• Title, Summary, Keyword: plaque

Search Result 1,196, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

Analysis of Coronary Artery Atheromatous Plaque by Cardiac Computed Tomographic Angiography : Retrospective Analysis of Intravascular Ultrasound Results (심장전산화단층촬영을 이용한 관상동맥 죽상경화반의 분류 : 혈관내초음파 결과를 통한 후향적 분석)

  • Choi, Jae-Sung;Han, Jae-Bok;Choi, Nam-Kil
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.10
    • /
    • pp.349-356
    • /
    • 2012
  • In the diagnosis of coronary artery atheromatous plaque, Cardiac computed tomography (Cardiac Computed Tomographic Angiography: CCTA) compared with IVUS(Intravascular Ultrasound: IVUS) investigate the diagnostic accuracy, Interested in CCTA atheromatous plaque in computed tomography values (Hounsfield Unit: HU) try to find out. From April 2006 to August 2008 among coronary artery disease(Coronary Artery Disease: CAD) patients with confirmed or suspicious of CAD by CCTA performed atherosclerotic plaques and found 200 patients who underwent IVUS were enrolled. 200 patients who underwent CCTA and IVUS results from the 476 plaque was found, IVUS results of the soft plaque(n; 84), fibrous plaque(n; 63), mixed plaque (n; 97), calcific plaque(n; 232). The results are classified according to the IVUS plaque in HU in the soft plaque : $53.8{\pm}10.5$, fibrous plaque : $108.1{\pm}20.0$, mixed plaque : $371.2{\pm}113.1$, and calcific plaque : $731.0{\pm}160.4$. CCTA had sensitivity of 97% and confidence interval of 95.0-98.3. This study that is the diagnosis of coronary atheromatous plaque for using CCTA, we confirm the high sensitivity and the confidence interval Based on IVUS results CCTA atheromatous plaque with HU in the analysis could be classified to characterize in the treatment of patients with CAD is expected to help.

A comparative study for the efficacy of plaque removal of two powered toothbrushes and a manual toothbrush (수종의 전동칫솔과 수동칫솔의 치태 제거 효과에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Jun, Dae-Ho;Chung, Chin-Hyung;Lim, Sung-Bin;Hong, Ki-Seok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.975-989
    • /
    • 2005
  • Periodontal disease is caused by accumulation of bacterial plaque. For the reason, plaque control is essential to control and prevent periodontal disease. Among the plaque control methods, mechanical plaque removal, tooth brushing is common and reliable. But it depends on individual habituation and their manner. To catch up the gap of effectiveness, lots of oral hygiene appliances have been developing. Powered toothbrush is the most interesting field and is showing on the market with various motion type. This study was performed to compare clinical effects of plaque removal between powered toothbrush and manual toothbrush. The results were as follows : 1. Plaque index was decreased statistically after the brushing than before the brushing in every group.(p<0.05) 2. Comparing plaque index among the three groups before and after brushing, there were no statistically significant differences. 3. Interproximal plaque index was decreased statistically after the brushing than before the brushing in every group.(p<0.05) 4. Comparing interproximal plaque index among the three groups before and after brushing, there were no statistically significant differences.

Comparing Chewable and Manual Toothbrushes for Reducing Dental Plaque: A Pilot Study

  • Jeong, Moon-Jin;Shin, Hye-Sun;Jeong, Soon-Jeong;Lim, Do-Seon
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.267-274
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of chewable toothbrush and manual toothbrush and provide basic data for recommendation of the chewable toothbrush in specific groups and situations. A total of 20 subjects participated in this study (rolling method, 10; non-rolling method, 10). After professional prophylaxis, participants used the manual toothbrush to brush their teeth for 3 minutes. After a 7-day wash-out period, participants used the chewable toothbrush according to the manufacturer's instructions. Pre- and post-plaque indexing of the teeth was performed. The dental plaque index was assessed using the Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (TMQHPI) for amount of plaque and Silness-Loe Plaque Index (SLPI) for plaque thickness. The difference between pre- and post-dental plaque index was analyzed using a paired t-test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The Mann-Whitney U test was also used to compare the dental plaque index reduction rates. The dental plaque index differed significantly between the chewable toothbrush and the manual toothbrush. The TMQHPI reduction rate was significantly different between the rolling and non-rolling method groups for the manual toothbrush but not the chewable toothbrush. The difference in SLPI reduction rate between the rolling and non-rolling method groups was significant for the manual toothbrush but not for the chewable toothbrush. Differences in the dental plaque index reduction rates between the chewable and manual toothbrushes were not significant in the non-rolling method group. The results of this study showed higher reduction rates in dental plaque with manual toothbrush use than with chewable toothbrush use. However, the non-rolling method group did not show statistically significant differences according to toothbrush type. The present study showed that a chewable toothbrush can be an alternative to a manual toothbrush for individuals who have difficulty using the generally recommended rolling method.

