• Title, Summary, Keyword: plant memory

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Metabolic changes during adaptation to saline condition and stress memory of Arabidopsis cells

  • Chun, Hyun Jin;Park, Mi Suk;Lee, Su Hyeon;Jin, Byung-Jun;Cho, Hyun Min;Hong, Young-Shick;Kim, Min Chul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.175-175
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    • 2017
  • To understand molecular mechanisms underlying adaptation of plant cells to saline stress and stress memory, we developed Arabidopsis callus suspension-cultured cells adapted to high salt. Adapted cells to high salt exhibited enhanced tolerance compared to control cells. Moreover, the salt tolerance of adapted cells was stably maintained even after the stress is relieved, indicating that the acquired salt tolerance of adapted cells was memorized. In order to characterize metabolic responses of plant cells during adaptation to high salt stress as well as stress memory, we compared metabolic profiles of salt-adapted and stress-memorized cells with control cells by using NMR spectroscopy. A principle component analysis showed clear metabolic discrimination among control, salt-adapted and stress-memorized cells. Compared with control cells, metabolites related to shikimate metabolism such as tyrosine, and flavonol glycosides, which are related to protective mechanism of plant against stresses were largely up-regulated in adapted cell lines. Moreover, coniferin, a precursor of lignin, was more abundant in salt-adapted cells than control cells. Cell morphology analysis using transmission electron microscopy indicated that cell wall thickness of salt-adapted cells was significantly induced compared to control cells. Consistently, salt adapted cells contained more lignin in their cell walls compared to control cells. The results provide new insight into mechanisms of plant adaptation to saline stress as well as stress memory in metabolic level.

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Development of Nuclear Power Plant Simulator using Shared Memory Variables (공유메모리 변수를 사용한 원자력발전소 시뮬레이터 개발)

  • 박근옥;서용석
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society for Simulation Conference
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    • pp.153-156
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    • 2001
  • We have developed CNS(Compact Nuclear Simulator) which can be used for the fundamental training of the nuclear power plant operators. The application software for CNS consists of simulation engine(analyzer code), instructor station software, and man-machine interface software. Each application software is regarded as one black box and the communication of black boxes is performed by the predefined shared memory variables. In this paper, we discuss our experience for CNS development.

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Evidence for Volatile Memory in Plants: Boosting Defence Priming through the Recurrent Application of Plant Volatiles

  • Song, Geun Cheol;Ryu, Choong-Min
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.41 no.8
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    • pp.724-732
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    • 2018
  • Plant defence responses to various biotic stresses via systemic acquired resistance (SAR) are induced by avirulent pathogens and chemical compounds, including certain plant hormones in volatile form, such as methyl salicylate and methyl jasmonate. SAR refers to the observation that, when a local part of a plant is exposed to elicitors, the entire plant exhibits a resistance response. In the natural environment, plants are continuously exposed to avirulent pathogens that induce SAR and volatile emissions affecting neighbouring plants as well as the plant itself. However, the underlying mechanism has not been intensively studied. In this study, we evaluated whether plants "memorise" the previous activation of plant immunity when exposed repeatedly to plant defensive volatiles such as methyl salicylate and methyl jasmonate. We hypothesised that stronger SAR responses would occur in plants treated with repeated applications of the volatile plant defence compound MeSA than in those exposed to a single or no treatment. Nicotiana benthamiana seedlings subjected to repeated applications of MeSA exhibited greater protection against Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum than the control. The increase in SAR capacity in response to repeated MeSA treatment was confirmed by analysing the defence priming of the expression of N. benthamiana Pathogenesis-Related 1a (NbPR1a) and NbPR2 by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR compared with the control. We propose the concept of plant memory of plant defence volatiles and suggest that SAR is strengthened by the repeated perception of volatile compounds in plants.

A Comparative Study of Memory Improving Effects of Stachys Rhizome and Lycopi Rhizome on Scopolamine-induced Amensia in mice (시판 초석잠 기원식물의 기억력개선효과 비교연구)

  • Lee, Shin Woo;Jung, Tae-Hong;Shin, Yong-Wook
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to characterize the effect of the Ethanolic extract of Stachys sieboldii and Lycopus lucidus on the learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine. Methods : The genetic difference of Stachys sieboldii and Lycopus lucidus were observed with RAPD analysis. The cognition-enhancing effect of Stachys sieboldii and Lycopus lucidus was investigated using a passive avoidance test, Y-maze test and the Morris water maze test in mice. Drug-induced amnesia was induced by treating animals with scopolamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.). Results : As a result of RAPD analysis, Stachys sieboldii and Lycopus lucidus Radix was found to be genetically different and The results of learning memory analysis showed that Stachys sieboldii extract-treated group (500 mg/kg, p.o.) and the tacrine-treated group (10 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly ameliorated scopolamine-induced amnesia based on the Passive avoidance Y-maze test and Water maze test. And these results are same manner in DPPH radical scavenger effect and Acetylcholineseterase inhibition effect. These results suggest that Stachys sieboldii extract maybe a useful cognitive impairment treatment, and its beneficial effects are depending on the origin plants. Conclusions : Commercially available Stachys sieboldii Radix consists of two original plant, one of them people misuse. To clarify the origin of the plant Memory tests were performed. These results suggest that 80% Ethanol extract of Stachys sieboldii showed significant anti-amnestic and cognitive-enhancing activities related to the memory processes, and these activities were parallel to treatment duration and dependent of the learning models.

