• Title, Summary, Keyword: pollution

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Review of Air Pollution and the Related Regulations in China

  • Qi, Shang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.50-65
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    • 2003
  • Air pollution is very serious in China. This paper reviews the relevant research and countermeasures in China. The followings are focused in this article: 1) three major types of air pollutions: sulphur dioxide, vehicle emission and indoor air pollution; 2) the health effect of the three types of pollution; 3) major countermeasures adopted by Chinese Government.

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A Study on the Recognition of the Environmental Matters by Korean Middle School Students (중학교 학생들의 환경에 대한 태도 연구)

  • 정완호;염영원
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.19-33
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    • 1993
  • This result showed that the middle school students' response for the environment condition was highly negative. The major findings of this study are as follows. 1. Students would become to know the environmental pollution through reading of newspapers and TV rather than school education. 2. Students' response for air and water pollution was seriously accepted in city areas than in country areas, and in large cities than in small cities. 3. Students' response for air pollution showed that the quality of air was getting worse and major factor of air pollution was the exhausts of automobiles. 4. It showed that students' concern for water pollution was increased and water pollution was being accelerated by the increase of domestic and industrial sewages, the overuse of the agricultural chemicals, the entrophication and acid rain. 5. Students thought that soil pollution was mainly due to factory sewage, life sewage, heavy metal and agricultural medicines and so on. But now they think it is due to the degenerated and inseparable things such as used vinyle for farm and plastics. 6. Most students thought of the pollution of our country as serious. But they thought it could be removed if we tried to get rid of pollution. 7. Now students' consciousness to protect the nature took an active interest turn and was strong. Putting these various findings together, I suggested that, the efforts to turn students affirmative consciousness for the environment and a powerful plan by the nation to take off pollution should be needed. Also the education to enforce the environment preservation had to be needed.

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The Change of Education System for Marine Pollution Prevention Manager in Korea (해양오염방지관리인 교육 제도의 변화 - 해양오염방지법과 해양환경관리법의 비교 -)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.171-175
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    • 2009
  • Marine pollution prevention manager system has been operated for the purpose of preventing marine pollution from ships and marine facilities in Korea. As a new "marine environment management act" replacing an old "marine pollution prevention law" had entered into force from January 20. 2008, the education system for marine pollution prevention manager is scheduled to change in some ways. Major changes in education/training institutions, education/training courses, trainees, marine pollution prevention manager's works and business, marine facilities and educational subjects are summarized, comparing between new "marine environment management act" and old "marine pollution prevention act".

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Prioritizing subwatersheds for non-point source pollution management in Saemangeum watershed using AHP technique (AHP 기법을 이용한 새만금유역의 비점오염원 우선관리지구 선정)

  • Woo, Hye-Jin;Jang, Taeil;Choi, Jin-Kyu;Son, Jae-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to investigate non-point sources (NPS) pollution and prioritize management areas affected by NPS pollution in the Saemangeum Watershed. AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) technique was selected to prioritize sub-watersheds for effectively managing NPS pollution in this study areas. Generation properties of NPS pollution, discharge properties of NPS pollution, and runoff properties of NPS pollution were selected and set for AHP. Weighted descriptors including indicators like numbers of livestock, land- and livestock-system loads, rainfall, and impervious area ratio were generalized from 0 to 1 and multiply each index based on screened 17 survey data. The results were visualized as maps which enable resource managers to identify sub-watersheds for effective improving water quality. The sub-watersheds located in Gongdeok-Myeon, Yongji-Myeon, Hwangsan-Myeon of Gimje-Si were selected for managing NPS pollution control areas. This result presented that these sub-watershed are more affected by the pollution from livestock-system than from land-system. The finding from this study can be used to screen sub-watersheds that need further assessment by managers and decision-makers within the study area.

The Liabilities of Shipowners and Compensation for Marine Pollution Damage by Oil (유류에 의한 해양오염 피해에 대한 선주책임 및 보상제도)

  • 박명섭
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.59-87
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    • 1994
  • While overall input of oil into the sea has actually declined over the years 1975-92, major spills have regularly occurred in certain locations which have had serious effects upon local environments and hence caused public outcry. The purpose of this paper is to suggest the scheme for maximizing the compensation for oil pollution, which can be adopted in Korea, by analysing the mandatory 1969 Civil Liability Convention(CLC), the 1971 Fund Convention and two voluntary schemes (TOVALOP andCRISTAL). The paper examines the major subjects which are as follows : major pollution incidents and international response, the present situation of oil pollution in Korea, the role of flag of convenience tankers in oil pollution, the mode of oil pollution damages and tanker owner's liability, international compensation system fer oil pollution, Korean compensation system for oil pollution damage, and its problems to be tackled.