THE EFFECTS OF PLAQUE CONTROL INSTRUCTION IN ORTHODONTIC PATIENTS (치과교정환자의 치면세균막 관리교육 효과)

  • Jae, Young-Ji;Kim, Jin-Beom;Son, Woo-Sung
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.221-231
    • /
    • 1994
  • The short-term effects of plaque control instruction were studied in 42 adolescent orthodontic patients under active fixed treatment. At first visit, all the patients were received plaque control instruction using materials such as oral hygiene education slides, dentiform, disclosing agents, tooth brush and interdental brush. After that, Pateints were asked to perform the tooth brushing according to instructions. Such a procedure was repeated every week lot 3 weeks. Plaque index and bleeding index were scored once a week for 4 weeks and were compared according to ages, sex and duration with fixed appliance. The results were as follows: 1. Plaque control instruction was effective in reducing plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation of the orthodontic patients. 2. The effect of plaque control instruction was continued during 3 weeks among all groups of subjects, and it was prominent at the first week. 3. There was no statistically significant difference in the effects of the plaque control of instruction according to sex, ages, or duration with fixed appliances.

  • PDF

Recognition towards oral health care and plaque removal in the elderly people (노인인구의 구강건강 및 치석제거 인식도 조사)

  • Kwak, Jung-Suk;Woo, Seung-Hee;Lee, Jae-Ra
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.727-733
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the awareness toward oral health and plaque removal in the elderly people in Korea. Methods: An interview method was carried out to 308 elderly people from a senior welfare facility in Mokpo, Jeonnam from May 1 to December 30, 2011 after receiving informed consents. Except 4 incomplete answers, data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of demographical characteristics of the subjects, experience of plaque removal, recognition towards plaque removal, and correlation to systemic diseases. Results: Most of the elderly people experiences plaque removal(63.4%) and 55.9% had revisit intention. Those having plaque removal accounted for 47.8% and they had good subjective oral health recognition. Those not having plaque removal accounted for 61.8% and 61.8% having average systemic health condition and 53.3% having poor oral health recognition. The plaque removal was closely related to subjective oral health recognition. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the preventive oral health program for the elderly people. The plaque removal in the elderly people is the most important services to prevent the systemic diseases including hypertension, arthritis, diabetes, nervous disease, and gastrointestinal diseases.

Influence of Cervical Accessibility of Maxillary Molars on Plaque Control (상악대구치의 치경부 접근도가 치태조절에 미치는 영향)

  • Roh, Tae-Kyung;Um, Heung-Sik;Chang, Beom-Seok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.815-821
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of accessibility to dental cervices of maxillary molars upon plaque control level of these areas. Fifthy-seven dental students with healthy gingiae participated in this study. Maxillary dental casts were fabricated for each participants. Using the casts, cervical accessibility was measured at the mid-palatal point of maxillary first and second molars. Cervical accessibility was defined as the perpendicular distance from the entrance of gingival sulcus to the imaginary line between the most protruded points of palatal gingiva and tooth surface, and classified into degree I(${\leq}0.5mm$), II($>0.5mm,\;{\leq}1.0mm$), III($>1.0mm,\;{\leq}1.5mm$), and IV(>1.5mm). Plaque score was recorded as the distance from crest of gingival margin to the most coronal extent of plaque. Measurements of plaque score were repeated 3 times at 1-week intervals. After the baseline measurements, the participants began to use unitufted brushes on randomly assigned right or left side. Two weeks later, a session of plaque score records identical to the baseline measurements was started. The maxillary second molars showed higher cervical accessibility than the first molars(p<0.01), but the plaque scores of maxillary second molars were also higher than those of first molars(p<0.01). For the maxillary first molars, correlation between accessibility and plaque score was statistically significant, but such correlation was not found for the second molars. Use of unitufted brushes decreased the plaque score(p<0.01). Correlation between accessibility and the degree of plaque score improvement was not found. These findings suggest that cervical accessibility may influence the amount of plaque, and use of adjunctive oral hygiene devices may be helpful in maintaining optimal oral hygiene level at the areas of low cervical accessib ility.

  • PDF

A Clinical Study Evaluating the Reduction Effects of Dental Plaque on Tooth (수종치약의 균태감소 효과에 대한 조사)

  • Choi, Sang-Mook;whang, Kwang-Sei
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
    • /
    • v.17 no.12
    • /
    • pp.927-930
    • /
    • 1979
  • The use of dentifries in toothbrushing is to aid removal of dental plaque and contribute to good oral hygiene. Therefore, it is important to record the quantity of dental plaque present after toothbrushing. This report concerns with the plaque removal of toothbrushing in a group of dental students who used dentifrices 'X' 'Y' and 'Z' marketed in Korea. And the cleansing effect was examined in accordance with Simplified Oral Hygiene Index. The Following conclusion was obtained. The dentifrices 'X' 'Y' and 'Z' were effective on the removal of dental plaque in the degree of -0.66±0.21, 0.70±0.24 and 0.84±0.19 plaque Index. The differences in the value of plaque Index between the dentifrices 'X', 'Z' and 'Y', 'Z' were significant statistically. The dentifrice 'Z' had the most intensive effects above all.

