• Title, Summary, Keyword: physiological activity

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The Relationship between Physiological Activity and Cell Number in Dolsan Leaf Mustard Kimchi (Brassica juncea)

  • Park, You-Young;Yoo, Eun-Jeong;Lim, Hyun-Soo;Kang, Dong-Soo;Naoyuki Nishizawa;Park, Myeong-Rak
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2001
  • Changes in antioxidative activity and Angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitory activity in juice prepared from Dolsan leaf mustard kimchi (DLMK) ar various fermentation temperatures were investigated. Antioxidative activity of juice from optimally ripened DLMK at 20 and 3$0^{\circ}C$ showed 80 and 83%, respectively. Juice from 10-day fermented DLMK at 3$0^{\circ}C$ showed 62% inhibitory activity against the ACE. In the juice fermented DLMK at 2$0^{\circ}C$~3$0^{\circ}C$, physiological activity was higher than that of the 4~1$0^{\circ}C$. In particular, optimally ripened DLMK at 3$0^{\circ}C$ showed the highest physiological activity. The physiological activity in DLMK juice at the fermentation period increased significantly with an increase in the growth of microbes. Consequently, a maximum physiological activity was shown at the maximum cell number. These results suggest that the microorganisms in DLMK juice would play an important role in the physiological activity.

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Effect of Surface Dielectric Barrier Discharge on the Physiological Activities of Quercetin

  • Kim, Hyun-Joo;Yong, Hae In;Park, Sanghoo;Park, Jooyoung;Jung, Samooel;Choe, Wonho;Jo, Cheorun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.290-296
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    • 2017
  • In this study, using the surface dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) produced at atmospheric pressure to improve the physiological activities of quercetin was investigated. Quercetin (at 200 ppm) was treated using air DBD with an input power of 250 W. The tyrosinase inhibition effect and total phenolic content of quercetin increased from 38.96 to 91.58% and from 134.53 to 152.93 ppm, respectively, after 20 min of plasma treatment. The antioxidant activity of quercetin treated for 20 min in the lipid models was higher than that of quercetin treated for 0, 5, and 10 min. Furthermore, plasma-treated quercetin exhibited antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Staphylococcus aureus, whereas activity was not shown in the control. Structural modifications of the quercetin molecule induced by plasma might be responsible for the improvements in its physiological activity. These results indicate that DBD plasma could be used to enhance the physiological activity of quercetin for various applications in food.

Some Physiological Activities Observed from Ethanol Extracts of Germinated Specialty Rough Rice

  • Lee, Youn-Ri;Hwang, In-Guk;Woo, Koan-Sik;Kim, Kee-Jong;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.176-181
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    • 2008
  • This study analyzed the some of the physiological activities of 70% ethanol extracts of specialty rough rice ('Goami2', 'Keunnunbyeo', and 'Heugkwangbyeo' rough rice cultivars) before and after germination. The physiological activities of the extracts were analyzed for their inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation, hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activity, superoxide dismutase-like activity, xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity, and nitrite scavenging effects. The most active rough rice cultivar was 'Heugkwangbyeo' and germinated 'Heugkwangbyeo' rough rice was more effective than ungerminated rough rice, having higher inhibition activity of linoleic acid peroxidation (1.2-fold), hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activity (1.4-fold), superoxide dismutase-like activity (1.2-fold), and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity (1.1-fold). The nitrite scavenging effect was increased after germination (2.1-fold) and decreased as pH increased. According to the results obtained in this study, 70% ethanol extracts from germinated 'Heugkwangbyeo' rough rice can be used for industrial applications such as the functional food materials.

Physiological Activities of Different Molecular Weight Fractions of Crude Polysaccharides from Dŏdŏk (Codonopsis lanceolata)

  • Kim, Dong-Soo;Kim, Byoung-Mok;Lee, Myung-Ki
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.261-267
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated the physiological activities of different molecular weight (MW) fractions of crude polysaccharide from $D\check{o}d\check{o}k$ (Codonopsis lanceolata). The crude polysaccharide cut off for each fraction was: <1,000 MW (Fr I), 1,000 MW

A Study on Physiological Activity and Antioxidative Activity of Maesangi(Capsosiphon fulvescens) Extract (매생이 추출물의 생리 활성과 항산화 활성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Kap-Seop;Lee, Nahm-Gull
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.407-414
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    • 2010
  • Physiological activity and antioxidative activity of Maesangi(Capsosiphon fulvescens) extracts with distilled water or 95% ethanol were investigated. For the evaluation of physiological and antioxidative activities, some evaluation assay methods such as measurement of Hunter color value, chlorophyll a/b value, total phenolics, reducing power and thiobarbituric acid(TBA) value of soybean oil were used. Proximate composition and mineral contents of Masaengi were orders of crude protein>crude fiber>moisture>crude ash>crude lipid, and K>Ca>Mg>Na>P>Fe>Zn, respectively. In ethanol extract, the content of total phenolic compounds in Maesangi was determined to half times of that in Dasima(Laminaria). The reducing power of Maesangi-ehtanol extract was about 5 % of vitamin C and was lower than that of Dasima-ethanol extract. The TBA value of Maesangi-ethanol extract on soybean oil oxidation was about 47 % and 68.4 % to control in three and eight days oxidation, respectively. But TBA value difference was not observed significantly with the dosage below 5mL of ethanol extract.