Development of intregrated process control system for plasma etching utilizing neural network and genetic algorithm

  • Koh, Taek-Beom;Cha, Sang-Yeob;Woo, Kwang-Bang;Moon, Dae-Sik;Kwak, Kyu-Hwao;Chang, Ho-Seung
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.252-258
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study is to provide the integrated process control system, utilizing neural network modeling, to search for the appropriate choice input, and to keep the process output within the desired rang in the real etch process.

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Efect of Herbal Medicinal Preparations Containing Ginseng on Learning and Memory in Kainate-induced Seizures

  • Park, Jin-Kyu;Jin, Sung-Ha;Park, Kum-Hee;Ko, Ji-Hun;Ki yeul Nam;Yang, Deok-Chun;Park, Eun-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.84-95
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    • 2000
  • Panax ginseng and the herbal medicinal mixtures containing ginseng have been widely used as a traditional medicinal prescriptions. In order to develop more efficient and protective prescriptions on seizures and subsequent memory deterioration, we investigated the biochemical and ethopharmacological effects of ginsenosides and fractions from the natural medicinal plant products related to control convulsions. In this studies we show results improving spatial teaming and memory deficits induced by kainic acid, a potent neurotoxic and neuroexcitatory analogue of the amino acid neurotransmitter glutamate.

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Autotuning of A PID Controller Using a Saturation function Having a Memory

  • Oh, Seung-Rohk
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.193-197
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    • 2007
  • We use a saturation function with memory instead of a pure saturation function to generate a limit cycle in order to find one point information of a plant in the frequency domain. The saturation function with memory is useful in the presence of noise and/or a short duration of short duration of external disturbances. We analyze the error caused by the approximation that the saturation function with memory treated as a pure saturation function. We propose a new tuning formula for PID controller which can be applied a saturation function having memory with an arbitrary memory size. We show that the proposed method is more accurate than that of the approximation method via an example.

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Rice plants regenerated under saline conditions displayed salt tolerance and stress memory

  • Cho, Hyun Min;Chun, Hyun Jin;Kim, Min Chul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.152-152
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    • 2017
  • Plants exposed to environmental stress for long durations often can adapt to stress conditions with improved tolerance. Moreover this acquired tolerance to stress can be retained even after reverting to destressed growth conditions, which is known to stress memory. In these adaptation and stress memory processes, epigenetic regulation, such as DNA methylation and histone modifications play a key role. Here, we showed that regenerated rice plants from embryogenic callus exposed to gradually increasing NaCl concentrations (up to 120 mM NaCl) acquired salt tolerance and their enhanced tolerance are inherited to subsequent generations. The rice plants (R0) regenerated from rice callus under saline conditions were transplanted into normal paddy field and R1 seeds were harvested. These R1 seeds displayed higher germination rate on MS medium containing 100mM NaCl than wild-type. The callus derived from R1 seeds showed better growth than control callus on high salinity medium. And the salt-adapted R1 plants exhibited higher chlorophyll contents and also higher $K^+/Na^+$ ratio than wild-type rice under saline conditions. The results indicated that rice plants successfully adapted to saline growth conditions during regeneration on high salt medium and moreover this acquired tolerance to salt stress was inherited subsequent generation.

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β-Sitosterol treatment attenuates cognitive deficits and prevents amyloid plaque deposition in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 mice

  • Ye, Jian-Ya;Li, Li;Hao, Qing-Mao;Qin, Yong;Ma, Chang-Sheng
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2020
  • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia worldwide, and is mainly characterized by aggregated β-amyloid (Aβ). Increasing evidence has shown that plant extracts have the potential to delay AD development. The plant sterol β-Sitosterol has a potential role in inhibiting the production of platelet Aβ, suggesting that it may be useful for AD prevention. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of β-Sitosterol on deficits in learning and memory in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 (APP/PS1) double transgenic mice. APP/PS1 mice were treated with β-Sitosterol for four weeks, from the age of seven months. Brain Aβ metabolism was evaluated using ELISA and Western blotting. We found that β-Sitosterol treatment can improve spatial learning and recognition memory ability, and reduce plaque load in APP/PS1 mice. β-Sitosterol treatment helped reverse dendritic spine loss in APP/PS1 mice and reversed the decreased hippocampal neuron miniature excitatory postsynaptic current frequency. Our research helps to explain and support the neuroprotective effect of β-Sitosterol, which may offer a novel pharmaceutical agent for the treatment of AD. Taken together, these findings suggest that β-Sitosterol ameliorates memory and learning impairment in APP/PS1 mice and possibly decreases Aβ deposition.