• Title, Summary, Keyword: polychlorinated biphenyls

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The State-of-the-Art on Technologies for Treatment of Polychlorinated Biphenyls(PCBs) Pollutants (잔류성 유기오염물질 Polychlorinated Biphenyls(PCBs) 분해 처리 기술 현황)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Sea, Bongkuk
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2005
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls, (PCBs) are a group of highly toxic chlorinated industrial chemicals used as dielectrics, coolants and lubricants in electrical transformers. This article reviewed the state-of-the-art on technologies for decomposition of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), one of the persistent organic materials (POPs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of decontaminating PCBs contaminated pollutants using treatment technologies such as chemical dechlorination, photodegradation and biological transformation.

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Biodegradation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) within Insulating Oil by Pseudomonas sp. P2 (Pseudomonas sp. P2에 의한 절연류 내의 Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)의 분해)

  • Kim, Jung-Ho;Choi, Sang-Ki;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1996
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls(PCBs)의 생물학적 처리가 시도되고 있으며, PCBs를 분해할 수 있는 미생물을 이용할 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 폐기된 절연유의 생물학적 처리를 위하여 PCBs를 분해하는 균을 분해하였으며, 분해된 균을 이용하여 절연유 내의 Polychlorinated Biphenyls(PCBs) 분해를 회분식 실험에서 연구하였다. 대구의 신천으로부터 유일한 탄소원으로 Biphenyl을 포함하고 있는 고체배지에서 PCBs를 분해할 수 있는 Pseudomonas sp. P2 균주를 분해하였다. PCBs의 용해도를 높이기 위해 사용된 유화제 alkyl aryl ethoxylated phosphate가 200 mg/L에서는 Pseudomonas sp. P2 균주의 성장에 영향을 미치지 않았다. 1000 mg/L의 Biphenyl과 PCBs에 Pseudomonas sp. P2를 접종하여 160시간 배양후에 Biphenyl과 PCBs의 분해가 각각 97.5%, 58.0%였다. Biphenyl 1000 mg/L에서 최대성장율($\mu_{max}$)은 0.34 $day^{-1}$, 0.26 였다. 따라서 염소가 결합되지 않은 Biphenyl는 염소가 결합된 PCBs보다 분해가 빠르게 진행되었다. 또한 Pseudomonas sp. P2는 Biphenyl과 PCBs의 분해로 부터 유도된 황색의 분해대사산물을 확인하였다. 본 연구에서는 Pseudomonas sp. P2 균주가 절연유 내의 PCBs를 분해할 수 있다는 것을 확인하였다.

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On the Spatial Distribution of the Ambient Concentrations and Deposition Rates of Particulate Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Korea (입자상 PCBs (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)의 대기중 농도와 건식침적량의 공간적 분포 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 신혜정;김용표;이승묵
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.107-108
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    • 2000
  • PCBs (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)와 같은 미량 환경독성물질은 그 독성으로 인하여 지난 수 십년간 환경 분야에서 중요한 연구분야가 되어왔으며 이에 대한 연구의 중요성이 최근의 내분비계 교란물질의 심각성으로 더욱 부각되고 있다. 특히 이 분야의 연구에서는 실제 측정을 통한 자료가 국내의 경우 분석과 측정의 어려움으로 인하여 거의 전무하며, 더욱이 PCBs의 공간적인 분포 특성에 관한 연구는 PCBs에 대한 연구가 앞서 진행된 외국의 사례에서도 거의 찾아볼 수 없다 (Yucel, 1997, 김승규, 1999). (중략)

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Accumulated Levels of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, Dibenzofurans and Dioxin-like Polychlorinated Biphenyls in the Freshwater Fish (Crucian carp) (민물 붕어 (Crucian carp)에 축적된 Dioxin, Furan 및 DL-PCBs 농도)

  • Moon, Ji-Yong;Moon, Dong-Ho;Jeong, Gi-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.803-810
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    • 2009
  • Concentrations of dioxins, furans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) were determined in crucian carp collected from eight locations mainly along the Nakdong River during 2004. Total dioxin concentrations which include concentrations of dioxins, furans and DL-PCBs ranged from 0.053 to 0.614 pg WHO-TEQ $g^{-1}$ wet wt. with a mean of $0.342{\pm}0.213$ pg WHO-TEQ $g^{-1}$ wet wt. The proportions of dioxins, furans and DL-PCBs to total dioxin TEQ were 4%, 12% and 84%, respectively. The results suggest that concentrations of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls should be determined when total dioxin TEQ accumulated in freshwater fish is investigated.

POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS INDUCE ARYL HYDROCARBON RECEPTOR-INDEPENDENT APOPTOSIS OF MOUSE SPLEEN CELL

  • Jeon, Young-Jin;Youk, Eun-Soo;Lee, Sang-Han;Jaehong Suh;Na, Yong-Joo;Kim, Hwan-Mook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.79-79
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    • 2002
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, and many of their toxic effects, including their immunotoxicities, are mediated by the activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). We previously reported that Aroclor 1254, one of the most widely used PCB mixtures, increased DNA fragmentation in mouse spleen cells, suggesting that apoptosis was correlated with the immunotoxicity of PCB (Yoo et al., 1997).(omitted)

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Investigation on Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans and Dioxin-like Polychlorinated Biphenyls of Grains and Estimation of Dietary Intake for Korean (국내생산 주곡작물의 Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans와 Dioxin-like Polychlorinated Biphenyls 잔류량 및 섭취노출량 평가)

  • Choi, Geun-Hyoung;Choi, Dal-Soon;Hong, Su-Myeong;Kwon, Oh-Kyoung;Eun, Hee Soo;Kim, Jung Han;Kim, Jin Hyo
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.253-261
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    • 2012
  • Dioxin contamination on agroproducts is one of the most important issue in food safety. Herein, we measured concentration of 17 dioxins polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and 14 dioxin like-polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in the main grain (rice and barley) that were produced in Korea. The 36 rice samples were collected from rice processing complex at eight provinces, and the average concentrations of each province were ranged from 2.98 pg/g wet weight (w.w) to 4.98 pg/g w.w. as total PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs. The seven barley samples were collected from Jeon-nam and Jeon-buk provinces, and their average total concentrations of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs were 3.00 pg/g w.w. and 3.24 pg/g w.w. respectively. The residual amounts and toxic equivalent (TEQ) of DL-PCBs in rice and barley were higher than PCDD/Fs. The average total TEQ of rice and barley were 0.0056 pg-TEQ/g and 0.0092 pg-TEQ/g on lower bound estimation respectively. Estimated daily intake of dioxins from rice and barley were calculated 1.03 pg-TEQ/day/person and 0.0534 pg-TEQ/day/person respectively. These were estimated 0.46% and 0.03% of Korean TDI based on 55 kg body weight.

A Study on the Characterization of Atmospheric Dry Deposition for Polychlorinated Biphenyls measured in Seoul (서울 지역의 PCBs(Polychlorinated Biphenyls)의 대기 건식침적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이승묵;박성숙;한영지;신혜정;이지이;정장표
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.126-127
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    • 1999
  • PCBs(Polychlorinated Biphenyls)와 같은 미량 환경독성물질은 그 독성으로 인하여 지난 수십년간 환경 분야에서 중요한 연구분야가 되어왔으며 이에 대한 연구의 중요성이 최근의 내분비계 교란물질의 심각성으로 더욱 부각되고 있다. 특히 이 분야의 연구에서는 실제 측정을 통한 자료가 국내의 경우 분석과 측정의 어려움으로 인하여 거의 전무하다고 할 수 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 대기-수체간의 PCBs 거동 특성을 실제 측정을 통하여 파악하기 위해 PCBs의 입자상 건식침적량을 측정하였다.(중략)

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Study on the Toxicities of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Phenol and Biphenyl (Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Phenol 및 Biphenyl의 독성학적 연구)

  • 홍사욱;정규혁
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 1986
  • The effect of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), phenol and biphenyl on the body, liver and kidney weights, and the activity of $\delta$-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD), and the contents of microsomal cytochrome P-450, and hematocrit, TBAvalue. PCB (200 mg/kg), phenol (200 mg/kg), biphenyl (200 mg/kg), and biphenyl (100 mg/kg) added phenol (100 mg/kg) was treated orally to Sprague-Dawley rats for 3 days. In all treated groups, the body weights were decreased, while the weights of liver and kidney were increased in comparison with that of control group. The activity of $\delta$-ALAD was increased and hematocrit was decreased in PCB treated group, on the contrary biphenyl treated group was appeared opposite direction. The contents of microsomal cytochrome P-450 and concentration of protein were increased in all treated group. In biphenyl treated group and phenol treated group, TBA value was increased in both groups.

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A Study on the Characterization of Atmospheric Dry Deposition for Polychlorinated Biphenyls measured in Several Sites (PCBs(Polychlorinated Biphenyls)의 대기중 농도와 건식 침적량의 공간적 분포 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이승묵;신혜정;조숙현;정장표;이동수
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.91-93
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    • 2000
  • PCBs(Polychlorinated Biphenyls)와 같은 미량 환경독성물질은 그 독성으로 인하여 지난 수 십년간 환경 분야에서 중요한 연구분야가 되어왔으며 이에 대한 연구의 중요성이 최근의 내분비계 교란물질의 심각성으로 더욱 부각되고 있다. 특히 이 분야의 연구에서는 실제 측정을 통한 자료가 국내의 경우 분석과 측정의 어려움으로 인하여 거의 전무하다고 할 수 있으며 더욱이 PCBs의 공간적인 분포 특성에 관한 연구는 PCBs에 대한 연구가 앞서 진행된 외국의 사례에서도 거의 찾아볼 수 없다고 할 수 있다. (중략)

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