Manufacture and Physiological Functionality of Wines and Liquors by Using Plum [Prunus salicina] (자두[Prunus salicina]를 이용한 주류의 제조 및 생리기능성)

  • 서승보;한상미;김재호;김나미;이종수
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2001
  • Alcohol fermentation conditions for the production of plum wine were investigated and further, sensory evaluation and physiological functionalities of the plum wines were also determined and compared with those of plum liquors made by soaking plums in a mixture of commercial soju and 10% sugar for 15, 30, 60 and 120 days. Ethanol was produced maximally when 5% Saccharomyces cerevisiae was added to red plum juices and fermented at 25$^{\circ}C$ for 5 days. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activity and fibrinolytic activity of the red plum wine were better than those of the plum liquors. However, the antioxidant activity, the SOD-like activity and the tyrosinase inhibitory activity of the plum liquors were better than those of the red plum wine. On comparing the red plum wine and the various kinds of plum liquors, the red plum wine was shown to be more acceptable by sensory evaluation.

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Measurement of Antioxidant Activity of Anserine, Taurine, and L-Histidine in vitro and Content of Anserine, Taurine, and L-Histidine in Mature and Juvenile Rainbow Trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss) Muscle

  • Yun-Hee chio;Kim, Harriet
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.174-178
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    • 1996
  • The content of anserine, taurine, and L-histidine was measured by HPNC in the muscle of mature(670~690g) and juvenile(80~120g) rainbow trout fatmed in Chungsun, Korea. The concentration of anserine and taurine was higher in mature rainbow trout than in juvenile, but that of L-histidine was lower in mature than in juvenile. When measured with the chemiluminescence(CL) assay, anserine and taurine showed very powerful antioxidative activity above physiological concentration rainbow trout. Taurine still showed antioxidative activity below physiological concentration, while anserine showed prooxidative activity below that. L-Histidine was prooxidative dose-dependently. In TBA method, while taurine showed very week antioxidative effect, anserine appeared very powerful antioxidant and L-histidine prooxidant at physiological concentration. There was no synergism between anserine and taurine and anserine inhibited prooxidative effect of L-histidine.

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Comparison of Lifting and Lowering Activity based on Biomechanical, Physiological, Psychophysical Criteria (들기 작업과 내리기 작업의 생체역학적, 생리학적, 정신물리학적 기준치에 의한 비교)

  • Kim, Hong-Ki
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2010
  • Activity of lifting has been a major issue in many research area related in manual materials handling tasks. However, the opposite activity of lifting, lowering, has received much less attention. It is known that 52% of all box-handling tasks were lowering in nature. The difference in stress between lifting and lowering activity is not well understood. A simple assumption that these two activities are very similar has been established and widely used. However, this simple assumption may be questionable. The objective of this study was to compare a lifting activity and a lowering activity based on the three different ergonomic approaches; (1) biomechanical, (2) physiological, (3) psychophysical approach. It was found that the stress of lowering activity was from 65% to 93%, from 87% to 97%, and from 87% to 96% according to the biomechanical, physiological, and psychophysical point of view, respectively. It is concluded from the result of this study that the stress of lowering activity is lower than that of the lifting activity. The maximum compressive force on the lumbro-sacral joint (L5/S1) was 158% and 108% respectively, for lifting and lowering activity of which the work load is the 58% of Action Limit. It is suggested that the NIOSH AL and RWL and biomechanical criteria should be reconsidered especially for the low frequency of lifting activities.

Physiological Characteristics and Immunomodulating Activity by Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei BFI46 Isolated from New-Born Infant Feces

  • Lim, Sang-Dong;Kim, Kee-Sung;Cho, Seong-A;Do, Jeong-Ryong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2010
  • In order to develop a new starter for fermented milk, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei BFI46 (BFI46) obtained from new-born infant feces was investigated for physiological characteristics. Good immunomodulating activity was evident compared with commercial lactic acid bacteria starter cultures. The optimum growth temperature of BFI46 was $40^{\circ}C$ with 12 h required to reach pH 4.3. Testing with 13 different antibiotics revealed greatest sensitivity of BFI46 to penicillin- G and chloramphenicol, and heightened resistance to neomycin, kanamycin and polymyxin. BFI46 displayed higher esterase activities compared to 18 other enzymes, was comparatively tolerant to bile juice and able to survive at pH 2 for 3 h, and displayed high resistance against Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium with a survival rate of 57.14% and 96.36%, respectively. The results indicate that BFI46 could be an excellent starter culture for fermented milk with high level of immunomodulating activity.