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A Study on Allocation of Air Pollution Monitoring Network by Spatial Distribution Analysis of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide Concentrations in Busan (부산지역 오존 및 이산화질소 농도의 공간분포해석에 따른 대기오염측정망 배치연구)

  • Yoo, Eun-Chul;Park, Ok-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.583-591
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    • 2004
  • In this study, methodologies for the rational organization of air pollution monitoring network were examined by understanding the characteristics of temporal and spatial distribution of secondary air pollution, whose significance would increase hereafter. The data on $O_3$ and $NO_2$ concentrations during high ozone period in 1998~1999 recorded at the nine air pollution monitoring station in Busan were analysed using principal component analysis (PCA) and cumulative semivariogram. It was found that the ozone concentration was deeply associated with the daily emission characteristics or the $O_3$ precusors, and nitrogen dioxide concentration largely depends on the emission strength of regional sources. According to the spatial distribution analysis of ozone and nitrogen dioxide in Busan using cumulative semivariograms, the number of monitoring stations for the secondary air pollution can be reduced in east-west direction, but reinforced in north-south direction to explain the spacial variability. More scientific and rational relocation of air pollution monitoring network in Busan would be needed to investigate pollution status accurately and to plan and implement the pollution reduction policies effectively.

Estimating the Pollution Delivery Coefficient with Consideration of Characteristics Watershed Form and Pollution Load Washoff (유역형상과 오염부하배출 특성을 고려한 유달계수 산정)

  • Ha, Sung-Ryong;Park, Jung-Ha;Bae, Myung-Soon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2007
  • The performance of a stream water quality analysis model depends upon many factors attributed to the geological characteristics of a watershed as well as the distribution behaviors of pollutant itself on a surface of watershed. Because the model run has to import the pollution load from the watershed as a boundary condition along an interface between a stream water body and a watershed, it has been used to introduce a pollution delivery coefficient to behalf of the boundary condition of load importation. Although a nonlinear regression model (NRM) was developed to cope with the limitation of a conventional empirical way, this an up-to-date study has also a limitation that it can't be applied where the pollution load washed off (assumed at a source) is less than that delivered (observed) in a stream. The objective of this study is to identify what causes the limitation of NRM and to suggest how we can purify the process to evaluate a pollution delivery coefficient using many field observed cases. As a major result, it was found what causes the pollution load delivered to becomes bigger than that assumed at the source. In addition, the pollution load discharged to a stream water body from a specific watershed was calculated more accurately.

Hourly Environmental Pollution (Air Pollution and Noise) Mapping Method by the Traffic Volume Change (시간별 교통량 변화에 따른 환경오염지도(대기 및 소음) 구축방안에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Dong-Myung;Kwon, Woo-Taeg;Na, Young
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.485-494
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    • 2007
  • Air pollution and traffic noise from roads distributed near residential area has been a major social problem. In this study, an environmental pollution map for a residential area of Shihung-city was made by an expectation model based on hourly traffic volume change. Using the result from the model, a plan to reduce population in the residential area was established. The result of the modelling is summarized as follows: 1. At peak traffic hours (18 o'clock), 301-500 degree in hazardous and $d_{25}$ degree (25% of the residents are suffering extremely from the noise) in noise pollution were predicted in Jeongwang Main Road in Shihung city. 2. The calculated critical pollutant standard index, PSI showed the air pollution level, especially PM-10 high enough to require re-entrainment. 3. It was expected air pollution would extensively extend over the area distribution of each degree. However, noise pollution problem was limited to the area near roads.

Effects of solanum macrocarpon (African eggplant) on haematological parameters of wistar rats exposed to urban air pollution

  • Olajire, A.A.;Azeez, L.
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.109-123
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    • 2012
  • Our study investigated the effects of Solanum macrocarpon (African eggplant) on haematological and biochemical parameters of male albino rats exposed to urban air pollution ($O_3$, $PM_{10}$, CO, $SO_2$, $NO_2$ and VOC). Male albino Wistar rats were exposed for 63 days either to urban air pollution without treatment (A); oral supplementation with Solanum macrocarpon given at 36 and 75 mg/kg body weight (BW), representing C and D respectively and exposed to air pollution; oral supplementation with Solanum macrocarpon given at 75 mg/kg BW after exposure to air pollution (B); or kept in animal house without exposure to air pollution (E). Animals exposed to air pollution showed significant alterations in haematological and biochemical parameters signaling that the blood and organs were badly injured. There were significant elevations in white blood cells (WBC) and its indices, reduction in red blood cells (RBC) and significant depletions of non-enzymic antioxidants, total protein and increase in lipid peroxidation values. Solanum macrocarpon supplementation in the feed of animals halted significantly the deleterious effects of air pollution, with co-administration during exposure given better results.