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Present State and Strategies on Environmental Pollution by Animal Wastes (축산분뇨에 의한 환경오염현황과 대책)

  • 이명규;이재일
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.63-78
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    • 1996
  • The main purpose of this research project is to monitor the present state of agricultural environment and to develope the countermeasures for the protection of the environment from the pollution by animal wastes. The results of this research were described largely 3 parts, 1) Monitoring of present state of environmental pollution by animal wastes, 2) Monitoring of animal wastes treatment technology, 3) Strategies for the protection of environmental pollution from animal wastes in future. The current most important problems from animal wastes are water pollution and air pollution commonly regardless of domestic or foreign country. Especially, intensive livestocks breeding pattern in restricted area is actually a real reason of eutrophication, soil acidification, ground water contamination, irrigation water pollution. As a result from this research project, authors recommend the 3 type of strategies for the protection of environmental pollution by animal wastes, 1 . Development of non-discharge type of wastes treatment technology 2. Manufacturing local structure for animal waste recycling system 3. Development of new international environmental program for transfer bioresource and soil environment prevention.

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Children's Awareness of the Effects of Environmental Pollution (유아의 환경오염 영향에 대한 인식)

  • Choi, Kee Young;Woo, Soo Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 1999
  • In this study, interviews were administered to 160 children (80 boys and 80 girls) of 8 kindergartens in urban and rural areas to investigate their awareness of the effects of environmental pollution. Instruments were picture cards and a questionnaire on environmental issues, based on the revised Korean version of Cohen and Horm-Wingerd's measurement. Children's responses were classified into either awareness or non-awareness of the effect of environmental pollution. Frequencies and percentages were calculated by sub-category and tested by sex and residence, using ${\chi}^2$. Major findings were that (1) 66.0% of the children were. aware of the effects of environmental pollution. (2) 78.1% were aware of the effects of water pollution while more than half the subjects were also aware of the effects of air pollution and soil pollution. (3) Children thought that natural conditions (52.0%), human bodies (30.9%), and the daily life of people (11.7%), would be affected by environmental pollution.

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The Regional Characteristics of Nonpoint Source Pollutant Loads in Mid-stream of Nakdong River (낙동강 중류유역의 지역별 비점오염 특성)

  • Son, Seong-Ho;Choe, Gyeong-Suk
    • KCID journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.181-193
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    • 2007
  • The characteristics of non-point source pollutant loads in middle-stream of Nakdong River Were studied through analysis of pollutant loads of 8 sub-watersheds divided based on administrative district. The pollutant concentration of each sub-watershed was collected from Nakdong-River Water Research Institute and Daegu Regional Environmental Office, respectively. Pollution items analysed in this study were BOD, SS, T-N and T-P. High degree of non-point pollution was observed from Gumi, Goryeong, Gyeongsan, Daegu and Sungju, and pollution was usually increased during rainy season. This result indicates that a given pollution condition within the watershed can be more sensitive than location factor to the level of water quality. The main sources of non-point pollution were population and livestock, as well as landuse factor, and were found to significantly contribute to the water pollution. Alternative solutions for controlling pollution sources, therefore, should be provided to meet target levels of water quality in this region.

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Comparison of Air Pollution Management Policies between China and Korea

  • SHEN, Ping;PARK, Jae Hong;JUNG, Jong tai
    • Journal of Urban Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2020
  • With the rapid development of China's industrialization and urbanization, air pollution has become a growing concern. The emergence of air pollution not only affects people's health, but also restricts the development of China's social economy. This paper puts forward specific measures for air pollution control by examining the causes of air pollution and by comparing air pollution status and management policies between Korea and China. Methods of control involve improving the urban environmental management mechanism, spreading awareness of urban environmental management and air pollution management laws and regulations system, strengthening clean energy utilization and urban environmental greening, increasing investment and management funds and more. Through these measures, urban environmental management in China can be accelerated and level of environmental management improved.