• Title, Summary, Keyword: pollution

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Determinants of Heath : Environmental Factors (국민 건강의 결정 요인 2 : 환경요인)

  • Lim, Hyun-Sul
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.480-507
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    • 1993
  • Environmental pollution is common problem of the present world that is intimately related to the future survival of human beings. The problems of environmental pollution originate from the pursuit of benefit by enterprises, insufficient countermeasure of government and ignorant life style of the people. Health hazards due to environmental pollution have characteristics of irreversibility, difficulty in measurement and ineffectiveness of personal prevention. Objects of this article are to review the various aspects of environmental pollution, to outline the present status of environmental pollution and strategy to control environmental pollution in Korea. In the first part of this article, causes of environmental pollution are presented. International relationships, world-wide status of environmental pollution and health hazards due to environmental pollution are briefly reviewed. In the second part, present status of air, water, soil and ocean pollution in Korea is presented. Pollution by radioactive materials, noise, vibrations, odor, wastes and chemicals is reviewed. Climate changes related to environmental poisoning, problems of workplace environment, pesticide and defoliants are also reviewed. Finally, control measures for environmental pollution including the role of government are reviewed.

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Perceived Environmental Pollution and Its Impact on Health in China, Japan, and South Korea

  • Kamimura, Akiko;Armenta, Bianca;Nourian, Maziar;Assasnik, Nushean;Nourian, Kimiya;Chernenko, Alla
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.188-194
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Environmental pollution is a significant global issue. Both objective (scientifically measured) environmental pollution and perceived levels of pollution are important predictors of self-reported health. The purpose of this study was to compare the associations between perceived environmental pollution and health in China, Japan, and South Korea. Methods: Data were obtained from the East Asian Social Survey and the Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Health and Society in East Asia, 2010 (n=7938; China, n=3866; Japan, n=2496; South Korea, n=1576). Results: South Koreans perceived environmental pollution to be the most severe, while Japanese participants perceived environmental pollution to be the least severe. Although the Japanese did not perceive environmental pollution to be very severe, their self-rated physical health was significantly related to perceived environmental pollution, while the analogous relationships were not significant for the Chinese or Korean participants. Better mental health was related to lower levels of perceived air pollution in China, as well as lower levels of perceived all types of pollution in Japan and lower levels of perceived noise pollution in South Korea. Conclusions: Physical and mental health and individual socio-demographic characteristics were associated with levels of perceived environmental pollution, but with different patterns among these three countries.

A Study on the Self Monitoring System of Marine Pollution from ship (선박의 해양오염 자율점검제도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Hwan;Ko, Seong-Duk;Choi, Hyun-Kue;Lim, Byung-Man
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.101-104
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    • 2008
  • Inspection of Ship for the Prevention of Marine Pollution, that is After checking system of Marine Pollution according to the 115th of the Law of the Marine Environmental Management, that has been Marine Environmental Surveillant working on the Korea Coast Guard, aboard a ship, inspect to the normal operating q the Marine pollution Prevention Equipment and to Keep, Recording and Management well of All Recording Book of Marine Pollution Materials and to Check the treat results that dust oil and waste mater and discharge from ship during 30years, from 1978 to 2007 year. We offered the new inspection system that the Self Monitoring System that is the ship owner and Captain Voluntary Management the Marine Pollution Equipment for the prevent the marine pollution for the Unburden the Economical Activities and Unbiased of Ship's Crew.

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A Study of People's Consciousness for Efficient Management of Nonpoint Pollution Source (비점오염원의 효율적 관리를 위한 국민의식연구)

  • Oh, Hyung Eun
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.803-813
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    • 2015
  • This study was intended to investigate recognition of the general public on water pollution and nonpoint pollution, and to promote participation of the common people in prevention and management of nonpoint pollution by investigating the necessity and participation in the education for reducing the nonpoint pollution. To this end, this study conducted questionnaire on 1,000 male and female adults over 20 years of age nationwide who are registered in Onpanel. The questionnaire was comprised of recognition on water pollution, preventive activity for nonpoint pollution, countermeasures for preventing nonpoint pollution, necessity of national education for reducing the nonpoint pollution, recognition of promotion and campaign participation, and revitalization of organization for reducing the nonpoint pollution. As a result of the questionnaire investigation, interest in water pollution of respondents was high, and specially, interest in the nonpoint pollution was higher when age, academic level, and income were higher that effectiveness of promotion and education on the source of nonpoint pollution is expected to be increased. Respondents recognized the effect of education on reducing the nonpoint pollution positively when they had higher interest, information, education and experience related to the reduction activity of nonpoint pollution. Therefore, formation of sympathy of the public is positively necessary for the nonpoint pollution management, and provision of civil activity program that increases information on the nonpoint pollution, education, and participation in reduction activity and easy promotion with high information communicability should be conducted continuously.