  • PDF

Color Image Segmentation for Extracting Dental Plaque (컬러영상 분할기법을 이용한 치아 플라그 영역 검출)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Seop;Shin, Seung-Won;Lee, Se-Min;Jeong, Jin-Sun;Park, Won-Se;Kim, Kee-Deog
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • /
    • v.60 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1183-1189
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, we propose the unsupervised image segmentation algorithm to estimate dental plaque accumulations on digital imaging with methylene blue disclosed plaque. With this aim, RGB color plane is mapped into HSI coordinates and the circular histogram of Hue is reconstructed by applying Otsu's threshold level. The histogram distribution on Saturation features is also analyzed by maximizing the variance between a plaque candidate and non-plaque one. The dental plaque regions are resolved by applying the composite decision logics based on the threshold level of Hue and Saturation.

A New Method of Plaque Scoring and Database Implementation (치아 플라그 인덱스 도출 및 데이터베이스 구성)

  • Shin, Seung-Won;Kim, Kyeong-Seop;Lee, Sun-Ju;Kim, Dong-In;Kim, Kee-Deog;Park, Won-Se
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • /
    • v.58 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1200-1206
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this study, a new method of dental plaque scoring is proposed by adopting new criteria to divide the tooth surface with utilizing the geometrical features of a tooth color image. For the possible clinical usage of our new plaque scoring system, GUI(Graphic User Interface) system is also implemented to estimate the numerical plaque index for a specific tooth by designing the supplementary database management module that handles dental plaque scores.

The Effect of Dextranase-Containing Mouthwash in Human Experimental Gingivitis (실험적 치은염에서 dextranase 함유 구강 세정액의 양치 효과)

  • Son, Eun-Ju;Kim, Young-Jun;Kim, Do-Man;Chung, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.401-420
    • /
    • 2001
  • A novel glucanhydrolase from a mutant of Lipomyces starkeyi(KSM 22)has been shown effective in hydrolysis of mutan, reduction of mutan formation by Streptococcus mutans and removal pre-formed sucrose-dependent adherent microbial film and Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase has been strongly bound to hydroxyapatitie. These in vitro properties of Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase are desirable for its application as a dental plaque control agent. This study was performed to determine oral hygiene benefits and safety of dextranase(Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase)-containing mouthwash in human experimental gingivitis. This 3-week clinical trial was placebo-controlled double-blind design evaluating 1U/ml dextranase mouthwash and 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash. A total 39 systemically healthy subjects, who had moderate levels of plaque and gingivitis were included. At baseline, 1, 2 and 3 weeks, subjects were scored for plaque(Silness and $L{\ddot{o}e$ plaque index and plaque severity index), gingivitis($L{\ddot{o}e$ and Silness gingival index), and at baseline and 3 weeks of experiment, subjects were scored for plaque(Turesky-Quingley-Hein's plaque index and plaque severity index), tooth stain(Area and severity index system by Lang et al). Additionally, oral mucosal examinations were performed and subjects questioned for adverse symptoms. Two weeks after pre-experiment examinations and a professional prophylaxis, the subjects provided with allocated mousewash and instructed to use 20-ml volumes for 30s twice dailywithout toothbrushing. All the groups showed significant increase in plaque accumulation since 1 week of experiment. During 3 weeks' period, the dextranase group showed the least increase in plaque accumulation of Silness and $L{\ddot{o}e$ plaque index, compared to the chlorhexidine and placebo groups, but chlorhexidine group showed the least increase inplaque accumulation of Turesky-Quingley-Hein's plaque index. As for gingival inflammation, all the groups showed significant increase during 3 weeks of experiment. The dextranase group also showed the least increase in gingival index score, compared to the chlorhexidine as well as the placebo groups. Whereas the tooth stain was increased significantly in the chlorhexidine group, compared to the baseline score and the placebo group since 3 weeks of mouthrinsing. It was significantly increased after 3 weeks in the dextranase group, still less severe than the chlorhexidine group. As for the oral side effect, the dextranase group showed less tongue accumulation, bad taste, compared to the chlorhexidine group. From these results, mouthrinsing with Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase was comparable to 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwashin inhibition of plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation and local side effects were if anything less frequent and less intense than chlorhexidine, in human experimental gingivitis. All data had provided positive evidence for Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase as an antiplaque agent and suggested that further development of dextranase formulations for plaque control are warranted.

  • PDF