Analysis of non-point and point source pollution load in DongPieHong Ditch

  • Shan, Yu;Chen, Jun;Jin, Jie;Song, YongLian;Liu, Jun;Wu, DongBiao;Wu, Ke
    • Journal of Urban Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the DongPieHong Ditch were taken as the research object, five sampling points were set to measure the COD, NH3-N,TNandTPindexes. The correlation and principal component analysis were used to judge the main pollution sources and calculate pollution contribution rate. According to the population in the basin, the load of point source pollution into the river was estimated. As a result, the load of COD, NH3-N and TP into the river was 323.04t/a, 43.8t/a and 3.9t/a, respectively. According to the statistics of the rainfall in the basin, the concentrations of COD, TP and NH3-N in the initial rainwater were measured and calculated for non-point source pollution, and the results shown that the inflow loads of COD, NH3-N and TP into the river were 34.59t/a, 0.12t/a and 0.71t/a, respectively. It was found that the main cause of the pollution in the east flash flood gully was point source pollution, and the proportions of COD, NH3-N and TP into the river were 90.33%, 99.72% and 84.61%, respectively.

Study on Adaptability of Rice Varieties at Air-Pollution Site (수도품종의 대기오염적응성)

  • Kwang-Ho Kim
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 1985
  • Ten recommended rice varieties were cultivated in paddy area affected by air-pollutants and in normal area to select varieties adaptable to air-pollution environment. Rice plants grown in pollution site showed higher contents of total sulfur and fluorine in leaf through the whole growing period compared with those in non-pollution site, and rice leaves destroyed by air-pollutants were found only in pollution site. Rice grain yield and four yield components of ten rice varieties grown in pollution site were lower than those in normal area. Five rice varieties among ten were selected as adaptable to air-pollution environment, based on their yielding potential in pollution site and grain yield ratio between two sites. Rice varieties adaptable to pollution showed little variation of percent ripened grains and number of panicles per hill between two sites. Chlorophyll content in flag leaf of rice plants grown in pollution area was lower than in non-pollution area. No relationship was found between grain yield ratio (pollution/non-pollution site) of ten varieties and total sulfur content ratio, fluorine content ratio, chlorophyll content ratio between two sites, and percent destroyed leaf in pollution site, respectively. This result suggest that varietal adaptability to air-pollution environment is not related with the amount of pollutants absorbed, but with the degree of response to pollutants.

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Trends of Study and Classification of Literatures on Environmental Pollution in Korea (우리나라에서의 환경오염 관련 문헌분류 및 연구동향)

  • 배준형;이종영;장봉기
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.37-48
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to provide the valuable basic information that helps set the advanced direction of study in environmental pollution in the future. It classifies and analyzes 6, 531 papers according to their years, fields, and contents from 1962 to 1993 in Korea through Chunrian, a PC communication network, National Environment Research Institute(1989) in Seoul. Classifying papers by their fields, this study shows 19.6%(1, 281 papers) of total papers on water pollution, on which most emphasis was placed in the studies, 17.2%(1, 121 papers) on general remarks, 14.6%(952 papers) on environmental ecology, and 13.6%(891 papers) on air pollution. Classifying papers by their contents, this study tells us that the survey of state and evaluation of pollution degree took 28%(1, 829 papers) of total papers, and it seemed the most active study was carried out on this content. It then shows us that the treatment technology and mechanism shared 17.5%(1, 144 papers), and facilities and design took 1.9%(127 papers) which needed more studies in the future. As for the trends of study, the papers published until 1979 show that the water pollution accounted for 28.9% of total studies, on which the greatest emphasis was placed, while the papers in 1990s tell us that general remarks 34.7%, air pollution 14.9%, and water pollution 14.1%. It also shows that treatment technology and mechanism has had more importance since 1980s in water pollution, noise and vibration, waste materials, human wastes, and radioactive pollution. However, in sea pollution, policy and standard rather than treatment technology or method of measurement and analysis has been considered a more important one in 1990s. Analyzing the studies on general remarks, it tell us that the paper on environmental act, which were frequently conducted, accounted for 33.3% until 1979, while the papers on the environmental policy, in which the highest interest was kept, accounted 34.6% in 1990s. This study concludes that most papers had examined the survey on status and evaluation of pollution degree before 1980, while studies on solving the problems of environmental pollution have had more importance in the 1980s and 1990s. Therefore, in the future, more studies should be conducted actively on policy development to solve the problems of environment pollution as well as on encouragement of environmental consciousness.