A Modified Mesh Generation Algorithm Using Pollution Error (Pollution error를 이용한 개선된 요소생성 알고리즘)

  • 유형선;장준환
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.34-42
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, we study on a modified mesh generation method based on the pollution error estimate. This method is designed for the control of the pollution error in any patch of elements of interest. It is a well-known fact that the pollution error estimates are much more than the local one. Reliable a posteriori error estimation is possible by controlling the pollution error in the patch through proper design of the mesh outside the patch. This design is possible by equally distributing the pollution error indicators over the mesh outside the patch. The conventional feedback pollution-adaptive mesh generation algorithm needs many iterations. Therefore, the solution time is significant. But we use the remeshing scheme in the proposed method. We will also show that the pollution error reduces less than the local error.

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Study of Air Quality and Land Use Correlation using GIS (GIS의한 대기오염과 토지이용상태와의 상관성분석에 관한 연구)

  • 최병길;라영우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography Conference
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2004
  • This study analyzes interrelationship with air pollution quality and land use patterns using GIS. The relationship can be obtained via three steps: (1) making out air pollution map from air pollution information of study area, (2) dividing land use patterns into residential area, commercial area, industrial area, traffic concentrated area, and non-polluted area, and (3) spatial overlaying analysis of GIS. Moreover, through analyzing air pollution quality by land use patterns, pollution sources can be identified. The results also coincide with the characteristics of conventional air pollution finding. More detailed analyses using articulated on site air pollution quality measurement databases are needed to correctly identify the pollution sources through finding interrelationship with land use patterns and air pollution Quality using GIS. The developed method can help trace the path of pollution sources and plan urban land use projects.

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GIS based Non-Point Source Pollution Assessment

  • Sadeghi-Niaraki, Abolghasem;Kim, Kye-Hyun;Lee, Chol-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.437-440
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    • 2008
  • In recent years, pollution load calculation has become a topic for research that resulted in the development of numerous GIS modeling methods. The existing pollution method for nonpoint source (NPS) can not be indentified and calculated the amount of the pollution precisely. This research shows that the association of typical pollutant concentrations with land uses in a watershed can provide a reasonably accurate characterization of nonpoint source pollution in the watershed using Expected Mean Concentrations (EMC). The GIS based pollution assessment method is performed for three pollutant constituents: BOD, TN, and TP. First, the runoff grid by means of the precipitation grid and runoff coefficient is estimated. Then, the NPS pollution loads are calculated by grid based method. Finally, the final outputs are evaluated by statistical technique. The results illustrate the merits of the approach. This model verified that GIS based method of estimating spatially distributed NPS pollution loads can lead to more accurate representation of the real world.

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Rainfall Effects on Discharged Pollution Load in Unit Watershed Area for the Management of TMDLs (수질오염총량관리 배출부하량에 대한 강우영향 분석연구)

  • Park, Jun Dae;Oh, Seung Young
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.648-653
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    • 2010
  • Discharged pollution load for the management of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) is calculated on the basis of rainfall data for reference year. Rainfall has an influence on discharged pollution load in unit watershed with combined sewer system. This study reviewed the status of discharged pollution load and rainfall conditions. We also investigated rainfall effects on discharged pollution load by analyzing change of the load in accordance with increase of rainfall. The change ratio of discharged pollution load was 18.6% while inflow load only 5.8% for 5 years from 2004 to 2008 in Daejeon district. The greatest rainfall and rain days were over 2 times than the least during the period. This change in rainfall could have great effect on discharged pollution load. The analysis showed that discharged pollution load increased 2.1 times in case rainfall increased 2 times and 1.2 times in case rain days increased 2 times. Rainfall effects, therefore, should be considered to make resonable evaluation of discharged pollution load in the assessment of annual performances.

New Pollution Indices for Use in Minimizing Environmental Impacts from Industrial Processes (새로운 Pollution Index를 이용한 배출 최소화 공정 연구)

  • Choi, Kyeong-Hee;Yoo, Kye-Sang;Moon, Seung-Hyeon;Chang, Young-Soo
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 1997
  • This Paper Proposes new pollution indices as a quantitative measure of environmental impact. The pollution index for a process is defined by using pollution balance equations. Three pollution indices were defined on the basis of waste characteristics: mass, BOD, and toxicity. Such pollution indices can be effective and valuable tools for minimizing the waste production of a process in terms of environmental impacts, and, when used with cost estimates, for objectively determining the optimal process. In this paper, the application of these indices was demonstrated in a case study involving the production of detergent, as reported in the literature. Pollution indices for the existing process and two improved processes were calculated and compared to evaluate environmental impacts of these processes.

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