-binder ratio, and reached the maximums at 4 % of silica fume content. The water absorption, carbonation and chloride ion penetration resistance were improved according to silica fume content and polymer-binder ratio.

Physical Properties of Polymer Modified Mortar Containing FRP Wastes Fine Powder (폐FRP 미분말을 사용한 폴리머 시멘트 모르타르의 물성)

  • 황의환;한천구;최재진;이병기
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.190-198
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    • 2002
  • In this research the physical properties of polymer modified mortar containing pulverized FRP(Fiber-Reinforced Plastics) wastes fine powder as a part of fine aggregate were investigated. Styrene-butadiene rubber(SBR) latex, polyacrylic ester(PAE) emulsion and ethylene-vinyl acetate(EVA) emulsion were used as Polymer modifier. Polymer modified mortars containing FRP wastes fine powder were prepared with various FRP wastes fine powder replacement(5∼30 wt%) for fine aggregate and polymer-cement ratios(5∼20 wt%). The water-cement ratio, water absorption rates and hot water immersion test, compressive and flexural strengths of polymer modified mortars were tested and the results compared to those of ordinary portland cement mortar. As the results, compressive and flexural strengths of polymer modified mortar containing FRP wastes fine powder depend on the contents of FRP wastes fine powder, type and additional amounts of polymer modifier. Some of them showed higher compressive and flexural strengths than those of ordinary portland cement mortar. Especially, SBR-modified mortar showed the highest strengths properties among three types of polymer modifier. Also water absorption rates, compressive and flexural strengths of SBR-modified mortar were more superior than those of PAE or EVA-modified mortar. The optimum mix proportions of SBR-modified mortar was 20 wt% of polymer-cement ratio and 20 wt% of FRP wastes fine powder replacement. Otherwise heat cured polymer modified mortar accelerated the improvement of early compressive and flexural strengths.

Strength Properties of Polymer-Modified Repair Mortars According to Curing Conditions and Repair Methods (양생조건 및 보수방법에 따른 폴리머시멘트모르타르의 강도 성상)

  • Kim, Wan-Ki;Jo, Young-Kug
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.457-465
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, polymer-modified repair materials using polymer dispersions with six repair methods are prepared with various polymer-cement ratios, and tested for compressive and flexural strengths through each curing condition such as dry cure, water cure, and freezing and thawing cyclic action. And, the adhesive interface between the polymer-modified mortar and mortar substrate is observed by a scanning electron microscope. From the test results, the compressive and flexural strengths of cement mortar repaired by polymer-modified mortar are improved with a rise in the polymer-cement ratio regardless of the type of polymer and curing conditions. Such an improvement in the strengths of polymer-modified repair materials to ordinary cement mortar is explained by the high adhesion of polymer-modified mortar. Strength reduction of polymer-modified repair materials after freezing and thawing cyclic actions is recognized, but it is lower than that of unmodified mortar. Especially, cement mortar repaired by polymer-modified mortar with a St/BA emulsion has good strength properties compared with those of SBR latex and PA emulsion. Accordingly, it is judged that polymer-modified mortars with a St/BA emulsion are possible to use as repair materials to ordinary cement mortar and concrete.