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Korean National Emissions Inventory System and 2007 Air Pollutant Emissions

  • Lee, Dae-Gyun;Lee, Yong-Mi;Jang, Kee-Won;Yoo, Chul;Kang, Kyoung-Hee;Lee, Ju-Hyoung;Jung, Sung-Woon;Park, Jung-Min;Lee, Sang-Bo;Han, Jong-Soo;Hong, Ji-Hyung;Lee, Suk-Jo
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.278-291
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    • 2011
  • Korea has experienced dramatic development and has become highly industrialized and urbanized during the past 40 years, which has resulted in rapid economic growth. Due to the industrialization and urbanization, however, air pollutant emission sources have increased substantially. Rapid increases in emission sources have caused Korea to suffer from serious air pollution. An air pollutant emissions inventory is one set of essential data to help policymakers understand the current status of air pollution levels, to establish air pollution control policies and to analyze the impacts of implementation of policies, as well as for air quality studies. To accurately and realistically estimate administrative district level air pollutant emissions of Korea, we developed a Korean Emissions Inventory System named the Clean Air Policy Support System (CAPSS). In CAPSS, emissions sources are classified into four levels. Emission factors for each classification category are collected from various domestic and international research reports, and the CAPSS utilizes various national, regional and local level statistical data, compiled by approximately 150 Korean organizations. In this paper, we introduced for the first time, a Korean national emissions inventory system and release Korea's official 2007 air pollutant emissions for five regulated air pollutants.

The Community of Aerial Algae and the Biological Pollution Coverage at 9 Stone Cultural Heritages in Korea (국내 9기 석조문화재의 생물오염피복도 및 기중조류 군집)

  • Kim, Yong-Jin;Kim, Ok-Jin;Lee, Ok-Min
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 2011
  • This research was to examine the biological pollution class by color of the polluted section and calculate the biological pollution coverages of 9 stone heritages in Korea, from June to November 2008. Three storied stone pagoda in Mulgeol-ri, Hongcheon, Three storied stone pagoda in Suta Temple and Stupa to Hongudang in Sutasa Temple showed 90% biological pollution coverage and each stone cultural heritages showed 15~23% range of Bryophyte coverage, proving severe biological pollution. The Four-lion three storied stone pagoda of Gwaeseok-ri, Three storied stone pagoda in Suta Temple and Stupa to Hongudang in Sutasa Temple showed the worst biological pollution class by color of class 5. Three storied stone pagoda in Chang-ri showed satisfactory level of class 2. The result of the correlation analysis between biological pollution class and the biological pollution coverage of lichen showed high correlation coefficient of 0.91, however, the correlation analysis between biological pollution class and bryophyte or aerial algae coverage showed the low correlation coefficient. Eight taxa among all the aerial algae, Cosmarium decedens, Chlorella ellipsoidea, Anabaena fertilissima, Botryococcus braunii, Chroococcus turgidus, Navicula cryptocephala and Xenococcus acervatus showed high correlation coefficient of 0.56~0.85 with biological pollution coverage of bryophyte, in the correlation analysis. The correlation coefficient between biological pollution coverage of lichen, Trebouxia sp. and Chroococcus varius, had a range between 0.43 to 0.50. The correlation coefficient between biological pollution coverage of aerial algae, Achnanthes laterostrata and Ulothrix zonata showed a range of 0.57 to 0.76. Since the aerial algae with high correlation between biological pollution coverage showed clear appearance tendency, they can be used as indicator.

Environmental Pollution Control Industry in Korea (한국의 환경오염방지산업)

  • 이달우
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.53-68
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    • 1992
  • Since 1962, Korea has made a remarkable progress with continuous success of Five-Year Economic Development Plans. Over the last 30 years, Korea has achieved a fast growth in various industries including heavy industry and chemical industry with rapid urbanization at the same time. The fast industrialization and urbanization brought about huge amount of hazardous/toxic substances and wastes. The environmental pollution problems have now emerged from regional concerns to overall social issues accordingly. The situation has come to a point where pollution control and environment preservation have become one of the nation's major policies. Following the recent Earth Summit of UNCED Conference held in Riode Janeiro in June 1992, where the topic was environmentally sound and sustainable development, awareness upon the importance of environmental preservation has been heightened globally, The environmental issues will gradually influence the international society more and more, politically as well as economically, The environmental pollution control industry in Korea started in the early 70's with the development of the nation's industrialization, As the people's awareness on pollution increases and environmental laws and enforcing regulations were established, demand for pollution control began to increase. The environmental pollution control business came to be recognized as an independent industry in the mid'70's. It should be evaluated properly that over the last 30 years, the Korean pollution control industry has supplied locally manufactured pollution control facilities to the increasing local demand. Concerning the quality and customer satisfaction, however, there are still many aspects which need to be improved compared with those of advanced countries. Although the start of the pollution control industry in Korea is just 10 to 15 years behind the advanced countries such as Japan and European countries, current gap in the environmental technology is rather considerable. And, studies should be made to find out the reasons for the current technology gap, and therefore, to implement solutions to improve the technology and competitiveness of the environmental pollution control industry in Korea.

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